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Personality

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  • 1. What do you mean by Personality? Personality is a set of characteristics and tendencies that determine those commonalities and differences in behaviour (thoughts, feelings and actions) of people that have continuity in time and that may not be easily understood as the sole result of the social and biological pressures of the moment Personality Determinants Biological Factors Family and Social factors Cultural factors Situational factors Biological Factors Heredity Brain- Left hemisphere & Right hemisphere Physical features Left hemisphere Speech/verbal Logical/mathematical Controlled Intellectual Dominant Active etc Right hemisphere Artistic Emotional Creative Spiritual etc. Family and Social factors Home Environment Family Members Social Groups Cultural Factors
  • 2. Situational Factors Personality theories- Psychoanalytical Theory (Sigmund Freud) Socio-Psychological Theory- Adler, Horney, Fromm and Sullivan It recognizes the interdependence of the individual and society. The individual strives to meet the needs of the society, while society helps the individual to attain his goal. Human Behaviour results from three predominant interpersonal orientations- compliant, aggressive and detached. Compliant people are dependent on other people and move toward others. Aggressive people are motivated by the need for power and move against Trait Theory Basic assumptions of the theory: Traits may be defined as any relatively distinguishable way in which one individual differs from another. Traits are common to many individuals and vary in absolute amounts between individuals Traits are relatively stable and exert a fairly universal effects on behaviour regardless of the environmental situation Traits can be inferred from the measurement of behavioural indicators. Self /Organismic /Field Theoy Self-image- The self image is the way one sees oneself Ideal image- The ideal- self denotes the way one would like to be Looking glass self- It is the perception of a person about how others are perceiving his qualities and characteristics. Real Self- The real self is what one really is. Personality Measurement Projective method Personality inventories Interview method Case history method Observation method Projective Method Rorschach ink blot test- Developed by Herman Rorschach. Thematic apperception test Personality traits affecting behaviour Big Five Personality traits Personality traits affecting behaviour Self concept and self esteem Machiavellianism Locus of control
  • 3. Tolerance for ambiguity Type A and Type B Work ethic orientation Risk Propensity Organizational application of personality Matching jobs and individuals Designing motivation system Designing control system CASE STUDY