Effects of Extra- Curricular Activities

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Effects of Extra- Curricular Activities

  1. 1. THE EFFECTS OF EXTRA-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES IN THE STUDIES OF THE STUDENTS AT SAINT LOUIS UNIVERSITY Statistics 1 TTHS 9:30 – 10:30 P503 BALLENA, Jim
  2. 2. 2 I. Introduction Aim The main intension of this paper is to find out how extra-curricular activities affect the studies of the students at Saint Louis University. The researchers provided their sixty respondents with a questionnaire that has a Likert Scale, Rating Scale and Rank Data. The following data sets consisted of a list of positive and negative effects of extracurricular activities in which the respondents can discern unto and choose from. Extra-Curricular Activities Extra-curricular activities are those sponsored by and usually held at school but that are not part of the academic curriculum. They often involve some time commitment outside of the regular school day. Extra-curricular activities range from sports to newspaper editing to music and theatre. Many activities, like football and drama, enjoy extreme longevity, serving as a part of their school's program over a number of years. Others, like an ecology club or writers' workshop, may be offered for a shorter time span to reflect a community interest or involvement by a particular sponsoring faculty member or class of students. For many students, extracurricular activities present an opportunity to practice social skills and to experiment in activities that may represent a career interest. For a child who is not gifted academically, the opportunity to excel in the arts or sports may make a big difference in his or her self-esteem. Many extra-curricular activities, such as the school newspaper, photography, and drama, can lead to careers. Extra-curricular activities also help to form the student's profile for consideration in college admissions. A student's academic record and scores on standardized tests form the core of his or her college application profile. However, admissions officers consider other factors, such as a demonstrated talent in athletics or the arts or leadership in school or extra-curricular activities. After-school activities can also include scouting and volunteering, such as working with the Red Cross, a local animal shelter, a homeless shelter, or in a political campaign. Through these diverse activities, students can have fun, build a resume for college, increase creativity, improve organizational skills, learn time management, and develop people skills. (2004, 11. Extracurricular activit. http://www.answers.com. Retrieved 03, 2013, from http://www.answers.com/topic/extracurricular-activity-3)
  3. 3. 3 II. Methodology The undersigned is conducting a research entitled “The Effects of Extra-Curricular Activities to the Studies of Saint Louis University Students”. To conduct this study, we have chosen ten (10) students from each school as a representative to the whole population of the different schools. We gave them each a questionnaire to answer and by tallying their answers, we came out with the following tables and graphs. Table 3.1 Frequency Distribution of the Respondents According to Gender, Age, Year Level, Hometown and School. A. Tabular Presentation Demographic Variables Category Male Female 15 16 17 18 19 1st 2nd Within Benguet Outside Benguet SCIS SEA SNS SOH SON STE Gender Age Year Level Hometown School TOTAL Frequency Percentage 20 40 2 26 18 11 3 40 20 14 45 10 10 10 10 10 10 60 33.33% 66.67 3.34% 43.33% 30% 18.33% 5% 66.67% 33.33% 23.72% 76.28% 16.67% 16.67% 16.67% 16.67% 16.67% 16.67% 100%
  4. 4. 4 B. Graphical Representation Figure 3.1.1 Frequency Distribution of the Respondents According to Gender Male 33% Female 67% Figure 3.1.2 Frequency Distribution of the Respondents According to Age 60.00% 40.00% 20.00% 0.00% 15 16 Age 3.34% 43.33% 17 30% 18 18.33% 19 5%
  5. 5. 5 Figure 3.1.5 Frequency Distributions of the Respondents According to Schools 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% SCIS SEA SNS SOH SON STE Schools 16.67% 16.67% 16.67% 16.67% 16.67% 16.67% Figure 3.1.4 Frequency Disrtribution of the Respondents According to Hometown 100.00% 80.00% 60.00% 40.00% 20.00% 0.00% Within Benguet Hometown Outside Benguet 23.72% 76.28% Figure 3.1.3 Frequency Distribution of the Respondents According to Year Level 2nd Year 33% 1st Year, 66.67%
  6. 6. 6 Table 3.2.1 Table 3.2.1 Degree of Agreement of the respondents on the Advantages of Extra Curricular Activities Advantages 1) Ability to Socialize with others 2) Learn to manage time 3) Being more Responsible 4) Sense of Maturity Overall Mean Description 3.13 2.83 2.97 2.95 Agree Agree Agree Agree 2.97 Agree Table 3.2.2 Table 3.2.2 Degree of Agreement of the respondents on the Disadvantages of Extra Curricular Activities Mean Description 1) Absences 2) Lack of Concentration to Studies 3) Peer Pressure 4) Self Abuse Overall 2.94 2.82 2.67 2.25 2.67 Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.00-1.74 Strongly Disagree 1.75-2.49 Disagree 2.59-3.24 Agree 3.25-4.00 Strongly agree Agree Agree Agree Disagree Agree
  7. 7. 7 Table 3.2.1.a Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Advantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Gender Male Female Mean Description Mean Description a. Ability to Socialize with others 2.95 Agree 3.15 Agree b. Learn to manage time 2.85 Agree 2.77 Agree c. Being more Responsible 3.2 Agree 3.02 Agree d. Sense of Maturity 3.1 Agree 2.95 Agree Overall 3.025 Agree 2.97 Agree Advantages Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.00-1.74 Strongly Disagree 1.75-2.49 Disagree 2.59-3.24 Agree 3.25-4.00 Strongly agree Table 3.2.2.a Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Disadvantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Gender Disadvantages Mean a. Absences 2.7 b. Lack of Concentration to Studies 2.8 c. Peer Pressure 2.85 d. Self Abuse 2.3 Overall 2.66 Male Female Description Mean Description Agree 2.87 Agree Agree 2.82 Agree Agree 2.65 Agree Disagree 2.22 Disagree Agree 2.64 Agree Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.00-1.74 Strongly Disagree 1.75-2.49 Disagree 2.59-3.24 Agree 3.25-4.00 Strongly agree
  8. 8. 8 Table 3.2.1.b Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Advantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Age Age 15 16 17 18 19 Mean 2.5 3.55 3.31 3 3 a. Description Agree Strongly Agree Strongly Agree Agree Agree Mean 2 2.18 2.9 2.92 2.67 b. Description Disagree Disagree Strongly Agree Agree Agree Advantages c. Mean Description 2.5 Agree 3.36 Strongly Agree 3.15 Agree 3.25 Strongly Agree 3 Agree Mean 2.8 2.23 3.1 3 3 d. Description Agree Disagree Agree Agree Agree Mean 2.38 3.33 3.125 3.04 2.92 Overall Description Agree Strongly Agree Agree Agree Agree Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.00-1.74 Strongly Disagree 1.75-2.49 Disagree 2.50-3.24 Agree 3.25-4.00 Strongly agree Table 3.2.2.b Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Disadvantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Age Age 15 16 17 18 19 Mean 4 2.77 3.96 2.83 3 a. Description Strongly Agree Agree Strongly Agree Agree Agree Mean 4 2.8 3.9 3 3 b. Description Strongly Agree Agree Strongly Agree Agree Agree Advantages c. Mean Description 3 Agree 2.68 Agree 3.73 Strongly Agree 2.92 Agree 3 Agree Mean 3 2.36 3.29 2.17 2.33 Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.00-1.74 Strongly Disagree 1.75-2.49 Disagree 2.59-3.24 Agree 3.25-4.00 Strongly agree d. Description Agree Disagree Strongly Agree Agree Agree Mean 3 2.65 3.72 2.729 2.83 Overall Description Agree Agree Strongly Agree Agree Agree
  9. 9. 9 Table 3.2.1.c Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Advantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Year Level 1st Year 2nd Year Mean Description Mean Description a. Ability to Socialize with others 3.125 Agree 3.15 Agree b. Learn to manage time 2.775 Agree 2.95 Agree c. Being more Responsible 3.05 Agree 3.15 Agree d. Sense of Maturity 2.9 Agree 3.05 Agree Overall 2.9625 Agree 3.075 Agree Advantages Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.00-1.74 Strongly Disagree 1.75-2.49 Disagree 2.59-3.24 Agree 3.25-4.00 Strongly agree Table 3.2.2.c Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Disadvantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Year Level 1st Year 2nd Year Mean Description Mean Description a. Absences 2.8 Agree 2.9 Agree b. Lack of Concentration to Studies 2.8 Agree 2.85 Agree c. Peer Pressure 2.675 Agree 2.65 Agree d. Self Abuse 2.175 Disagree 2.4 Disagree Overall 2.6125 Agree 2.7 Agree Disadvantages Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.00-1.74 Strongly Disagree 1.75-2.49 Disagree 2.59-3.24 Agree 3.25-4.00 Strongly agree
  10. 10. 10 Table 3.2.2.1.d Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Advantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Hometown W/in Benguet Outside Benguet Mean Description Mean Description a. Ability to Socialize with others 3.14 Agree 3.2 Agree b. Learn to manage time 2.71 Agree 2.93 Agree c. Being more Responsible 3.07 Agree 3.16 Agree d. Sense of Maturity 2.86 Agree 3.04 Agree Overall 2.945 Agree 3.0825 Agree Advantages Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.00-1.74 Strongly Disagree 1.75-2.49 Disagree 2.59-3.24 Agree 3.25-4.00 Strongly agree Table 3.2.2.d Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Disadvantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Hometown W/in Benguet Outside Benguet Mean Description Mean Description a. Absences 2.93 Agree 2.87 Agree b. Lack of Concentration to Studies 3.00 Agree 2.82 Agree c. Peer Pressure 2.71 Agree 2.71 Agree d. Self Abuse 2.36 Disagree 2.27 Disagree Overall 2.75 Agree 2.6675 Agree Disadvantages Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.00-1.74 Strongly Disagree 1.75-2.49 Disagree 2.59-3.24 Agree 3.25-4.00 Strongly agree
  11. 11. 11 Table 3.2.1.e Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Advantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to School School SCIS SEA Mean 3.0 2.8 SNS 3.3 SOH 3.5 SON 2.9 STE 3.3 a. Description Agree Agree Strongly Agree Strongly Agree Agree Strongly Agree Mean 2.6 2.7 b. Description Agree Agree 2.9 Agree 3.2 2.6 Strongly Agree Agree 2.9 Agree 3.3 Advantages c. Mean Description 3.0 Agree 2.9 Agree Agree 2.9 Strongly Agree Agree 3.1 Agree 3.4 Mean 2.8 2.5 d. Description Agree Agree Mean 2.85 2.725 3.1 Agree 3.125 2.8 Strongly Agree Agree 2.9 Agree 3.6 Overall Description Agree Agree Agree 2.8 Strongly Agree Agree 3.05 Agree 3.45 Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.00-1.74 Strongly Disagree 1.75-2.49 Disagree 2.59-3.24 Agree 3.25-4.00 Strongly agree Table 3.2.2.e Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Disadvantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to School School SCIS SEA SNS SOH SON STE Mean 3.2 2.9 2.7 2.3 3.0 2.9 a. Description Agree Agree Agree Disagree Agree Agree Mean 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.3 3.1 2.8 b. Description Agree Agree Agree Disagree Agree Agree Disadvantages c. Mean Description 2.7 Agree 3.1 Agree 2.6 Agree 1.9 Disagree 2.9 Agree 2.8 Agree Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.00-1.74 Strongly Disagree 1.75-2.49 Disagree 2.59-3.24 Agree 3.25-4.00 Strongly agree Mean 2.2 2.3 2.5 1.7 2.2 2.6 d. Description Disagree Agree Agree Disagree Disagree Agree Mean 2.725 2.825 2.675 2.05 2.8 2.775 Overall Description Agree Agree Agree Disagree Agree Agree
  12. 12. 12 Table 3.3 Degree of the Agreement of the Students in setting their Priorities Table 3.3 Mean Description a .Study Time 2.43 Prioritized b. Hang out with Friends 3.42 Prioritized c. Trainings 3.87 Moderate d. Sleeping 2.87 Prioritized e. Doing Household Chores 3.9 Least Prioritized f. Movies, Shopping 2.45 Prioritized Overall 3.15 Prioritized Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.0-2.24 Highly Prioritized 2.25- 3.49 Prioritized 3.50- 4.74 Moderate 4.75- 6.00 Least Prioritized Table 3.4 Degree of Agreement of the Students in giving their Advices/ Recommendation to other students Table 3.4 a. Manage your time wisely b. Join all the Competitions and Activities Available c. Don’t join all the Competitions and Activities presented to you d. Do not join any Extra Curricular Activities e. Keep yourself Isolated in your own world Overall Mean 4.27 6.17 5.31 Description Recommended Average 6 Least Recommended Least Recommended Average 6.7 5.69 Scale of Interpretation Range Description 1.0-2.7 Highly Recommended 2.8- 4.5 Recommended 4.6- 6.3 Average 6.4-8.1 Least Recommended 8.2- 10 Not Recommended Average
  13. 13. 13 Table 3.2.1.a Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Advantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Gender A B C D 3.2 3.15 3.1 3.02 2.95 2.95 2.85 2.77 Male Female Table 3.2.2.a Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Disadvantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Gender A 2.7 2.8 B C D 2.87 2.82 2.85 2.65 2.3 Male 2.22 Female
  14. 14. 14 Table 3.2.1.b Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Advantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Age A 3.55 3.36 C D 3.51 2.9 2.8 2.5 B 3.25 3 2.92 3 3.153.1 2.18 15 3 3 2.67 2.5 2 3 2.23 16 17 18 19 Table 3.2.2.b Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Disadvantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Age A 4 4 B C D 3.963.9 3.73 3.29 3 15 2.8 2.83 2.772.82.68 2.36 16 3 2.92 3 3 3 2.33 2.17 17 18 19
  15. 15. 15 Table 3.2.1.c Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Advantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Year Level A B C D 3.15 3.125 3.15 3.05 3.05 2.95 2.9 2.775 1st Year 2nd Year Table 3.2.2.c Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Disadvantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Year Level A 2.8 2.8 B C D 2.9 2.675 3.05 2.85 2.65 2.175 1st Year 2nd Year
  16. 16. 16 Table 3.2.1.d Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Advantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Hometown A 3.14 B C D 3.2 3.07 3.16 2.93 2.86 2.71 2.4 W/in Benguet Outside Benguet Table 3.2.2.d Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Disadvantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to Hometown A 2.93 3 B C D 2.87 2.71 3.04 2.82 2.71 2.36 W/in Benguet Outside Benguet
  17. 17. 17 Table 3.2.1.e Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Advantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to School A 3 3 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.9 C D 3.5 3.3 B 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.6 3.3 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.27 SCIS SEA SNS SOH SON STE Table 3.2.2.e Degree of Agreement of the Respondents on the Disadvantages of ExtraCurricular Activities According to School A 3.2 2.8 2.9 3 B C D 3.1 3 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.2 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2 1.9 1.7 SCIS SEA SNS SOH SON STE 2.9
  18. 18. 18 III. CONCLUSION In general, the respondents agreed that there are positive effects in their studies because of extra-curricular activities. The respondents were able to socialize with others, learned to manage time, helped themselves become more responsible and increase their sense of maturity because of extra-curricular activities. The overall answers of the respondents also agreed that there are negative effects in their studies. Because of extra-curricular activities, the respondents tend to not attend classes, have a lack of concentration in studying and experience peer pressure. However, the idea of abusing themselves was not agreed by the respondents. Both female and male respondents, agreed with the positive and negative effects of extra-curricular activities. The sixty respondents were also divided by year levels namely, the first year and second year students. The first year and second year students had an overall answer that they agreed on both the advantages and disadvantages of extra-curricular activities in their studies. The researchers also divided the respondents into those who live within Benguet and outside Benguet. Both of the following respondents residing in Benguet and outside Benguet agreed on both the advantages and disadvantages of extra-curricular activities in their studies. However, the researchers found out that hanging out with friends, watching movies and shopping have higher mean values compared to studying. Their least prioritized activity is doing household chores. The students recommend to other students that should manage their time wisely especially when one has an extra-curricular activity to attend to.

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