Transcript of "Companion Plants for Your Garden - Surrey, Canada"
Companion Plants for your GardenGrowing two or three different types of plants Tomatoes, Basil and Garlic- Garlic repels aphids,together within a confined or designated garden beetles, snails and a host of other pests. Plantspace is the practice of companion gardening. the bulbs close to the stem of the tomato plant.Each plant contributes to the benefit of the oth- Plant the basil a bit further away, as it requiresers. This practice provides an organic method of space to grow outward as well as upward. Thepest and disease control, and increases yields in basil plant wards of spider mites and aphids, andyour vegetable garden. because it requires a different set of nutrients than the tomato, there is no competition forCorn, Beans and Squash- is referred to as three food.sisters. Beans fix nitrogen in soil and corn re-quires a considerable amount of nitrogen togrow. The corn also provides the bean with sup-port, as the beans use the corn stalk as a trellis.The squash, with its large, fan-like leaves, keepsthe soil cool and moist, protecting the root sys-tems from the summers heat. 1
Companion PlantingOkra, Peppers and Lettuce- Plant the okra so the Marigolds and Vegetables- Marigolds ward offlarge plant provides shade for the lettuce, which aphids, whiteflies, nematodes and squash bugs,prefers cooler temperatures. Place your pepper among other pests, making it beneficial to mostplants downwind of the okra, and the okra plant vegetable plants. Exceptions to this are beanswill act as a windbreak for the delicately and cabbage. Marigolds give off a secretion moststemmed pepper plants. pests abhor. This same secretion has a negative effect on the growth of both beans and cabbage plants, preventing them from establishing strong root systems, effectively choking off their food uptake system. Plant marigolds at the corners of your garden beds are along the garden borders. Not only do they provide pest control, they also attract beneficial insects such as lacewings and parasitic wasps.Sunflowers, Tomatoes and Peppers- Sunflowersare lovely to look at, but they are also a toughplant. Use them as a trap plant for aphids. Aphidsare attracted to sunflowers, and when theseflowers are present in your garden, the aphidswill ignore your tomato and pepper plants andinstead attack the sunflower stalks. Sunflowerswill also attract hummingbirds to your garden.The hummingbirds will eat any whiteflies thathappen upon your garden, looking to decimateyour tomato and pepper plants. Port Kells Nurseries — 18730-88th Ave. Surrey B.C Phone 604-882-1344 www.portkellsnurseries.com 2
Companion PlantingCompanion Planting Chart for Vegetables These plants will grow well together Onions (garlic)- Beets, strawberries, tomatoes, lettuce, summer savory, leeks, chamomileAsparagus -Tomatoes, parsley, basil (sparsely), pepperBeans- Potatoes, carrots, cucumbers, cauliflower Parsley- Tomatoes, asparaguscabbage, eggplant, summer savory, most othervegetables and herbs Peas- Carrots, turnips, radishes, cucumbers, corn, beans, most vegetables and herbsBeans, bush- Potatoes, cucumbers, corn, straw-berries, celery, summer savory Potatoes- Beans, corn, cabbage, horseradish (should be planted at the corners of the patch),Beans, pole- Corn, summer savory, sunflower marigolds, eggplant (as a lure for the potato bee- tle)Beets- Onions, Kohlrabi Pepper - OnionCabbage family (cabbage, cauliflower, kale,kolrabi, broccoli)- Aromatic plants, potatoes, cel- Pumpkins- Cornery, dill, hyssop, chamomile, sage, peppermint,rosemary, beets, onions Radishes- Peas, nasturtiums, lettuce, melons, cu- cumbersCarrots- Peas, leaf lettuce, chives, onions, leeks,rosemary, sage, tomatoes Spinach- Strawberries, eggplantCelery- Leeks, tomatoes, bush beans, cauliflower Squash- Nasturtiums, corncabbage Strawberries- Bush beans, spinach, borage,Chives- Carrots, tomatoes lettuce (as a border), onionsCorn- Potatoes, peas, beans, cucumbers, melons, Sunflowers- Cucumberspumpkins, squash Tomatoes- Chives, onions, parsley, asparagus,Cucumbers- Beans, corn, peas, radishes, sunflow- marigolds, nasturtiums, carrotsers, lettuce Turnips- PeasEggplant- Beans, potatoes, spinachLeeks- Onions, celery, carrotsLettuce- Carrots and radishes (lettuce, carrots,and radishes make a strong team grown togeth-er), strawberries, cucumbers, onionsMelons- Corn, Nasturtium, Radish Port Kells Nurseries — 18730-88th Ave. Surrey B.C Phone 604-882-1344 www.portkellsnurseries.com 3