Transcript of "Companion Plants for Roses - University of California Cooperative Extension, Tulare-Kings County"
Companion Plants for Roses Beverly Servadio, UCCE Master Gardener Rarely in nature do we find only one species of plant growing by itself. Yet a drive through any residential neighborhood reveals that we tend to plant roses by themselves … in the designated “Rose Bed”. Roses are healthier in our urban landscapes when we mimic nature and provide them with companion plants. Companion plants in your rose bed can help control “bad bugs” by encouraging “beneficial insects” to take up residence.Does this mean you have to give up the formal, symmetrical appearance you really enjoy for the cottage,Monet inspired look in your garden? Not at all. That’s the beauty of roses. With so many types of roses anda multitude of companion plants to pair them with, you are sure to find several combinations that will enhanceyour landscape and please your eye.In selecting companion plants, choose those that have the same growing requirements as your roses. Roses dobest in full sun and well drained soil. Once established, roses have medium to low water needs - wateringdeeply every one to two weeks. Regular fertilization will keep them healthy and producing blooms duringtheir season. The companion plants should tolerate a very similar water, fertilizer, and pesticide schedule thatyou normally use on the roses. Other “housekeeping issues” to remember: Companion plants should beplanted at least a foot away from rose bushes so that the rose’s roots are not disturbed and to allow access toeach plant. Prune your roses creating an open structure; maintaining good air circulation around all plants willhelp prevent attacks from insects and diseases.Now for the fun! Create a planting diagram for your beds but embrace the trial and error factor. The internetis a great resource for ideas and pictures of Companion Plants for Roses. The following list comes fromMaster Gardener experience and from several sites on the internet. All are suitable for the Sunset 8 and 9climate zones. Be sure to look up and familiarize yourself with the plant(s) before you purchase. Companion plants for roses: Shrubs Blue mist shrub (Caryopteris) Daphnes (Daphne) Smokebush (Cotinus) Boxwood (Buxus) Red-twig dogwood (Cornus) Spirea (Spiraea) Perennials Anise-hyssop (Agastache) Germander (Teucrium) Russian-sage (Perovskia) Bellflower (Campanula) Lady’s mantle (Alchemilla) Sea-holly (Eryngium) Catmint (Nepeta) Lavender (Lavandula) Spurge (Euphorbia) Blue false-indigo (Baptisia) Lilies (Lilium) Wormwood (Artemisia) Garden phlox (Phlox) Meadow sage (Salvia) Yarrow (Achillea) Globe thistle (Echinops) Ornamental onions (Allium) Geraniums (Geranium) Red-hot poker (Kniphofia) Annuals Annual phlox (Phlox) Larkspur (Consolida) Persian shield (Strobilanthes) Heliotrope (Heliotropium) Million bells (Calibrachoa) Flowering tobacco Lantana (Lantana) Pansies (Viola) (Nicotiana)
Companion plants for roses - Grouped by Color:Blue or Purple Sweet Pea Janet Scott Coreopsis MoonbeamAllium azureum Digitalis grandifloraAsperula orientalis Salmon-Pink Geum Lady StrathedenCampanula Brantwood Digitalis mertonensis Lilies (a variety of colors)Campanula Telham Beauty Lavatera Silver CupCampanula rotundifolia Lychnis Dusky Salmon WhiteCentaurea cyanus Poppy Coral Reef Alyssum Carpet of SnowCleome Violet Queen Salvia Coral Nymph Campanula persicifolia AlbaCynoglossum amabile Sweet Pea Miss Willmott Cleome Helen CampbellDelphinium & Larkspur Cosmos Psyche WhiteGeranium Brookside Crimson Red Cosmos PurityHesperis matronalis Violet Cosmos Tet Versailles Red Cosmos Sonata WhiteLavander Lady Dianthus barbatus Ruby Moon Digitalis purpurea AlbaMalva Zebrina Knautia macedonica-similar to FeverfewNepeta Blue Infinity scabiosa Hesperis matronalis AlbaNigella- Love in a Mist Lychnis coronaria - rose campion Lavatera Mont BlancPenstemon strictus Lychnis coronaria AlbaSalvia Blue Spires Scarlet Red Mirabilis jalapa AlbaSweet Pea Flora Norton Geum chiloense Nicotiana alataVerbena Lychnis chalcedonica Shasta Daisy Papaver rhoeas ValerianPurplish-Pink Penstemon Iron MaidenCleome Cherry Queen Salvia Lady in Red Unusual Colors and Foliage PlantsCosmos Daydream Agastache Golden JubileeCosmos Double Click Gold & Orange Bronze FennelDianthus carthusianorum Calendula Bupleurum rotundifoliumDigitalis Glittering Prizes Coreopsis Sunray Digitalis Silver FoxGypsophila pacifica Cosmos Bright Lights Digitalis trojanaLavatera Pink Beauty Eschscholzia californica - Eryngium Miss Wilmotts GhostMalope Vulcan Poppy Double Tangerine Gem Mexican Feather GrassLychnis Angels Blush Nicotiana langsdorfiiNicotiana mutabilis Yellow Ruta graveolensSalvia Rose Queen Antirrhinum braun-blanquettii Salvia argenteaSome Website Reading and Resources "In Good Company: Companion Planting for Roses" By Sonia Uyterhoven and the New York Botanical Garden. http://gardening.about.com/od/rose1/a/Rose_Companions.htm "Companion Plants add beauty to rose beds" By Karen Dardick. Published in the San Diego Union-Tribune on April 15, 2007. http://www.signonsandiego.com "Companion Plants for Roses" By Charity Armstrong, BellaOnline Roses Editor. http://www.bellaonline.com "Companion Plants for Roses" By Diane Linsley http://dianeseeds.com Gardening Q & A "Companion Plants and Roses" http://www.hgtv.com "The Holistic Gardening Series: Companion Plants" By Marilyn K. Burnes http://gardengal.net/holistic.html This information courtesy of: University of California Cooperative Extension Master Gardeners of Tulare-Kings Co. Have a gardening question? The UC Master Gardeners offer free information on gardening Tulare: (559) 684-3325 & 684-3326 Hanford: (559) 582-3211 ext. 2736 Visit our website: http://cetulare.ucdavis.edu