REPORTED SPEECH I:Statements<br />By Antonio Romero<br />
SUMMARY<br />
It is used to say what another person has said. There are two types: <br />Direct speech (using his/her own words): <br />...
	As you can see, there are certain changes to be made when using reported speech: <br />Tenses.<br />Time and place expres...
Tenses<br />You can see now how the different verbal tenses change in reported speech: <br />
Modal verbs<br />
Time and place<br />
You can use logic to see the changes. Thus, if you have doubts, remember the following associations: <br />Pronouns<br />
We normally use the verbs say and tell. The difference between them is that say can be used without object (or to + object...
COMMANDS<br />Howabout if we want to report commands? Have a look<br />at these ones: <br />'Shut up, boys!' <br />The tea...
QUESTIONS<br />Remember there are two types of questions: <br />Yes / No questions: the answer is always 'yes' or 'no', st...
As you can see, there are changes as in<br />statements, but we need the verb ASK and include<br />IF. Keep in mind that t...
In these cases, there is also a shift in word<br />order and tenses also change. However, IF is<br />substituted by the in...
SUGGESTIONS<br />'Let's go to the park!' <br />'Why don't we visit her?' <br />'Shall we stay longer?' <br />In these case...
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Reported Speech

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Reported Speech

  1. 1. REPORTED SPEECH I:Statements<br />By Antonio Romero<br />
  2. 2. SUMMARY<br />
  3. 3. It is used to say what another person has said. There are two types: <br />Direct speech (using his/her own words): <br />Mary said, 'I'm going to the beach this weekend.' <br />Reported speech (free discourse, not using his/her own words): <br />Mary said (that) she was going to the beach that weekend. <br />REPORTED SPEECH<br />
  4. 4. As you can see, there are certain changes to be made when using reported speech: <br />Tenses.<br />Time and place expressions.<br />Pronouns.<br />CHANGES<br />‘I’mgoingtothebeachtomorrow’<br />She / He saidthatshewasgoingtothebeachthenextday.<br />
  5. 5. Tenses<br />You can see now how the different verbal tenses change in reported speech: <br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. Modal verbs<br />
  8. 8. Time and place<br />
  9. 9. You can use logic to see the changes. Thus, if you have doubts, remember the following associations: <br />Pronouns<br />
  10. 10. We normally use the verbs say and tell. The difference between them is that say can be used without object (or to + object) and tell is always used with the object: <br />He told me that she knew it. <br />He said (to me) that she knew it. <br />INTRODUCTORY VERBS<br />
  11. 11. COMMANDS<br />Howabout if we want to report commands? Have a look<br />at these ones: <br />'Shut up, boys!' <br />The teacher asked us to shut up. <br />'Don't speak, boys!‘<br />The teacher asked us not to speak. <br />As you can see, the imperative tense has no subject in<br />English and the verb is used in infinitive without to.<br />Thus, if you want to report it, you have to use a to<br />infinitive(or not to-infinitive) as in the examples above. <br />Shut up!!!!<br />
  12. 12. QUESTIONS<br />Remember there are two types of questions: <br />Yes / No questions: the answer is always 'yes' or 'no', starting with a verb: <br />'Do you like football?' 'Yes, I do.' <br />'Were you at home last night?' 'No, I wasn't.' <br />Whquestions: the answer depends on the interrogative pronoun: <br />'Where did you go?' 'I went to the beach.' <br />'How often do you play football?' 'I play football once a week.' <br />
  13. 13. As you can see, there are changes as in<br />statements, but we need the verb ASK and include<br />IF. Keep in mind that the word order has a<br />statement structure: <br />'Doyoulikefootball?', he asked me. <br /> He asked meifIlikedfootball.<br />'Areyou at home?', he asked me. 'No, I'm not', I answered. <br /> He asked meifIwas at home and I answered I was not. <br />Yes-No questions<br />Do youlikeEnglish?<br />
  14. 14. In these cases, there is also a shift in word<br />order and tenses also change. However, IF is<br />substituted by the interrogative pronoun given.<br />Have a look at these examples: <br />  <br />'Whereare you going?', he asked me.<br />He asked mewhereIwas going<br />Wh- questions<br />What time isit?<br />
  15. 15. SUGGESTIONS<br />'Let's go to the park!' <br />'Why don't we visit her?' <br />'Shall we stay longer?' <br />In these cases, the structure is specific: <br />SUBJECT + SUGGESTED THAT + SUBJECT+ VERB IN PAST. <br />  <br />'Let's go to the park!' <br />He suggested that we went to the park. <br />'Why don't we visit her?' <br />She suggested that we visited her. <br />'Shall we stay longer?' <br />He suggested that we stayed longer. <br />

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