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Social studies1
Social studies1
Social studies1
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Social studies1
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Social studies1
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Social studies1

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  1. Antonio Martín
  2.  History is the analysis and interpretation of the human past that enables us to study continuity and change over time.. It is an act of both investigation and imagination that seeks to explain how people have changed over time. Historians use all forms of evidence to examine, interpret, revisit, and reinterpret the past. These include not just written documents, but also oral communication and objects such as buildings, artifacts, photographs, and paintings. Historians are trained in the methods of discovering and evaluating these sources, and the challenging task of making historical sense out of them. Nevertheless, historians do not always agree on interpretations of the past. The debated differences help expand and enhance our understanding of human development. What is History?
  3. History is a means to understand the past and present. The different interpretations of the past allows us to see the present differently and therefore imagine—and work towards— different futures. Through the study of history we can investigate and interpret why society developed as it has and determine what influences have affected the past and present and shape the future. It helps one to understand the immense complexity of our world and provides insights to help cope with the problems and possibilities of the present and future. History also provides a sense of identity to understand the collective past that has have made us what we are today. In one sense history is the only thing that is real. The way in which people identify and interact with one another is by and large a consequence of history, which shapes and conditions individuals and societies whether they fully understand it or not. Why Study It?
  4. History is also a bridge to other disciplines. In order to understand the other humanities and the sciences one needs an historical overview. Writers, artists, scientists, politicians and everyday people all are conditioned by the historical milieu in which they lived. Historical knowledge is a prerequisite for understanding the world in which we live. History is magister vitae, "teacher of life." History prepares us to live more humanely in the present and to meet the challenges of the future because it provides us with understanding of the human condition. History is a means of disseminating and comprehending the wisdom and folly of our forbears. History is fun. History fulfills our desire to know and understand ourselves and our ancestors. History allows one to vicariously experience countless situations and conditions, which stimulates the imagination and creativity. It also trains its students to read intelligently, think critically, and write effectively. Why Study It?
  5. The Gregorian Calendar
  6. The Gregorian calendar is today's internationally accepted civil calendar and is also known as the "Western calendar" or "Christian calendar". It was named after the man who first introduced it in February 1582: Pope Gregory XIII. The Gregorian Calendar
  7. The calendar is strictly a solar calendar based on a 365- day common year divided into 12 months of irregular lengths. Each month consists of either 30 or 31 days with 1 month consisting of 28 days during the common year. A Leap Year usually occurs every 4 years which adds an extra day to make the second month of February 29 days long rather than 28 days. The Gregorian Calendar
  8. The Hebrew Calendar
  9. The Jewish calendar is essentially composed of three units that depend on a heavenly body for proper calculation. The month is dependent upon cycles of the moon, and the day and the year are dependent upon cycles of the sun. For the purposes of our discussion, we will focus on the "month" and the "year." ( The following discussion is oversimplified for clarity's sake.) The Jewish nation was instructed to bless and sanctify each new month. The month is the period of time it takes for the moon to complete a revolution around the earth. On the average, this takes 29.5 days. As we only have complete days in a month, some months contain 29 days, and other contain 30. As mentioned above, a year is a solar dependent unit of time. It is the period of time it takes the sun to go through a complete cycle of the Zodiac or the time it takes for the sun to repeat the same point in its orbit. A solar month is really just 1/12th of this period of time. A solar month has in it of itself has no specific tie to any cycle of any celestial body. The Hebrew Calendar
  10. The Islamic Calendar
  11. • The Islamic calendar, Muslim calendar or Hijri calendar (AH) is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 months in a year of 354 or 355 days. • It is used to date events in many Muslim countries (concurrently with the Gregorian calendar), and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper days on which to observe the annual fast (see Ramadan), to attend Hajj, and to celebrate other Islamic holidays and festivals. • The first year was the Islamic year beginning in AD 622 during which the emigration of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina, known as the Hijra, occurred. Each numbered year is designated either H for Hijra or AH for the Latin anno Hegirae (in the year of the Hijra); hence, Muslims typically call their calendar the Hijri calendar. • The current Islamic year is 1434 AH. In the Gregorian calendar 1434 AH runs from approximately 14 November 2012 (evening) to 4 November 2013 (evening). The Islamic Calendar
  12. Historians and archaeologists work to uncover facts and information about the past. This can be information about animals that lived in the past, old human cultures, evolutionary traits, and causes of changes in our environment. This information is useful as it can help us predict future trends in our environment and in animals and plant life. What Does an Historian or Archaeologist Do?
  13. Historians study and ideally write non-biased descriptions and narratives of the past utilizing historical documents and accounts. Archaeologists study human material culture; the physical things left behind by people. Archaeology can be utilized to study any and all periods of human occupation as long as there are material remains to be studied. Historians study periods associated with a written historical record. What is the difference between an archaeologist and a historian?
  14. • http://goeastyoungwomantodubai.files.wordpress.co m/2009/03/isaslabecalenlrg.jpg • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_calendar • http://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/gregorian- calendar.html • http://www.jewfaq.org/calendar.htm • http://www.siena.edu/pages/3289.asp • http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_difference_b etween_an_archaeologist_and_a_historian • http://www.ask.com/question/what-does-an-historian- or-archaeologist-do Sources:

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