Antonio Martín
introducing

Conquest of the
Tahuantisuyo
THE ARRIVAL OF THE SPANIARDS

After the colonizers were already settled for a few decades in the Caribbean and
Panama, the...
THE ARRIVAL OF THE SPANIARDS

After the colonizers were already settled for a few decades in the Caribbean and
Panama, the...
Pizarro led an expedition through the South
American coast in 1526, which first came to the
shores of what is now Ecuador....
Pizarro led an expedition through the South
American coast in 1526, which first came to the
shores of what is now Ecuador....
Kidnapping and murder of Atahualpa
 The invaders heard about the war between Huascar and
Atahualpa and that this latter h...
Kidnapping and murder of Atahualpa
 The invaders heard about the war between Huascar and
Atahualpa and that this latter h...
 The kidnapping of Atahualpa caused confusion among
indigenous peoples. The capture of the Emperor, and
alliances among S...
 The kidnapping of Atahualpa caused confusion among
indigenous peoples. The capture of the Emperor, and
alliances among S...
Military Resistance and Defeat
 In the north of Tawantinsuyu, several generals of Atahualpa
organized a resistance, but t...
Military Resistance and Defeat
 In the north of Tawantinsuyu, several generals of Atahualpa
organized a resistance, but t...
Glossary
 Expedition. Grouping of conquerors that was made for
exploration and possession of a territory.
 Kidnapping. T...
The Search for “El Dorado”
 The conquerors were constantly tempted by the legends that
indigenous told them, and decided ...
The Search for “El Dorado”
 The conquerors were constantly tempted by the legends that
indigenous told them, and decided ...
The Search for “El Dorado”
 Because not everyone could move forward, Pizarro ordered
Orellana exploring the river in a sm...
The Search for “El Dorado”
 Because not everyone could move forward, Pizarro ordered
Orellana exploring the river in a sm...
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L16 The Conquest of the Tahuantinsuyo

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  • L16 The Conquest of the Tahuantinsuyo

    1. 1. Antonio Martín introducing Conquest of the Tahuantisuyo
    2. 2. THE ARRIVAL OF THE SPANIARDS After the colonizers were already settled for a few decades in the Caribbean and Panama, they received news about a rich country which existed in the south. In 1524, a private enterprise of conquest and colonization, led by Francisco Pizarro and Diego de Almagro was organized.
    3. 3. THE ARRIVAL OF THE SPANIARDS After the colonizers were already settled for a few decades in the Caribbean and Panama, they received news about a rich country which existed in the south. In 1524, a private enterprise of conquest and colonization, led by Francisco Pizarro and Diego de Almagro was organized.
    4. 4. Pizarro led an expedition through the South American coast in 1526, which first came to the shores of what is now Ecuador. They moved south, but they had difficulty keeping the enterprise of conquest and came back. After facing difficulties, the two heads again organized a new expedition, which crossed the coast in 1531 to Tumbez once again. There they disembarked to try to move to areas where they had heard that there were great riches.
    5. 5. Pizarro led an expedition through the South American coast in 1526, which first came to the shores of what is now Ecuador. They moved south, but they had difficulty keeping the enterprise of conquest and came back. After facing difficulties, the two heads again organized a new expedition, which crossed the coast in 1531 to Tumbez once again. There they disembarked to try to move to areas where they had heard that there were great riches.
    6. 6. Kidnapping and murder of Atahualpa  The invaders heard about the war between Huascar and Atahualpa and that this latter had won. They realized the weakness of the empire and looked for the support of several chiefs who were against Atahualpa. Agreements were made ​with them. They moved from the coast to the interior without resistance. They set a trap for the Emperor. They waited in the plaza of the town of Cajamarca, and pretended to want just a dialogue.  As soon as Atahualpa went to the square with all his companions, he was approached by the monk Valverde and he showed him a cross and a Bible. Atahualpa did not understand and after looking at them, put aside the Bible. That was the signal for the Spaniards, who were hiding, come out with their weapons and took him prisoner. (Vídeo)
    7. 7. Kidnapping and murder of Atahualpa  The invaders heard about the war between Huascar and Atahualpa and that this latter had won. They realized the weakness of the empire and looked for the support of several chiefs who were against Atahualpa. Agreements were made ​with them. They moved from the coast to the interior without resistance. They set a trap for the Emperor. They waited in the plaza of the town of Cajamarca, and pretended to want just a dialogue.  As soon as Atahualpa went to the square with all his companions, he was approached by the monk Valverde and he showed him a cross and a Bible. Atahualpa did not understand and after looking at them, put aside the Bible. That was the signal for the Spaniards, who were hiding, come out with their weapons and took him prisoner. (Vídeo)
    8. 8.  The kidnapping of Atahualpa caused confusion among indigenous peoples. The capture of the Emperor, and alliances among Spaniards and some indigenous who were against Atahualpa, prevented a coordinated defense of the Incas.  The conquerors demanded a ransom for Atahualpa. Large amount of gold was collected in the empire and handed it to Pizarro and his men. Little later, Atahualpa was subjected to a sham of a "trial" and sentenced to death. Atahualpa was executed after forcing him to be baptized.
    9. 9.  The kidnapping of Atahualpa caused confusion among indigenous peoples. The capture of the Emperor, and alliances among Spaniards and some indigenous who were against Atahualpa, prevented a coordinated defense of the Incas.  The conquerors demanded a ransom for Atahualpa. Large amount of gold was collected in the empire and handed it to Pizarro and his men. Little later, Atahualpa was subjected to a sham of a "trial" and sentenced to death. Atahualpa was executed after forcing him to be baptized.
    10. 10. Military Resistance and Defeat  In the north of Tawantinsuyu, several generals of Atahualpa organized a resistance, but they were defeated by the Spaniards which were supported by entire villages of disgruntled Indians who were in favor of the conquerors. Sebastian de Benalcázar _ was chosen by Pizarro to occupy the northern Tawantinsuyu. To justify their right to conquer these territories against another Spanish expedition that came from the present Colombia, in its progress, founded the city of Santiago de Quito in August 1534, near the present Riobamba. Then founded San Francisco de Quito, near Ambato.  In December of that same year, Pizarro took possession of the site of the present city of Quito, which was a little destroyed, first by its indigenous defenders and then by the conquerors. The most remarkable leader of the resistance was the Rumiñahui chief, who, after being defeated in his defense of Quito, was executed.
    11. 11. Military Resistance and Defeat  In the north of Tawantinsuyu, several generals of Atahualpa organized a resistance, but they were defeated by the Spaniards which were supported by entire villages of disgruntled Indians who were in favor of the conquerors. Sebastian de Benalcázar _ was chosen by Pizarro to occupy the northern Tawantinsuyu. To justify their right to conquer these territories against another Spanish expedition that came from the present Colombia, in its progress, founded the city of Santiago de Quito in August 1534, near the present Riobamba. Then founded San Francisco de Quito, near Ambato.  In December of that same year, Pizarro took possession of the site of the present city of Quito, which was a little destroyed, first by its indigenous defenders and then by the conquerors. The most remarkable leader of the resistance was the Rumiñahui chief, who, after being defeated in his defense of Quito, was executed.
    12. 12. Glossary  Expedition. Grouping of conquerors that was made for exploration and possession of a territory.  Kidnapping. To take by force to one or more people and keep them prisoners in order to force their relatives to pay a ransom.
    13. 13. The Search for “El Dorado”  The conquerors were constantly tempted by the legends that indigenous told them, and decided to find a legendary kingdom with so much wealth that supposedly its king bathed every day with gold and precious stones. In Quito, they heard that the kingdom was located in the unknown lands of the East, and Pizarro organized an expedition of hundreds of Spaniards and thousands of indigenous people to find it.  They began the journey and, before long, a group of conquerers who came from Guayaquil joined them (Commander Orellana). They faced great difficulties, and many deaths. They were attacked by the local indigenous peoples and also by tropical diseases.
    14. 14. The Search for “El Dorado”  The conquerors were constantly tempted by the legends that indigenous told them, and decided to find a legendary kingdom with so much wealth that supposedly its king bathed every day with gold and precious stones. In Quito, they heard that the kingdom was located in the unknown lands of the East, and Pizarro organized an expedition of hundreds of Spaniards and thousands of indigenous people to find it.  They began the journey and, before long, a group of conquerers who came from Guayaquil joined them (Commander Orellana). They faced great difficulties and many deaths. They wereattacked by the local indigenous peoples and also by tropical diseases.
    15. 15. The Search for “El Dorado”  Because not everyone could move forward, Pizarro ordered Orellana exploring the river in a small boat . By the Napo River they reached the great river Marañon or Amazons, on February 12, 1542. Over there, they went out to the Atlantic, then to get to Spain.  The Quito expedition, on the other hand, affected by hunger and disease, returned to Quito. This is how the Spaniards arrived to the great river. They called it “Amazon” because some women warriors “the Amazons” lived in its territories, and fought hard to the conquerors. (Trailer)
    16. 16. The Search for “El Dorado”  Because not everyone could move forward, Pizarro ordered Orellana exploring the river in a small boat . By the Napo River they reached the great river Marañon or Amazons, on February 12, 1542. Over there, they went out to the Atlantic, then to get to Spain.  The Quito expedition, on the other hand, affected by hunger and disease, returned to Quito. This is how the Spaniards arrived to the great river. They called it “Amazon” because some women warriors “the Amazons” lived in its territories, and fought hard to the conquerors. (Trailer)

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