Relaized by Antonio Gómez
Task 3 English
Passive voice is used when the focus on the action. It´s used to show interest in
the person or object that experiences an action rather than on object that
performs the action.
Form of the passive voice verb.
It´s formed with the auxiliary verb “to be” and the past participle of the verb to
The complement of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive.
The agent subject is expressed whit the preposition “by”.
The passive voice is frequently used by newspaper.
The passive voice in normally formed in the following way:
(by Mr. Smith)
The agent has been placed between brackets because it is only in the added in
the passive sentence when the doer of the action is known and we are interested
in saying it.
General rules of passive
Subject + auxiliary verb (to be) + past
Examples of the following tense:
Passive (past participle)
Past perfect simple
Future with will
Going to future
is going go
have/has been gone
had been gone
will be gone
is going to be gone
must be gone
can be gone
should be gone
Change the order of subject and object.
Adding auxiliary “to be” in the tense of the active voice.
Add the participle of the main verb.
the newspaper (Active)
Subject + main verb + object
Subject + past participle + agent
Tom writes a letter
The letter is writer by
He ate all of the cookies (active)
All of the cookies were eaten by
The housekeeper will clean the room. (Active).
The room will be cleaned by the housekeeper.
Mary has written the book. (active)
The book has been written by Mary. (Passive).
They should give me money (Active).
I should be given money by them. (Passive).