Martin Luther King Jr. was a civil rights activist inthe 1950s and 1960s. He goes down in history as one of the principal leader of the civil rights movement in the United States and a prominent advocate of nonviolent protest.
Where he born He was born the15th January 1929in Atlanta, Georgia. He born in this house.
His parents ● His father was a baptist pastor called Martin Luther King Sr, and his mother was a school teacher called Alberta Williams King.
Segregation experiences● When he was young, he was playing with two white children and the childerns parents appeared and said that they cant play with coulored people.
What is segregation?This meant that things were different for white people and black people. They had different schools, different churches, different stores,different elevators, and even different drinking fountains.
Studies● He went to Booker T. Washington High School. He was very smart, so he skipped two grades in high school and started his college education at Morehouse College at the young age of fifteen.
After getting his degree in sociology fromMorehouse, Martin got a divinity degree from Crozer Seminary and then got his doctors degree in theologyfrom Boston University.
His family ● Martins dad inspired Martin to purse the ministry as well, where he met Coretta Scott.In 1953 he married with her
● Later they would have four children Yolanda, Martin, Dexter, and Bernice.
The bus boycottMartin led a boycott of the public transportation system. The boycott lasted for over a year. It was very tense at times.
Martin was arrested and his house was bombed, but in the end he prevailed andsegregation on the Montgomery busses ended.
Rosa Parks This boycott started when Rosa Parks refused to move to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. She wen to the jail.
The March on Washington In 1963 Martin Luther King, Jr. helped to organize the famous March on Washington.Over 250,000 people attended this march in an effort to show the importance of civil rights legislation.
The march hoped to accomplish included anend to segregation in public schools, protection from police abuse, and to get laws preventing discrimination in employment.
I have a dream It was at this march where Martin gave his famous "I have a Dream" speech. The marchand Martins speech were a success. The Civil Rights Act was passed a year later in 1964.
“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in anation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.”
His death Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated on April 4 1968 in Memphis. He was shot by James Earl Ray while standing on the balcony of his hotel.
The nobel price and his influences One of his maininfluences was Gandhiwho taught protesting in a non-violent manner. King was the youngest person to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
Credits Juan Antonio Castro Sánchez ●● Antonio Salmerón Maturana