ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
1Introduction to logistics
Greece : A sea & land lo...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
2
Definition of logistics
Logistics is regional, na...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
3
Two extreme examples of “logistics”
ASSOCIATED PR...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
4
And since we are engineers…
Engineering & logisti...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
5
The history of logistics
Logistics’ history is as...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
6
Alexander the Great was considered from many scie...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
7
Sea has always been the best means of transport
h...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
8
Logistics as a scheme
supplier production transpo...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
The history and importance of
containers in interna...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
The history and importance of
containers in interna...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
International trends
 Bigger markets  Bigger need...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
12
This cost is increasing due to:
 Heavier traffi...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
13
Logistics cost breakdown
Infrastructure
Infrastr...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
14
Source Eye For Transport
Logistics cost in some ...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
15
Multimodal logistics
Logistics of more than one ...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
16
Sea – Sea
River – Rail - Road
Multimodal logisti...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
17
The river port of Vienna / Austria
302.000 TEUs ...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
18
HAMBURG
Multimodal logistics
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
19
Introduction to logistics
Greece : A sea & land ...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
20
Strategic point
Infrastructure needs to be better
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
The prospect of Greece
Gateway to S.E.E.
 Greece i...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
The 20 biggest container ports of the world
22
Sin...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
Top 10 European container ports
23
Greek port handl...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
Top European light vehicle ports 2013
Ra
nk
Port Un...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
25
Hub and spoke theory
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
26
Transshipment
Transhipment is the transfer of c...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
27
Transshipment
 Why tranship? The value of trans...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
28
Typical routes from Asia to Europe
(Evergreen li...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
29
Transit times
“Our deep-sea carriers are calling...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
30
The importance of Suez Canal
Another engineering...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
31
A new waterway between
Greece – Fyrom – Serbia
i...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
32
A new waterway between
Greece – Fyrom – Serbia
i...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
33
European Transport Network / TENT
Same philosoph...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
34
European Transport Network / TEN-T
Infrastructur...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
35
SOURCE : CAP GEMINI for PROLOGIS
From local DCs ...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
The prospect of Greece
36
Why not here?
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
37
Prologis is the leading owner, operator and
deve...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
38
The model of Prologis, Gazeley and other similar...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
The prospect of Greece
Distances to S.E.E. cities f...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
40
ROA D TO
NORTH
ROAD TO
SOUTH
Thriasio Logistical...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
41
Prime net rent:
The top open-market tier of rent...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
The prospect of Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki is 500km...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
43
Turnover of huge logistics companies
2011 Rank C...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
Sustainability
33% of the
Rotterdam loads, are
tran...
ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis
45
Thank you for your attentionhttp://gr.linkedin.c...
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Greece : A sea & land logistical hub through the centuries turns to be the gateway of South Eastern Europe. Presentation at ICE ELAC Conference May 2014 by Antonis S. Antoniadis

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Greek logistics 2014
“Greece – A Sea & Land Transportation Hub Through the Centuries”
Presentation from Antonis S. Antoniadis for the potential of Greece as the gateway of South Eastern Europe.
Held by:
Institution of Civil Engineers
19th European Local Association Conference (ELAC)
8-12 May 2014
Athens, Greece

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Greece : A sea & land logistical hub through the centuries turns to be the gateway of South Eastern Europe. Presentation at ICE ELAC Conference May 2014 by Antonis S. Antoniadis

  1. 1. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 1Introduction to logistics Greece : A sea & land logistical hub through the centuries turns to be the gateway of South Eastern Europe By Antonis S. Antoniadis
  2. 2. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 2 Definition of logistics Logistics is regional, national and global . Logistics is defined as the time-related positioning of resource. It is also described as the “five rights”. Essentially, it is the process of ensuring that goods or a service is: •In the right place •At the right time •In the right quantity •At the right quality •At the right price Origins and definition The prevalent view is that the term logistics comes from the late 19th century: from French logistique (loger means to lodge). Others attribute a Greek origin to the word: λόγος, meaning reason or speech; λογιστικός, meaning accountant or responsible for counting.
  3. 3. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 3 Two extreme examples of “logistics” ASSOCIATED PRESS / 01-10-2010 Sweden ups terror threat alert to 'elevated‘ “A Pakistani intelligence official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak with the media, said eight Germans and two British brothers were at the heart of the al-Qaida-linked terror plot against European cities and had been calling acquaintances in Europe to plan logistics.” Logistics : the depth ITJ MAR 2011
  4. 4. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 4 And since we are engineers… Engineering & logistics The logistician is quite often described as Logistics Engineer He or she , is responsible to Design or analyze operational solutions for projects such as transportation optimization, network modeling, process and methods analysis, cost containment, capacity enhancement, routing and shipment optimization, or information management.
  5. 5. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 5 The history of logistics Logistics’ history is as old as human civilization since it is the means for development of any kind A simple example for us engineers would be at around 2700 B.C.: Material handling technology in pyramid construction. Blocks of stone weighing several tons were transported and assembled at the construction site. To build the Great Pyramid of Giza, which is 146 meters high and weighs 6 million tons, the Egyptians needed sophisticated material transport equipment capable of moving the massive building blocks and putting them into place. Even today, we still cannot fully explain how this level of precision was achieved using the hoisting equipment and means of transport available around 2700 B.C www.dhl.com
  6. 6. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 6 Alexander the Great was considered from many scientists as the first logistician. Timothy Van Mieghem writes in his “Logistics lessons from Alexander the Great” •“He marched along rivers to provide easy access to sea transport which could deliver tons of supplies, compared to 200 pounds per beast” •“Alexander’ s 35.000 man army could carry no more than a 10 day supply of food when remote from sea transport” •“He timed his departure so the 30 day supply of rations, carried by sea transport, would last until 10 days after harvest at the first destination city. This provided a seamless food and water supply for his army until he conquered the next city.” •“He setup bases to provide shelter and supplies prior to army’ s arrival” Alexander the Great as a logistician
  7. 7. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 7 Sea has always been the best means of transport http://www.ancient.eu.com Greece in the ancient Mediterranean
  8. 8. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 8 Logistics as a scheme supplier production transportation warehouse customer Production Supplier Port Warehouse Inbound warehouse Logistics Outbound warehouse Logistics Airport Shop Home
  9. 9. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis The history and importance of containers in international trade The idea of shipping products in containers is a very old one. •The ancient Greeks used sealed vases – or amphorae – to transport oil or wine. •Later cultures used large trunks to ship valuables aboard their sailing vessels. But containerisation is a modern phenomenon just over 50 years old. •McLean, boss of his own trucking business in North Carolina, was frustrated by the laborious methods of handling goods in the early part of the 20th century. On 26 April 1956 McLean’s prototype - the refitted Second World War tanker, the Ideal-X - sailed from Newark to Houston carrying 58 truck bodies with the wheels removed. •By 1957, he had already introduced the first of a series of vessels converted into specialised container ships that were able to carry boxes below decks as well as on deck. They were more efficient container carriers. Soon enough, his company was re-branded Sea-Land Service, a name that summed up the ‘multi-modal’ union of overland and seaborne transportation. http://www.costamare.com
  10. 10. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis The history and importance of containers in international trade •Sea-Land’s regular peacetime services went international in 1966 when the vessel Fairland departed New Jersey for a first cross-Atlantic voyage to Rotterdam with 236 containers on board. TEU = Twenty feet equivalent Unit = unit of counting containers The equivalent of about 124 million TEUs are being moved around the world by ship in a year (estimated loaded containers carried in 2009). http://www.costamare.com
  11. 11. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis International trends  Bigger markets  Bigger needs lead to bigger distribution centers  Warehousing function changes from storage to flow  Flexible warehouse space required  Multi-user facilities are growing in popularity  Outsourcing of logistics activities is increasing  Infrastructure availability and distance to market are crucial  Proximity to alternative transport modes is growing in importance  Satellite DCs 11
  12. 12. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 12 This cost is increasing due to:  Heavier traffic conditions  Environmental specs  Reduction of permitted drive hours  Consumer needs  More goods coming from Asia International logistics industry is estimated in: 5,4 trillion € or 13,8 % of global GDP Source: COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES 336 final 28.6.2006 Logistics cost USA : 8,3% of GDP, 2010 In 1980 it was 17.9% . Logistics costs in Europe are lower because of the combination of older infra (train, roads, rivers) 7.15% of European GDP Source Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals (CSCMP). 2009 Germany : 7,5% of GDP, 2008 (BVL) Source: Prof Lauri Ojala, World Bank, May 2010 China : 17,8% of GDP, 2009 (CFLP) Source: Prof Lauri Ojala, Intl Transport Forum 20120-4
  13. 13. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 13 Logistics cost breakdown Infrastructure Infrastructure Civil Engineers are interested in infrastructure
  14. 14. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 14 Source Eye For Transport Logistics cost in some EU countries 14,8% 6,3% 8,5% 10,5%
  15. 15. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 15 Multimodal logistics Logistics of more than one modes Air - Rail Rail - Road Germany: truck mileage reaches 27.2 billion km Heavy goods vehicles that are subject to road charging in Germany covered around 27.2 billion km on that country’s toll roads in 2013, a rise of 2.4% compared to the previous year. The performance of trucks registered in Germany rose by 1.3 %, whilst that of vehicles from all the other EU 15 member states shrank.
  16. 16. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 16 Sea – Sea River – Rail - Road Multimodal logistics Mother vessel Feeders Sea – Rail - Road
  17. 17. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 17 The river port of Vienna / Austria 302.000 TEUs / 2009 530.000 TEUs / 2013 1960 Multimodal logistics
  18. 18. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 18 HAMBURG Multimodal logistics
  19. 19. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 19 Introduction to logistics Greece : A sea & land logistical hub through the centuries turns to be the gateway of South Eastern Europe Greece http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans
  20. 20. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 20 Strategic point Infrastructure needs to be better
  21. 21. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis The prospect of Greece Gateway to S.E.E.  Greece is the crossroad between Asia – Africa and South Eastern Europe (S.E.E.)  China is trying to reduce its inventory costs. This means that better transit times will reduce money cost, especially for expensive products  Greece can be the exclusive hub for the Balkans and S.E.E.  Huge companies have seen the challenge and already are using Piraeus as a hub (ZTE, HP, HUAWEI)  New container ships are travelling in lower speeds in order to save cost and reduce CO2 emissions  longer transit times 21
  22. 22. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis The 20 biggest container ports of the world 22 Singapore (a non industrial country as China) was the top port until 2009 due to its geographical position and knowhow Dubai also is in a very good spot and increases its numbers every year Rotterdam is the biggest European port
  23. 23. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis Top 10 European container ports 23 Greek port handles 3.16 million in 2013 to climb box rankings. 2.52 million TEU at COSCO’ s terminals II and III 644 K PIER 1 PORT TECHNOLOGY COM. 685.000 TEUs at Cosco Piraeus Q1 2014. Increase of 28% www.metaforespress.gr PORT MONITOR
  24. 24. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis Top European light vehicle ports 2013 Ra nk Port Units 1 Bremenhaven / Germany 2.180.000 2 Zeebrugge / Belgium 1.942.998 3 Emden / Germany 1.228.542 4 Grimsby, Immingham& Killingholme / UK 950.000 5 Antwerp / Belgium 760.633 6 Southampton / UK 744.390 7 Tyne / UK 644.000 8 London / UK 543.436 9 Vigo / Spain 495.700 10 Barcelona / Spain 488.462 http://www.automotivelogisticsmagazine.com March 2014 Piraeus is also one of the top Mediterranean light vehicle ports
  25. 25. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 25 Hub and spoke theory
  26. 26. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 26 Transshipment Transhipment is the transfer of containers from one vessel to another vessel bound for its final destination, whereas in transit. This is essentially the business PSA is in. Singapore’s strategic location in the heart of Southeast Asia and at the nexus of major shipping routes has made it an important logistic hub and conduit for world trade. Being the world’s top transhipment hub, Singapore is connected to 600 ports in 123 countries, with daily sailings to every major port of call in the world. With its unrivalled connectivity, many small feeder vessels bring containers to Singapore. At the Port of Singapore, these containers get loaded onto large vessels which will then carry the shipment to their final destination. Singapore the No1 transshipment port in the world
  27. 27. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 27 Transshipment  Why tranship? The value of transhipment lies in that it is more cost efficient and time saving than the vessel making a single direct voyage.  If each vessel sails direct to every port, the number of journeys made will look like the above.  If the vessels tranship via Singapore, the number of journeys is significantly reduced.  About 85 per cent of the containers that arrive in Singapore are transhipped to another port of call. Shipping lines use PSA for these modes of transhipment:  Hub & Spoke (Main Line Operator to Feeder)  Cross Strings (Main Line Operator to Main Line Operator)  The concept of transhipment truly connects the world and one is able to ship a container from anywhere to everywhere in the world. Singapore the No1 transshipment port in the world
  28. 28. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 28 Typical routes from Asia to Europe (Evergreen lines) Shanghai to Piraeus: 24days Ports of call: 6 Shanghai to Rotterdam via Piraeus 31 days. Ports of call : 7 Piraeus  Rotterdam 7 days If the ports of call are less it can reach Rotterdam in 27 days
  29. 29. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 29 Transit times “Our deep-sea carriers are calling fewer ports, which is decreasing our total transit time,” he explains. “With lower volumes, our deep-sea carriers had also been calling ports in North Africa. These ports were congested, which increased transit times. Now, the volumes for our North African destinations tranship to short-sea vessels at Piraeus.” This change means that although the deep-sea leg is now slightly longer, the inland leg is much shorter for Mitsubishi. http://www.automotivelogisticsmagazine.com/ Piraeus is also one of the top Mediterranean light vehicle ports
  30. 30. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 30 The importance of Suez Canal Another engineering masterpiece
  31. 31. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 31 A new waterway between Greece – Fyrom – Serbia is on stage of research ITJ magazine BACEVIC (Minister of Natural Resources, Mining and Spatial Planning): FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR MORAVA CHANNEL IS POSITIVE BELGRADE, 10/10/2013 (Tanjug) - The feasibility study for the Morava channel is positive, Minister of Natural Resources, Mining and Spatial Planning Milan Bacevic stated on Thursday and expressed the expectation that the government will launch the talks on the project very soon. Bacevic presented the feasibility study drawn up by the Chinese company China Gezuba Corporation which shows that the project can be realised. The Chinese partners showed keen interest in joining the project implementation, the minister said and announced that he will meet with Chinese representatives on Saturday to discuss the major project. Ministry of foreign affairs of republic of Serbia http://msp.gov.rs/en/
  32. 32. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 32 A new waterway between Greece – Fyrom – Serbia is on stage of research ITJ magazine BACEVIC (Minister of Natural Resources, Mining and Spatial Planning): FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR MORAVA CHANNEL IS POSITIVE Bacevic expects the talks on the project to be launched in the government soon, and underscored that the project should be realised through concession. The Morava channel project should be implemented on the regional level and it should connect the Danube with the Aegean Sea. The project should contribute to the development of agriculture, energy and tourism, Bacevic said. He noted that several smaller projects could be realised from the major project. adding that the feasibility study for the Morava channel should be completed now and the Serbian government should grant funds for this. Ministry of foreign affairs of republic of Serbia http://msp.gov.rs/en/
  33. 33. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 33 European Transport Network / TENT Same philosophy to a city transport network
  34. 34. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 34 European Transport Network / TEN-T Infrastructure - TEN-T - Connecting Europe Corridors "Core network corridors" were introduced to facilitate the coordinated implementation of the core network. They bring together public and private resources and concentrate EU support from the CEF, particularly to: remove bottlenecks, build missing cross-border connections and promote modal integration and interoperability. Greece has 1 Core Network Corridor crossing its country: The Orient/East-Med Corridor connects the German ports Bremen, Hamburg and Rostock via Czech Republic and Slovakia, with a branch through Austria, further via Hungary to the Romanian port of Constanta, the Bulgarian port of Burgas, with a link to Turkey, to Greek ports Thessaloniki and Piraeus and a "Motorway of the Sea" link to Cyprus. It comprises rail, road, airports, ports, RRT's and the Elbe river inland waterway. The main bottleneck is the railway section Timisoara – Sofia
  35. 35. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 35 SOURCE : CAP GEMINI for PROLOGIS From local DCs to Centralized European DCs (ELC) to regional DCs (RDC)
  36. 36. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis The prospect of Greece 36 Why not here?
  37. 37. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 37 Prologis is the leading owner, operator and developer of industrial logistics real estate across the Americas, Europe and Asia. We create value by developing and managing a world-class portfolio of high-quality logistics and distribution facilities, serving customers and investors as an integral part of the global supply chain. The model of Prologis, Gazeley and other similar companies does not exist in Greece. Is it a problem or a challenge? Logistics plots development
  38. 38. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 38 The model of Prologis, Gazeley and other similar companies does not exist in Greece. Is it a problem or a challenge? Logistics plots development www.gazeley.com. Total Assets Under Management* $27.3 billion Funds 15 funds across a broad risk/return spectrum Divisions Americas, Europe, Asia Countries 21 Co-Investment 15-50% * As of 31 March 2014 www.prologis.com. OUR BUILD TO SUIT APPROACH We have industry leading experience in the development of quality, cost effective and environmentally sensible buildings. Our key strengths include listening and responding to our customers' needs, and developing economically viable buildings on time and to budget, every time
  39. 39. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis The prospect of Greece Distances to S.E.E. cities from Athens ATHENS ROTTERDAM ATHENS - 2824km SOFIA 776km 2114km BUCAREST 1120km 2173km INSTANBUL 1111km 2657km BUDAPEST 1486km 1403km Piraeus vs Rotterdam for South Eastern Europe locations 39
  40. 40. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 40 ROA D TO NORTH ROAD TO SOUTH Thriasio Logistical area Athens MODAL SPLIT % IN EUROPE ROAD TRAIN WATERWA YS GREECE 97,10% 2,90% AUSTRIA 60,90% 34,80% 4,20% BULGARIA 70% 25,10% 4,80% CYPRUS 100% GERMANY 65,70% 21,90% 12,40% SPAIN 96,10% 3,90% ESTONIA 43,20% 56,80% Source : sustainablelogistics.org total inland freight tonne-km in 2007 ATHENS PERIPHERAL HIGHWAY AIRPORT (MILITARY) RAILWAY TO THE NORTH THRIASIO MULTIMODAL CENTER (NOT FUNCTIONAL) CONTAINER PORT COSCO
  41. 41. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 41 Prime net rent: The top open-market tier of rent that could be expected for a unit of standard size, and of the highest quality and specification (Grade A), in the best location in the market at the survey date. The figure excludes service charges and taxes, and does not reflect tenant incentives. Warehouse space: 500 square metres/5,000 square feet or more with up to 15 per cent office space, the balance being general industrial/logistics/distribution space with 6 to 10 metre/18 to 30 feet ceiling heights. Bulk space: 10,000 square metres/100,000 square feet or more with up to 10 per cent office space, the balance being general industrial/logistics/distribution space with 6 to 12 metre/18 to 36 feet ceiling heights. All loading is dock-height. Prime yield: The yield an investor is prepared to pay to buy a Grade A building, fully-let to high quality tenants at an open market rental value in a prime location. Lease terms should be commensurate with the market e.g. typically 5 yrs +. Net initial yield = First years' net income/purchase price (prior to deducting fees and taxes) Colliers Intl / Industrial rents map Prices in Athens for land or rental were very high before the recession. Now they are at last normalized but not significantly lower than top logistics locations
  42. 42. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis The prospect of Thessaloniki Thessaloniki is 500km closer (than Piraeus) to northern destinations Its port is connected to road and rail It is the only location in Greece with transmodal terminals (rail to road) for more than 10 years It is closer to the Balkans . Bosporus strait is a very busy pass for ships and therefore more loads could be forwarded to the Balkans through Thessaloniki instead of Constanta 95.177 ships passed through the Bosporus in 2010 42
  43. 43. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 43 Turnover of huge logistics companies 2011 Rank Company 2011 Revenue in $ millions Base Country Coverage Notes 1 DHL Logistics $37,780 Germany Global Excludes Williams Lea (Corporate Information Solutions) division. 2 Kuehne & Nagel* $22,104 Switzerland Global 3 DB Schenker Logistics $19,865 Germany Global Excludes asset-based portion of Land Transport . 4 CEVA Logistics $9,593 Netherlands Global 5 C.H. Robinson Worldwide $8,741 USA Global Total Transportation Segment. 6 DSV $8,162 Denmark Global Acquired Finland-based Wasa Logistics OY in May 2011. 7 Panalpina* $7,331 Switzerland Global Acquired Australia-based Apollo Forwarding in February 2011 and Norway-based Grieg Logistics AS in April 2011. 8 SNCF Geodis $6,335 France Global Estimated Forwarding, Supply Chain and Contract Logistics revenue only. Growth primarily from 2010 acquisitions. Acquired U.S.-based One Source Logistics in June 2011, and acquired France-based Pharmalog and the night delivery business of GLS France in Sept. 2011. 9 Expeditors International $6,150 USA Global 10 UPS Supply Chain Solutions $6,058 USA Global Forwarding and Logistics segment only. April 2012-- SJ Consulting Group Inc
  44. 44. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis Sustainability 33% of the Rotterdam loads, are transported via rivers!! Another 11% is transported by train Total : 44% 44 The new Gothard cargo tunnel has a length of 57 km 
  45. 45. ICE ELAC 2014 – Athens / Technical Conference By Antonis S. Antoniadis 45 Thank you for your attentionhttp://gr.linkedin.com/pub/antonis-antoniadis/2/97a/b7/ Sources for this presentation: www.ciltuk.org.uk ITJ MAGAZINE www.dhl.com Timothy Van Mieghem : Logistics lessons from Alexander the Great www.ancient .eu.com www.costamare.com www.worldbank.org www.porttechnology.com www.metaforespress.gr www.eft.com www.automotivelogisticsmagazine.com www.portofrotterdam.com/ http://msp.gov.rs/en/ www.capgemini.com www.prologis.com www.gazeley.com Greece : A sea & land logistical hub through the centuries turns to be the gateway of South Eastern Europe

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