WEB 2.0PER GESTIRE LE EMERGENZE Antonella Sinopoli Global Voices Online & Voci Globali
QUANTO È SOCIALE IL WEB 2.0?Strumenti di dialogo a distanza e di partecipazione online hannosostituito l’attesa con la reazione.Questa modalità si manifesta anche nei casi crisi che coinvolgono lacollettività: un evento sismico così come una protesta, uno tsunamicome un colpo di stato.L’attesa era quella dei cittadini nei confronti delle istituzioni eorganismi vari (ad es. Protezione Civile nel caso di terremoti);La reazione è quella dei cittadini (per es. nel caso di un terremotodocumento attraverso un telefonino dove c’è bisogno di unintervento immediato)….
LA FILOSOFIA – IDEALE E PRATICA – CHE STA DIETRO QUESTI STRUMENTI È IL CROWDSOURCING Mappature, geolocation, citizen journalism, gestione delle informazioni attraverso una Rete di contatti e condivisione di dati
ALCUNI ESEMPI Il caso Ushahidi A non-profit tech company that specializes in developing free and open source software for Information collection, visualization and interactive mapping.Crowdmap
THE WORLDS TOP 10 GOV 2.0 INITIATIVES10) SeeClickFixSeeClickFix is a map-based citizen reporting platform that enables the public to report andtrack non-emergency related issues via web and mobile. Co-founder Ben Berkowitzdeveloped the idea after getting frustrated with city hall’s lack of response to graffiti in hislocal neighbourhood. Governments can access a dashboard to acknowledge outstandingissues and close the loop with constituents. The service is similar to the UK site FixMyStreetbuilt by open government pioneers MySociety.9) Manor LabsThe City of Manor on the outskirts of Austin Texas with a population of only 6,500 has madea name for itself by embracing Gov 2.0 through its innovative use of online services. ManorLabs is the brainchild of CIO (chief information officer) Dustin Haisler and has gainedinternational recognition and won numerous awards for its ideas generation platform,pothole reporting system and use of QR codes. Manor in partnership with GovFresh ran aGov 2.0 makeover for the City of De Leon and documented the steps to enable other localtowns to emulate its efforts in municipal government innovation.
8) The Australian GovernmentThe Australian Government have been leaders in the development of an open governmentpolicy framework through initiatives like the Government 2.0 Taskforce, the Declaration of OpenGovernment and Ahead of the Game: Blueprint for Reform of Australian GovernmentAdministration. The Australian Government Information Management Office (AGIMO) recentlylaunched a Gov 2.0 Primer which “is about putting the policy ideas and principles into actionand providing examples of where and how agencies can engage with the public and releasemore data online.” 7) Public Sector Innovation Christian Bason is the Director of MindLab, a cross-ministerial innovation unit in Denmark that develops engagement models for citizens, public servants and business to co-create public sector services. Christian’s new book Leading Public Sector Innovation outlines his service design model for co-creation involving the seven activities of framing, knowing, analysing, synthesising, creating, scaling and learning. The slide decks of Christian’s recently delivered Masterclass and public lecture series present a valuable distillation of some high- level themes from the book.
6) Place-based creative problem-solving “How much does a city trust its citizens?” asks Chiara Camponeschi in the opening of her publication The Enabling City, an ideas packed toolkit for urban-based social innovation & sustainability. Chiara developed the work for her Master’s degree as a means to demonstrate the “potential of participatory governance and co-design in moving cities and communities towards a more sustainable future.” It’s packed full of creative thinking about active citizenship and I especially love the idea of seeding local communities with a “Social Innovation Mayor” to drive long-term structural change through open leadership. 5) Kate Lundys Public Sphere Senator Kate Lundy (Australian Parliament) was named the winner of the International Top 10 People Changing the World of Internet and Politics at the 11th World eDemocracy Forum held in Paris, October 2010. Senator Lundy has been a strong advocate of Gov 2.0 for Australia and has actively used open government principles for her work in public office through an innovative series of Public Sphere consultations that used a unique co-design methodology for policy collaboration.
4) Crisis CommonsCrisisCommons came out of the CrisisCamp movement of volunteers who collaborate todevelop open tools and aggregate crisis data to assist response organisations in civilincident management. Its efforts were recently recognised by a two year, $1.2 milliondollar grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation which will enable the organisation tocontinue its commons-based approach to crisis management. Random Hacks of Kindnessis a spin-off project that mobilizes the global developer community to “hack for humanity”and develop code that responds to global challenges.3) CityCampCityCamp was founded by Kevin Curry in 2010 as a Gov 2.0 unconference to catalyseinnovation in local government. The success of the first camp in Chicago inspired anumber of other cities to host their own events in London, San Francisco and St.Petersburg, Russia. CityCamp refers to itself as an “open source brand” that uses arepeatable pattern with step-by-step instructions protected under a Creative Commonslicense. The rapid spread of CityCamp’s model might come down to the founders #1goal to: “create outcomes that participants will act upon after the event is over.”
2) UshahidiUshahidi (which means "testimony" in Swahili), was first developed to map reports ofviolence in Kenya after the post-election fallout at the beginning of 2008. The site hasgrown to become an important resource for citizen journalists in times of crisis like theHaiti earthquake. The Ushahidi platform provides tools for communities to crowdsourcereal-time information using SMS, email, Twitter and the web. 1) Wikileaks The diplomatic storm unleashed by Wikileaks in what’s come to be known as “cablegate” has stress-tested the US and its allies commitment to the principles of open government. Wikileaks has demonstrated that governments consider “openness” a virtue so long as it doesn’t embarrass them or reveal that realpolitik is still alive and well. Wikileaks has changed the Gov 2.0 game by exposing governments and world leaders to the powerful forces of radical transparency and giving citizens access to a body of evidence that can be used to scrutinise critical decisions made in our name.
ESEMPI DI MAPPE INTERATTIVEDal Guardian, the Embassy cables Da al Jazeera Sirya unrest
USO DEL CROWDSOURCING PER DENUNCIARE ABUSI E VIOLENZEmaps4aid.comIn India dove chiunque può segnalare casi di violenze compiute ai danni delle donne in questo Paese
USO DELLA RETE SOCIALE DA GRUPPI MINORITARIIndigitube Video
NOTIZIE UTILI E CONDIVISE … ma senza continuità
Innovazioni, esagerazioni o consigli per gli acquisti?Allarme TerremotoRiposati tranquillo, sicuro di essere avvertito!Allarme Terremoto è lapplicazione per iPhone in grado di percepire ancheil più piccolo terremoto, e che ti avverte con un forte allarme per svegliarti.Con Allarme Terremoto aumenti le probabilità di salvarti da un terremoto.
“OGGIGIORNO SONO PIÙ LE PERSONE CHEHANNO ACCESSO ALLA TELEFONIA MOBILE DIQUANTE ABBIANO ACCESSO ALLA GIUSTIZIA E AI SERVIZI LEGALI. ” UNDP (UNITED NATION DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME) – 2008
Il 75% dei contratti di telefonia mobile nel mondo sono sottoscritti nei Paesi in via di sviluppo
AFRICA, BOOM DI TELEFONINI. QUANTA CONSAPEVOLEZZA CIVILE?Il continente africano è il secondo mercato mondiale di telefonia mobile, subito dopo l’Asia, e il primo per tasso dicrescita.Le connessioni attive sono 649 milioni e arriveranno a 732 milioni entro la fine del 2012.Secondo lItu, (agenzia delle Nazioni Unite per l’informazione e la comunicazione tecnologica) nel 2010 la penetrazionedei cellulari in Africa subsahariana è stata del 41% (nel mondo 76%) contro il 9,6% del web (nel mondo 30%).Uno studio della Banca Mondiale ha evidenziato anche la correlazione fra pervasività delle connessioni mobili e PIL: aogni 10 % di aumento delle utenze corrisponde una crescita del Pil dello 0,81%.
WEB 2.0 A DIFESA DEI DIRITTI UMANI Il valore e la dimensione del citizen journalismImpegno civile e denuncia attraverso i social media
Front Line Defenders is the International Foundation for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders.Front Line Defenders was founded in Dublin in 2001 with the specific aim of protecting human rightsdefenders at risk, people who work, non-violently, for any or all of the rights enshrined in theUniversal Declaration of Human Rights.Front Line Defenders aims to address the protection needs identified by defenders themselves .Front Line Defenders seeks to provide rapid and practical support to at-risk human rights defenders.
•international advocacy on behalf of human rights defenders at immediate risk;•grants to pay for the practical security needs of human rights defenders;•training and resource materials on security and protection, including digital security;•rest and respite, including the Front Line Fellowship;•opportunities for networking and exchange between human rights defenders, including at the biennialDublin Platform;•the annual Front Line Defenders Award for Human Rights Defenders at Risk;•an emergency 24 hour phone line for human rights defenders operating in Arabic, English, French,Spanish and Russian
Refugees United started off as a pilot in Northern Uganda that is now spreading to other Africancountries and other areas of the world where natural disasters, political unrest and violence havecaused massed evacuations and people to get separated from their kin and loved ones.Through an anonymous database, refugees can create a profile where they can share detailsabout their lives that will be recognizable by kin who go online through a computer or usingcellphones.
the #occupy movementis an international, people-driven movement of individuals with many differentbackgrounds and political beliefs. Since we no longer trust our elected officialsto represent anyone other than their wealthiest donors, #occupy empowers realpeople to create real change from the bottom up. Organized in over 100 cities inthe United States, the movement aims to fight back against the system that hasallowed the richest 1% to write the rules governing an unbalanced andinequitable global economy, and thus foreclosing on our future. what does #occupy want? #occupy wants to end the monetized relationship between corrupt politicians and corporate criminals. To end profit-driven policies. We believe our grievances are connected and rooted in corrosive corporate influences. We want a system that operates in the interest of the people.
La mente non ha bisogno, come un vaso, di essereriempita, ma come legna da ardere, ha bisogno solodi una scintilla che la accenda e che vi infondal’impulso alla ricerca e il desiderio della verità. (Plutarco)