Europeana, more than data aggregation?

Antoine Isaac
Europeana
UvA Digital Heritage mini-symposium, Dec. 12, 2013
Europeana.eu, Europe’s cultural heritage portal
30M objects from 2,200 galleries, museums, archives and libraries
Text

Vi...
What Europeana gets (and makes available)

Descriptive
metadata
Link to digital
objects online
Who submits data to Europeana?
Domain Aggregators

National initiatives

Libraries

National Aggregators

e.g.
Culture
Gri...
Distributing Europeana content
Europeana aims to provide content in the users’ workflow –
where they want it, when they wa...
Europeana as infrastructure open for re-use
Available via





API
Search widgets
Semantic mark-up (schema.org) on por...
http://agris.fao.org/openagris/
http://www.digibis.com/dpla-europeana/
Trying to reach new audiences
Digital humanities
Creative industries
Education
…
Facilitating re-use on the legal side
 Distinguishing two levels of rights
Metadata (descriptive object information)

CC
...
Rights Statements for content

Open
Not open – but
clear

Not open –
and not so
clear

 The framework is in continuous im...
Facilitating re-use on the technical side
R&D and innovation
Linked Open Data

http://data.europeana.eu
Data modeling

 Creating a new Europeana Data Model

http://pro.europeana.eu/edm-documentation
Prior to EDM: ESE records
dc:contributor, dc:creator, dc:date, dc:format, dc:identifier,
dc:language, dc:publisher, dc:rel...
EDM: an example
Enhanced descriptive metadata
Connecting to multilingual data
Connecting to multilingual data
<skos:Concept rdf:about="http://www.mimo-db.eu/InstrumentsKeywords/2251">
<skos:prefLabel ...
Various Types of Contextual Resources
<gn:Feature rdf:about="http://sws.geonames.org/3176959/">
<gn:name>Florence</gn:name...
Contextual Resources – Places
<gn:Feature rdf:about="http://sws.geonames.org/3176959/">
<gn:name>Florence</gn:name>
<gn:al...
EDM is ready for metadata enrichment

 Re-using third-party sources
• GEMET, GeoNames, DBpedia

 Multilingual + semantic...
Benefiting from existing R&D
Re-using existing stuff: OAI-ORE, Dublin Core, SKOS…

EuropeanaTech
community

EDM is cross-c...
Innovation - Searching

http://eculture.cs.vu.nl/europeana/ query : “Dieppe”
Innovation - annotating

Pundit @ DM2E project http://dm2e.eu
Europeana’s vision and mission
 We believe in making cultural heritage openly
accessible in a digital way, to promote the...
Useful links
 Europeana portal europeana.eu
 Europeana Professional pro.europeana.eu
 EuropeanaTech community pro.europ...
Thank you
- and tweet #AllezCulture !
Antoine Isaac
aisaac@few.vu.nl
@EuropeanaTech
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Europeana, more than data aggregation?

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Presentation for the UvA Digital Heritage mini-symposium http://ir.hum.uva.nl/wiki/digitalheritage/

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  • #dhdata
  • Les Miserables: Victor Hugo’s handwritten manuscripts: http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/9200103/5372912AF66AB529E188218BC1F747E75EB1A18F.html
    BnF, public domain
    Matisse ‘53 in the form of a double helix’ http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/9200104/F8D60AB9136C8A59B59DF1CFEC278A6CABA8B0C6.htmlThe Wellcome Library (CC-BY-NC-ND)
    ‘söprűtánc’ – Hungarian traditional dance http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/08901/E1A7B01BE4AED87FD239672F4F3941F52262D6B2.html
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences Institute for Musicology, public domain
    ‘Neurologico reggae’ Music album http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/08901/ADC241BCBF8470988DBA6EEAFCF13F14D88E5534.html
    DISMARC – EuropeanaConnect Paid Access
    ‘Castle of Kavala’ 3D exploration of a Greek castle http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/2020703/05607B24D15BD516EE2B765F74CDA39C7427F7FB.html
    Cultural and Educational Technology Institute - Research Centre Athen CARARE CC-BY-NC-ND
  • Example used is:
    http://preview.europeana.eu/portal/record/90402/174D436CF5C61F8AA999090C98DA48B9C7024087.html
    Een vrouw met een kind in een kelderkamer by Pieter de Hooch, Rijksmuseum, public domain
  • Data is available as ‘data dumps’ for Linked Open Data initiatives from data.europeana.eu.
    Europeana&apos;s move to CC0 is a step change in open data access. Releasing data from across the memory organisations of every EU country sets an important new international precedent, a decisive move away from the world of closed and controlled data.
    Note that previews can only be used in accordance with the rights information displayed next to them.
    HISPANA and Partage Plus both use the Europeana API to include Europeana search results on their own websites
  • Click on the still to go to the video at http://vimeo.com/36752317 if you have internet connection
  • View the object at: http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/09102/_CM_0161930.html
  • Europeana, more than data aggregation?

    1. 1. Europeana, more than data aggregation? Antoine Isaac Europeana UvA Digital Heritage mini-symposium, Dec. 12, 2013
    2. 2. Europeana.eu, Europe’s cultural heritage portal 30M objects from 2,200 galleries, museums, archives and libraries Text Video Image Sound 3D
    3. 3. What Europeana gets (and makes available) Descriptive metadata Link to digital objects online
    4. 4. Who submits data to Europeana? Domain Aggregators National initiatives Libraries National Aggregators e.g. Culture Grid, Culture.fr e.g. The European Library Regional Aggregators Archives e.g. APEX Audiovisual collections e.g. EUScreen, European Film Gateway Thematic collections e.g. Musées Lausannois e.g. Judaica Europeana, Europeana Fashion
    5. 5. Distributing Europeana content Europeana aims to provide content in the users’ workflow – where they want it, when they want it.  Web portal, project portals/exhibitions, social media, app  Others using Europeana data independently Unique point of access, with higher visibility
    6. 6. Europeana as infrastructure open for re-use Available via     API Search widgets Semantic mark-up (schema.org) on portal Linked Open Data Providing publication services that smaller institutions may not be able to develop
    7. 7. http://agris.fao.org/openagris/
    8. 8. http://www.digibis.com/dpla-europeana/
    9. 9. Trying to reach new audiences Digital humanities Creative industries Education …
    10. 10. Facilitating re-use on the legal side  Distinguishing two levels of rights Metadata (descriptive object information) CC Content (digital objects on the site of the provider) Different options
    11. 11. Rights Statements for content Open Not open – but clear Not open – and not so clear  The framework is in continuous improvement!
    12. 12. Facilitating re-use on the technical side R&D and innovation
    13. 13. Linked Open Data http://data.europeana.eu
    14. 14. Data modeling  Creating a new Europeana Data Model http://pro.europeana.eu/edm-documentation
    15. 15. Prior to EDM: ESE records dc:contributor, dc:creator, dc:date, dc:format, dc:identifier, dc:language, dc:publisher, dc:relation, dc:source, dcterms:alternative, dcterms:extent, dcterms:temporal, dcterms:medium, dcterms:created, dcterms:provenance, dcterms:issued, dcterms:conformsTo, dcterms:hasFormat, dcterms:isFormatOf, dcterms:hasVersion, dcterms:isVersionOf, dcterms:hasPart, dcterms:isPartOf, dcterms:isReferencedBy, dcterms:references, dcterms:isReplacedBy, dcterms:replaces dcterms:isRequiredBy, dcterms:requires dcterms:tableOfContents europeana:type europeana:dataProvider europeana:provider europeana:isShownAt europeana:isShownBy europeana:object europeana:rights  Flat model, no links e.g. between objects and context entities (persons, places)  Data on real object and digital content mixed in one record  A lot of mapping quality problems
    16. 16. EDM: an example
    17. 17. Enhanced descriptive metadata
    18. 18. Connecting to multilingual data
    19. 19. Connecting to multilingual data <skos:Concept rdf:about="http://www.mimo-db.eu/InstrumentsKeywords/2251"> <skos:prefLabel xml:lang="">Harpsichord</skos:prefLabel> <skos:prefLabel xml:lang="de">Cembalo</skos:prefLabel> <skos:prefLabel xml:lang="sv">Cembalo</skos:prefLabel> <skos:prefLabel xml:lang="fr">Clavecin</skos:prefLabel> <skos:prefLabel xml:lang="it">Clavicembalo</skos:prefLabel> <skos:prefLabel xml:lang="en">Harpsichord</skos:prefLabel> <skos:prefLabel xml:lang="nl">Klavecimbel</skos:prefLabel> <skos:broader> <skos:Concept rdf:about="http://www.mimo-db.eu/InstrumentsKeywords/2239"> <skos:prefLabel>Harpsichords</skos:prefLabel> </skos:Concept> </skos:broader> </skos:Concept>
    20. 20. Various Types of Contextual Resources <gn:Feature rdf:about="http://sws.geonames.org/3176959/"> <gn:name>Florence</gn:name> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="ko"> 피렌체 </gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="ja"> フィレンツェ </gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="th">ฟลอเรนซ์</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="bo">ཧྥུལོརོ་ཟིུཡ།</gn:alternateName> ་ ་ ན འ་ <gn:alternateName xml:lang="cy">Fflorens</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="bs">Firenca</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="hbs">Firenca</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="hr">Firenca</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="sq">Firenca</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="pl">Firence</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="sl">Firence</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="lij">Firense</gn:alternateName> <gn:population>371517</gn:population> <wgs84_pos:lat>43.76667</wgs84_pos:lat> <wgs84_pos:long>11.25</wgs84_pos:long>
    21. 21. Contextual Resources – Places <gn:Feature rdf:about="http://sws.geonames.org/3176959/"> <gn:name>Florence</gn:name> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="ko"> 피렌체 </gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="ja"> フィレンツェ </gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="th">ฟลอเรนซ์</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="bo">ཧྥུལོརོ་ཟིུཡ།</gn:alternateName> ་ ་ ན འ་ <gn:alternateName xml:lang="cy">Fflorens</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="bs">Firenca</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="hbs">Firenca</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="hr">Firenca</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="sq">Firenca</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="pl">Firence</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="sl">Firence</gn:alternateName> <gn:alternateName xml:lang="lij">Firense</gn:alternateName> <gn:population>371517</gn:population> <wgs84_pos:lat>43.76667</wgs84_pos:lat> <wgs84_pos:long>11.25</wgs84_pos:long>
    22. 22. EDM is ready for metadata enrichment  Re-using third-party sources • GEMET, GeoNames, DBpedia  Multilingual + semantic features  By providers or Europeana • Hopefully in collaboration!
    23. 23. Benefiting from existing R&D Re-using existing stuff: OAI-ORE, Dublin Core, SKOS… EuropeanaTech community EDM is cross-community development involving library, archive and museum experts, plus academic partners Not a strict standard, rather a common ground…
    24. 24. Innovation - Searching http://eculture.cs.vu.nl/europeana/ query : “Dieppe”
    25. 25. Innovation - annotating Pundit @ DM2E project http://dm2e.eu
    26. 26. Europeana’s vision and mission  We believe in making cultural heritage openly accessible in a digital way, to promote the exchange of ideas and information.  We want to be a catalyst for change in the world of cultural heritage.  Aggregation is more than just gathering data!
    27. 27. Useful links  Europeana portal europeana.eu  Europeana Professional pro.europeana.eu  EuropeanaTech community pro.europeana.eu/europeanatech  Europeana Data Model documentation pro.europeana.eu/edm-documentation  Europeana Twitter @EuropeanaEU  EuropeanaTech Twitter @EuropeanaTech
    28. 28. Thank you - and tweet #AllezCulture ! Antoine Isaac aisaac@few.vu.nl @EuropeanaTech

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