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Determiners
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  • 1. GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE Determiners: Articles Definition Determiners are small words that come before nouns. Determiners give information about the noun. Articles - the / a / an - are one type of determiner. Example A tree is burning. The tree in front of the house is burning. Explanation Articles -- • are either indefinite (a / an), definite (the), or zero (nothing). • come before a noun, and before an adjective + noun (a tree, a tall tree). • are not used before names of people or places. Indefinite articles (a / an) -- • are used when the nouns are not specific. For example: "A tree is burning." We do not know which tree because it is general, not specific. • are used with singular count nouns. For example: "a cat, an apple." • have two forms: a and an. "A" is used when the first sound of the noun is not a vowel. For example: "a cow, a computer, a book". "An" is used when the first sound of the noun is a vowel (a, e, i, o, u ) sound. For example: "an apple, an orange, an animal". But note that it is "a university" because the first sound is y, even though the first letter is u. Definite article (the) -- • is used when the nouns are specific. For example: "The tree in front of the house is burning." We know which tree (the tree in front of the house). It is specific.
  • 2. • is used with singular and plural count nouns. For example: "the cat, the apples". • is used with non-count nouns. For example: "the money". Zero article -- • is used when the nouns are not specific. For example: "I like dogs." • is used with plural count nouns. For example: "Apples taste good." • is used with non-count nouns. For example: "Money is important." GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE — Examples Determiners: Articles Sentences using articles There is a cat in Indefinite article: a cat - We do not know which cat the apple tree, Definite article: the apple - We know which tree: the watching birds. tree. apple tree Zero article: ___ birds - We do not know the birds, and "birds" is the plural form The English Indefinite article: a table - We do not know which books are in Definite article: the books table boxes under a Zero article: ___ boxes - We know which books: the table. English books - We do not know which boxes, and "boxes" is the plural form The dog drinks Indefinite article: a bowl - We do not know which water from a Definite article: the floor bowl bowl on the floor. Zero article: ___ water - We know which floor: the
  • 3. floor in the house - The water is not specific, and water is a non-count noun Flowers in a vase Indefinite article: a vase - We do not know which vase don't stay fresh as Definite article: the garden - We know which garden: the long as flowers in Zero article: ___ flowers garden at the house the garden. - We do not know which flowers, just flowers in general, and "flowers" is plural The child ate an Indefinite article: an orange, - We do not know which orange, a banana, a banana orange, banana, or grapes and grapes for Definite article: the child - We know the child breakfast. Zero article: ___ grapes - We do not know which grapes, and "grapes" is plural I was born in Zero article: ___ Mexico - Use no article before the Mexico. name of a person or place GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE — Exercises Determiners: Articles
  • 4. Answer the following questions to check your knowledge of articles. Choose the correct article to complete the following sentences. Example Look at ______ cat in the corner. the a an zero The correct answer is "the". 1. ______ milk is a healthy drink. the a an zero 2. Where is ______ city centre from here? the a an zero 3. This is ______ easy question. the a an zero 4. Byron is ______ very nice person.
  • 5. the a an zero 5. What did you have for ______ dinner? the a an zero 6. Bob works at ______ university in Canada. the a an zero 7. I had a sandwich for lunch, but I cannot remember what was in ______ sandwich. the a an zero 8. I am very hungry because I only ate ______ orange this morning. the a an zero 9. Where do you live in ______ Canada? the
  • 6. a an zero 10 My house is ______ yellow one on Dunsmuir Road. . the a an zero
  • 7. GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE Determiners: Demonstratives Definition Determiners are small words that come before nouns and give more information about the noun. Demonstratives show whether nouns are near (this, these) or far (that, those). Example This dress here is very beautiful. demonstrative noun (The dress is close to the person.) That dress on the shelf is very beautiful. demonstrative noun (The dress is far from the person.) Explanation Demonstratives -- • help describe nouns. • come before nouns. • express whether a noun is near or far. • have plural and singular forms.
  • 8. GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE — Examples Determiners: Demonstratives Sentences using demonstratives Example Explanation This car beside me is very expensive. Singular noun: car Location: near Demonstrative = this That car across the street is very cheap. Singular noun: car Location: far Demonstrative = that These flowers on the table are beautiful. Plural noun: flowers Location: near Demonstrative = these Those flowers in the garden are beautiful. Plural noun: flowers Location: far Demonstrative = those This table is cleaner than that table by the Singular noun: table window. Location: near = this Location: far = that Those sweaters at the back of the store are more Plural noun: sweaters expensive than these sweaters. Location: near = these Location: far = those
  • 9. GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE — Exercises Determiners: Demonstratives Answer the following questions to check your knowledge of demonstratives. Decide if the nouns are near or far. Example I would like to buy that table beside the sales assistant. near far The correct answer is "far". 1. How much are these pictures on the wall beside me? near far 2. Those sandwiches should be in the fridge. near far 3. This book in my arms is much heavier than the last one I read. near far 4. Those exercises in the big yellow exercise book are much more difficult than the ones in the red exercise book. near far
  • 10. 5. I do not want that computer because I like the computer at my desk. near far Choose the correct demonstrative for each of the following sentences. 6. If that key does not work, try ______ one. this that these those 7. I am not sure where ______ people next door came from. this that these those 8. Look at the great flowers here. Have you seen ______ flowers before? this that these those 9. ______ pencils are much better than the ones I used yesterday. this that these those 10 What did you think about ______ test? I thought it was easy.
  • 11. . this that these those