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    Annex17 8th edition_english Annex17 8th edition_english Document Transcript

    • International Standards and Recommended Practices Annex 17 to the Convention on International Civil AviationSecurity Safeguarding International Civil Aviation Against Acts of Unlawful Interference This edition incorporates all amendments adopted by the Council prior to 1 December 2006 and supersedes, on 1 July 2006, all previous editions of Annex 17. For information regarding the applicability of the Standards and Recommended Practices, see Foreword. Eighth Edition April 2006 International Civil Aviation Organization
    • Published in separate English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish editions by the International Civil AviationOrganization. All correspondence, except orders and subscriptions, should be addressed to the Secretary General.Orders should be sent to one of the following addresses, together with the appropriate remittance (by bank draft, cheque or money order)in U.S. dollars or the currency of the country in which the order is placed. Credit card orders (American Express, MasterCard and Visa)are accepted at ICAO Headquarters.International Civil Aviation Organization. Attention: Document Sales Unit, 999 University Street, Montréal, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7 Telephone: +1 (514) 954-8022; Facsimile: +1 (514) 954-6769; Sitatex: YULCAYA; E-mail: sales@icao.int; World Wide Web: http://www.icao.intCameroon. KnowHow, 1, Rue de la Chambre de Commerce-Bonanjo, B.P. 4676, Douala / Telephone: +237 343 98 42; Facsimile: +237 343 89 25; E-mail: knowhow_doc@yahoo.frChina. Glory Master International Limited, Room 434B, Hongshen Trade Centre, 428 Dong Fang Road, Pudong, Shanghai 200120 Telephone: +86 137 0177 4638; Facsimile: +86 21 5888 1629; E-mail: glorymaster@online.sh.cnEgypt. ICAO Regional Director, Middle East Office, Egyptian Civil Aviation Complex, Cairo Airport Road, Heliopolis, Cairo 11776 Telephone: +20 (2) 267 4840; Facsimile: +20 (2) 267 4843; Sitatex: CAICAYA; E-mail: icaomid@cairo.icao.intGermany. UNO-Verlag GmbH, August-Bebel-Allee 6, 53175 Bonn / Telephone: +49 (0) 228-94 90 2-0; Facsimile: +49 (0) 228-94 90 2-22; E-mail: info@uno-verlag.de; World Wide Web: http://www.uno-verlag.deIndia. Oxford Book and Stationery Co., Scindia House, New Delhi 110001 or 17 Park Street, Calcutta 700016 Telephone: +91 (11) 331-5896; Facsimile: +91 (11) 51514284India. Sterling Book House – SBH, 181, Dr. D. N. Road, Fort, Bombay 400001 Telephone: +91 (22) 2261 2521, 2265 9599; Facsimile: +91 (22) 2262 3551; E-mail: sbh@vsnl.comJapan. Japan Civil Aviation Promotion Foundation, 15-12, 1-chome, Toranomon, Minato-Ku, Tokyo Telephone: +81 (3) 3503-2686; Facsimile: +81 (3) 3503-2689Kenya. ICAO Regional Director, Eastern and Southern African Office, United Nations Accommodation, P.O. Box 46294, Nairobi Telephone: +254 (20) 7622 395; Facsimile: +254 (20) 7623 028; Sitatex: NBOCAYA; E-mail: icao@icao.unon.orgMexico. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina Norteamérica, Centroamérica y Caribe, Av. Presidente Masaryk No. 29, 3er Piso, Col. Chapultepec Morales, C.P. 11570, México D.F. / Teléfono: +52 (55) 52 50 32 11; Facsímile: +52 (55) 52 03 27 57; Correo-e: icao_nacc@mexico.icao.intNigeria. Landover Company, P.O. Box 3165, Ikeja, Lagos Telephone: +234 (1) 4979780; Facsimile: +234 (1) 4979788; Sitatex: LOSLORK; E-mail: aviation@landovercompany.comPeru. Director Regional de la OACI, Oficina Sudamérica, Apartado 4127, Lima 100 Teléfono: +51 (1) 575 1646; Facsímile: +51 (1) 575 0974; Sitatex: LIMCAYA; Correo-e: mail@lima.icao.intRussian Federation. Aviaizdat, 48, Ivan Franko Street, Moscow 121351 / Telephone: +7 (095) 417-0405; Facsimile: +7 (095) 417-0254Senegal. Directeur régional de l’OACI, Bureau Afrique occidentale et centrale, Boîte postale 2356, Dakar Téléphone: +221 839 9393; Fax: +221 823 6926; Sitatex: DKRCAYA; Courriel: icaodkr@icao.snSlovakia. Air Traffic Services of the Slovak Republic, Letové prevádzkové sluzby Slovenskej Republiky, State Enterprise, Letisko M.R. Stefánika, 823 07 Bratislava 21 / Telephone: +421 (7) 4857 1111; Facsimile: +421 (7) 4857 2105South Africa. Avex Air Training (Pty) Ltd., Private Bag X102, Halfway House, 1685, Johannesburg Telephone: +27 (11) 315-0003/4; Facsimile: +27 (11) 805-3649; E-mail: avex@iafrica.comSpain. A.E.N.A. — Aeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea, Calle Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena, 14, Planta Tercera, Despacho 3. 11, 28027 Madrid / Teléfono: +34 (91) 321-3148; Facsímile: +34 (91) 321-3157; Correo-e: sscc.ventasoaci@aena.esSwitzerland. Adeco-Editions van Diermen, Attn: Mr. Martin Richard Van Diermen, Chemin du Lacuez 41, CH-1807 Blonay Telephone: +41 021 943 2673; Facsimile: +41 021 943 3605; E-mail: mvandiermen@adeco.orgThailand. ICAO Regional Director, Asia and Pacific Office, P.O. Box 11, Samyaek Ladprao, Bangkok 10901 Telephone: +66 (2) 537 8189; Facsimile: +66 (2) 537 8199; Sitatex: BKKCAYA; E-mail: icao_apac@bangkok.icao.intUnited Kingdom. Airplan Flight Equipment Ltd. (AFE), 1a Ringway Trading Estate, Shadowmoss Road, Manchester M22 5LH Telephone: +44 161 499 0023; Facsimile: +44 161 499 0298; E-mail: enquiries@afeonline.com; World Wide Web: http://www.afeonline.com 2/06 Catalogue of ICAO Publications and Audio-visual Training Aids Issued annually, the Catalogue lists all publications and audio-visual training aids currently available. Supplements to the Catalogue announce new publications and audio-visual training aids, amendments, supplements, reprints, etc. Available free from the Document Sales Unit, ICAO.
    • International Standards and Recommended Practices Annex 17 to the Convention on International Civil AviationSecurity Safeguarding International Civil Aviation Against Acts of Unlawful Interference This edition incorporates all amendments adopted by the Council prior to 1 December 2005 and supersedes, on 1 July 2006, all previous editions of Annex 17. For information regarding the applicability of the Standards and Recommended Practices, see Foreword. Eighth Edition April 2006 International Civil Aviation Organization
    • AMENDMENTS The issue of amendments is announced regularly in the ICAO Journal and in the Supplements to the Catalogue of ICAO Publications and Audio-visual Training Aids, which holders of this publication should consult. The space below is provided to keep a record of such amendments. RECORD OF AMENDMENTS AND CORRIGENDA AMENDMENTS CORRIGENDA Date Date Entered Date Date EnteredNo. applicable entered by No. of issue entered by1-11 Incorporated in this Edition (ii)
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS Page PageFOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (v) CHAPTER 5. Management of response to acts of unlawful interference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1CHAPTER 1. Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 5.1 Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1 5.2 Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1 5.3 Exchange of information and reporting . . . 5-2CHAPTER 2. General principles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 2.1 Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 ATTACHMENT TO ANNEX 17 2.2 Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 2.3 Security and facilitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 Extracts from Annex 2 — Rules of the Air . . . . . . . . ATT-1 2.4 International cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 Extracts from Annex 6 — Operation of Aircraft, 2.5 Equipment, research and development . . . 2-2 Part I — International Commercial Air Transport — Aeroplanes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATT-2 Extracts from Annex 8 — Airworthiness ofCHAPTER 3. Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 Aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATT-3 Extracts from Annex 9 — Facilitation. . . . . . . . . . . . ATT-4 3.1 National organization and appropriate Extracts from Annex 10 — Aeronautical authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 Telecommunications, Volume IV (Surveillance 3.2 Airport operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 Radar and Collision Avoidance Systems). . . . . . . ATT-6 3.3 Aircraft operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 Extracts from Annex 11 — Air Traffic Services . . . . ATT-6 3.4 Quality control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 Extracts from Annex 13 — Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATT-8 Extracts from Annex 14 — Aerodromes,CHAPTER 4. Preventive security measures . . . . . . 4-1 Volume I — Aerodrome Design and Operations . ATT-8 Extracts from Annex 18 — The Safe Transport 4.1 Objective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 of Dangerous Goods by Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATT-11 4.2 Measures relating to access control . . . . . . 4-1 Extracts from Doc 9284 — Technical 4.3 Measures relating to aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 Instructions for the Safe Transport of 4.4 Measures relating to passengers and their Dangerous Goods by Air. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATT-12 cabin baggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 Extracts from the Procedures for Air Navigation 4.5 Measures relating to hold baggage . . . . . . 4-2 Services — Air Traffic Management 4.6 Measures relating to cargo, mail (Doc 4444). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATT-12 and other goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 Extracts from the Procedures for Air Navigation 4.7 Measures relating to special categories Services — Aircraft Operations (Doc 8168), of passengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 Volume I — Flight Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ATT-15ANNEX 17 (iii) 1/7/06
    • FOREWORD Historical background Safeguarding International Civil Aviation against Acts of Unlawful Interference”.The material included in this Annex was developed by theCouncil pursuant to the following two resolutions of the Table A shows the origin of subsequent amendments togetherAssembly: with a list of the principal subjects involved and the dates on which the Annex and the amendments were adopted by the Resolution A17-10: Implementation by States of Council, when they became effective and when they became Security Specifications and Practices adopted applicable. by this Assembly and further work by ICAO related to such Specifications and Practices Introduction...... In order that a comprehensive document may be available toTHE ASSEMBLY: States for implementation of the security measures prescribed by this Annex, an Attachment hereto reproduces extracts from...... other Annexes, Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (Doc 9284), PANS-ATM and(3) REQUESTS the Council, with the assistance of the other PANS-OPS bearing on the subject of action to be taken by constituent bodies of the Organization, to develop and incorporate, States to prevent unlawful interference with civil aviation, or as appropriate, the material in the Appendices to this Resolution as Standards, Recommended Practices and Procedures in existing or when such interference has been committed. new Annexes or other regulatory documents or guidance material of the Organization. Guidance material Resolution A18-10: Additional Technical Measures The Security Manual for Safeguarding Civil Aviation Against for the Protection of the Security of Acts of Unlawful Interference (Doc 8973 — Restricted) provides International Civil Air Transport detailed procedures and guidance on aspects of aviation security and is intended to assist States in the implementation of their...... respective national civil aviation security programmes required by the specifications in the Annexes to the Convention onTHE ASSEMBLY: International Civil Aviation.(1) REQUESTS the Council to ensure, with respect to the technical aspects of air transportation security, that: Action by Contracting States (a) the subject of air transportation security continues to be given adequate attention by the Secretary General, with a priority Applicability. The provisions of the Standards and Recom- commensurate with the current threat to the security of air mended Practices in this document are to be applied by transportation; Contracting States....... Notification of differences. The attention of Contracting States is drawn to the obligation imposed by Article 38 of the Following the work of the Air Navigation Commission, the Convention, by which Contracting States are required to notifyAir Transport Committee and the Committee on Unlawful the Organization of any differences between their nationalInterference, and as a result of the comments received from regulations and practices and the International Standards con-Contracting States and interested International Organizations, tained in this Annex and any amendments thereto. Contractingto whom draft material had been circulated, Standards and States are invited to keep the Organization currently informedRecommended Practices on Security were adopted by the of any differences which may subsequently occur, or of theCouncil on 22 March 1974, pursuant to the provisions of withdrawal of any difference previously notified. A specificArticle 37 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation, request for notification of differences will be sent to Contractingand designated as Annex 17 to the Convention with the title States immediately after the adoption of each amendment to this“Standards and Recommended Practices — Security — Annex.ANNEX 17 (v) 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Foreword Contracting States are also invited to extend such notifi- safety, regularity or efficiency of international aircation to any differences from the Recommended Practices navigation, and to which Contracting States willcontained in this Annex, and any amendment thereto, when the endeavour to conform in accordance with thenotification of such differences is important for the safety of Convention.air navigation. b) Appendices comprising material grouped separately Attention of States is also drawn to the provisions of for convenience but forming part of the StandardsAnnex 15 related to the publication of differences between and Recommended Practices adopted by the Council.their national regulations and practices and the related ICAOStandards and Recommended Practices through the Aeronaut- c) Definitions of terms used in the Standards andical Information Service, in addition to the obligation of States Recommended Practices which are not self-explana-under Article 38 of the Convention. tory in that they do not have accepted dictionary meanings. A definition does not have an independent Promulgation of information. Information relating to the status but is an essential part of each Standard andestablishment and withdrawal of and changes to facilities, Recommended Practice in which the term is used,services and procedures affecting aircraft operations provided since a change in the meaning of the term wouldaccording to the Standards and Recommended Practices affect the specification.specified in this Annex should be notified and take effect inaccordance with Annex 15. 2.— Material approved by the Council for publication in association with the Standards and Recommended Practices: Use of the text of the Annex in national regulations. TheCouncil, on 13 April 1948, adopted a resolution inviting the a) Forewords comprising historical and explanatoryattention of Contracting States to the desirability of using in material based on the action of the Council andtheir own national regulations, as far as practicable, the precise including an explanation of the obligations of Stateslanguage of those ICAO Standards that are of a regulatory with regard to the application of the Standards andcharacter and also of indicating departures from the Standards, Recommended Practices ensuing from the Conventionincluding any additional national regulations that were import- and the Resolution of Adoption.ant for the safety or regularity of air navigation. Whereverpossible, the provisions of this Annex have been written in b) Introductions comprising explanatory material intro-such a way as would facilitate incorporation, without major duced at the beginning of parts, chapters or sectionstextual changes, into national legislation. of the Annex to assist in the understanding of the application of the text. c) Notes included in the text, where appropriate, to give General information factual information or references bearing on the Stan- dards or Recommended Practices in question, but notAn Annex is made up of the following component parts, not constituting part of the Standards or Recommendedall of which, however, are necessarily found in every Annex; Practices.they have the status indicated: d) Attachments comprising material supplementary to 1.— Material comprising the Annex proper: the Standards and Recommended Practices, or included as a guide to their application. a) Standards and Recommended Practices adopted by the Council under the provisions of the Convention. This Annex has been adopted in six languages — English, They are defined as follows: Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish. Each Con- tracting State is requested to select one of those texts for the Standard: Any specification for physical character- purpose of national implementation and for other effects istics, configuration, matériel, performance, personnel provided for in the Convention, either through direct use or or procedure, the uniform application of which is through translation into its own national language, and to recognized as necessary for the safety or regularity of notify the Organization accordingly. international air navigation and to which Contracting States will conform in accordance with the Con- The following practice has been adhered to in order to vention; in the event of impossibility of compliance, indicate at a glance the status of each statement: Standards have notification to the Council is compulsory under been printed in light face roman; Recommended Practices have Article 38 of the Convention. been printed in light face italics, the status being indicated by the prefix Recommendation; Notes have been printed in light Recommended Practice: Any specification for physi- face italics, the status being indicated by the prefix Note. cal characteristics, configuration, matériel, perform- ance, personnel or procedure, the uniform application Any reference to a portion of this document which is of which is recognized as desirable in the interests of identified by a number includes all subdivisions of that portion.1/7/06 (vi)
    • Foreword Annex 17 — Security Table A. Amendments to Annex 17 Adopted Effective Amendment Source(s) Subject(s) Applicable 1st Edition Council action in — 22 March 1974 pursuance of Assembly 22 August 1974 Resolutions A17-10 27 February 1975 and A18-10 1 Council action in Change in status of 3.1.2 and 5.1.2 to a Standard; compilation and 31 March 1976 pursuance of Assembly dissemination of information related to an aircraft being subjected to 31 July 1976 Resolution A21-23 an act of unlawful interference. 30 December 1976 2 Proposals of some Transfer of specifications appearing in Chapter 9 of Annex 9 — 15 December 1977 States and Council Facilitation (Seventh Edition) to Annex 17; new provision in 15 April 1978 action in pursuance of Chapter 5 concerning measures to be taken to control transfer and 10 August 1978 Assembly Resolution transit passengers and their cabin baggage; and amplification of the A22-17 note to 5.2.4 (Annex 17, Chapter 5) on measures and procedures to prevent unauthorized access to specified areas on an aerodrome. 3 Proposals of some Specifications were added on the review of the level of threat by 13 December 1978 States and the States, the development of training programmes, the isolation of 13 April 1979 Secretariat and Council security processed passengers, the inspection of aircraft for concealed 29 November 1979 action in pursuance of weapons or other dangerous devices and the adoption of measures for Assembly Resolution the safety of passengers and crew of unlawfully diverted aircraft. A A22-17 number of specifications were amplified and the status of one was changed to a Standard, related to the segregation and special guarding of aircraft liable to attack during stopovers. 4 Proposals of some A specification was added on the transportation of persons in custody, 15 June 1981 (2nd Edition) States and an and two specifications revised to provide for aircraft which were leased, 15 October 1981 international chartered or interchanged. The status of a specification dealing with the 26 November 1981 organization and safety of passengers and crew of an aircraft subjected to an act of Council action in unlawful interference was changed to a Standard; the provisions of a pursuance of Assembly specification dealing with the prevention of sabotage were amplified Resolution A22-17 and Chapter 1 — Applicability, deleted. 5 Proposals of the The note to Chapter 1 — Definitions was deleted. A specification 30 November 1984 Committee on setting out the action required for the transportation of weapons on 14 April 1985 Unlawful Interference board aircraft by law enforcement and other duly authorized persons 21 November 1985 and Council action in was modified. A specification on the carriage of weapons in all other pursuance of Assembly cases was added and the note to a specification dealing with the Resolution A22-17 safeguarding of unattended aircraft was clarified. 6 Proposals of the On the instruction of the Council this amendment was undertaken as 19 December 1985 (3rd Edition) Committee on a matter of urgency by the Committee on Unlawful Interference with 19 March 1986 Unlawful Interference the assistance of an Ad Hoc Group of Experts on aviation security 19 May 1986 with the assistance of which had been appointed on the instruction of the Council. As a an Ad Hoc Group of consequence 11 new specifications were introduced into the Annex Experts — Unlawful and 19 specifications were adopted as Standards. Interference and Council action in Special effective and applicable dates for 5.1.4 are shown in the 19 October 1987 pursuance of Assembly adjacent column. 19 December 1987 Resolution A22-17 The Council recommended that those States that are able to implement the substance of 5.1.4 do so as soon as it is feasible and practicable before the applicable date. (vii) 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Foreword Adopted Effective Amendment Source(s) Subject(s) Applicable 7 Proposals of the This amendment includes: a) a reorganization of the chapters of the 22 June 1989 (4th Edition) Committee on Annex directed at a rationalization of the sequence of objectives, 30 October 1989 Unlawful Interference obligations and necessary actions relating to organization, preventive 16 November 1989 with the assistance of security measures and management of response; b) the introduction of the Aviation Security important new provisions to reflect developments and assist States in Panel and Council confronting new situations which arose from grave acts of unlawful action in pursuance of interference against civil aviation, since the last revision of Annex 17 Assembly Resolution in 1985; and c) the amendment or fine tuning of existing provisions A26-7 consequential to a) and b), as well as to reflect the experience gained in the implementation of such measures. 8 Proposals of the This amendment includes the introduction of important new provisions 11 September 1992 (5th Edition) Committee on in relation to the comprehensive security screening of checked baggage, 16 December 1992 Unlawful Interference security control over cargo, courier and express parcels and mail, 1 April 1993 with the assistance of variations to procedures relating to security programmes, pre-flight the Aviation Security checks of international aircraft, and measures relating to the Panel (AVSECP) and incorporation of security consideration into airport design for the Council action in purpose of assisting States in the consistent and uniform pursuance of Assembly implementation of such measures. Resolution A27-7 9 Proposals of the This amendment includes the introduction of new provisions in 12 November 1996 (6th Edition) Committee on relation to the pre-employment checks and capabilities of persons 31 March 1997 Unlawful Interference engaged in implementing security controls, baggage accountability 1 August 1997 with the assistance of and authorization, measures to be applied to catering supplies and the Aviation Security operators’ stores and supplies, tests for programme effectiveness, and Panel (AVSECP) and need for notification to the State of known or presumed destination of Council action in aircraft under a seized condition. pursuance of Assembly Resolution A31-4 10 Proposals of the This amendment includes the introduction of various definitions and 7 December 2001 (7th Edition) Aviation Security Panel new provisions in relation to the applicability of this Annex to domestic 15 April 2002 (AVSECP) and Council operations, international cooperation relating to threat information, 1 July 2002 action in pursuance of appropriate authority, National Aviation Security Committee, national Assembly Resolution quality control, access control, passengers and their cabin and hold A33-1 baggage, in-flight security personnel and protection of the cockpit, code-sharing/collaborative arrangements, Human Factors and manage- ment of response to acts of unlawful interference. The status of a number of specifications was changed to Standards. 11 Proposals of the This amendment includes provisions to further clarify the wording of 30 November 2005 (8th Edition) Committee on existing Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) to facilitate 10 April 2006 Unlawful Interference both their common interpretation by Contracting States and their ease 1 July 2006 with the assistance of of auditing under the ICAO Universal Security Audit Programme the Aviation Security (USAP). The amendment addresses the following: applicability of Panel (AVSECP) and Annex 17; reinforcement of national civil aviation security control Council action in programme provisions; in-flight security officers (IFSOs); general pursuance of Assembly aviation and aerial work; one-stop security concept for passengers and Resolution A35-9 baggage; risk assessment concept; security for all-cargo operations; and definitions.1/7/06 (viii)
    • CHAPTER 1. DEFINITIONSActs of unlawful interference. These are acts or attempted Certification. A formal evaluation and confirmation by or on acts such as to jeopardize the safety of civil aviation and air behalf of the appropriate authority for aviation security that transport, i.e.: a person possesses the necessary competencies to perform assigned functions to an acceptable level as defined by the • unlawful seizure of aircraft in flight, appropriate authority. • unlawful seizure of aircraft on the ground, Commercial air transport operation. An aircraft operation involving the transport of passengers, cargo or mail for • hostage-taking on board aircraft or on aerodromes, remuneration or hire. • forcible intrusion on board an aircraft, at an airport or Corporate aviation. The non-commercial operation or use of on the premises of an aeronautical facility, aircraft by a company for the carriage of passengers or goods as an aid to the conduct of company business, flown • introduction on board an aircraft or at an airport of a by a professional pilot employed to fly the aircraft. (Note weapon or hazardous device or material intended for that corporate aviation is a subset of general aviation.) criminal purposes, Disruptive passenger. A passenger who fails to respect the • communication of false information such as to jeop- rules of conduct at an airport or on board an aircraft or to ardize the safety of an aircraft in flight or on the follow the instructions of the airport staff or crew members ground, of passengers, crew, ground personnel or the and thereby disturbs the good order and discipline at an general public, at an airport or on the premises of a airport or on board the aircraft. civil aviation facility. General aviation operation. An aircraft operation other than aAerial work. An aircraft operation in which an aircraft is used commercial air transport operation or an aerial work for specialized services such as agriculture, construction, operation. photography, surveying observation and patrol, search and rescue, aerial advertisement, etc. Human Factors principles. Principles which apply to design, certification, training, operations and maintenance and whichAircraft security check. An inspection of the interior of an air- seek safe interface between the human and other system craft to which passengers may have had access and an components by proper consideration to human performance. inspection of the hold for the purposes of discovering sus- picious objects, weapons, explosives or other dangerous Human performance. Human capabilities and limitations devices, articles and substances. which have an impact on the safety, security and efficiency of aeronautical operations.Aircraft security search. A thorough inspection of the interior and exterior of the aircraft for the purpose of discovering suspicious objects, weapons, explosives or other dangerous Regulated agent. An agent, freight forwarder or any other devices, articles or substances. entity who conducts business with an operator and provides security controls that are accepted or required by the appropriate authority in respect of cargo or mail.Airside. The movement area of an airport, adjacent terrain and buildings or portions thereof, access to which is controlled. Screening. The application of technical or other means whichBackground check. A check of a person’s identity and are intended to identify and/or detect weapons, explosives previous experience, including where legally permissible, or other dangerous devices, articles or substances which any criminal history, as part of the assessment of an indi- may be used to commit an act of unlawful interference. vidual’s suitability to implement a security control and/or for unescorted access to a security restricted area. Note.— Certain dangerous articles or substances are classified as dangerous goods by Annex 18 and the associatedCargo. Any property carried on an aircraft other than mail, Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous stores and accompanied or mishandled baggage. Goods by Air (Doc 9284) and must be transported inANNEX 17 1-1 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Chapter 1accordance with those instructions. In addition, the Security Security restricted area. Those areas of the airside of anManual for Safeguarding Civil Aviation Against Acts of airport which are identified as priority risk areas where inUnlawful Interference (Doc 8973 — Restricted) provides a list addition to access control, other security controls areof prohibited items that must never be carried in the cabin of applied. Such areas will normally include, inter alia, allan aircraft. commercial aviation passenger departure areas between the screening checkpoint and the aircraft, the ramp, baggageSecurity. Safeguarding civil aviation against acts of unlawful make-up areas, including those where aircraft are being interference. This objective is achieved by a combination of brought into service and screened baggage and cargo are measures and human and material resources. present, cargo sheds, mail centres, airside catering and aircraft cleaning premises.Security audit. An in-depth compliance examination of all aspects of the implementation of the national civil aviation Security survey. An evaluation of security needs including security programme. the identification of vulnerabilities which could be exploited to carry out an act of unlawful interference, and theSecurity control. A means by which the introduction of recommendation of corrective actions. weapons, explosives or other dangerous devices, articles or substances which may be used to commit an act of unlawful Security test. A covert or overt trial of an aviation security interference can be prevented. measure which simulates an attempt to commit an unlawful act.Security inspection. An examination of the implementation of relevant national civil aviation security programme require- Unidentified baggage. Baggage at an airport, with or without ments by an airline, airport, or other entity involved in a baggage tag, which is not picked up by or identified with security. a passenger.1/7/06 1-2
    • CHAPTER 2. GENERAL PRINCIPLES 2.1 Objectives 2.3 Security and facilitation 2.1.1 Each Contracting State shall have as its primary Recommendation.— Each Contracting State should wheneverobjective the safety of passengers, crew, ground personnel and possible arrange for the security controls and procedures tothe general public in all matters related to safeguarding against cause a minimum of interference with, or delay to the activitiesacts of unlawful interference with civil aviation. of, civil aviation provided the effectiveness of these controls and procedures is not compromised. 2.1.2 Each Contracting State shall establish an organiz-ation and develop and implement regulations, practices andprocedures to safeguard civil aviation against acts of unlawfulinterference taking into account the safety, regularity and 2.4 International cooperationefficiency of flights. 2.4.1 Each Contracting State shall ensure that requests 2.1.3 Each Contracting State shall ensure that such an from other Contracting States for additional security measuresorganization and such regulations, practices and procedures: in respect of a specific flight(s) by operators of such other States are met, as far as may be practicable. The requesting a) protect the safety of passengers, crew, ground personnel State shall give consideration to alternative measures of the and the general public in all matters related to safe- other State that are equivalent to those requested. guarding against acts of unlawful interference with civil aviation; and 2.4.2 Each Contracting State shall cooperate with other b) are capable of responding rapidly to meet any States in the development and exchange of information con- increased security threat. cerning national civil aviation security programmes, training programmes and quality control programmes, as necessary. 2.1.4 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State shouldensure appropriate protection of aviation security information. 2.4.3 Each Contracting State shall establish and implement procedures to share with other Contracting States threat infor- Note 1.— Guidance material on achieving civil aviation mation that applies to the aviation security interests of thosesecurity objectives through application of the Standards and States, to the extent practicable.Recommended Practices in the following chapters is to be foundin the Security Manual for Safeguarding Civil Aviation Against 2.4.4 Each Contracting State shall establish and implementActs of Unlawful Interference (Doc 8973 — Restricted). suitable protection and handling procedures for security infor- mation shared by other Contracting States, or security infor- Note 2.— The comprehensive aviation security training mation that affects the security interests of other Contractingmaterial to assist States in achieving civil aviation security States, in order to ensure that inappropriate use or disclosure ofobjectives is contained in the ICAO Training Programme for such information is avoided.Aviation Security comprising a series of Aviation SecurityTraining Packages (ASTPs). 2.4.5 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State should share, as appropriate, and consistent with its sover- eignty, the results of the audit carried out by ICAO and the corrective actions taken by the audited State if requested by 2.2 Applicability another State. 2.2.1 Each Contracting State shall apply the Standards 2.4.6 Recommendation.— Each Contracting Stateand shall endeavour to apply the Recommended Practices con- should include in each of its bilateral agreements on air trans-tained in Annex 17 to international civil aviation operations. port a clause related to aviation security, taking into account the model clause developed by ICAO. 2.2.2 Each Contracting State shall ensure that measuresdesigned to safeguard against acts of unlawful interference are 2.4.7 Recommendation.— Each Contracting Stateapplied to domestic operations to the extent practicable, based should make available to other Contracting States on requestupon a security risk assessment carried out by the relevant a written version of the appropriate parts of its national civilnational authorities. aviation security programme.ANNEX 17 2-1 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Chapter 2 2.4.8 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State civil aviation security objectives and should cooperate withshould notify ICAO where it has shared information under other Contracting States in this matter.2.4.5. 2.5.2 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State should ensure that the development of new security equipment 2.5 Equipment, research takes into consideration Human Factors principles. and development Note.— Guidance material regarding Human Factors 2.5.1 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State principles can be found in the manual on Human Factors inshould promote research and development of new security Civil Aviation Security Operations (Doc 9808) and in Part 1,equipment, processes and procedures which will better achieve Chapter 4, of the Human Factors Training Manual (Doc 9683).1/7/06 2-2
    • CHAPTER 3. ORGANIZATION 3.1 National organization and 3.1.8 Each Contracting State shall ensure that the appropriate authority appropriate authority arranges for the supporting resources and facilities required by the aviation security services to be 3.1.1 Each Contracting State shall establish and implement available at each airport serving civil aviation.a written national civil aviation security programme to safe-guard civil aviation operations against acts of unlawful interfer- 3.1.9 Each Contracting State shall make available to itsence, through regulations, practices and procedures which take airport and aircraft operators operating in its territory and otherinto account the safety, regularity and efficiency of flights. entities concerned, a written version of the appropriate parts of its national civil aviation security programme and/or relevant 3.1.2 Each Contracting State shall designate and specify information or guidelines enabling them to meet the require-to ICAO an appropriate authority within its administration to ments of the national civil aviation security programme.be responsible for the development, implementation andmaintenance of the national civil aviation security programme. 3.1.3 Each Contracting State shall keep under constant 3.2 Airport operationsreview the level of threat to civil aviation within its territory,and establish and implement policies and procedures to adjust 3.2.1 Each Contracting State shall require each airportrelevant elements of its national civil aviation security pro- serving civil aviation to establish, implement and maintain agramme accordingly, based upon a security risk assessment written airport security programme appropriate to meet thecarried out by the relevant national authorities. requirements of the national civil aviation security programme. Note.— Guidance material regarding threat assessmentand risk management methodologies can be found in the 3.2.2 Each Contracting State shall ensure that an auth-Security Manual for Safeguarding Civil Aviation Against Acts ority at each airport serving civil aviation is responsible forof Unlawful Interference (Doc 8973 — Restricted). coordinating the implementation of security controls. 3.1.4 Each Contracting State shall require the appropriate 3.2.3 Each Contracting State shall ensure that an airportauthority to define and allocate tasks and coordinate activities security committee at each airport serving civil aviation isbetween the departments, agencies and other organizations of established to assist the authority mentioned under 3.2.2 in itsthe State, airport and aircraft operators and other entities con- role of coordinating the implementation of security controlscerned with or responsible for the implementation of various and procedures as specified in the airport security programme.aspects of the national civil aviation security programme. 3.2.4 Each Contracting State shall ensure that airport 3.1.5 Each Contracting State shall establish a national design requirements, including architectural and infrastructure-aviation security committee or similar arrangements for the related requirements necessary for the implementation of thepurpose of coordinating security activities between the depart- security measures in the national civil aviation security pro-ments, agencies and other organizations of the State, airport gramme, are integrated into the design and construction of newand aircraft operators and other entities concerned with or facilities and alterations to existing facilities at airports.responsible for the implementation of various aspects of thenational civil aviation security programme. 3.1.6 Each Contracting State shall require the appropriateauthority to ensure the development and implementation of a 3.3 Aircraft operatorsnational training programme for personnel of all entitiesinvolved with or responsible for the implementation of various 3.3.1 Each Contracting State shall ensure that com-aspects of the national civil aviation security programme. This mercial air transport operators providing service from thattraining programme shall be designed to ensure the effective- State have established, implemented and maintained a writtenness of the national civil aviation security programme. operator security programme that meets the requirements of the national civil aviation security programme of that State. 3.1.7 Recommendation.— Each Contracting Stateshould ensure that trainers and training programmes meet 3.3.2 Recommendation.— Each Contracting Statestandards defined by the appropriate authority. should ensure that each entity conducting general aviationANNEX 17 3-1 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Chapter 3operations, including corporate aviation operations, using air- compliance with and validate the effectiveness of its nationalcraft with a maximum take-off mass greater than 5 700 kg, has civil aviation security programme.established, implemented and maintained a written operatorsecurity programme that meets the requirements of the 3.4.5 Each Contracting State shall ensure that thenational civil aviation security programme of that State. implementation of security measures is regularly subjected to verification of compliance with the national civil aviation 3.3.3 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State security programme. The priorities and frequency of monitor-should ensure that each entity conducting aerial work oper- ing shall be determined on the basis of risk assessment carriedations has established, implemented and maintained a written out by the relevant authorities.operator security programme that meets the requirements ofthe national civil aviation security programme of that State. 3.4.6 Each Contracting State shall arrange for securityThe programme shall contain operations features specific to audits, tests, surveys and inspections to be conducted on a reg-the type of operations conducted. ular basis, to verify compliance with the national civil aviation security programme and to provide for the rapid and effective 3.3.4 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State rectification of any deficiencies.should take into account the ICAO model as a basis for oper-ators’ or entities’ security programmes under 3.3.1, 3.3.2 and 3.4.7 Each Contracting State shall ensure that the man-3.3.3. agement, setting of priorities and organization of the national civil aviation security quality control programme shall be undertaken independently from the entities and persons 3.3.5 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State responsible for the implementation of the measures takenshould require operators providing service from that State and under the national civil aviation security programme. Eachparticipating in code-sharing or other collaborative arrange- Contracting State shall also:ments with other operators to notify the appropriate authorityof the nature of these arrangements, including the identity of a) ensure that the personnel carrying out security audits,the other operators. tests, surveys and inspections are trained to appropriate standards for these tasks in accordance with the national civil aviation security programme; 3.4 Quality control b) ensure that the personnel carrying out security audits, tests, surveys and inspections are afforded the necess- 3.4.1 Each Contracting State shall ensure that the persons ary authority to obtain information to carry out theseimplementing security controls are subject to background tasks and to enforce corrective actions;checks and selection procedures. c) supplement the national civil aviation security quality 3.4.2 Each Contracting State shall ensure that the persons control programme by establishing a confidentialimplementing security controls possess all competencies reporting system for analysing security informationrequired to perform their duties and are appropriately trained provided by sources such as passengers, crew andaccording to the requirements of the national civil aviation ground personnel; andsecurity programme and that appropriate records are main-tained up to date. Relevant standards of performance shall be d) establish a process to record and analyse the results ofestablished and initial and periodic assessments shall be the national civil aviation security quality control pro-introduced to maintain those standards. gramme, to contribute to the effective development and implementation of the national civil aviation security 3.4.3 Each Contracting State shall ensure that the persons programme, including identifying the causes and pat-carrying out screening operations are certified according to the terns of non-compliance and verifying that correctiverequirements of the national civil aviation security programme actions have been implemented and sustained.to ensure that performance standards are consistently andreliably achieved. 3.4.8 Each Contracting State concerned with an act of unlawful interference shall require its appropriate authority to 3.4.4 Each Contracting State shall require the appropriate re-evaluate security controls and procedures and in a timelyauthority to develop, implement and maintain a national civil fashion take action necessary to remedy weaknesses so as toaviation security quality control programme to determine prevent recurrence. These actions shall be shared with ICAO.1/7/06 3-2
    • CHAPTER 4. PREVENTIVE SECURITY MEASURES 4.1 Objective areas by conforming to the relevant specifications set forth in Doc 9303, Machine Readable Travel Documents.Each Contracting State shall establish measures to preventweapons, explosives or any other dangerous devices, articles or 4.2.8 Recommendation.— Each Contracting Statesubstances, which may be used to commit an act of unlawful should ensure that checks specified in 4.2.4 be reapplied on ainterference, the carriage or bearing of which is not authorized, regular basis to all persons granted unescorted access tofrom being introduced, by any means whatsoever, on board an security restricted areas.aircraft engaged in civil aviation. 4.3 Measures relating to aircraft 4.2 Measures relating to access control 4.3.1 Each Contracting State shall ensure that aircraft 4.2.1 Each Contracting State shall ensure that the access security checks of originating aircraft engaged in commercialto airside areas at airports serving civil aviation is controlled air transport movements are performed or an aircraft securityin order to prevent unauthorized entry. search is carried out. The determination of whether it is an air- craft security check or a search that is appropriate shall be 4.2.2 Each Contracting State shall ensure that security based upon a security risk assessment carried out by therestricted areas are established at each airport serving civil relevant national authorities.aviation designated by the State based upon a security riskassessment carried out by the relevant national authorities. 4.3.2 Each Contracting State shall ensure that measures are taken to ensure that passengers of commercial flights 4.2.3 Each Contracting State shall ensure that identi- disembarking from the aircraft at any time do not leave itemsfication systems are established in respect of persons and on board the aircraft.vehicles in order to prevent unauthorized access to airsideareas and security restricted areas. Identity shall be verified at 4.3.3 Each Contracting State shall require its commercialdesignated checkpoints before access is allowed to airside air transport operators to take measures as appropriate to ensureareas and security restricted areas. that during flight unauthorized persons are prevented from entering the flight crew compartment. 4.2.4 Each Contracting State shall ensure that backgroundchecks are conducted on persons other than passengers granted Note.— Provisions for security of the flight crew compart-unescorted access to security restricted areas of the airport prior ment of aircraft engaged in commercial air transportation areto granting access to security restricted areas. contained in Annex 6, Part I, Chapter 13, Section 13.2. 4.2.5 Each Contracting State shall ensure that the 4.3.4 Each Contracting State shall ensure that an aircraftmovement of persons and vehicles to and from the aircraft is subject to 4.3.1 is protected from unauthorized interferencesupervised in security restricted areas in order to prevent from the time the aircraft search or check has commenced untilunauthorized access to aircraft. the aircraft departs. 4.2.6 Each Contracting State shall ensure that, at a mini- 4.3.5 Recommendation.— Each Contracting Statemum, a proportion of persons other than passengers being should ensure that security controls are established to preventgranted access to security restricted areas, together with items acts of unlawful interference with aircraft when they are not incarried, are screened. The proportion shall be determined in security restricted areas.accordance with risk assessment carried out by the relevantnational authorities. 4.2.7 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State 4.4 Measures relating to passengersshould ensure that identity documents issued to aircraft crew and their cabin baggagemembers provide a harmonized and reliable internationalbasis for recognition and validation of documentation to 4.4.1 Each Contracting State shall establish measures topermit authorized access to airside and security restricted ensure that originating passengers of commercial air transportANNEX 17 4-1 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Chapter 4operations and their cabin baggage are screened prior to where appropriate, to ensure that such hold baggage has beenboarding an aircraft departing from a security restricted area. screened at the point of origin and subsequently protected from unauthorized interference from the originating airport to 4.4.2 Each Contracting State shall ensure that transfer the departing aircraft at the transfer airport.passengers of commercial air transport operations and theircabin baggage are screened prior to boarding an aircraft, Note.— See guidance material on this issue in the Securityunless it has established a validation process and continuously Manual for Safeguarding Civil Aviation Against Acts ofimplements procedures, in collaboration with the other Unlawful Interference (Doc 8973 — Restricted).Contracting State where appropriate, to ensure that such pass-engers and their cabin baggage have been screened to an 4.5.5 Each Contracting State shall ensure that aircraftappropriate level at the point of origin and subsequently commercial air transport operators transport only items ofprotected from unauthorized interference from the point of hold baggage which have been individually identified asscreening at the originating airport to the departing aircraft at accompanied or unaccompanied, screened to the appropriatethe transfer airport. standard and accepted for carriage on that flight by the air carrier. All such baggage should be recorded as meeting these Note.— See guidance material on this issue in the Security criteria and authorized for carriage on that flight.Manual for Safeguarding Civil Aviation Against Acts ofUnlawful Interference (Doc 8973 — Restricted). 4.5.6 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State should establish procedures to deal with unidentified baggage 4.4.3 Each Contracting State shall ensure that passengers in accordance with a security risk assessment carried out byand their cabin baggage which have been screened are the relevant national authorities.protected from unauthorized interference from the point ofscreening until they board their aircraft. If mixing or contactdoes take place, the passengers concerned and their cabinbaggage shall be re-screened before boarding an aircraft. 4.6 Measures relating to cargo, mail and other goods 4.4.4 Each Contracting State shall establish at an airportmeasures for transit operations to protect transit passengers’ 4.6.1 Each Contracting State shall ensure that securitycabin baggage from unauthorized interference and protect the controls are applied to cargo and mail, prior to their beingintegrity of the security of the airport of transit. loaded onto an aircraft engaged in passenger commercial air transport operations. 4.5 Measures relating to hold baggage 4.6.2 Each Contracting State shall ensure that cargo and mail to be carried on a passenger commercial aircraft are pro- 4.5.1 Each Contracting State shall establish measures to tected from unauthorized interference from the point securityensure that originating hold baggage is screened prior to being controls are applied until departure of the aircraft.loaded onto an aircraft engaged in commercial air transportoperations departing from a security restricted area. 4.6.3 Each Contracting State shall establish a process for approval of regulated agents, if such agents are involved in 4.5.2 Each Contracting State shall ensure that all hold implementing security controls.baggage to be carried on a commercial aircraft is protectedfrom unauthorized interference from the point it is screened or 4.6.4 Each Contracting State shall ensure that operatorsaccepted into the care of the carrier, whichever is earlier, until do not accept cargo or mail for carriage on an aircraft engageddeparture of the aircraft on which it is to be carried. If the in passenger commercial air transport operations unless theintegrity of hold baggage is jeopardized, the hold baggage application of security controls is confirmed and accounted forshall be re-screened before being placed on board an aircraft. by a regulated agent, or such consignments are subjected to appropriate security controls. 4.5.3 Each Contracting State shall ensure that commer-cial air transport operators do not transport the baggage of 4.6.5 Each Contracting State shall ensure that catering,passengers who are not on board the aircraft unless that stores and supplies intended for carriage on passenger com-baggage is identified as unaccompanied and subjected to mercial flights are subjected to appropriate security controlsadditional screening. and thereafter protected until loaded onto the aircraft. 4.5.4 Each Contracting State shall ensure that transfer 4.6.6 Recommendation.— Each Contracting Statehold baggage is screened prior to being loaded onto an aircraft should ensure that security controls to be applied to cargo andengaged in commercial air transport operations, unless it has mail for transportation on all-cargo aircraft are determined onestablished a validation process and continuously implements the basis of a security risk assessment carried out by theprocedures, in collaboration with the other Contracting State relevant national authorities.1/7/06 4-2
    • Chapter 4 Annex 17 — Security 4.7 Measures relating to other authorized persons, acting in the performance of their special categories of passengers duties, requires special authorization in accordance with the laws of the States involved. 4.7.1 Each Contracting State shall develop requirementsfor air carriers for the carriage of potentially disruptive pass- 4.7.5 Each Contracting State shall consider requests byengers who are obliged to travel because they have been the any other State to allow the travel of armed personnel, includ-subject of judicial or administrative proceedings. ing in-flight security officers, on board aircraft of operators of the requesting State. Only after agreement by all States Note.— See guidance material on this issue found in the involved shall such travel be allowed.Security Manual for Safeguarding Civil Aviation Against Actsof Unlawful Interference (Doc 8973 — Restricted). 4.7.6 Each Contracting State shall ensure that the carriage of weapons in other cases is allowed only when an authorized 4.7.2 Each Contracting State shall ensure that operators and duly qualified person has determined that they are notproviding service from that State include in their security pro- loaded, if applicable, and then only if stowed in a placegrammes, measures and procedures to ensure safety on board inaccessible to any person during flight time.their aircraft when passengers are to be carried who areobliged to travel because they have been the subject of judicial 4.7.7 Each Contracting State that decides to deploy in-or administrative proceedings. flight security officers shall ensure that they are government personnel who are specially selected and trained, taking into 4.7.3 Each Contracting State shall ensure that the aircraft account the safety and security aspects on board an aircraft andoperator and the pilot-in-command are informed when pass- deployed according to the threat assessment of the competentengers are obliged to travel because they have been the subject authority. The deployment of such officers shall be coordinatedof judicial or administrative proceedings, in order that with concerned States and kept strictly confidential.appropriate security controls can be applied. 4.7.8 Each Contracting State shall ensure that the pilot- 4.7.4 Each Contracting State shall ensure that the carriage in-command is notified as to the number of armed persons andof weapons on board aircraft, by law enforcement officers and their seat location. 4-3 1/7/06
    • CHAPTER 5. MANAGEMENT OF RESPONSE TO ACTS OF UNLAWFUL INTERFERENCE 5.1 Prevention destination, so that timely and appropriate safeguarding action may be taken en route and at the aircraft’s known, likely or 5.1.1 Each Contracting State shall establish measures, possible destination.when reliable information exists that an aircraft may besubjected to an act of unlawful interference, to safeguard the 5.2.3 Each Contracting State shall provide assistance toaircraft if it is still on the ground and to provide as much prior an aircraft subjected to an act of unlawful seizure, includingnotification as possible of the arrival of such aircraft to rel- the provision of navigation aids, air traffic services and per-evant airport authorities and air traffic services of the States mission to land as may be necessitated by the circumstances.concerned if the aircraft has already departed. 5.2.4 Each Contracting State shall take measures, as it may 5.1.2 Each Contracting State shall ensure, when reliable find practicable, to ensure that an aircraft subjected to an act ofinformation exists that an aircraft may be subjected to an act unlawful seizure which has landed in its territory is detained onof unlawful interference, that the aircraft is searched for the ground unless its departure is necessitated by the overridingconcealed weapons, explosives or other dangerous devices, duty to protect human life. However, these measures need toarticles or substances. Prior notification of the search shall be recognize the grave hazard attending further flight. States shallprovided to the operator concerned. also recognize the importance of consul-tations, wherever prac- ticable, between the State where that aircraft has landed and the 5.1.3 Each Contracting State shall ensure that arrange- State of the Operator of the aircraft, and notification by thements are made to investigate, render safe and/or dispose of, State where the aircraft has landed to the States of assumed orif necessary, suspected dangerous devices or other potential stated destination.hazards at airports. 5.2.5 Each Contracting State in which an aircraft subjected 5.1.4 Each Contracting State shall ensure that contin- to an act of unlawful interference has landed shall notify by thegency plans are developed and resources made available to most expeditious means the State of Registry of the aircraft andsafeguard civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference. the State of the Operator of the landing and shall similarlyThe contingency plans shall be tested on a regular basis. transmit by the most expeditious means all other relevant information to: 5.1.5 Each Contracting State shall ensure that authorizedand suitably trained personnel are readily available for deploy- a) the two above-mentioned States;ment at its airports serving civil aviation to assist in dealing b) each State whose citizens suffered fatalities or injuries;with suspected, or actual, cases of unlawful interference withcivil aviation. c) each State whose citizens were detained as hostages; d) each State whose citizens are known to be on board the aircraft; and 5.2 Response e) the International Civil Aviation Organization. 5.2.1 Each Contracting State shall take appropriate 5.2.6 Recommendation.— Each Contracting Statemeasures for the safety of passengers and crew of an aircraft, should ensure that information received as a consequence ofwhich is subjected to an act of unlawful interference, while on action taken in accordance with 5.2.2 is distributed locally tothe ground in the territory of the Contracting State, until their the air traffic services units concerned, the appropriate airportjourney can be continued. administrations, the operator and others concerned as soon as practicable. 5.2.2 Each Contracting State responsible for providing airtraffic services for an aircraft, which is the subject of an act of 5.2.7 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State shouldunlawful interference, shall collect all pertinent information on cooperate with other States for the purpose of providing a jointthe flight of that aircraft and transmit that information to all response in connection with an act of unlawful interference.other States responsible for the air traffic services units con- When taking measures in their territory to free passengers andcerned, including those at the airport of known or presumed crew members of an aircraft subjected to an act of unlawfulANNEX 17 5-1 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Chapter 5interference, each Contracting State should use, as necessary, information concerning the security aspects of the act ofthe experience and capability of the State of the Operator, the unlawful interference as soon as practicable after the act isState of manufacture and the State of Registry of that aircraft. resolved. 5.3.2 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State 5.3 Exchange of information and reporting should exchange information with other Contracting States as considered appropriate on the management of response to an 5.3.1 Each Contracting State concerned with an act of act of unlawful interference, at the same time supplying suchunlawful interference shall provide ICAO with all pertinent information to ICAO.1/7/06 5-2
    • ATTACHMENT TO ANNEX 17 EXTRACTS FROM ANNEX 2 — RULES OF THE AIR CHAPTER 3. GENERAL RULES 2. Procedures...... 2.1 Unless considerations aboard the aircraft dictate otherwise, the pilot-in-command should attempt to continue 3.7 Unlawful interference flying on the assigned track and at the assigned cruising level at least until able to notify an ATS unit or within radarAn aircraft which is being subjected to unlawful interference coverage.shall endeavour to notify the appropriate ATS unit of this fact,any significant circumstances associated therewith and any 2.2 When an aircraft subjected to an act of unlawfuldeviation from the current flight plan necessitated by the interference must depart from its assigned track or its assignedcircumstances, in order to enable the ATS unit to give priority cruising level without being able to make radiotelephonyto the aircraft and to minimize conflict with other aircraft. contact with ATS, the pilot-in-command should, whenever possible: Note 1.— Responsibility of ATS units in situations ofunlawful interference is contained in Annex 11. a) attempt to broadcast warnings on the VHF emergency Note 2.— Guidance material for use when unlawful frequency and other appropriate frequencies, unlessinterference occurs and the aircraft is unable to notify an ATS considerations aboard the aircraft dictate otherwise.unit of this fact is contained in Attachment B to this Annex. Other equipment such as on-board transponders and data links should also be used when it is advantageous to do Note 3.— Action to be taken by SSR-equipped aircraft so and circumstances permit; andwhich are being subjected to unlawful interference iscontained in Annex 11, the PANS-ATM (Doc 4444) and the b) proceed in accordance with applicable special proceduresPANS-OPS (Doc 8168). for in-flight contingencies, where such procedures have been established and promulgated in the Regional Note 4.— Action to be taken by CPDLC-equipped aircraft Supplementary Procedures (Doc 7030); orwhich are being subjected to unlawful interference iscontained in Annex 11, the PANS-ATM (Doc 4444), and c) if no applicable regional procedures have been estab-guidance material on the subject is contained in the Manual of lished, proceed at a level which differs from the cruisingAir Traffic Services Data Link Applications (Doc 9694). levels normally used for IFR flight by:...... 1) 150 m (500 ft) in an area where a vertical separation minimum of 300 m (1 000 ft) is applied; or ATTACHMENT B. UNLAWFUL INTERFERENCE 2) 300 m (1 000 ft) in an area where a vertical separation 1. General minimum of 600 m (2 000 ft) is applied.The following procedures are intended as guidance for use by Note.— Action to be taken by an aircraft which is interceptedaircraft when unlawful interference occurs and the aircraft is while being subject to an act of unlawful interference isunable to notify an ATS unit of this fact. prescribed in 3.8 of this Annex.ANNEX 17 ATT-1 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Attachment EXTRACTS FROM ANNEX 6 — OPERATION OF AIRCRAFT PART I — INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL AIR TRANSPORT — AEROPLANES CHAPTER 13. SECURITY* a) the door should be closed and locked from the time all external doors are closed following embarkation until any such door is opened for disembarkation, except when 13.1 Domestic commercial operations necessary to permit access and egress by authorized persons; and Recommendation.— International Standards andRecommended Practices set forth in this Chapter should be b) means should be provided for monitoring from eitherapplied by all Contracting States also in case of domestic pilot’s station the entire door area outside the flightcommercial operations (air services). crew compartment to identify persons requesting entry and to detect suspicious behaviour or potential threat. 13.2 Security of the flight crew compartment 13.3 Aeroplane search procedure checklist 13.2.1 In all aeroplanes which are equipped with a flightcrew compartment door, this door shall be capable of being An operator shall ensure that there is on board a checklist oflocked, and means shall be provided by which cabin crew can the procedures to be followed in searching for a bomb in casediscreetly notify the flight crew in the event of suspicious of suspected sabotage and for inspecting aeroplanes foractivity or security breaches in the cabin. concealed weapons, explosives or other dangerous devices when a well-founded suspicion exists that the aeroplane may 13.2.2 From 1 November 2003, all passenger-carrying be the object of an act of unlawful interference. The checklistaeroplanes of a maximum certificated take-off mass in excess shall be supported by guidance on the appropriate course ofof 45 500 kg or with a passenger seating capacity greater than action to be taken should a bomb or suspicious object be found60 shall be equipped with an approved flight crew and information on the least-risk bomb location specific to thecompartment door that is designed to resist penetration by aeroplane.small arms fire and grenade shrapnel, and to resist forcibleintrusions by unauthorized persons. This door shall be capableof being locked and unlocked from either pilot’s station. 13.4 Training programmes 13.2.3 In all aeroplanes which are equipped with a flightcrew compartment door in accordance with 13.2.2: 13.4.1 An operator shall establish and maintain an approved security training programme which ensures crew a) this door shall be closed and locked from the time all members act in the most appropriate manner to minimize the external doors are closed following embarkation until consequences of acts of unlawful interference. As a minimum, any such door is opened for disembarkation, except this programme shall include the following elements: when necessary to permit access and egress by authorized persons; and a) determination of the seriousness of any occurrence; b) means shall be provided for monitoring from either b) crew communication and coordination; pilot’s station the entire door area outside the flight crew compartment to identify persons requesting entry and to c) appropriate self-defense responses; detect suspicious behaviour or potential threat. d) use of non-lethal protective devices assigned to crew 13.2.4 Recommendation.— All passenger-carrying members whose use is authorized by the State of theaeroplanes should be equipped with an approved flight crew Operator;compartment door, where practicable, that is designed to resistpenetration by small arms fire and grenade shrapnel, and to e) understanding of behaviour of terrorists so as toresist forcible intrusions by unauthorized persons. This door facilitate the ability of crew members to cope withshould be capable of being locked and unlocked from either hijacker behaviour and passenger responses;pilot’s station. f) live situational training exercises regarding various 13.2.5 Recommendation.— In all aeroplanes which are threat conditions;equipped with a flight crew compartment door in accordancewith 13.2.4: g) flight deck procedures to protect the aeroplane; and1/7/06 ATT-2
    • Attachment Annex 17 — Security h) aeroplane search procedures and guidance on least-risk 13.6 Miscellaneous bomb locations where practicable. 13.6.1 Recommendation.— Specialized means of 13.4.2 An operator shall also establish and maintain a attenuating and directing the blast should be provided for usetraining programme to acquaint appropriate employees with at the least-risk bomb location.preventive measures and techniques in relation to passengers,baggage, cargo, mail, equipment, stores and supplies intended 13.6.2 Recommendation.— Where an operator acceptsfor carriage on an aeroplane so that they contribute to the the carriage of weapons removed from passengers, theprevention of acts of sabotage or other forms of unlawful aeroplane should have provision for stowing such weapons ininterference. a place so that they are inaccessible to any person during flight time. 13.5 Reporting acts of unlawful interferenceFollowing an act of unlawful interference, the pilot-in-command shall submit, without delay, a report of such an act * In the context of this Chapter, the word ‘‘security’’ is used in theto the designated local authority. sense of prevention of illicit acts against civil aviation. EXTRACTS FROM ANNEX 8 — AIRWORTHINESS OF AIRCRAFT CHAPTER 11. SECURITY 11.1 Aeroplanes used for domestic the Type Certificate to include a derivative type design is commercial operations submitted to the appropriate national authority, consideration should be given to reinforcing the flight crew compartmentRecommendation.— International Standards and Recom- bulkheads, floors and ceilings so as to resist penetration bymended Practices set forth in this chapter should be applied by small arms fire and grenade shrapnel and to resist forcibleall Contracting States for aeroplanes engaged in domestic intrusions, if these areas are accessible in flight to passengerscommercial operations (air services). and cabin crew. Note.— Standards and Recommended Practices concerning 11.2 Least-risk bomb location the requirements for the flight crew compartment door in all commercial passenger-carrying aeroplanes are contained inFor aeroplanes of a maximum certificated take-off mass in Annex 6, Part I, Chapter 13.excess of 45 500 kg or with a passenger seating capacitygreater than 60 and for which the application for certificationwas submitted on or after 12 March 2000, consideration shallbe given during the design of the aeroplane to the provision of 11.4 Interior designa least-risk bomb location so as to minimize the effects of abomb on the aeroplane and its occupants. For aeroplanes of a maximum certificated take-off mass in excess of 45 500 kg or with a passenger seating capacity greater than 60 and for which the application for certification 11.3 Protection of the flight crew compartment was submitted on or after 12 March 2000, consideration shall be given to design features that will deter the easy conceal-Recommendation.— In all aeroplanes, which are required by ment of weapons, explosives or other dangerous objects onAnnex 6, Part I, Chapter 13 to have an approved flight crew board aircraft and that will facilitate search procedures forcompartment door, and for which an application for amending such objects. ATT-3 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Attachment EXTRACTS FROM ANNEX 9 — FACILITATION CHAPTER 2. ENTRY AND DEPARTURE against their misuse and to facilitate detection of cases where OF AIRCRAFT such documents have been unlawfully altered, replicated or issued. A. General 3.8 Contracting States shall establish controls on the creation and issuance of travel documents in order to safe-...... guard against the theft of their stocks and the misappropriation of newly issued travel documents. 2.2 In developing procedures aimed at the efficientclearance of entering or departing aircraft, Contracting States 3.9 Recommended Practice.— Contracting Statesshall take into account the application of aviation security and should incorporate biometric data in their machine readablenarcotics control measures, where appropriate. passports, visas and other official travel documents, using one or more optional data storage technologies to supplement the...... machine readable zone, as specified in Doc 9303, Machine Readable Travel Documents. The required data stored on the integrated circuit chip is the same as that printed on the data page, that is, the data contained in the machine-readable zone CHAPTER 3. ENTRY AND DEPARTURE plus the digitized photographic image. Fingerprint image(s) OF PERSONS AND THEIR BAGGAGE and/or iris image(s) are optional biometrics for Contracting States wishing to supplement the facial image with another biometric in the passport. Contracting States incorporating A. General biometric data in their Machine Readable Passports are to store the data in a contactless integrated circuit chip comply-...... ing with ISO/IEC 14443 and programmed according to the Logical Data Structure as specified by ICAO. 3.2 In developing procedures aimed at the efficient appli-cation of border controls on passengers and crew, ContractingStates shall take into account the application of aviation secur- D. Travel documentsity, border integrity, narcotics control and immigration controlmeasures, where appropriate. 3.10 Contracting States shall begin issuing only Machine Readable Passports in accordance with the specifications of...... Doc 9303, Part 1, no later than 1 April 2010. 3.4 Contracting States shall not extend the validity of Note.—This provision does not intend to preclude the issu-their machine readable travel documents. ance of non-machine readable passports or temporary travel documents of limited validity in cases of emergency. Note 1.— Specifications for machine readable travel docu-ments (Doc 9303, Series) do not permit alteration of the 3.10.1 For. passports issued after 24 November 2005 andexpiration date and other data in the machine readable zone. which are not machine readable, Contracting States shall ensure the expiration date falls before 24 November 2015. Note 2. — States whose national legislation or regulationscurrently allow for the extension of the period of validity should ......undertake to amend the appropriate text in a reasonableperiod. I. Inspection of travel documents...... 3.31 Contracting States shall assist aircraft operators in the evaluation of travel documents presented by passengers, in C. Security of travel documents order to deter fraud and abuse....... ...... 3.7 Contracting States shall regularly update security fea- 3.33 Aircraft operators shall take necessary precautions attures in new versions of their travel documents, to guard the point of embarkation to ensure that passengers are in1/7/06 ATT-4
    • Attachment Annex 17 — Securitypossession of the documents prescribed by the States of transit ......and destination for control purposes as described in this chapter. CHAPTER 4. ENTRY AND DEPARTURE...... OF CARGO AND OTHER ARTICLES K. Entry procedures and responsibilities A. General...... ...... 3.46 The public authorities of each Contracting State 4.6 Where practicable, in order to improve efficiency,shall seize fraudulent, falsified or counterfeit travel docu- modern screening or examination techniques shall be used toments. The public authorities shall also seize the travel docu- facilitate the physical examination of goods to be imported orments of a person impersonating the rightful holder of the exported.travel document. Such documents shall be removed fromcirculation immediately and returned to the appropriate auth- ......orities of the State named as issuer or to the residentDiplomatic Mission of that State. CHAPTER 5. INADMISSIBLE PERSONS 3.47 Recommended Practice.— Where appropriate, AND DEPORTEESContracting States should introduce a system of advancepassenger information which involves the capture of certain ......passport or visa details prior to departure, the transmission ofthe details by electronic means to their public authorities, andthe analysis of such data for risk management purposes prior B. Inadmissible personsto arrival in order to expedite clearance. To minimize handlingtime during check-in, document reading devices should be ......used to capture the information in machine readable traveldocuments. 5.8 Contracting States that have reason to believe that an inadmissible person might offer resistance to his removal shall...... inform the aircraft operator concerned as far in advance as possible of scheduled departure so that the aircraft operator can take precautions to ensure the security of the flight. N. Identification and entry of crew and other aircraft operators’ personnel ............ C. Deportees 3.70 Adequate controls shall be placed on the issuance ofCMCs and other official crew identity documents to prevent ......fraud, for example, a background check and certification ofemployment status of an applicant prior to issuance, controls 5.18 Contracting States removing deportees from theiron blank card stock, and accountability requirements for territories shall assume all obligations, responsibilities andissuing personnel. costs associated with the removal. ATT-5 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Attachment EXTRACTS FROM ANNEX 10 — AERONAUTICAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS, VOLUME IV (SURVEILLANCE RADAR AND COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS) CHAPTER 2. GENERAL...... 2.1 SECONDARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR (SSR)...... 2.1.4 Mode A reply codes (information pulses)...... 2.1.4.2.1 Code 7700 to provide recognition of an aircraft in an emergency....... 2.1.4.2.3 Code 7500 to provide recognition of an aircraft which is being subjected to unlawful interference. 2.1.4.3 Appropriate provisions shall be made in ground decoding equipment to ensure immediate recognition of Mode Acodes 7500, 7600 and 7700. EXTRACTS FROM ANNEX 11 — AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES CHAPTER 2. GENERAL b) on Mode A, Code 7500, to indicate specifically that it is being subjected to unlawful interference; or...... c) activate the appropriate emergency and/or urgency capability of ADS; or 2.22 Service to aircraft in the event of an emergency d) transmit the appropriate emergency message via CPDLC. 2.22.1 An aircraft known or believed to be in a state ofemergency, including being subjected to unlawful inter- ......ference, shall be given maximum consideration, assistance andpriority over other aircraft as may be necessitated by the 2.22.2 When an occurrence of unlawful interference withcircumstances. an aircraft takes place or is suspected, ATS units shall attend promptly to requests by the aircraft. Information pertinent to Note.— To indicate that it is in a state of emergency, an the safe conduct of the flight shall continue to be transmittedaircraft equipped with an appropriate data link capability and necessary action shall be taken to expedite the conduct ofand/or an SSR transponder might operate the equipment as all phases of the flight, especially the safe landing of thefollows: aircraft. a) on Mode A, Code 7700; or ......1/7/06 ATT-6
    • Attachment Annex 17 — Security CHAPTER 5. ALERTING SERVICE ...... 5.1 Application 5.5 Information to the operator 5.1.1 Alerting service shall be provided: 5.5.1 When an area control or a flight information centre decides that an aircraft is in the uncertainty or the alert phase,...... it shall, when practicable, advise the operator prior to notifying the rescue coordination centre. c) to any aircraft known or believed to be the subject of unlawful interference. Note.— If an aircraft is in the distress phase, the rescue coordination centre has to be notified immediately in...... accordance with 5.2.1. 5.5.2 All information notified to the rescue coordination 5.2 Notification of rescue centre by an area control or flight information centre shall, coordination centres whenever practicable, also be communicated, without delay, to the operator. 5.2.1 Without prejudice to any other circumstances thatmay render such notification advisable, air traffic servicesunits shall, except as prescribed in 5.5.1, notify rescue coordi- 5.6 Information to aircraft operating innation centres immediately an aircraft is considered to be in a the vicinity of an aircraft instate of emergency in accordance with the following: a state of emergency...... 5.6.1 When it has been established by an air traffic services unit that an aircraft is in a state of emergency, other b) Alert phase when: aircraft known to be in the vicinity of the aircraft involved shall, except as provided in 5.6.2, be informed of the nature of...... the emergency as soon as practicable. except when evidence exists that would allay apprehen- 5.6.2 When an air traffic services unit knows or believes sion as to the safety of the aircraft and its occupants, or that an aircraft is being subjected to unlawful interference, no when reference shall be made in ATS air-ground communications to the nature of the emergency unless it has first been referred to 4) an aircraft is known or believed to be the subject of in communications from the aircraft involved and it is certain unlawful interference. that such reference will not aggravate the situation. ATT-7 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Attachment EXTRACTS FROM ANNEX 13 — AIRCRAFT ACCIDENT AND INCIDENT INVESTIGATION CHAPTER 5. INVESTIGATION ...... ORGANIZATION AND CONDUCT OF THE INVESTIGATION ...... RESPONSIBILITY OF THE STATE CONDUCTING THE INVESTIGATION ...... Informing aviation security authorities 5.11 If, in the course of an investigation it becomes known, or it is suspected, that an act of unlawful interference was involved, the investigator-in-charge shall immediately initiate action to ensure that the aviation security authorities of the State(s) concerned are so informed. EXTRACTS FROM ANNEX 14 — AERODROMES, VOLUME I — AERODROME DESIGN AND OPERATIONS CHAPTER 3. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS CHAPTER 5. VISUAL AIDS FOR NAVIGATION...... ...... 5.3 Lights 3.14 Isolated aircraft parking position ...... 3.14.1 An isolated aircraft parking position shall bedesignated or the aerodrome control tower shall be advised of 5.3.23 Apron floodlightingan area or areas suitable for the parking of an aircraft which is (see also 5.3.16.1 and 5.3.17.1)known or believed to be the subject of unlawful interference,or which for other reasons needs isolation from normalaerodrome activities. Application 3.14.2 Recommendation.— The isolated aircraft 5.3.23.1 Recommendation.— Apron floodlighting shouldparking position should be located at the maximum distance be provided on an apron, on a de-icing/anti-icing facility andpracticable and in any case never less than 100 m from other on a designated isolated aircraft parking position intended toparking positions, buildings or public areas, etc. Care should be used at night.be taken to ensure that the position is not located overunderground utilities such as gas and aviation fuel and, to the Note 1. — Where a de-icing/anti-icing facility is located inextent feasible, electrical or communication cables. close proximity to the runway and permanent floodlighting could be confusing to pilots, other means of illumination of the...... facility may be required.1/7/06 ATT-8
    • Attachment Annex 17 — Security Note 2. — The designation of an isolated aircraft parking 9.1.1 An aerodrome emergency plan shall be establishedposition is specified in 3.14. at an aerodrome, commensurate with the aircraft operations and other activities conducted at the aerodrome. Note 3. — Guidance on apron floodlighting is given in theAerodrome Design Manual, Part 4. 9.1.2 The aerodrome emergency plan shall provide for the coordination of the actions to be taken in an emergency...... occurring at an aerodrome or in its vicinity. Note.— Examples of emergencies are: aircraft emerg- encies, sabotage including bomb threats, unlawfully seized CHAPTER 8. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS aircraft, dangerous goods occurrences, building fires and natural disasters. 8.1 Electric power supply systems 9.1.3 The plan shall coordinate the response or partici- for air navigation facilities pation of all existing agencies which, in the opinion of the appropriate authority, could be of assistance in responding to...... an emergency. Note.— Examples of agencies are:Application — on the aerodrome: air traffic control unit, rescue and fire...... fighting services, aerodrome administration, medical and ambulance services, aircraft operators, security services, 8.1.10 Recommendation.— The following aerodrome and police;facilities should be provided with a secondary power supplycapable of supplying power when there is a failure of the — off the aerodrome: fire departments, police, medical andprimary power supply: ambulance services, hospitals, military, and harbour patrol or coast guard....... 9.1.4 Recommendation.— The plan should provide for e) essential security lighting, if provided in accordance with cooperation and coordination with the rescue coordination 9.11; centre, as necessary....... 9.1.5 Recommendation.— The aerodrome emergency plan document should include at least the following: a) types of emergencies planned for; CHAPTER 9. AERODROME OPERATIONAL SERVICES, EQUIPMENT AND INSTALLATIONS b) agencies involved in the plan; 9.1 Aerodrome emergency planning c) responsibility and role of each agency, the emergency operations centre and the command post, for each type of emergency;General d) information on names and telephone numbers of offices Introductory Note.— Aerodrome emergency planning is the or people to be contacted in the case of a particularprocess of preparing an aerodrome to cope with an emergency emergency; andoccurring at the aerodrome or in its vicinity. The objective ofaerodrome emergency planning is to minimize the effects of an e) a grid map of the aerodrome and its immediate vicinity.emergency, particularly in respect of saving lives and main-taining aircraft operations. The aerodrome emergency plan ......sets forth the procedures for coordinating the response ofdifferent aerodrome agencies (or services) and of thoseagencies in the surrounding community that could be of assist- Emergency operations centre and command postance in responding to the emergency. Guidance material toassist the appropriate authority in establishing aerodrome 9.1.7 Recommendation.— A fixed emergency operationsemergency planning is given in the Airport Services Manual, centre and a mobile command post should be available for usePart 7. during an emergency. ATT-9 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Attachment 9.1.8 Recommendation.— The emergency operations 9.10 Fencingcentre should be a part of the aerodrome facilities and shouldbe responsible for the overall coordination and general Applicationdirection of the response to an emergency. ...... 9.1.9 Recommendation.— The command post should bea facility capable of being moved rapidly to the site of an 9.10.3 Recommendation.— A fence or other suitableemergency, when required, and should undertake the local barrier should be provided on an aerodrome to deter thecoordination of those agencies responding to the emergency. inadvertent or premeditated access of an unauthorized person onto a non-public area of the aerodrome. 9.1.10 Recommendation.— A person should be assigned Note 1.— This is intended to include the barring of sewers,to assume control of the emergency operations centre and, ducts, tunnels, etc., where necessary to prevent access.when appropriate, another person the command post. Note 2.— Special measures may be required to prevent the access of an unauthorized person to runways or taxiwaysCommunication system which overpass public roads. 9.1.11 Recommendation.— Adequate communication ......systems linking the command post and the emergency oper-ations centre with each other and with the participating 9.10.5 Recommendation.— Suitable means of protectionagencies should be provided in accordance with the plan and should be provided to deter the inadvertent or premeditatedconsistent with the particular requirements of the aerodrome. access of unauthorized persons into ground installations and facilities essential for the safety of civil aviation located off the aerodrome.Aerodrome emergency exercise ...... 9.1.12 The plan shall contain procedures for periodictesting of the adequacy of the plan and for reviewing theresults in order to improve its effectiveness. Location Note.— The plan includes all participating agencies and 9.10.7 Recommendation.— The fence or barrier shouldassociated equipment. be located so as to separate the movement area and other facilities or zones on the aerodrome vital to the safe operation 9.1.13 The plan shall be tested by conducting: of aircraft from areas open to public access. ...... a) a full-scale aerodrome emergency exercise at intervals not exceeding two years; and 9.10.9 Recommendation.— When greater security is thought necessary, a cleared area should be provided on both b) partial emergency exercises in the intervening year to sides of the fence or barrier to facilitate the work of patrols ensure that any deficiencies found during the full-scale and to make trespassing more difficult. Consideration should aerodrome emergency exercise have been corrected; and be given to the provision of a perimeter road inside the aerodrome fencing for the use of both maintenance personnelreviewed thereafter, or after an actual emergency, so as to and security patrols.correct any deficiency found during such exercises or actualemergency. 9.11 Security lighting Note.— The purpose of a full-scale exercise is to ensure theadequacy of the plan to cope with different types of Recommendation.— At an aerodrome where it is deemedemergencies. The purpose of a partial exercise is to ensure the desirable for security reasons, a fence or other barrier pro-adequacy of the response to individual participating agencies vided for the protection of international civil aviation and itsand components of the plan, such as the communications facilities should be illuminated at a minimum essential level.system. Consideration should be given to locating lights so that the ground area on both sides of the fence or barrier, particularly...... at access points, is illuminated.1/7/06 ATT-10
    • Attachment Annex 17 — Security EXTRACTS FROM ANNEX 18 — THE SAFE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY AIR CHAPTER 2. APPLICABILITY ...... 2.2 Dangerous Goods Technical Instructions 2.2.1 Each Contracting State shall take the necessary measures to achieve compliance with the detailed provisions contained in the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (Doc 9284), approved and issued periodically in accordance with the procedure established by the ICAO Council. Each Contracting State shall also take the necessary measures to achieve compliance with any amend- ment to the Technical Instructions which may be published during the specified period of applicability of an edition of the Technical Instructions. 2.2.2 Recommendation.— Each Contracting State should inform ICAO of difficulties encountered in the application of the Technical Instructions and of any amendments which it would be desirable to make to them. ...... CHAPTER 10. ESTABLISHMENT OF TRAINING PROGRAMMES Dangerous goods training programmes shall be established and updated as provided for in the Technical Instructions. ATT-11 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Attachment EXTRACTS FROM DOC 9284 — TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE SAFE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY AIR Part 1. GENERAL ...... Chapter 4 TRAINING Parts of this Chapter are affected by State Variations AE 2, CA 18, HK 1, US 1; see Table A-1 4.1 ESTABLISHMENT OF TRAINING PROGRAMMES ≠ 4.1.1 Initial and recurrent dangerous goods training programmes must be established and maintained by or on behalf of: ...... g) agencies engaged in the security screening of passengers and their baggage and/or cargo. EXTRACTS FROM THE PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES — AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT (DOC 4444) CHAPTER 5. SEPARATION METHODS AND MINIMA ...... 5.2 GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR THE SEPARATION OF CONTROLLED TRAFFIC ...... 5.2.1.2 Larger separations than the specified minima should be applied whenever exceptional circumstances such as unlawful interference or navigational difficulties call for extra precautions. This should be done with due regard to all relevant factors so as to avoid impeding the flow of air traffic by the application of excessive separations. Note — Unlawful interference with an aircraft constitutes a case of exceptional circumstances which might require the application of separations larger than the specified minima, between the aircraft being subjected to unlawful interference and other aircraft. ......1/7/06 ATT-12
    • Attachment Annex 17 — Security CHAPTER 15. PROCEDURES RELATED TO EMERGENCIES, COMMUNICATION FAILURE AND CONTINGENCIES 15.1 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 15.1.1.3 Changes of radio frequency and SSR code should be avoided if possible and should normally be made only when or if an improved service can be provided to the 15.1.1 General aircraft concerned. Manoeuvring instructions to an aircraft experiencing engine failure should be limited to a minimum. 15.1.1.1 The various circumstances surrounding each When appropriate, other aircraft operating in the vicinity of theemergency situation preclude the establishment of exact aircraft in emergency should be advised of the circumstances.detailed procedures to be followed. The procedures outlinedherein are intended as a general guide to air traffic services Note.— Requests to the flight crew for the informationpersonnel. Air traffic control units shall maintain full and contained in 15.1.1.2 e) will be made only if the informationcomplete coordination, and personnel shall use their best is not available from the operator or from other sources andjudgement in handling emergency situations. will be limited to essential information. Note 1.— Additional radar procedures to be applied inrelation to emergencies and contingencies are contained inChapter 8, 8.8.1. 15.1.2 Priority Note 2.— If the pilot of an aircraft encountering a state of An aircraft known or believed to be in a state of emergency,emergency has previously been directed by ATC to operate the including being subjected to unlawful interference, shall betransponder on a specific code, that code will normally be given priority over other aircraft.maintained unless, in special circumstances, the pilot hasdecided or has been advised otherwise. Where ATC has notrequested a code to be set, the pilot will set the transponder toMode A Code 7700. 15.1.3 Unlawful interference and aircraft bomb threat 15.1.1.2 When an emergency is declared by an aircraft,the ATS unit should take appropriate and relevant action as 15.1.3.1 Air traffic services personnel shall be preparedfollows: to recognize any indication of the occurrence of unlawful interference with an aircraft. a) unless clearly stated by the flight crew or otherwise known, take all necessary steps to ascertain aircraft 15.1.3.2 Whenever unlawful interference with an aircraft identification and type, the type of emergency, the is suspected, and where automatic distinct display of SSR intentions of the flight crew as well as the position and Mode A Code 7500 and Code 7700 is not provided, the radar level of the aircraft; controller shall attempt to verify any suspicion by setting the SSR decoder to Mode A Code 7500 and thereafter to b) decide upon the most appropriate type of assistance Code 7700. which can be rendered; Note.— An aircraft equipped with an SSR transponder is c) enlist the aid of any other ATS unit or other services expected to operate the transponder on Mode A Code 7500 to which may be able to provide assistance to the aircraft; indicate specifically that it is the subject of unlawful interference. The aircraft may operate the transponder on d) provide the flight crew with any information requested Mode A Code 7700, to indicate that it is threatened by grave as well as any additional relevant information, such as and imminent danger and requires immediate assistance. details on suitable aerodromes, minimum safe altitudes, weather information; 15.1.3.3 Whenever unlawful interference with an aircraft is known or suspected or a bomb threat warning has been e) obtain from the operator or the flight crew such of the received, ATS units shall promptly attend to requests by, or to following information as may be relevant: number of anticipated needs of, the aircraft, including requests for persons on board, amount of fuel remaining, possible relevant information relating to air navigation facilities, presence of hazardous materials and the nature thereof; procedures and services along the route of flight and at any and aerodrome of intended landing, and shall take such action as is necessary to expedite the conduct of all phases of the flight. f) notify the appropriate ATS units and authorities as specified in local instructions. 15.1.3.3.1 ATS units shall also: ATT-13 1/7/06
    • Annex 17 — Security Attachment a) transmit, and continue to transmit, information b) if not in direct communication with the aircraft, advise pertinent to the safe conduct of the flight, without the flight crew by the most expeditious means through expecting a reply from the aircraft; other ATS units or other channels. b) monitor and plot the progress of the flight with the 15.1.3.5 The ATS unit in communication with the means available, and coordinate transfer of control aircraft shall ascertain the intentions of the flight crew and with adjacent ATS units without requiring trans- report those intentions to other ATS units which may be missions or other responses from the aircraft, unless concerned with the flight. communication with the aircraft remains normal; 15.1.3.6 The aircraft shall be handled in the most c) inform, and continue to keep informed, appropriate expeditious manner whilst ensuring, to the extent possible, the ATS units, including those in adjacent FIRs, which safety of other aircraft and that personnel and ground may be concerned with the progress of the flight; installations are not put at risk. Note.— In applying this provision, account must be 15.1.3.7 Aircraft in flight shall be given re-clearance to a taken of all the factors which may affect the progress of requested new destination without delay. Any request by the the flight, including fuel endurance and the possibility of flight crew to climb or descend for the purpose of equalizing sudden changes in route and destination. The objective or reducing the differential between the outside air pressure is to provide, as far in advance as is practicable in the and the cabin air pressure shall be approved as soon as circumstances, each ATS unit with appropriate infor- possible. mation as to the expected or possible penetration of the aircraft into its area of responsibility. 15.1.3.8 An aircraft on the ground should be advised to d) notify: remain as far away from other aircraft and installations as possible and, if appropriate, to vacate the runway. The aircraft 1) the operator or its designated representative; should be instructed to taxi to a designated or isolated parking area in accordance with local instructions. Should the flight 2) the appropriate rescue coordination centre in crew disembark passengers and crew immediately, other accordance with appropriate alerting procedures; aircraft, vehicles and personnel should be kept at a safe distance from the threatened aircraft. 3) the designated security authority; 15.1.3.9 ATS units shall not provide any advice or Note.— It is assumed that the designated security suggestions concerning action to be taken by the flight crew in authority and/or the operator will in turn notify other relation to an explosive device. parties concerned in accordance with pre-established procedures. 15.1.3.10 An aircraft known or believed to be the subject of unlawful interference or which for other reasons needs e) relay appropriate messages, relating to the circum- isolation from normal aerodrome activities shall be cleared to stances associated with the unlawful interference, the designated isolated parking position. Where such an between the aircraft and designated authorities. isolated parking position has not been designated, or if the designated position is not available, the aircraft shall be 15.1.3.4 The following additional procedures shall apply cleared to a position within the area or areas selected by priorif a threat is received indicating that a bomb or other explosive agreement with the aerodrome authority. The taxi clearancedevice has been placed on board a known aircraft. The ATS shall specify the taxi route to be followed to the parkingunit receiving the threat information shall: position. This route shall be selected with a view to mini- mizing any security risks to the public, other aircraft and a) if in direct communication with the aircraft, advise the installations at the aerodrome. flight crew without delay of the threat and the circum- stances surrounding the threat; or Note.— See Annex 14, Volume I, Chapter 3.1/7/06 ATT-14
    • Attachment Annex 17 — Security EXTRACTS FROM THE PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES — AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS (DOC 8168), VOLUME I — FLIGHT PROCEDURES PART VIII. — SECONDARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR (SSR) TRANSPONDER OPERATING PROCEDURES Chapter 1 ...... OPERATION OF TRANSPONDERS 1.6 UNLAWFUL INTERFERENCE WITH AIRCRAFT IN FLIGHT...... 1.6.1 Should an aircraft in flight be subjected to unlawful interference, the pilot-in-command shall endeavour 1.4 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES to set the transponder to Mode A Code 7500 to give indication of the situation unless circumstances warrant the use of1.4.1 The pilot of an aircraft encountering a state of Code 7700.emergency shall set the transponder to Mode A Code 7700except when previously directed by ATC to operate the 1.6.2 A pilot, having selected Mode A Code 7500 andtransponder on a specified code. In the latter case the pilot subsequently requested to confirm this code by ATC inshall maintain the specified code unless otherwise advised by accordance with 1.1.5 shall, according to circumstances, eitherATC. confirm this or not reply at all.1.4.2 Notwithstanding the procedures at 1.4.1, a pilot Note.— The absence of a reply from the pilot will be takenmay select Mode A Code 7700 whenever there is a specific by ATC as an indication that the use of Code 7500 is not duereason to believe that this would be the best course of action. to an inadvertent false code selection. — END — ATT-15 1/7/06
    • ICAO PUBLICATIONS AND RELATED PRODUCTS IN THE AIR TRANSPORT FIELDThe following summarizes the various publications and related products in the air transport field issuedby the International Civil Aviation Organization: • International Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) adopted by the Council in accordance with Articles 37, 54 and 90 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation and designated, for convenience, as Annexes to the Convention. Annex 9 — Facilitation — contains SARPs dealing with customs, quarantine, immigration and health matters concerned with international air navigation. Annex 17 — Security — is composed of SARPs on all matters related to safeguarding civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference. Any differences between the national regulations and practices of a State and what is prescribed by an International Standard must be notified to the Council in accordance with Article 38 of the Convention. The Council has also invited Contracting States to notify differences from the provisions of the Recommended Practices. • ICAO’s policies on the regulation of international air transport, charges for airports and air navigation services, and taxation in the field of international air transport. • Technical specifications on machine readable travel documents (MRTDs). • Tariffs for airports and air navigation services, including charges applied towards users in more than 180 States. • Manuals providing information or guidance to Contracting States on such issues as regulation of international air transport, financial management of airports and air navigation services, air traffic forecasting methods, and compliance with Annex 17 provisions. • Circulars providing specialized information of interest to Contracting States. They include studies on medium- and long-term trends in the air transport industry at a global and regional level and specialized studies of a worldwide nature covering issues such as the economic and financial aspects of CNS/ATM systems implementation, regional differences in airline operating economics, economic contribution of civil aviation, privatization of airports and air navigation services, and regulatory implications of slot allocation. • Aviation Security Training Packages (ASTPs) and courses on a range of subjects designed to assist security professionals, managers and staff in developing a more comprehensive understanding of SARPs, as well as to offer specialized practical expertise in the implementation and monitoring of measures and provisions in accordance with local programmes. For further information, please contact avsec@icao.int or visit the training page on the ICAO AVSEC website at www.icao.int/ avsec. • Publications in electronic form, in database and interactive forms, such as the world’s air services agreements and the ICAO template air services agreements. Civil aviation statistics can be accessed by purchasing an annual subscription to one or more of the data series distributed by ICAO through its commercial website at www.icaodata.com. Questions regarding ICAO statistics or special orders for statistical data should be sent to sta@icao.int. • Reports of meetings in the air transport field, including reports on the Facilitation and Statistics divisional-type meetings and those related to conferences on aviation security, regulation of international air transport, and economics of airports and air navigation services.
    • © ICAO 20064/06, E/P1/2000Order No. AN 17 Printed in ICAO