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Towards e-learning 2.0: new paths for informal learning and lifelong learning
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Towards e-learning 2.0: new paths for informal learning and lifelong learning

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  • Good afternoon. I’m Antonio Fini, one of the co-authors of this work. I’m currently working at Educational Technology Lab, at Università di Firenze. Only a little introduction: our work is a trial: we wanted a hands on on new ways of organize and manage e-learning inside an educational institutions. We heard of Web 2.0, of new ways of learning and teaching on the Web: so we decided to try.. Here are the very first results..

Towards e-learning 2.0: new paths for informal learning and lifelong learning Towards e-learning 2.0: new paths for informal learning and lifelong learning Presentation Transcript

  • Antonio Calvani, Giovanni Bonaiuti, Antonio Fini , Maria Ranieri Università di Firenze [email_address] Towards e-learning 2.0: new paths for informal learning and lifelong learning. An application with Personal Learning Environments
  • Preface…
    • Formal
      • Schools, Universities, Training
        • Programme
          • Diploma, Certifications
    • Non-formal
      • Associations, clubs, …
        • Programme
          • Usually no formal qualification
    • Informal
      • Workplace, Family, Daily life…
        • Incidental learning / Experential
  • E-learning?
    • From Wikipedia (En):
    • E-learning is a general term used to refer to computer-enhanced learning. It is used interchangeably in so many contexts that it is critical to be clear what one means when one speaks of 'eLearning'.
  • Is there a dominant paradigm in e-learning?
    • Yes! It is Formal-Institutional :
      • The course as the base unit
      • Technological systems conform with this vision
      • Hence the concept of LMS and VLE (Virtual Learning Environment)
    • Isomorphism between “institution” and LMS/VLE
      • A software that virtually reproduce the real institutional environment
        • Centralization
        • Controlled and reserved access
          • Walled garden
        • Focus on contents provided by teachers
        • Asymmetry between teachers and students
        • Environment is the same for all
        • Attention to standards
        • Tracking , control , …
        • Limited cycle of life
          • When the course ends…
  • Looking forward…
    • From the c ourse-centered paradigm to a student-centered one
      • Formal & Informal
    • The impact of Web 2.0
      • The Web is now “writeable”, “re-writeable”, “annotable”, “mixable”
      • Blog, Wiki, Podcasting, Video/Photo sharing, …
      • Web as a platform (Office 2.0, …)
      • Social software (bookmarking …)
    • Warning! These are services and software that online students already use
      • But usually they do not interact with institutional LMSs
    © 2006 Jay Cross, Internet Time Group LLC, Berkeley, California Formal Informal
  • The web 2.0 “encourages” the change
  • Comparing two visions
    • Traditional paradigm
    • LMS (VLE)
    • Focus on institution
      • Access Control, asymmetric roles
    • Communities of students
    • Separation study – rest of life
    • Selected tools
    • Focus on “standard”
    • Pre-authored, closed content
    • Learning objects
    • Emergent Paradigm
    • Personal environments (PLE)
    • Focus on learner
      • Autonomy, symmetry
    • Open communities
    • Lifelong Learning
    • Unlimited tools
    • Focus on “connectors”
    • Open, dynamic, co-authored content
    • Everything is learning
    Tecnhologies to support the process. Encompassing function. Technologies extending and renewing as the needs of users change
  • Personal Learning Environment
    • Open, connected systems
    • Controlled and managed by users, not by institutions
    • Some inspirations:
      • Lifelong learning
      • E-portfolio
      • Blog
      • Presentation / CV tool
      • Telling stories
      • Conversations
    • Main Technologies:
      • RSS
      • Web Services
    Scott Wilson – CETIS – 2005 http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/scott
  • Personal Learning Environment PLE Graphic by Scott Wilson, CETIS, 2005 (reworked) PLE An idea A concept A mix of tools NOT A NEW SYSTEM!!! Controlled by the user , not by the institution
      • Technologies:
      • RSS
      • Web Service
      • FOAF
      • … .
  • Toward e-learning 2.0 Technology as a resource to aggregate E-learning 2.0, G.Bonaiuti , 2006
  • The context of the project: the LTE
    • Laboratorio di Tecnologie dell’Educazione
    • (Education Technology Lab)
    • Università di Firenze - Facoltà di Scienze della Formazione, Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Educazione, dei processi culturali e Formativi
    • Directed by prof. Antonio Calvani
    • Active since1985
    • www.scform.unifi.it/lte
  • E-learning courses managed by LTE
    • Post-graduate courses
      • Reti e didattica online
    • Master
      • Progettista e Gestore di Formazione in rete
    • Many editions
    • Hundreds of students and alumni
      • An alumni community ?
        • Strongly requested by participants to courses
        • Self-organized initiatives in the past
          • An example: elearningtouch
  • A community ?
    • LTE is a de-facto community!
    • Who are the participants?
      • Staff
      • Contributors
      • Courses participants
        • Teachers
        • Students
        • Alumni
      • Others.. (researchers, guests, PhD students, ecc.)
    • Needs:
      • Keep in touch!
      • Share and collaborate
      • Beyond the boundaries of the LMS
      • Manage and support our own informal learning, beyond and after the “course”
      • An e-portfolio side by side to the LMS
      • Technological support for a community of practice
    LTE Staff Contributors Students Alumni Teachers Others A loosely-coupled community!
  • Bridging…
    • Our working hypothesis:
      • Formal
        • Course management
          • Moodle
      • Informal
        • Blog, e-portfolio, story-telling, social networking
          • Elgg
  • LTEver is based on Elgg Dave Tosh - 2005 http:// elgg.net / dtosh / weblog /398.html
    • Open Source
    • Technologies:
      • Php/mySQL
      • RSS
      • FOAF
      • OpenID
    • Main Site: elgg.org
    • Similar experiences:
    • Athabasca Univ . (Canada)
    • Alpen-Adria Univ. (Austria)
    • Univ . Of Brighton (GB)
  • LTEver www.lte-unifi.net/elgg
  • LTEver features
    • Blog
      • Personal Web space to reflect and tell stories
      • Aggregation from other personal blogs
      • Supporting podcasting/video/photo sharing
    • Dashboard
      • A “showcase” or a web page totally personalizzabile with widgets
    • Files
      • A personal file repository, shareable
    • RSS Resources
      • Link to any external source via via RSS
    • Profile
      • Any word used in any field becomes automatically a tag , for connecting to others
    • Network
      • One’s own “network” of contacts
      • One’s own communities
        • Each user can create open or access-controlled communities
      • Each user can freely invite colleagues and friends to join LTEver
  • Main features
    • A personal space, freely manageable
    • No privileged roles (except for a super-user/admin)
    • Privacy and security
      • For each data element (a post, a file, a profile field)
        • Access Control
          • Public: everyone can access
          • Logged Users: only other LTEver users
          • Private: only the user
          • Community/access group: freely defineble…
      • User can always define the access level
      • Communities and access groups
      • Each user can:
        • Freely create and manage new communities
          • Free/controlled access
        • Invite colleagues and friends for expanding the network
  • Current research and outlook
    • Activated in Feb 2007
      • Near 200 users
      • Heavy use of blogs and comments
      • Pre-defined communities
    • Next steps:
      • Support to activities and conversations
        • Communities on specific topics, managed by Animators
      • Research:
        • Relational dynamics
        • Surveys/Focus groups
        • Usefulness of the tool for knowledge creation/sharing/managing
    • Outlook:
      • Technical
        • OpenID
        • New features (CV, presentation, tools integration, …)
          • Internal
          • External Services integration
      • Methodological
        • PLE as a pedagogical middleware
        • A bridge between VLE and PLE?
  • Some questions…
    • Why not, for example, in MySpace?
      • Users seem to prefer a halfway..
      • From first LTEver users survey:
        • 54% say yes to existing users to be able to invite new users
        • 54% say no to general public to be able to register
    • New features?
      • Internal
      • External (via SOA)
  • Thank you!
    • Contact:
    • LTE - Laboratorio di Tecnologie dell’Educazione
    • Università di Firenze
    • www.scform.unifi.it/lte
    • {calvani, gbonaiuti, antonio.fini, maria.ranieri@unifi.it}
    • www.lte-unifi.net/elgg
  • Blog
  • Dashboard
  • Files
  • RSS resources
  • Profile
  • Network