Classical music

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Introduction to Classical Music

Introduction to Classical Music

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  • 1. Classical Music
  • 2. Classical Music - Eras
    Baroque (1600-1750)
    foundation laid for the following 300 years of musical expression
    modern orchestra was born, along with opera
    Neo-Classical (1750-1830)
    introduction of the sonata, concerto, symphony, trio and quartet
    a near-obsession with structural clarity
    Romantic (1830-1900)
    intensity of expression
    nationalist schools begin to emerge
    Gershwin-“Rhapsody in Blue”
  • 3. Classical Music - Categories
    Orchestral Music
    (string, brass, woodwind, percussion)
    Symphony
    Overture
    Concerto
    Ballet
    Chamber Music
    - music composed for a small ensemble (2-15 players)
    Opera
    - a play set to music
    Brandenburg Concerto
  • 4. Johann Sebastian Bach
    German 1685-1750
    Supreme composer of the Baroque Era
    composer and organist of
    ecclesiastical and secular works
    20 children
    “ Revered for his intellectual depth, technical command and artistic beauty”
    Classical Music
    Air for the “G” String
  • 5. Toccata and Fugue - Johann Sebastian Bach
    Classical Music
  • 6. Antonio Vivaldi
    Italian 1678-1741
    The Four Seasons (1723)
    a set of four concertos for violin
    wrote sonnets to match each season
    “Vivaldi's music is joyful, almost playful, revealing his own joy of composing”
    Classical Music
    “Spring” The Four Seasons
  • 7. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Austrian 1756-1791
    Child Prodigy (composing at age 4)
    Revolution of Classical Music
    (over 600 compositions)
    Requiem - Funeral Mass
    music criticized as being “too complex”
    Classical Music
    Eine kleine Nachtmusik
  • 8. Ludwig van Beethoven
    German 1770-1827
    Leads transition between the
    Classical Era and Romantic Era
    started to go deaf around age thirty
    5th Symphony, Für Elise, Moonlight Sonata and The Ode to Joy
    Classical Music
    Fifth Symphony
  • 9. “Ode to Joy” - Beethoven’s 9th Symphony
    Classical Music
  • 10. Felix Mendelssohn
    German 1809-1847
    Romantic Era composer
    Converted to Christianity
    A Midsummer Night's Dream
    Classical Music
    “Wedding March” - A Midsummer Night's Dream
  • 11. Johann Strauss
    Austrian 1825-1899
    “The Waltz King”
    Extensive Touring – Europe/US
    “Blue Danube” “Vienna Waltz”
    “Emperor Waltz”
    Classical Music
    “ The Blue Danube”
  • 12. Richard Wagner
    German 1813-1883
    Best known for his operas
    Leitmotif - principle of musical unity
    Themes of Nordic Mythology and
    German Nationalism
    The Flying Dutchman, Tannhäuser , Lohengrin , Tristan and Isolde
    Ring of the Nibelungen
    Classical Music
    Ride of the Valkyrie
  • 13. “Tristan und Isolde”
    Classical Music
  • 14. Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Russian 1840-1893
    Fused Western classical music with Russian nationalism.
    Famous Ballet scores – foundation of 20th Century Dance
    “Swan Lake”, “The Nutcracker”,
    “Sleeping Beauty” “The 1812 Overture”
    Classical Music
    The 1812 Overture
  • 15. “Swan Lake”
    Classical Music
  • 16. Georges Bizet
    French 1838-1875
    Operas/Dramatic Music
    Carmen - one of the most popular operas ever written
    “Only posthumouslywas his true stature appreciated”
    Classical Music
    Carmen: Toreador's Song
  • 17. Carmen: “Habanera”
    Classical Music
  • 18. Orff: “O Fortuna”
    Classical Music