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Introduction to Classical Music

Introduction to Classical Music

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    Classical music Classical music Presentation Transcript

    • Classical Music
    • Classical Music - Eras
      Baroque (1600-1750)
      foundation laid for the following 300 years of musical expression
      modern orchestra was born, along with opera
      Neo-Classical (1750-1830)
      introduction of the sonata, concerto, symphony, trio and quartet
      a near-obsession with structural clarity
      Romantic (1830-1900)
      intensity of expression
      nationalist schools begin to emerge
      Gershwin-“Rhapsody in Blue”
    • Classical Music - Categories
      Orchestral Music
      (string, brass, woodwind, percussion)
      Symphony
      Overture
      Concerto
      Ballet
      Chamber Music
      - music composed for a small ensemble (2-15 players)
      Opera
      - a play set to music
      Brandenburg Concerto
    • Johann Sebastian Bach
      German 1685-1750
      Supreme composer of the Baroque Era
      composer and organist of
      ecclesiastical and secular works
      20 children
      “ Revered for his intellectual depth, technical command and artistic beauty”
      Classical Music
      Air for the “G” String
    • Toccata and Fugue - Johann Sebastian Bach
      Classical Music
    • Antonio Vivaldi
      Italian 1678-1741
      The Four Seasons (1723)
      a set of four concertos for violin
      wrote sonnets to match each season
      “Vivaldi's music is joyful, almost playful, revealing his own joy of composing”
      Classical Music
      “Spring” The Four Seasons
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
      Austrian 1756-1791
      Child Prodigy (composing at age 4)
      Revolution of Classical Music
      (over 600 compositions)
      Requiem - Funeral Mass
      music criticized as being “too complex”
      Classical Music
      Eine kleine Nachtmusik
    • Ludwig van Beethoven
      German 1770-1827
      Leads transition between the
      Classical Era and Romantic Era
      started to go deaf around age thirty
      5th Symphony, Für Elise, Moonlight Sonata and The Ode to Joy
      Classical Music
      Fifth Symphony
    • “Ode to Joy” - Beethoven’s 9th Symphony
      Classical Music
    • Felix Mendelssohn
      German 1809-1847
      Romantic Era composer
      Converted to Christianity
      A Midsummer Night's Dream
      Classical Music
      “Wedding March” - A Midsummer Night's Dream
    • Johann Strauss
      Austrian 1825-1899
      “The Waltz King”
      Extensive Touring – Europe/US
      “Blue Danube” “Vienna Waltz”
      “Emperor Waltz”
      Classical Music
      “ The Blue Danube”
    • Richard Wagner
      German 1813-1883
      Best known for his operas
      Leitmotif - principle of musical unity
      Themes of Nordic Mythology and
      German Nationalism
      The Flying Dutchman, Tannhäuser , Lohengrin , Tristan and Isolde
      Ring of the Nibelungen
      Classical Music
      Ride of the Valkyrie
    • “Tristan und Isolde”
      Classical Music
    • Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
      Russian 1840-1893
      Fused Western classical music with Russian nationalism.
      Famous Ballet scores – foundation of 20th Century Dance
      “Swan Lake”, “The Nutcracker”,
      “Sleeping Beauty” “The 1812 Overture”
      Classical Music
      The 1812 Overture
    • “Swan Lake”
      Classical Music
    • Georges Bizet
      French 1838-1875
      Operas/Dramatic Music
      Carmen - one of the most popular operas ever written
      “Only posthumouslywas his true stature appreciated”
      Classical Music
      Carmen: Toreador's Song
    • Carmen: “Habanera”
      Classical Music
    • Orff: “O Fortuna”
      Classical Music