Classical Music<br />
Classical Music - Eras<br />Baroque (1600-1750)<br /> foundation laid for the following 300 years of musical expression<br...
Classical Music - Categories<br />Orchestral Music <br />(string, brass, woodwind, percussion)<br />Symphony<br />Overture...
Johann Sebastian Bach<br />German   1685-1750<br /> Supreme composer of the Baroque Era<br />composer and organist of<br /...
Toccata and Fugue -  Johann Sebastian Bach<br />Classical Music<br />
Antonio Vivaldi<br />Italian  1678-1741<br />The Four Seasons (1723)  <br />		a set of four concertos for violin<br />wrot...
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart<br />Austrian   1756-1791<br />Child Prodigy  (composing at age 4)  <br />Revolution of Classical ...
Ludwig van Beethoven<br />German   1770-1827<br />Leads transition between the <br />		Classical Era and Romantic Era<br /...
“Ode to Joy” -  Beethoven’s 9th Symphony<br />Classical Music<br />
Felix Mendelssohn <br />German   1809-1847<br />Romantic Era composer<br />Converted to Christianity<br />	A Midsummer Nig...
Johann Strauss <br />Austrian   1825-1899<br />“The Waltz King”<br />Extensive Touring – Europe/US<br />“Blue Danube” “Vie...
Richard Wagner <br />German   1813-1883<br />Best known for his operas<br />Leitmotif - principle of musical unity<br />Th...
“Tristan und Isolde”<br />Classical Music<br />
Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky<br />Russian   1840-1893<br />Fused Western classical music with 	Russian nationalism.<br />Famou...
“Swan Lake”<br />Classical Music<br />
Georges Bizet<br />French   1838-1875<br />Operas/Dramatic Music<br />Carmen - one of the most popular operas ever written...
Carmen:  “Habanera”<br />Classical Music<br />
Orff:  “O Fortuna”<br />Classical Music<br />
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Classical music

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Introduction to Classical Music

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Classical music

  1. 1. Classical Music<br />
  2. 2. Classical Music - Eras<br />Baroque (1600-1750)<br /> foundation laid for the following 300 years of musical expression<br /> modern orchestra was born, along with opera<br />Neo-Classical (1750-1830)<br />introduction of the sonata, concerto, symphony, trio and quartet<br />a near-obsession with structural clarity<br />Romantic (1830-1900)<br />intensity of expression<br />nationalist schools begin to emerge<br />Gershwin-“Rhapsody in Blue” <br />
  3. 3. Classical Music - Categories<br />Orchestral Music <br />(string, brass, woodwind, percussion)<br />Symphony<br />Overture<br />Concerto<br />Ballet<br />Chamber Music<br />- music composed for a small ensemble (2-15 players)<br />Opera<br />- a play set to music<br />Brandenburg Concerto<br />
  4. 4. Johann Sebastian Bach<br />German 1685-1750<br /> Supreme composer of the Baroque Era<br />composer and organist of<br /> ecclesiastical and secular works<br />20 children<br />“ Revered for his intellectual depth, technical command and artistic beauty”<br />Classical Music<br />Air for the “G” String <br />
  5. 5. Toccata and Fugue - Johann Sebastian Bach<br />Classical Music<br />
  6. 6. Antonio Vivaldi<br />Italian 1678-1741<br />The Four Seasons (1723) <br /> a set of four concertos for violin<br />wrote sonnets to match each season<br />“Vivaldi's music is joyful, almost playful, revealing his own joy of composing”<br />Classical Music<br /> “Spring” The Four Seasons <br />
  7. 7. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart<br />Austrian 1756-1791<br />Child Prodigy (composing at age 4) <br />Revolution of Classical Music<br /> (over 600 compositions)<br />Requiem - Funeral Mass<br />music criticized as being “too complex”<br />Classical Music<br />Eine kleine Nachtmusik<br />
  8. 8. Ludwig van Beethoven<br />German 1770-1827<br />Leads transition between the <br /> Classical Era and Romantic Era<br />started to go deaf around age thirty<br />5th Symphony, Für Elise, Moonlight Sonata and The Ode to Joy<br />Classical Music<br />Fifth Symphony<br />
  9. 9. “Ode to Joy” - Beethoven’s 9th Symphony<br />Classical Music<br />
  10. 10. Felix Mendelssohn <br />German 1809-1847<br />Romantic Era composer<br />Converted to Christianity<br /> A Midsummer Night's Dream <br />Classical Music<br />“Wedding March” - A Midsummer Night's Dream <br />
  11. 11. Johann Strauss <br />Austrian 1825-1899<br />“The Waltz King”<br />Extensive Touring – Europe/US<br />“Blue Danube” “Vienna Waltz” <br /> “Emperor Waltz” <br />Classical Music<br />“ The Blue Danube”<br />
  12. 12. Richard Wagner <br />German 1813-1883<br />Best known for his operas<br />Leitmotif - principle of musical unity<br />Themes of Nordic Mythology and<br /> German Nationalism<br />The Flying Dutchman, Tannhäuser , Lohengrin , Tristan and Isolde<br />Ring of the Nibelungen<br />Classical Music<br />Ride of the Valkyrie<br />
  13. 13. “Tristan und Isolde”<br />Classical Music<br />
  14. 14. Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky<br />Russian 1840-1893<br />Fused Western classical music with Russian nationalism.<br />Famous Ballet scores – foundation of 20th Century Dance<br />“Swan Lake”, “The Nutcracker”, <br /> “Sleeping Beauty” “The 1812 Overture”<br />Classical Music<br />The 1812 Overture<br />
  15. 15. “Swan Lake”<br />Classical Music<br />
  16. 16. Georges Bizet<br />French 1838-1875<br />Operas/Dramatic Music<br />Carmen - one of the most popular operas ever written<br />“Only posthumouslywas his true stature appreciated”<br />Classical Music<br />Carmen: Toreador's Song<br />
  17. 17. Carmen: “Habanera”<br />Classical Music<br />
  18. 18. Orff: “O Fortuna”<br />Classical Music<br />
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