A Tale of Two Saints : St Peter and St Paul
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A Tale of Two Saints : St Peter and St Paul

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A Coptic Orthodox character study of St Peter and St Paul - to commemorate The Feast of the Apostles (Martyrdom of St Peter and St Paul - 5th Abib – 12th July)

A Coptic Orthodox character study of St Peter and St Paul - to commemorate The Feast of the Apostles (Martyrdom of St Peter and St Paul - 5th Abib – 12th July)

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  • He has three names: Simon the son of Jonah, Cephas, and Peter. He and his brother Andrew were fishermen. His brother knew Christ before him. Simon began his acquaintance with Christ by way of his brother Andrew. It was mentioned in the gospel of John about Andrew: "He first found his own brother Simon, and said to him: "We have found the Messiah (which is translated, the Christ). And he brought him to Jesus. Now when Jesus looked at him, He said: "You are Simon the son of Jonah. You shall be called Cephas [which is translated, (Peter,) A Stone] (John 1: 40 42). We note that the three names came in a single verse. Simon Peter became the first name among the twelve (Matt. 10:2). Rather he became one of three who were very near to the Lord Christ. They are Peter, James, and John, whom He took to the mount of the Transfiguration, and "His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light" (Matt. 17: 1,2); and they saw with Him Moses and Elijah talking to Him...... The Lord took these three with Him in the resurrection of the daughter of Jairus from death. The gospel of Mark says about that: "And He permitted no one to follow Him except Peter, James, and John the brother of James" (Mark 5:37). These three are also those whom He took with Him to the garden of Gethsemany, in His agony before the crucifixion. The gospel of Matthew says about that: "And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee...." (Matt. 26:37). Hence, Peter, James and John had a certain familiarity by Christ. Therefore the apostle Paul considers Peter to be one of the three pillars of the church in the days of the apostles. He says: "and when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that had been given to me, they gave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship, that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcision" (Gal. 2:9). The apostle saint Peter loved the Lord Christ very much. He loved His words and His instruction. Accordingly when some disciples returned back; and the Lord [said to the twelve: "Do you also want to go away?" But Simon Peter answered Him: "Lord, to whom shallwe go? You have the words of eternal life" (John 6: 66 68). His love for Him was manifested in his words on MaundyThursday night. When the Lord said to His disciples: "All of you will be made to stumble because of Me this night", Peter with his well known implusiveness answered and said to Him: "Even if all are made to stumble because of You, I will never be made to stumble ....... Even if I have to die with You, I will not deny You" (Matt. 26: 31 35). "I am ready to go with You, both to prison and to death" (Luke 22:33). Verily, he denied Him three times, but out of weakness, and not out of lack of love. A proof of this is that when the rooster crew, "he went out and wept bitterly" (Matt. 26:75). Another proof is that he answered the Lord after the resurrection: "You know that I love you" (John 21: 17). The Lord accepted his repentance, and established him in his apostleship and said to him: "Feed My lambs", "Tend My sheep" (John 21: 15,16). The apostle Peter manifested great courage and boldness after the coming of the Holy Spirit. The first chapters of the book of the Acts of the Apostles are nearly centered about the two apostles Peter and John; and narrate to us what they did in the building of the first Church, before the appearance of the apostle Paul. We do not forget the strength of the apostle Peter in exhortation: The effect of his sermon on the day of the Pentecost, which drew to faith nearly three thousand men who "were cut to the heart" (Acts 2:37), and were baptised; and likewise his sermon after the healing of the lame (Acts 3); and his courageous standing before all the chiefs and the priests of the Jews; and his unrestricted manifestation of his faith. It is evident that he could recall from memory the psalms and the verses of the Bible. He mentioned them in his profound interpretations. For example: what he said about Judas (Acts 1: 16 20); what he said on the day of the Pentecost; his quotation of what came in the book of the prophet Joel (Acts 2: 16 21); other quotations from the book of the Psalms (Acts :24 30) ..... all this in consequent verses. Add to this what he said on the day of the healing of the lame, and his quotation of the sayings of the prophets (Acts 3: 21 25). The apostle Peter is astonishing in his recalling from memory of the verses of the Bible, and their use. Examples of this are numerous. That is not the time to count them. We find the same situation in his two epistles which he wrote. It is the style of a man who filled with the spirit of the Bible, and with the soundness of the explanation of the words. He said: "knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit" (2 Peter 1:20 21). It was he who said: "I stir up your pure minds by way of reminder, that you may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets...." (2 Peter 3: 1 2).
  • The Differences Between Saints Peter PaulPeter was among the first whom the Lord had chosen to work with Him (Matt. 10). And Paul was not among the twelve, and not even among the seventy apostles, but the Lord chose him lastly, after the resurrection and years after the choice of Matthias...... He did not follow Christ during His predication on earth. He rather said about that: "Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time. For I am the least of the apostles, who am not worthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God" (1 Cor. 15: 8 9). And although he was the last in his call, yet he "laboured more abundantly than they all" (1 Cor. 15:10). That shows that it is not a matter of precedence, but according to the amount of weariness from exertion for God. A person may not be the most ancient among the workers in ministry, and nevertheless he may be the strongest of all the workers. John the Baptist was not the first prophet in the Old Testament, but he was the last of them in their chronological order. Nevertheless it was said that "among those born of women there has not risen one greater than John the Baptist" (Matt. 11:11). St. Augustin said to the Lord: "I have been very much late to love You". And with his lateness, he was more profound than millions who had preceded him. Peter was born in Bethsaide, and his family lived in Capernaum (Kafr Nahum). Paul was born in Tarsus of Cilicia. He went to Jerusalem in the early years of his youth to complete his religious instruction, in order to study the Law at the hands of one of the great teachers" (Acts 22:3). The apostle Peter was a married man. It was mentioned in the Gospel that Christ healed his step mother from fever (Matt. 8: 14 15). In his journeys for the predication, he wandered accompanied by his wife as a sister (1 Cor. 9:5). But the apostle Paul was a virgin. (1 Cor. 7:7). He called for the preference of virginity. "But each one has his own gift from God", "as the Lord has called each one...... Let each one remain in the same calling in which he was called" (1 Cor. 7: 7,17,20). That proves that the Lord calls everybody to His service, whether they are married like Peter, or virgins like Paul. Peter began his life with the Lord Christ with love, confidence, and faith. But on the contrary: Paul began by enemity, as a persecutor of the Church and of everyone who followed Christ, so that the Lord, when He met him on the road to Damascus, began his conversation with him by reprimanding him saying: "Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?" (Acts 9:4). Saint Peter was a simple man, a fisherman (Matt. 4:18). He was ignorant and was not instructed into culture or science. He is one of whom "God has chosen the foolish things of the world to put to shame the wise" (1 Cor. 27). It was said of him, of him and saint John, "that they were uneducated and untrained men" (Acts 4:13). But Saint Paul was one of the learned of his age, who was educated at the University of Tarsus, and brought up at the feet of Gamaliel (Acts 22:3). He was well known for his culture and for reading many books. (Acts 26:24). That shows us that the Lord equally employs everybody for His kingdom, the learned and the simple. The important thing for them is to be useful ustensils for the work of His grace...... There was also a distinction in the mission of each of the two saints Peter and Paul. The apostle Peter began his ministry while he was old aged. Perhaps he was the oldest of all the apostles. Therefore they venerated his old age. As regards age, he said about saint Mark: "Mark my son " (1 Peter 5:13). But Saint Paul was smaller than Saint Peter in age. Also among the points of difference: the apostle Paul formed for himself disciples in a greater number than Peter did. Among his disciples were Timothy and Titus to whom he sent epistles. Also among his disciples, were Luke, Aristarchus, Tichycus, Carpus, the deaconess Phebe, Achilla and Priscilla......and others. Mark followed both of them: first he followed Peter, then he remained with Paul to the end of his life (2 Tim. 4:11). It was said about Saint Peter that he was "the apostle of circumcision" He was confided in "the gospel of circumcision", that is the predication to the Jews; while Paul was confided in "the Gospel of uncircumcision," that is the predication to the Gentiles. Such is what the apostle Saint Paul said: "the gospel of the uncircumcised had been committed to me, as the gospel for the circumcised was to Peter, for He who worked effectivey in Peter for the apostleship to the circumcised also worked effectively in me toward the Gentiles" (Gal. 2: 7 8). The Lord said to Paul: "Depart, for I will send y ou far from here to the Gentiles" (Acts 22:21). And He also said to him: "for as you testified for Me in Jerusalem, so you must also bear witness at Rome" (Rom.23:11). Paul wrote an epistle to the Romans, and some epistles to the churches of the Gentiles. Peter wrote to the Jews "the pilgrims of the Dispersion" (1 Peter 1:1). Saint Paul wrote 14 epistles which consisted of 100 chapters. Saint Peter wrote only two epistles which consisted of 8 chapters. Saint Peter was simple in his writings. As for Saint Paul, Saint Peter said about his epistles "in which are some things hard to understand, which untaught and unstable people twist to their own destruction" (2 Peter 3:16). Saint Paul talked about theological questions like the justification, the renovation, Law and grace, the baptism, the priesthood, choice and rejection, living as Jews ...... matters which Saint Peter did not approach. Saint Peter was impulsive. That was probably because of his great zeal, or his jealousy. The Lord praised him when he testified of Him that He is the Son of the living God (Matt. 16: 15:19). But many times the Lord reprimanded him for his impulsiveness. Such as when He reprimanded him afterwards, when the Lord was talking about his future sufferings and His killing by the Jews. Then Peter said impetuously: "Far be it from You, Lord; this shall not happen to you! Then the Lord rebuked him saying: "Get behind Me, Satan! You are an offense to Me, for you are not mindful of the things of God, but the things of men"(Matt. 16: 21:23). Peter also was implusive during the Lord s washing of His apostles feet. He refused and "said to Him: You shall never wash my feet!" But when "Jesus answered him: "If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me. Simon Peter said to Him: "Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head"...... (John 13: 8 10). Another time when the Lord Christ was arrested, Peter "having a sword", impulsively "drew it and struck the high priest s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant s name was Malchus. So, Jesus said to Peter: "Put your sword into the sheath. Shall I not drink the cup which My Father has given Me?" (John 18: 10 11). And He also said to him: "for all who take the sword will perish by the sword" (Matt. 26: 51,52). Thus we see that the Lord has chosen him in spite of his impulsiveness, then He has transformed this impulsiveness into good since the day of the Pentecost. Then we see Peter beginning to speak in that day, and he explained what was happening to the people (Acts 2), and he called them to faith. He also began to speak on the day of the healing of the lame, and rebuked the Jews because they had preferred a murderer to the Lord Christ, before Pilate (Acts 3:12 26). He came forward in many occasions, as when he said: "We ought to obey God rather than men" (Act 5:29). Thus the Lord employed the impulsiveness ot Peter for the good. As for Saint Paul, he was also enthusiastic, but without impulsiveness..... Because of the difference in their style of work, Saint Paul once reprimanded Saint Peter himself: He explained this in the second chapter of his epistle to the Galatians saying: "Now when Peter had come to Antioch, I withstood him to his face, because he was to be blamed; for before cetain men came from James, he would eat with the Gentiles; but when they came, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing those who were of the circumcision. And the rest of the Jews also played the hypocrite with him, so that even Barnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy. But when I saw that they were not straightforward about the truth of the gospel, I said to Peter before them all: "If you being a Jew, live in the manner of Gentiles and not as the Jews, why do you compel Gentiles to live as Jews?" (Gal. 2: 11 14). Nevertheless the two saints participated together and resembled each other in substantial matters like zeal and martyrdom.
  • 1. Both were Jews.The apostle Paul mentioned that he was a Jew, from the tribe of Benjamin (Philippians 3:5). The Bible did not mention which tribe the apostle Peter was from.2. Both were called by the Lord. Peter was "casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen. Then He said to them: "Follow Me, and I will make you fishers of men. They immediately left their nets and followed Him" (Matt. 4: 18-20). The Lord called Paul as "he journeyed to Damascus, and suddently a light shone around him from heaven. Then he fell to the ground" Acts 9: 1 4), and the Lord called him, sending him first to Ananias of Damascus. And as the Lord Jesus Christ called him, also the Holy Spirit called him, and said: "Now separate to Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them." (Acts 13:2). Likewise also, God the Father called him. The apostle St. Paul said about that: "But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb and called me through His grace, to reveal His Son in me, that I might preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately confer with flesh and blood, nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me." (Gal. 1: 15-17). Thus we see that the apostle St. Paul was called by the three Persons, each separately.Although both the saint-apostles Peter and Paul were likewise called by God, yet the manner of the call was different; and also the number of the calls. 3. The Lord changed the name of each of them.Peter was called Simon, son of Jonah (John 21:15). The Lord called him by the name of Peter. (Matt. 16: 17,18). The name of Saul was changed into Paul. At the beginning of his call, the Lord called him by the name of Saul (Acts 9:4). During his predication, He called him by the name of Paul (Acts 23:11). 4. The Holy Spirit came upon each of them, and each of them spoke with tongues. It is evident that the apostle Peter spoke languages o�n the day of Pentecost, for the Spirit of the Lord had come upon him. The apostle Paul said in his epistle to the Corinthians: "I thank my God I speak with tongues more than you all" (1 Cor. 14:18). And it was said in the story of Elymas the sorcerer: "Then Saul, who also is called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit..." (Acts 13:9).5. Each of them had the power to give the Holy Spirit. It was said about Peter and John, that the apostles who were in Jerusalem, sent them to Samaria when that region believed: "Then they laid hands o�n them, and the received the Holy Spirit" (Acts 8:17). It was likewise said about the apostle Paul that after the baptism of the Ephesians "when Paul had laid hands o�n them, the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they spoke with tongues and prohesied" (Acts 19: 5,6). 6. Each of them performed wonders and miracles. It was said about the apostle Paul: "Now God worked unusual miracles by the hands of Paul, wo that even handkerchiefs or aprons were brought from his body to the sick, and the diseases left them and the evil spirits went out of them" (Acts 19:11). 7. Each of them raised up a dead.The apostle Peter resuscitated from death "a certain disciple named Tabitha, which is translated Dorcas". He "prayed. And turning to the body he said: Tabitha, arise". And she opened her eyes... Then he gave her his hand and lifted her up...[and] presented her alive." (Acts 9: 36-41)The apostle Paul resuscitated from death "a certain young man named Euthychus, who was sinking into a deep sleep. He was overcome by sleep; as Paul continued speaking, he fell down from the third story and was taken up dead." But Paul resuscitated him. "And they brought the young man in alive, and they were not a little comforted." (Acts 20: 7-12)
  • 8. Each of them was a flame of energy, holy zeal, and work of predication.9. Each of them preached and taught, and made efforts in the ministry. Since the day of the Pentecost, Peter taught and preached, and testified to the resurrection of the Lord Christ, in the temple and outside the temple. He preached in Jerusalem, in Lydda, and in Joppa (Acts 9: 22,31). He moved from Joppa to Caesarea where he admonished and baptised Cornelius and those who were with him (Acts 10). He also preached the Jews of the Dispersion, and sent to them an epistle "To the pilgrims of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia" (1 Peter 1:1). The apostle Saint Paul "laboured more abundantly than they [the apostles] all." (1 Cor. 15:10) Therefore we shall select a special chapter for him. 10. Each of them was bold and courageous in his predication. It is enough to say about the apostle Peter that he insisted upon his predication, and did not care about the threatening by the Jews, but said his famous expression: "We ought to obey God rather than men" (Acts 5:29). He rather rebuked the Jews saying: "The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the God of our fathers, glorified His Servant Jesus, whom you delivered up and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let Him go. But you denied the Holy o�ne and the Just, and asked for a murderer to be granted to you, and killed the Prince of life" (Acts 3: 13-15). The apostle St. Paul was very courageous before the governors. It is that the governor Felix was terrified before him, who was a captive, "as he reasoned about righteousness, self control, and the judgement to come" (Acts 24:25). And when he stood before the king Agrippa during his trial, he said to him: "King Agrippa, do you believe the prophets? I know that you do believe". Then Agrippa said to Paul: "You almost persuade me to become a Christian". And Paul said: "I would to God that not o�nly you, but also all who hear me today, might become both almost and altogether such as I am, except for these chains" (Acts 26: 27-29). Because of the courage of St. Paul, "as they bound him with thongs, Paul said to the centurion who stood by: 'Is it lawful for you to scourge a man who is a Roman, and uncondemned?' When the centurion heard that, he went and told the commander, saying: 'Take care what you do, for this man is a Roman.'" And when the commander heard this, he was "afraid after he found out that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him". Then immediately those who were about to examine him withdrew from him." (Acts 22: 25-29)Because of the courage of St. Paul, when the governor Festus wanted to deliver him to the Jews to kill him, he said: "'I stand at Caesar's judgement seat, where I ought to be judged... For if I am an offender, or have committed anything deserving of death, I do not object to dying; but if there is nothing in these things of which these men accuse me, no o�ne can deliver me to them. I appeal to Caesar.' [Festus] answered: 'You have appealed to Caesar? To Caesar you shall go!'" (Acts 25: 10-12). 11. Each of the two Saints Peter and Paul was firm in his punishment of the sinners. We see this in the punishment by St. Peter of Ananias and Sapphira when they "kept back part of the proceeds" of their sold possession and lied to the Holy Spirit; then Peter said to Ananias: "You have not lied to men but to God." (Acts 5:4) Then Ananias "fell down and breathed his last." And when his wife Sapphira repeated the same lie, Saint Peter said to her: "'How is it that you have agreed together to test the Spirit of the Lord? Look, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out'. Then immediately she fell down at his feet and breathed her last.'" (Acts 5:9)This firmness was necessary, in order for the Church not to begin with negligence and indifference. Therefore it was said afterwards: "So great fear came upon all the church and upon all who heard these things." (Acts 5:11) This punishment confirms the amount of power which God granted to that saint-apostle. Another example is the position of Saint Peter as regards Simeon the sorcerer. This o�ne was so astonished that through the laying of the apostles' hands the Holy Spirit was given, he offered them money to obtain the same gift! "But Peter said to him [with firmness and authority]: 'Your money perish with you, because you thought that the gift of God could be purchased with money!... Repent therefore of this your wickedness, and pray God if perhaps the thought of your heart may be forgiven you. For I see that you are poisoned by bitterness and bound by iniquity.'" (Acts 8: 18-22)The apostle Paul also acted with every firmness with the sinner of Corinth. That o�ne who had fallen into the sin of adultery with his father's wife. When the apostle Paul heard about this, he sent to them saying: "I indeed, as absent in body but present in spirit, have already judged...deliver such a o�ne to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus." And he reprimanded the people and said to them: "put away from yourselves the evil person." (1 Cor. 5: 3-5,13) This firmness had its effect for the repentance of that sinner and for the holy zeal of the people. Another example of the firmness of Saint Paul was his position with regards to Elymas the sorcerer. ("For so his name is translated") The apostle "Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, looked intently at him", rebuked him and said: "now indeed, the hand of the Lord is upon you, and you shall be blind, not seeing the sun for a time. And immediately a dark mist fell o�n him, and he went around seeking someone to lead him by the hand." (Acts 13: 6 11) This event indicates also the authority which God granted to that saint apostle. And it happened as he said. 12. In spite of all this, the two saint-apostles were humble. At the beginning of the Lord s call of Peter, in the miracle of the catching of fish, we read that after the miracle that "he fell down at Jesus knees, saying: "Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord!" (Luke 5:8). The tradition informs us that during his martyrdom and crucifixion, he asked to be crucified head down because of his feeling of his sins, and not to be crucified as the Lord.The apostle Paul, in spite of all his fights in preaching, in spite of his numerous miracles, we see him write to his disciple Timothy saying: "although I was formerly a blasphemer, a persecutor, and an insolent man, but I obtained mercy because I did it ignorantly in unbelief" (1 Tim. 1:13). And he says in his first epistle to the Corinthians about the appearances of the Lord: "Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by o�ne born out of due time. For I am the least of the apostles, who am not worthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God." (1 Cor. 15: 8,9)The examples and proofs of the humility of these two great apostles are very numerous, and it is not appropriate to address them now in this summary pamphlet.13. Each of them was exposed to many persecutions. St. Peter was persecuted together with the rest of the apostles at the beginning of Christianity. "the priests, the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came upon them" (Acts 4:1). They arrested them, then they let them go. They conferred among themselves to kill them; were it not for the intervention of the Law teacher Gamaliel. (Acts 5: 32-40) They scourged them and "commanded them that they should not speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go. So they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for His name." (Acts 5:41) St. Peter suffered scourging for Christ, and likewise also he was confined to jail. Herod arrested him to please the Jews, and "he put him in prison, and delivered him to four squads of soldiers to keep him, intending to bring him before the people after Passover." (Acts 12: 3, 4) But the angel of the Lord delivered Peter that night, and brought him out of prison.As for Paul, how numerous are the persecutions which happened to him and to his participants in the ministry!? He said about this: "But in all things we commend ourselves as ministers of God: in much patience, in tribulations, in needs, in distresses, in stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in sleeplessness, in fastings." (2 Cor. 6: 4, 5)"We are hard pressed o�n every side, yet not crushed; we are perplexed, but not in despair; persecuted, but not forsaken; struck down, but not destroyed; always carrying about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our mortal body. For we who live are always delivered to death." (2 Cor. 4: 8 11)He has explained in 2 Cor. 11 a summary of his sufferings. He said: "in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequently, in deaths often. From the Jews five times I received forty stripes minus o�ne. Three times I was beaten with rods; o�nce I was stoned; three times I was shipwrecked; a night and a day I have been in the deep; in journeys often, in perils of waters, in peril of robbers, in perils of my own countrymen, in perils of the Gentiles, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren; in weariness and toil, in sleeplessness often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness". 14. Each of the Saints Peter and Paul obtained the crown of martyrdom. Each of them ended his life as a martyr in the year 67 AD at the hands of the Emperor Nero. The apostle St. Peter was crucified head down. The apostle Saint Paul was beheaded with the sword.

A Tale of Two Saints : St Peter and St Paul A Tale of Two Saints : St Peter and St Paul Presentation Transcript

  •  Name: Simon (son of Jonah), Cephas, Peter  City of Birth: Bethsaida  Marital Status: Married (Matthew 8:14)  Siblings: St. Andrew (Disciple)  Profession: Fisherman (owned boat)  Education: None  Relation to Jesus: One of the 12 Disciples  Method of death: Crucified up-side-down on a cross St Peter
  • St Peter Personality and Character  Impulsive, yet cowardly. (Matthew 14:28-30; 26:69, 70)  Hot tempered (John 18:10), yet tenderhearted. (Matthew 26:75)  Insightful (Matthew 16:16), yet ignorant. (Matthew 16:21-23)  Courageous and solid after Pentecost (Acts 5:28-30), yet was hypocritical. (Galatians 2:11-13) Apostle St. Peter El Greco (1610-1614)
  • St Peter: Significant Events  Jesus calling him to be fisher of men after miracle of Catching fish after long night (Mathew 4:19; Luke 5:11)  Walking on water (and then rescued by Jesus)  Witnessed the Transfiguration (Mark 9:2-4) and was with Jesus at Gethsemane (Matthew 26:37-39)  Impulsive actions  Denied knowing Jesus 3 times (Matthew 26:69, 70) and was not only forgiven but commissioned to ‘feed His sheep’ (John 21:17-19)  After Pentecost, Peter becomes a bold preacher (preaching to hundreds at a time) and leader, who no longer feared death (Acts 2:38; 3:6, 7)
  •  Name: Saul, Paul  City of Birth: Tarsus of Cilicia  Marital Status: Celibate Virgin  Profession: Pharisee with Rabbanic Training, Later a tent-maker  Education: University of Tarsus, Gamaliel  Relation to Jesus: Never knew Jesus, Later an Apostle  Method of death: Beheaded St Paul
  • Personality and Character  Strategic – chose large cities as centres  Made use of fellow-workers  Focused without compromise  Communicator – maintained contact with all churches  Well-spoken and bold – stood before governors, kings and the Council of the Sanhedrim St Paul
  • St Paul: Significant Events  St Paul meeting St Stephen and witnessing his martyrdom  St Paul’s conversion on his way to Damascus  Being imprisoned many times (Philippi, Cesarea, and twice in Rome.)  He served in three missionary voyages, in Asia, Europe, till he arrived west to Spain where he founded its church. He served in many islands: in Cyprus, Crete, Malta, Sicilia, and he founded their churches.
  • St Paul: Missionary Journeys
  • Differences St Peter  Chosen to work with Him  Born in Bethsaide, lived in Capernaum  Married  Began with love, confidence and faith  A simple uneducated fisherman  Impulsive St Paul  Not among the disciples or apostles  Born in Tarsus of Cilicia and went to Jerusalem  Celibate Virgin  Began with enmity as persecutor of the Church  Well-red, Highly educated, and disciple of Gamaliel  Enthusiastic
  • Differences (part 2 – their mission) St Peter  Began his mission in old age  Had few disciples (Mark)  Evangelized to Jews  Wrote 2 Epistles (8 Chapters) to Jews (in dispersion)  Simple in his writing St Paul  Began his mission as a young man  Had many disciples (Timothy, Titus, Luke … etc)  Evangelized to Gentiles  Wrote 14 Epistles (100 Chapters) to the Romans and churches of the Gentiles  Wrote about complex theology and Christian philosophy
  • Similarities  Both were Jews  Both were called by the Lord  The Lord changed the name of each of them  The Holy Spirit came upon each of them, and each of them spoke with tongues  Each of them had power to give the Holy Spirit  Each of them performed wonders and miracles  Each of them raised up a dead
  • Similarities (part 2)  Each of them was bold and courageous in his evangelical mission  Each of the two saints was firm in his punishment of the sinners.  In spite of all this, the two saint-apostles were humble.  Each of them was exposed to many persecutions  Each of them obtained the crown of martyrdom (during the same era)  Each of them was a flame of energy, holy zeal and missionary work  Each of them preached and taught, and made efforts in the ministry
  • Conclusion  God uses everyone for His glory and work  Background (Social, Educational etc)  Characteristics and Personalities  God forgives all sins, strengthen the faith of those of who love Him and still use them for His work  God demands whole-heartedness in love and service  Jesus said that whoever wants to become great among his disciples must be a servant, just as Jesus himself did not come to be served, but to serve, and “to give his life a ransom for many.” (Matthew 20:26-28)
  • Sources  Two Saints, Peter and Paul by H.H. Pope Shenouda III http://www.coptichymns.net/module-library-viewpub- tid-1-pid-10.html  The Life and Ministry of St Peter http://www.clemson.edu/ces/crb/ece409/PeterSum.pp t
  • 42And he brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon son of John. You will be called Cephas” (which, when translated, is Peter). 43The next day Jesus decided to leave for Galilee. Finding Philip, he said to him, “Follow me.” 44Philip, like Andrew and Peter, was from the town of Bethsaida. Back John 1:42-44
  • 5 When Jesus had entered Capernaum, a centurion came to him, asking for help. 6“Lord,” he said, “my servant lies at home paralyzed and in terrible suffering.” 7Jesus said to him, “I will go and heal him.” 14When Jesus came into Peter‟s house, he saw Peter‟s mother-in-law lying in bed with a fever. Back Matthew 8:5-7, 14
  • 18 As Jesus was walking beside the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon called Peter and his brother Andrew. They were casting a net into the lake, for they were fishermen. 19 “Come, follow me,” Jesus said, “and I will make you fishers of men.” 20 At once they left their nets and followed him. Back Matthew 4:18-20
  • 8When Simon Peter saw this, he fell at Jesus‟ knees and said, “Go away from me, Lord; I am a sinful man!” 9For he and all his companions were astonished at the catch of fish they had taken, 10and so were James and John, the sons of Zebedee, Simon‟s partners. Then Jesus said to Simon, “Don‟t be afraid; from now on you will catch men.” 11So they pulled their boats up on shore, left everything and followed him. Back Luke 5:8-11
  • 21Going on from there, he saw two other brothers, James son of Zebedee and his brother John. They were in a boat with their father Zebedee, preparing their nets. Jesus called them, 22and immediately they left the boat and their father and followed him. Back Matthew 4:21, 22
  • 8For God, who was at work in the ministry of Peter as an apostle to the Jews, was also at work in my ministry as an apostle to the Gentiles. 9 James, Peter and John, those reputed to be pillars, gave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship when they recognized the grace given to me. They agreed that we should go to the Gentiles, and they to the Jews. Back Galatians 2:8, 9
  • 2:38 Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” 3:6 Then Peter said, “Silver or gold I do not have, but what I have I give you. In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, walk.” 3:7Taking him by the right hand, he helped him up, and instantly the man‟s feet and ankles became strong. Back Acts 2:38; 3:6, 7
  • 4After arresting him, he [Herod] put him in prison, handing him over to be guarded by four squads of four soldiers each. 7Suddenly an angel of the Lord appeared and a light shone in the cell. He struck Peter on the side and woke him up. “Quick, get up!” he said, and the chains fell off Peter‟s wrists. Back Acts 12:4, 7
  • 28“Lord, if it‟s you,” Peter replied, “tell me to come to you on the water.” 29“Come,” he said. Then Peter got down out of the boat, walked on the water and came toward Jesus. 30But when he saw the wind, he was afraid and, beginning to sink, cried out, “Lord, save me!” Back Matthew 14:28-30
  • 69 Now Peter was sitting out in the courtyard, and a servant girl came to him. “You also were with Jesus of Galilee,” she said. 70 But he denied it before them all. “I don‟t know what you‟re talking about,” he said. Back Matthew 26:69, 70
  • 10Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest‟s servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant‟s name was Malchus.) Back John 18:10
  • 74 Then he began to call down curses on himself and he swore to them, “I don‟t know the man!” Immediately a rooster crowed. 75 Then Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken: “Before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times.” And he went outside and wept bitterly. Back Matthew 26:74, 75
  • 16Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” 17Jesus replied, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my Father in heaven.” 18And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. 19I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Back Matthew 16:16-19a
  • 21 From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life. 22Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. “Never, Lord!” he said. “This shall never happen to you!” 23Jesus turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the things of God, but the things of men.” Back Matthew 16:21-23
  • 28 “We gave you strict orders not to teach in this name,” he said. “Yet you have filled Jerusalem with your teaching and are determined to make us guilty of this man‟s blood.” 29Peter and the other apostles replied: “We must obey God rather than men! 30The God of our fathers raised Jesus from the dead whom you had killed by hanging him on a tree.” Back Acts 5:28-30
  • 5:37 He did not let anyone follow him except Peter, James and John the brother of James. 9:2After six days Jesus took Peter, James and John with him and led them up a high mountain, where they were all alone. 13:3As Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter, James, John and Andrew asked him privately… Back Mark 5:37; 9:2; 13:3; 14:33 14:33He took Peter, James and John along with him, and he began to be deeply distressed and troubled.
  • 2After six days Jesus took Peter, James and John with him and led them up a high mountain, where they were all alone. There he was transfigured before them. 3His clothes became dazzling white, whiter than anyone in the world could bleach them. 4And there appeared before them Elijah and Moses, who were talking with Jesus. Back Mark 9:2-4
  • 8Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover.” 31”Simon, Simon, Satan has asked to sift you as wheat. 32But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned back, strengthen your brothers.” 33But he replied, “Lord, I am ready to go with you to prison and to death.” Back Luke 22:8, 31-34 34Jesus answered, “I tell you, Peter, before the rooster crows today, you will deny three times that you know me.”
  • 37He took Peter and the two sons of Zebedee along with him, and he began to be sorrowful and troubled. 38Then he said to them, “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch with me.” 39Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if it is possible, may this cup be taken from me. Yet not as I will, but as you will.” Back Matthew 26:37-39
  • 17The third time he said to him, “Simon son of John, do you love me?” Peter was hurt because Jesus asked him the third time, “Do you love me?” He said, “Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you.” 18Jesus said, “Feed my sheep. I tell you the truth, when you were younger you dressed yourself and went where you wanted; but when you are old you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go.” 19Jesus said this to indicate the kind of death by which Peter would glorify God. Then he said to him, “Follow me!” Back John 21:17-19
  • 56Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee‟s sons. Back Matthew 27:56 Mark 16:1 1When the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices so that they might go to anoint Jesus‟ body.
  • 1It was about this time that King Herod arrested some who belonged to the church, intending to persecute them. 2He had James, the brother of John, put to death with the sword. Back Acts 12:1, 2
  • 52As he sent messengers on ahead, who went into a Samaritan village to get things ready for him; 53but the people there did not welcome him, because he was heading for Jerusalem. 54When the disciples James and John saw this, they asked, “Lord, do you want us to call fire down from heaven to destroy them?” 55But Jesus turned and rebuked them, 56and they went to another village. Back Luke 9:52-56
  • 35 Then James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came to him. “Teacher,” they said, “we want you to do for us whatever we ask.” 36“What do you want me to do for you?” he asked. 37They replied, “Let one of us sit at your right and the other at your left in your glory.” Back Mark 10:35-37
  • 38“You don‟t know what you are asking,” Jesus said. “Can you drink the cup I drink or be baptized with the baptism I am baptized with?” 39 “We can,” they answered. Jesus said to them, “You will drink the cup I drink and be baptized with the baptism I am baptized with, 40 but to sit at my right or left is not for me to grant. These places belong to those for whom they have been prepared.” Back Mark 10:38-40
  • 17James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to them he gave the name Boanerges, which means Sons of Thunder. Back Mark 3:17
  • 2Simon Peter, Thomas (called Didymus), Nathanael from Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples were together. 3“I‟m going out to fish,” Simon Peter told them, and they said, “We‟ll go with you.” So they went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing. 4Early in the morning, Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples did not realize that it was Jesus. Back John 21:2-4
  • 3:1 One day Peter and John were going up to the temple at the time of prayer at three in the afternoon. 4:13 When they saw the courage of Peter and John and realized that they were unschooled, ordinary men, they were astonished and they took note that these men had been with Jesus. 8:25 When they had testified and proclaimed the word of the Lord, Peter and John returned to Jerusalem, preaching the gospel in many Samaritan villages. Back Acts 3:1; 4:13; 8:25
  • 1 The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, 9I, John, your brother and companion in the suffering and kingdom and patient endurance that are ours in Jesus, was on the island of Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. Back Revelation 1:1, 9
  • 38“Teacher,” said John, “we saw a man driving out demons in your name and we told him to stop, because he was not one of us.” 39”Do not stop him,” Jesus said. “No one who does a miracle in my name can in the next moment say anything bad about me, 40for whoever is not against us is for us. 41I tell you the truth, anyone who gives you a cup of water in my name because you belong to Christ will certainly not lose his reward.”Back Mark 9:38-41
  • 7Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows God. 8Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love. 9This is how God showed his love among us: He sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him. 10This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins. Back 1 John 4:7-10
  • 21After he had said this, Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified, “I tell you the truth, one of you is going to betray me.” 22His disciples stared at one another, at a loss to know which of them he meant. 23One of them, the disciple whom Jesus loved, was reclining next to him. 24Simon Peter motioned to this disciple and said, “Ask him which one he means.” 25Leaning back against Jesus, he asked him, “Lord, who is it?” Back John 13:21-25
  • 25Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother‟s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Dear woman, here is your son,” 27and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home. Back John 19:25-27
  • 3So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb. 4Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. 5He bent over and looked in at the strips of linen lying there but did not go in. 6Then Simon Peter, who was behind him, arrived and went into the tomb. He saw the strips of linen lying there. 8Finally the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, also went inside. He saw and believed.Back John 20:3-6, 8
  • 6Also before the throne there was what looked like a sea of glass, clear as crystal. In the center, around the throne, were four living creatures, and they were covered with eyes, in front and in back. 7The first living creature was like a lion, the second was like an ox, the third had a face like a man, the fourth was like a flying eagle. Back Revelation 4:6, 7
  • 29As soon as they left the synagogue, they went with James and John to the home of Simon and Andrew. 30Simon‟s mother-in-law was in bed with a fever, and they told Jesus about her. 31So he went to her, took her hand and helped her up. The fever left her and she began to wait on them. Back Mark 1:29-31
  • 35The next day John was there again with two of his disciples. 36When he saw Jesus passing by, he said, “Look, the Lamb of God!” 37When the two disciples heard him say this, they followed Jesus. 40Andrew, Simon Peter‟s brother, was one of the two who heard what John had said and who had followed Jesus. Back John 1:35-37, 40
  • 40Andrew, Simon Peter‟s brother, was one of the two who heard what John had said and who had followed Jesus. 41The first thing Andrew did was to find his brother Simon and tell him, “We have found the Messiah” (that is, the Christ). 42And he brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon son of John. You will be called Cephas” (which, when translated, is Peter). Back John 1:40-42
  • 2These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon (who is called Peter) and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John; 3Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; 4Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him. Back Matthew 10:2-4
  • 16These are the twelve he appointed: Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter), 17James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to them he gave the name Boanerges, which means Sons of Thunder, 18Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Zealot, 19and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him. Back Mark 3:16-19
  • 13When morning came, he called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them, whom he also designated apostles: 14Simon (whom he named Peter), his brother Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, 15Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Simon who was called the Zealot, 16Judas son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor. Back Luke 6:13-16
  • 13 When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot, and Judas son of James. Back Acts 1:13
  • 5These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: “Do not go among the Gentiles or enter any town of the Samaritans. 6Go rather to the lost sheep of Israel. 7As you go, preach this message: „The kingdom of heaven is near.‟ 8Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse those who have leprosy, drive out demons.” Back Matthew 10:5-8
  • 20Now there were some Greeks among those who went up to worship at the Feast. 21They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, with a request. “Sir,” they said, “we would like to see Jesus.” 22Philip went to tell Andrew; Andrew and Philip in turn told Jesus. Back John 12:20-22
  • 7Philip answered him, “Eight months‟ wages would not buy enough bread for each one to have a bite!” 8Another of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter‟s brother, spoke up, 9“Here is a boy with five small barley loaves and two small fish, but how far will they go among so many?” Back John 6:7-9
  • 19On the evening of that first day of the week, when the disciples were together, with the doors locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you!” 20After he said this, he showed them his hands and side. The disciples were overjoyed when they saw the Lord. Back John 20:19, 20
  • 16Then the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had told them to go. 17When they saw him, they worshiped him; but some doubted. 18Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” Back Matthew 28:16-19
  • 8“But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” 9After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight. Back Acts 1:8, 9
  • 43The next day Jesus decided to leave for Galilee. Finding Philip, he said to him, “Follow me.” 44Philip, like Andrew and Peter, was from the town of Bethsaida. 45Philip found Nathanael and told him, “We have found the one Moses wrote about in the Law, and about whom the prophets also wrote Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” 46“Nazareth! Can anything good come from there?" Nathanael asked. “Come and see,” said Philip. Back John 1:43-46
  • 47When Jesus saw Nathanael approaching, he said of him, “Here is a true Israelite, in whom there is nothing false.” 48“How do you know me?” Nathanael asked. Jesus answered, “I saw you while you were still under the fig tree before Philip called you.” 49Then Nathanael declared, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God; you are the King of Israel.” 50Jesus said, “You believe because I told you I saw you under the fig tree. You shall see greater things than that.” 51He then added, “I tell you the truth, you shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man.” Back John 1:47-51
  • 20Now there were some Greeks among those who went up to worship at the Feast. 21They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, with a request. “Sir,” they said, “we would like to see Jesus.” Back John 12:20, 21
  • 5When Jesus looked up and saw a great crowd coming toward him, he said to Philip, “Where shall we buy bread for these people to eat?” 6He asked this only to test him, for he already had in mind what he was going to do. 7Philip answered him, “Eight months‟ wages would not buy enough bread for each one to have a bite!” Back John 6:5-7
  • 6Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. 7If you really knew me, you would know my Father as well. From now on, you do know him and have seen him.” 8 Philip said, “Lord, show us the Father and that will be enough for us.” 9Jesus answered: “Don‟t you know me, Philip, even after I have been among you such a long time? Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, „Show us the Father‟?” Back John 14:6-9
  • 18He replied, “Go into the city to a certain man and tell him, „The Teacher says: My appointed time is near. I am going to celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house‟.” 19So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them and prepared the Passover. 20When evening came, Jesus was reclining at the table with the Twelve. Back Matthew 26:18-20
  • 1A few days later, when Jesus again entered Capernaum, the people heard that he had come home. 13Once again Jesus went out beside the lake. A large crowd came to him, and he began to teach them. 14As he walked along, he saw Levi son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax collector‟s booth. “Follow me,” Jesus told him, and Levi got up and followed him. Back Mark 2:1, 13, 14
  • 9As Jesus went on from there, he saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax collector‟s booth. “Follow me,” he told him, and Matthew got up and followed him. 10While Jesus was having dinner at Matthew‟s house, many tax collectors and “sinners” came and ate with him and his disciples. Back Matthew 9:9, 10
  • 24Now Thomas (called Didymus), one of the Twelve, was not with the disciples when Jesus came. 25So the other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he said to them, “Unless I see the nail marks in his hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe it.” 26A week later his disciples were in the house again, and Thomas was with them. Though the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you!” Back John 20:24-26
  • 27Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here; see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Stop doubting and believe.” 28Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!” 29Then Jesus told him, “Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.” Back John 20:27-29
  • 5Thomas said to him, “Lord, we don‟t know where you are going, so how can we know the way?” 6Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. 7If you really knew me, you would know my Father as well. From now on, you do know him and have seen him.” Back John 14:5-7
  • 12His disciples replied, “Lord, if he sleeps, he will get better.” 13Jesus had been speaking of his death, but his disciples thought he meant natural sleep. 14So then he told them plainly, “Lazarus is dead, 15and for your sake I am glad I was not there, so that you may believe. But let us go to him.” 16Then Thomas (called Didymus) said to the rest of the disciples, “Let us also go, that we may die with him.” Back John 11:12-16
  • 21”Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him.” 22Then Judas (not Judas Iscariot) said, “But, Lord, why do you intend to show yourself to us and not to the world?” 23Jesus replied, “If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him.” Back John 14:21-23
  • 4But one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, who was later to betray him, objected, 5”Why wasn‟t this perfume sold and the money given to the poor? It was worth a year‟s wages.” 6He did not say this because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief; as keeper of the money bag, he used to help himself to what was put into it. Back John 12:4-6
  • 27As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him. “What you are about to do, do quickly,” Jesus told him, 28but no one at the meal understood why Jesus said this to him. 29Since Judas had charge of the money, some thought Jesus was telling him to buy what was needed for the Feast, or to give something to the poor Back John 13:27-29
  • 3When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty silver coins to the chief priests and the elders. 4“I have sinned,” he said, “for I have betrayed innocent blood.” “What is that to us?” they replied. “That‟s your responsibility.” 5So Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself. Back Matthew 27:3-5 Cont.
  • 6The chief priests picked up the coins and said, “It is against the law to put this into the treasury, since it is blood money.” 7So they decided to use the money to buy the potter‟s field as a burial place for foreigners. 8That is why it has been called the Field of Blood to this day. 9Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled: “They took the thirty silver coins, the price set on him by the people of Israel, 10and they used them to buy the potter‟s field, as the Lord commanded me.” Back Matthew 27:6-10
  • 18(With the reward he got for his wickedness, Judas bought a field; there he fell headlong, his body burst open and all his intestines spilled out. 19Everyone in Jerusalem heard about this, so they called that field in their language Akeldama, that is, Field of Blood.) 20“For,” said Peter, “it is written in the book of Psalms, “ „May his place be deserted; let there be no one to dwell in it,‟ and, “ „May another take his place of leadership‟.” Back Acts 1:18-20
  • 23So they proposed two men: Joseph called Barsabbas (also known as Justus) and Matthias. 24Then they prayed, “Lord, you know everyone‟s heart. Show us which of these two you have chosen 25to take over this apostolic ministry, which Judas left to go where he belongs.” 26Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles. Back Acts 1:23-26
  • 14Then one of the Twelve the one called Judas Iscariot went to the chief priests 15and asked, “What are you willing to give me if I hand him over to you?” So they counted out for him thirty silver coins. 16From then on Judas watched for an opportunity to hand him over. Back Matthew 26:14-16
  • 23Jesus replied, “The one who has dipped his hand into the bowl with me will betray me. 24The Son of Man will go just as it is written about him. But woe to that man who betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for him if he had not been born.” 25Then Judas, the one who would betray him, said, “Surely not I, Rabbi?” Jesus answered, “Yes, it is you.” Back Matthew 26:23-25
  • 47While he was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, arrived. With him was a large crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests and the elders of the people. 48Now the betrayer had arranged a signal with them: “The one I kiss is the man; arrest him.” 49Going at once to Jesus, Judas said, “Greetings, Rabbi!” and kissed him. 50Jesus replied, “Friend, do what you came for.” Then the men stepped forward, seized Jesus and arrested him. Back Matthew 26:47-50
  • 70Then Jesus replied, “Have I not chosen you, the Twelve? Yet one of you is a devil!” 70(He meant Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, who, though one of the Twelve, was later to betray him.) Back John 6:70, 71
  • 3When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty silver coins to the chief priests and the elders. 4“I have sinned,” he said, “for I have betrayed innocent blood.” “What is that to us?” they replied. “That‟s your responsibility.” 5So Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself. Back Matthew 27:3-5
  • 1It was just before the Passover Feast. Jesus knew that the time had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he now showed them the full extent of his love. 2The evening meal was being served, and the devil had already prompted Judas Iscariot, son of Simon, to betray Jesus. Back John 13:1, 2
  • 11When Peter came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he was clearly in the wrong. 12Before certain men came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles. But when they arrived, he began to draw back and separate himself from the Gentiles because he was afraid of those who belonged to the circumcision group. 13The other Jews joined him in his hypocrisy, so that by their hypocrisy even Barnabas was led astray. Back Galatians 2:11-13 [Written by Paul]
  • 42And he brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon son of John. You will be called Cephas” (which, when translated, is Peter). 43The next day Jesus decided to leave for Galilee. Finding Philip, he said to him, “Follow me.” 44Philip, like Andrew and Peter, was from the town of Bethsaida. Back John 1:42-44
  • 12I told them, “If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep it.” So they paid me thirty pieces of silver. 13And the LORD said to me, “Throw it to the potter”—the handsome price at which they priced me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the LORD to the potter. Back Zechariah 11:12, 13
  • 23I in them and you in me. May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me. Back John 17:23 8The Scripture foresaw that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, and announced the gospel in advance to Abraham: “All nations will be blessed through you.” Galatians 3:8
  • 3 This is my defense to those who sit in judgment on me. 4Don‟t we have the right to food and drink? 5Don‟t we have the right to take a believing wife along with us, as do the other apostles and the Lord‟s brothers and Cephas? 6Or is it only I and Barnabas who must work for a living? Back 1 Corinthians 9:3-6
  • 16For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. Back John 3:16 11 Dear friends, since God so loved us, we also ought to love one another. 1 John 4:11
  • 34Then he called the crowd to him along with his disciples and said: “If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. 35For whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for me and for the gospel will save it.” Back Mark 8:34, 35
  • 23I in them and you in me. May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me. Back John 17:23 25 Let us not give up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one another and all the more as you see the Day approaching. Hebrews 10:25
  • 26“Not so with you. Instead, whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, 27and whoever wants to be first must be your slave 28just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” Back Matthew 20:26-28
  • 56But this has all taken place that the writings of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples deserted him and fled. Back Matthew 26:56
  • 71He began to call down curses on himself, and he swore to them, “I don‟t know this man you‟re talking about.” 72Immediately the rooster crowed the second time.Then Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken to him: “Before the rooster crows twice you will disown me three times.” And he broke down and wept. Back Mark 14:71, 72