Barack Hussein ObamaII Born on August 4, 1961in Honolulu, Hawaii Studied at OccidentalCollege then transferredto Columbia University 1988-Harvard LawSchool 1990- Was first African-American editor of the‘Harvard Law Review’
After graduation worked as a civil rights lawyer 1992-2004- Teacher at the University of ChicagoLaw School 1996-Illinois State senator 2004-U.S. Senator 2009-44th President of the U.S.
Obama’s unusual family history embodied theAmerican Dream His mother, Ann Dunham waswhite, his father, Obama Sr. wasfrom Kenya• Had a multiethnic upbringing• Represented a new hope; the endof America’s racial issues
In his campaign he emphasized hope and change
Foreign policy 5 foreign policy goals:- ending the war in Iraq- finishing the fight against Al-Queda and Taliban- securing nuclear weapons from rogue states- achieving energy security- rebuilding the alliances
Obama Doctrine 2 ideas:- America’s role in the world has beenaggressive and arrogant in promotingdemocracy- Multilateral institutions restrain U.S.Apower• Emphasis on negotiation and collaboration• Re-building broken relationships and building newalliances• Repairing the U.S. image
Obama told that his election as the first blackpresident could change geopolitical dynamics. He tries to do that by marketing his background. Cooperative realism: realist assessment of the threatposed by non traditional sources and the limits of USpower to tackle those threats single-handedly
Middle East Retreated the American troops from Iraq Continued the war in Afghanistan USA does not want to establish long term militarypresence in either country. Prevent violent extremism Engaged in discussion with Iran on the nuclearweapons
The Israel-Palestine conflict:-Obama promotes a two-state solution: the two areradically different and cannot be reconciled-opposes the Israeli expansion• This makes look the US has an ‘even-handed policy’• In 2011 Obama intervened in the conflict in Libya
Russia ‘Reset button’-improving relations with Russia The policy has 3 goals:-the heightened urgency of resolving the Iraniannuclear question-the need for additional transport routes intoAfghanistan to support a larger US military presence-a return to a more multilateral approach toensuring nuclear security and strengthening the non-proliferation regime
Working with Russia to reduce nuclear weapons 2011-New START Treaty Arms control treaty- nuclear missile launchers willbe reduced by half
North Korea After Obama’s inauguration in 2009 North Koreathreatened to test nuclear weapons Obama administration showed restraint and didn’tact US does not allow investment, trade or aid flow toNorth Korea
Climate change Reducing the emissions and developing low carbontechnologies Countries that contribute to atmospheric emissionsmust undertake actions in order to cut greenhousegas emissions Copenhagen Accord-between US and BASICCountries ( China, South Africa, India, Brasil)
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