THE CHICAGO SCHOOL  The Sociology of the City
Some Basic Facts• Sociologists based in the University of  Chicago• Dominant in American Sociology esp.  during inter war ...
The Main Men•   Founder Albion Small•   Pioneer William Thomas•   Innovator Robert Park•   Key Thinker Ernest Burgess•   K...
Influences• Both Small and Thomas studied in  Europe and were influenced by key  German thinkers: notably
Key Assumptions• Cities manifest a way of life that  differs radically from that found in  rural (country) areas
Topics & Areas of Study1• Park and Burgess, focused on the way in  which the spatial structure of the city  emerged from t...
Topics & Areas of Study 2• Communities; Wirth: The Ghetto1928• Study of Jewish Community in Chicago• Places: Cressey: The ...
Key Aims• Sought To Identify and clarify the nature of  and key factors that influence social  interactions within modern ...
Therefore….• A distinct, branch of study is  required in order to understand  the dynamics of Urban Life• For many this ma...
Definition• The City is defined as  “a relatively large,  dense, and  permanent settlement  of heterogeneous  individuals•...
KEY CONCEPT 1• The City is the divided  into concentric zones
KEY CONCEPT 2• The Zone of  Transition area 2  formerly a prosperous  business area  becomes run down  and hosts a transit...
Legacy• Introduced specialist Urban Sociology• Pioneered the use of Participant  Observation within groups and  Communitie...
Including• Goffman Asyums, Presentation of Self In Everyday  Society• Becker Outsiders and other key studies in  Deviance•...
• Park and Burgess, focused on the way in  which the spatial structure of the city  emerged from the struggle for space an...
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The chicago school te

  1. 1. THE CHICAGO SCHOOL The Sociology of the City
  2. 2. Some Basic Facts• Sociologists based in the University of Chicago• Dominant in American Sociology esp. during inter war years• Famous for ground breaking studies of urban life
  3. 3. The Main Men• Founder Albion Small• Pioneer William Thomas• Innovator Robert Park• Key Thinker Ernest Burgess• Key Thinker Louis Wirth
  4. 4. Influences• Both Small and Thomas studied in Europe and were influenced by key German thinkers: notably
  5. 5. Key Assumptions• Cities manifest a way of life that differs radically from that found in rural (country) areas
  6. 6. Topics & Areas of Study1• Park and Burgess, focused on the way in which the spatial structure of the city emerged from the struggle for space and resources, with capitalism being merely one feature or medium of that struggle.• Main methods ethnography and spatial analysis
  7. 7. Topics & Areas of Study 2• Communities; Wirth: The Ghetto1928• Study of Jewish Community in Chicago• Places: Cressey: The Taxi Dance Hall a Sociological Study in Commercialized City Life 1932• Groups: White :Street Corner Society 1942
  8. 8. Key Aims• Sought To Identify and clarify the nature of and key factors that influence social interactions within modern urban environments
  9. 9. Therefore….• A distinct, branch of study is required in order to understand the dynamics of Urban Life• For many this marks the true birth of Urban Sociology as a discrete area of study with specific goals and distinct methodologies• For specialist area of study specialist theoretical tools are required
  10. 10. Definition• The City is defined as “a relatively large, dense, and permanent settlement of heterogeneous individuals• Louis Wirth Urbanism as a way of life 1938
  11. 11. KEY CONCEPT 1• The City is the divided into concentric zones
  12. 12. KEY CONCEPT 2• The Zone of Transition area 2 formerly a prosperous business area becomes run down and hosts a transitory population- area for socially problematic behaviours-vice, drugs, etc
  13. 13. Legacy• Introduced specialist Urban Sociology• Pioneered the use of Participant Observation within groups and Communities• Introduced and Developed Urban Ecology as a principle in understanding city life• Influenced a whole new generation of theorists both sides of the Atlantic
  14. 14. Including• Goffman Asyums, Presentation of Self In Everyday Society• Becker Outsiders and other key studies in Deviance• Blumer Self And Society
  15. 15. • Park and Burgess, focused on the way in which the spatial structure of the city emerged from the struggle for space and resources, with capitalism being merely one feature or medium of that struggle.• Main methods ethnography and spatial analysis
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