Responding to equity challenges in higher education

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The presentation considers how open education innovations can contribute to solving the equity/equality gap in Europe, as described by the aims of the Bologna Process.

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Responding to equity challenges in higher education

  1. 1. Responding to Equity Challenges in Higher Education Some innovations in a lifelong learning perspective EURASHE Annual Conference 2012 Anthony F. Camilleri Riga, LAtviawww.efquel.org
  2. 2. Our aspiration „We share the societal aspiration that the student body entering, participating in and completing higher education at all levels should reflect the diversity of our populations― London Ministerial Communiquewww.efquel.org
  3. 3. The factsThe EQUNET 2011 report found that accessacross the EHEA is inequitable. Countries so wide divergences on: Lower socioeconomic backgrounds - gender balance are: - net entry rates - less likely to attend Higher - entry via alternative routes Education - participation based on occupational - likely to choose different courses of / educational background study - income gap of students - more likely to work during studies - Ratios of foreign students - far less likely to have a mobility experiencewww.efquel.org
  4. 4. How realistic? „we commit to securing the highest possible. level of public funding for higher education „ Bucharest Ministerial Declaration Do you think ‚equity‘ funding is crisis proof?www.efquel.org
  5. 5. Solutions on Offer by Ministries• Provide adequate support to underrepresented groups• Promote flexible learning pathways / RPL• Involve students as active participants in their own learning• Higher Education should be an open processwww.efquel.org
  6. 6. Solutions on Offer by Ministries• Provide adequate support to underrepresented groups• Promote flexible learning pathways / RPL• Involve students as active participants in their own learning• Higher Education should be an open processwww.efquel.org
  7. 7. Current approaches areincrementalist 80 70 point of equity 60 50 2125 First stage secondary 40 Tertiary 30 Linear (First stage secondary) Linear (Tertiary) 20 10 0 55-64 45-54 35-44 25-34 1970-1980 2000-2010 Projection of percentage of students entering higher education based on father‘s educationwww.efquel.org
  8. 8. the time is right for Incentive to change Failure of Availability Current of tools Approach Vision of a Better future DISRUPTIVE INNOVATIONwww.efquel.org
  9. 9. Innovating the Social Dimensionwww.efquel.org
  10. 10. innovation - the OU model Remove Entry Requirementsresult:• Currently 260000+ students• 70% are able to work during studies, 5% are disabledwww.efquel.org access
  11. 11. innovation – open textbooks Create licence-free textbooks• Average spent by US student on textbooks per year $981• Approx cost to produce textbook: $120000 - $150000 (estimates flat-world knowledge)• SB 1052 / 1053 (California) will create open source textbooks, free or $20 hardcopy• Estimated savings (overall): up to $ 1 billionwww.efquel.org participation
  12. 12. innovation – OERu Credentialise Open Learning• 15 anchor universities, supported by UNESCO and CoL• First pilots are underway right nowwww.efquel.org participation
  13. 13. innovation - MOOCs automate reproducable teaching• Piloted by Stanford ‚Intro to AI‘ – 100000+ students• MITx – limited certification for MOOC including virtual lab-work• EDx – MIT + Harvard $60 million investmentwww.efquel.org
  14. 14. What else can we do?www.efquel.org
  15. 15. Educationis changing....www.efquel.org
  16. 16. unbundling: a vision flexibility Credit: OERTestwww.efquel.org www.oer-europe.net
  17. 17. social entrepreneurship:education• 55000 social enterprises in the UK – generating 27 billion GBP per year (2005)• 15% of the market is in education• approx. equivalent to total yearly spend on HE of Austria a social enterprise is a business with primarily social objectives whose surpluses are principally reinvested for that purpose in the business or in the community, rather than being driven by the need to maximise profit for shareholders and owners (UK DTI, 2002).www.efquel.org
  18. 18. Open Education means Increased access Increased participation Increased completion at lower cost and Higher Qualitywww.efquel.org
  19. 19. HEIs can take the leadwww.efquel.org
  20. 20. Information knows no borderswww.efquel.org Credit: facebook
  21. 21. Thank-You for Your Attention Responding to Equity Challenges in Higher Education Anthony F. Camilleri anthony@camilleri.com Presentation available from: http://www.slideshare.net/anthonycamilleri Feedback is welcome! Released under a Creative Commons Under the following conditions: Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 Belgium License Attribution — You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but You are free: not in any way that suggests that they endorse • to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit you or your use of the work). the work Share Alike — If you alter, transform, or build • to Remix — to adapt the work upon this work, you may distribute the resultingwww.efquel.org work only under the same or similar license to this one.
  22. 22. Thank-You for Your Attention Responding to Equity Challenges in Higher Education Anthony F. Camilleri anthony@camilleri.com Presentation available from: http://www.slideshare.net/anthonycamilleriwww.efquel.org

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