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ICT AND URBAN PLANNING. By Antonio Caperna
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ICT AND URBAN PLANNING. By Antonio Caperna

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How Information Communication Technology (ICT) can support Urban Planning process and urban policies

How Information Communication Technology (ICT) can support Urban Planning process and urban policies

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  • 1. Information Communication Technology to support sustainable urban planning … non entri alcuno che ignori la Geometria (Platone) Arch. Antonio Caperna, PhD [email_address] http://www.biourbanism.org Università Roma 3 - Dipartimento di Progettazione e Studio dell’Architettura Dottorato di Ricerca in Progetto Urbano Sostenibile (XVII Ciclo)
  • 2. Keywords complexity SUSTAINABILITY Participatory design network society E-government Information System knowledge Space of flow e-democracy
  • 3. C o n t e n t s
    • Subject of investigation
    • Theoretical framework
    • Background
      • Complexity as new paradigm
      • Towns like complex system
      • Information architecture
    • Territorial network based on I nformation Communication Technology (ICT)
      • Cultural and political actions able to define a sustainable use of ICT
      • To develop knowledge in order to: reinforcement of e-democracy and e-government;
      • to understand the environmental transformation , social, economical and changing use of the land
    A. Caperna: ICT to support Sustainable Urban Planning
  • 4. Objectives
    • Cultural and political actions able to define a sustainable use of ICT
    • to develop knowledge in order to:
        • reinforcement of e-democracy and e-government;
        • to understand the environmental transformation (social, economical and changing use of the land) in order that will be possible to address this changing in a sustainable way
  • 5. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK SCIENTIFIC BASE POLITICAL BASE SYSTEMIC APPROACH environment Complex system International documents democracy Participatory approach ICT sustainability Information systems ICT Indicators system Changing land use in Urban and not urban areas E-democracy E-government
  • 6. Background Contemporary cities as a complex system This complexity can be read through the network concept (network society, network economy and so on) Complexity as new paradigm “ The construction and structure of graphs or networks is the key to understanding the complex world around us” (Barabási) Information it describe an “architecture” that provide a basis to understand living cities and for diagnosing urban problem
  • 7.
    • Classical model
    • In the classical models the attention is on the elementary particle and they are analyzed in a linear modality
    Background In the Quantum physics the Cartesian model is a simple particularity of a complex system structured in a non-linear way . The elementary particle are a sort of statistical “cluod”. Very important are the relationship between all elements Complexity as new paradigm
  • 8. Every ecosystem has flows: information, energy and so on. In particular, the energy flow implied the entropy increase Background Contemporary cities as a complex system
  • 9. Complex systems Made of many non-identical elements connected by diverse interactions Background N e t w o r k Contemporary cities as a complex system This complexity can be read through the network concept (network society, network economy and so on)
  • 10. ALEXANDER’S MODEL = TOWN LIKE A LATTICE STRUCTURE Collection of material elements like people, cars, molecules, houses, etc. CHANGES IN A PART CAN CAUSE STRESS IN OTHER PARTS Crystal Lattice Structures Background
  • 11. Left. Bath (UK). VRML 2.0 Model Right. Infrastructural network (P. Drewe) Background Information - it describe an “architecture” that provide a basis to understand living cities and for diagnosing urban problem Right. Enchede, The Neederlands (Source. TU/e Delft) Left. 3DModel connected to a data basei (Source. CASA)
  • 12. Internet data flows Information it describe a virtual “architecture” based on “ space of flow ” Background Right. Virtual Bologna Left. GPS Network Above. Computer network
  • 13. Territorial network based on ICT
  • 14. Territorial network based on ICT
    • Objectives
    • Cultural and political actions able to define a sustainable use of ICT
    • To develop knowledge in order to: reinforcement of e-democracy and e-government;
    • to understand the environmental transformation , social, economical and changing use of the land
    Study area ROME
  • 15. PRINCIPLE TO USE ICT IN A SUSTAINABLE WAY More attention to social service rather than product Anayisis of possibile scenarios, both short and long time Reduction of negative feedback Rinforce of the “environmental system ” (i.e. education, clearness, public partecipation, etc.) Territorial network based on ICT Cultural and political actions able to define a sustainable use of ICT
  • 16. POLITICAL AND CULTURAL STRATEGY GENERAL PRINCIPLE democracy clearness Public participation ENVIRONMENT, SOCYETI, ECONOMY SUSTAINABLE RESEARCH TOOLS TECNICAL PARTECIPATION FORUM AGENDA 21 Objective analysis Environmental report Target/Priority monitoring FORUM INFORMATION SYSTEM Indicators system Park Adm Local Adm citizens economy Political document (general principle and shared strategy) Environmental analysis Subjective analysis SYNTESIS REPORT Local Action Plan Socio-economical
    • urbanized areas
    • Ecological aspect
    • Infrastracture
    • Economy
    • … .
    Ecological/land use aspect Key indicators European Common Indicators Indicator Local Action Plan environment Data base Socio-economical Land use
  • 17. DEVELOP AND SUPPORT OF THE LOCAL NETWORK University Schools Environmental Lab citizens Local associations Local administration Manufacturing activity Park Territorial network based on ICT Cultural and political actions able to define a sustainable use of ICT
  • 18. OBJECTIVE 2 To develop knowledge in order to: reinforcement of e-democracy and e-government; E-LEARNING CONTINUING EDUCATION DIGITAL POINTS SCHOOLS NETWORK … . Park LabTer Amm.ni Locali University Regional parks neetwork National schools network Environ. Lab Territorial network based on ICT
  • 19. OBJECTIVE 3 to understand the environmental transformation, social, economical and urban changing Steps. Development of: 1 – environmental model 2 – E.D.A.V.I. – Environmental Data-flow Analysis and Visualizing Information Territorial network based on ICT
  • 20. Social system Individual development Government system Infrastructure system Economic system Environment & resource system HUMAN SYSTEM SUPPORT SYSTEM NATURAL SYSTEM ENVIRONMENTAL MODEL AND THEIR MAJOR RELATIONSHIP These seven sector systems can be aggregated to the three subsystems: human system, support system and natural system. Landscape aspect Territorial network based on ICT (Source. Adapted from H. Bossel, 1999)
  • 21. E.D.A.V.I. – Environmental Data-flow Analysis and Visualizing Information ANALYZE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DEVELOP ANTROPOSPHERIC SYSTEM DATA SET Model DataBases Indicators GIS databases DATA INPUT HUMAN SYSTEM SUPPORT SYSTEM NATURAL SYSTEM MODELLING OUTPUT BEHAVIOUR IMPACTS final users (via Internet o intranet) information Low High Sustainability evaluation INFORMATION & SYNTESYS
  • 22. EUROPEAN COMNUN INDICATORS NATURAL SYSTEM SOCIAL DATAS G I S tool kit cartography internet Area internet/intranet Area ECONOMICAL AND INFRASTRUTTURAL SYSTEM Web GIS Municipality Schools citizens, associations, University, etc. Environm. Lab Orthophoto Laser Scanner Land syntax economical Models Functional models CAD (2D and 3D) Models (CAD, VR) Dashboard tool kit DATA BASE Territorial network based on ICT Detail of informational architecture
  • 23. Governmental Ministries Agencies Etc. Qualified users Administration University Schools Public users Citizens Associations etc Sophisticated information on demand Sophisticated Models Statistical Analysis ± Sophisticated information on demand Evaluation models from GIS Aggregate datas information on demand in public places Digital points Internet points Environmental maps via browser Sophisticated Information Basic information DataBase Territorial network based on ICT Detail of information typology
  • 24. Conclusion & discussion
    • To govern and address the socio-economical and urban changing we need a new dynamical approach. The network approach give us this theoretical (Baràbasi, Capra, etc.) and operational base (Alexander, Salingaros, … other).
    • ICT’s can provide an essential support :
      • To obtain more quality of life (i.g. in the field of administrative procedure, urban transport, emergency systems, etc.)
      • To understand the environmental and urban transformation
      • increase value added in knowledge processes
      • Urban planning is more and more supported by ICT tools such as GIS or DSS. These tools allow the consultation of a wide range of local players (including the citizens) and an effective collaboration for the urban spatial planning and related decisions .
    • “ Wholeness ” like crucial test into network model
    • Role of local authorities/city governments
    • To understanding the risk, opportunity and implication of ICT