Gorilla Conservation


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I gave this presentation twice at the Cleveland Metroparks Zoo for school credit.

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  • 2.1 Classical republics2.2 Other ancient republics2.3 Mercantile republics2.4 Protestant republics2.5 Liberal republics2.6 Socialist republics2.7 Communist republics2.8 Decolonization2.9 Islamic republics
  • Other Governments:Monarchy (Swaziland)Parliamentary Government(Botswana, Burkina Faso, Zimbabwe), Constitutional Governments (Ghana, Lesotho, Morocco, Sierra Leone)In addition, many African countries are poor in natural resources. Both these countries and those whose resources are underdeveloped must rely on economic aid from other countries.
  • Almost all the African countries are members of the African Union. The AU works to promote economic and political cooperation. The AU consists of several administrative bodies, including a Pan-African Parliament and a Peace and Security Council. These bodies are set up to promote good government, justice, and peace across Africa. Almost all the African countries are members of the African Union. (See African Union.) Other inter-African organizations include the African Development Bank, Economic Community of West African States, and Southern African Development Community.
  • Coltan is a superconductor used to coat capacitors to help them create more power from less energy so that your electronics no longer need excessively large batteries.Own a cell phone, iPod, laptop, GPS, digital camera, DVD player, Playstation, or hearing aid?“Without knowing it, tens of millions of people in the United States may be putting money in the pockets of some of the worst human rights violators in the world, simply by using a cell phone or laptop computer,” Senator Dick Durbin (D-IL) said. “We ought to do all we can to make sure that the products we use and the minerals we import, in no way support those who violate human rights abroad.”
  • Dark pink tropical wet..rainforests, light pink is tropical dry or lowlands and the lines are mountains.
  • http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/39994/0
  • http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/39994/0
  • In the late 1990s it was estimated that there were as many as 110,000 western gorillas in Central Africa (Harcourt 1996; Butynski 2001). However, high levels of hunting and recent outbreaks of Ebola mean that the number of animals is likely considerably less today. 350 gorillas in 52 zoos in the United States, all of them are western lowland gorillas
  • The Cross River gorillas are the most endangered ape in Africa
  • Diseases include: ebola, chickenpox, herpes, influenza, tuberculosis and others.Habitat loss:Africa lost 39 million hectares of tropical forest during the 1980s and another 10 million hectares by 1995Coltan is a mineral needed for cell phone production, and with the rise of cell phone technologies throughout the world — the mines in western Africa are pumping out tons of this material, creating more demand to open newer mines. The depressing news is that instead of recycling for new coltan from the thousands of cell phones being thrown out everyday,
  • Western Lowland Gorilla - Wildlife Law Enforcement 2 Mountain Gorilla - Fuel-efficient Stoves to reduce Firewood Harvesting in Mountain Gorilla Habitat 3 Eastern Lowland Gorilla - Community Education and Sanctuary for Apes confiscated in the Fight against illegal Trafficking 4 Eastern Lowland Gorilla - Rebuilding Surveillance and Monitoring in Kahuzi-Biega National Park, DR Congo 5 Cross River Gorilla - Promoting Community Participation in Conservation 6 Cross River Gorilla - Support to Conservation-Relevant Research 7 Cross River Gorilla - Promoting Education and Conservation Awareness in Okwangwo-Takamanda 8 Cross River Gorilla - Strengthening levels of Protection and Monitoring in 4 key protected areas
  • International gorilla conservation program,virunga national park, act 2009 A bill to require annual disclosure to the Securities and Exchange Commission of activities involving columbite-tantalite, cassiterite, and wolframite from the Democratic Republic of Congo, and for other purposes.
  • Gorilla Conservation

    1. 1. Gorilla Natural History & Conservation Efforts<br />Antoinette Rivera<br />Baldwin Wallace College <br />October 14th, 2009<br />
    2. 2.
    3. 3.
    4. 4.
    5. 5.
    6. 6. African Union (AU)<br />Pan-African Parliament<br />Peace and Security Council<br />African Development Bank<br />Economic Community of West African States<br />Southern African Development Community<br />
    7. 7. Trade<br /><ul><li>Imports:
    8. 8. DRC:Consumer goods, foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels.
    9. 9. Uganda: Petroleum products, machinery, cotton piece goods, metals, transportation equipment, food.
    10. 10. Rwanda:Textiles, foodstuff, machines, and equipment, capital goods, steel, petroleum products, cement and construction.
    11. 11. Nigeria: Machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods, chemicals, food and animals.
    12. 12. Exports:
    13. 13. DRC: Copper, coffee, diamonds, cobalt, crude oil.
    14. 14. Uganda:Coffee, cotton, tea.
    15. 15. Rwanda: Coffee, tea, tin ore, tungsten ore, pyrethrum.
    16. 16. Nigeria:Oil, cocoa, rubber.</li></li></ul><li>Mining for electronics<br />Coltan coats <br />capacitators in<br />many electronics.<br />
    17. 17. Land Use<br /><ul><li>Agriculture
    18. 18. DRC: Coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, quinine, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, bananas, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products
    19. 19. Uganda: Coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry.
    20. 20. Rwanda: Coffee, tea, pyrethrum, bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes; livestock
    21. 21. Nigeria: Cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, rubber, corn, rice, sorghum, millet. cassava (tapioca), yams; cattle, sheep, goat, pigs; fishing and forest resources extensively exploited.
    22. 22. Natural Resources
    23. 23. Uganda: Sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement.
    24. 24. Rwanda:Mining of tin ore, and tungsten ore, cement, agricultural processing, small-scale beverage production, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes.
    25. 25. Nigeria: Crude oil, coal, tin, columbite (COLTAN), palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, ceramics, fertilizer, steel. </li></li></ul><li>Habitats<br />
    26. 26. Habitats<br />
    27. 27. African Endangered Species<br />51 Amphibian<br />42 Plant<br />41 Insect<br />38 Snail<br />35 Reptile<br />13 Crustacean<br />7 Coral<br />2 Worm<br />2009 numbers from IUCN<br />
    28. 28.
    29. 29. Eastern: Mountain<br />
    30. 30. Eastern: Mountain<br /><ul><li>Scientific Name: Gorilla beringeiberingei
    31. 31. Habitat: bamboo forest, dense ground cover and little canopy cover
    32. 32. Food: varies with altitude, Bwindi gorillas incorporate fruit
    33. 33. How to tell them apart from other have significantly longer hair, longer faces and broader chests </li></li></ul><li>Eastern: Mountain<br /><ul><li>Where they live: Rwanda and DRC (Virunga Mountains), Uganda (Bwindi Impenetrable National Park),
    34. 34. How many are left:380
    35. 35. Major Threat: militias, high human population density, war, habitat destruction, charcoal, poaching</li></li></ul><li>Eastern: Lowland (Grauer&apos;s)<br />
    36. 36. Eastern: Lowland<br /><ul><li>Scientific Name: Gorilla beringeigraueri
    37. 37. Habitat: lowland tropical rainforest habitat through transitional habitats
    38. 38. Food: herbaceous vegetation, as well as on fruit
    39. 39. How to tell them apart from other species :longer faces and broader chests, less hair than mountain gorillas</li></li></ul><li>Eastern: Lowland<br /><ul><li>Where they live: DRC
    40. 40. How many are left: between 5,500 and 28,000 (2007)
    41. 41. Major threat: habitat destruction, illegal mining, high demand for bush meat, political unrest, charcoal.</li></li></ul><li>Western: Lowland<br />
    42. 42. Western: Lowland<br /><ul><li>Scientific Name: Gorilla gorillagorilla
    43. 43. Habitat: lowland tropical forest, dense ground-level growth, and swamp forests
    44. 44. Food: pith, leaves and shoots
    45. 45. How to tell them apart from other species: have brown, not black, hair on their heads, head has very sloped crest</li></li></ul><li>Western: Lowland<br /><ul><li>Where they live: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, DRC
    46. 46. How many are left: Not Known
    47. 47. Major Threat: no protection, Ebola, Commercial hunting, logging, climate change</li></li></ul><li>Western: Cross River<br />
    48. 48. Western: Cross River<br /><ul><li>Scientific Name: Gorilla gorilladiehli
    49. 49. Habitat: hilly areas, and from lowland to submontane forests
    50. 50. Food: pith, leaves and shoots and fruits
    51. 51. How to tell them apart from other species: have brown, not black, hair on their heads, head not as sloped as the lowland gorillas</li></li></ul><li>Western: Cross River<br /><ul><li>Where they live: Nigeria, Cameroon
    52. 52. How many are left: Approx 300
    53. 53. Major Threat: Hunting, Loss of Habitat</li></li></ul><li>Conservation Hindrances<br />
    54. 54. Current Efforts<br />Gorilla Foundation<br />WWF<br />Year of the Gorilla Efforts<br />WAZA- World Association of Zoos and Aquariums<br />UNEP- The United Nations Environment Programme<br />CMS- Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species<br />UNESCO-GRASP-United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization- Great Ape Survival Partnership<br />Eco-cell<br />
    55. 55. WHAT WE CAN DO!!!<br />Recycle Cell phones and any electronics<br />Congo Conflict Minerals Act of 2009<br />Contribute to Year of the Gorilla Conservation Projects<br />IGCP<br /><ul><li> Donate to efforts mentioned above
    56. 56. Write to government officials through WWF about Gorilla protection</li></li></ul><li>Any Questions?<br />
    57. 57. References<br />http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2007/12/gorilla-massacre/massacre-video-interactive <br />http://igcp.org/ <br />http://gorilla.cd/ <br />http://www.hmnet.com/africa/1africa.html<br />http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/07/virunga/timeline-interactive<br />http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/gorilla/taxon<br />http://www.africanculturalcenter.org/2_2climates.html<br />http://www.yog2009.org/<br />http://www.gorillassp.org<br />http://nothoney.com/2008/01/28/political-unrest-in-africa-spurs-poachers-wildlife-under-threat/<br />http://www.america.gov/st/energy-english/2008/July/20080711150646mlenuhret0.9135401.html<br />http://diglib1.amnh.org/articles/Africa/Africa_environment.html<br />http://primatology.net/2006/07/16/cell-phones-mining-new-threats-to-gorilla-populations/<br />http://www.iucnredlist.org<br />http://www.actforcongo.com/coltan<br />Audoban. Sept 1990- Farewell to Africa p.51<br />