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This Place Matters presentation on importance of public participation in the county development planning process

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  • How do we shape our community, our society, our economy, our environment
  • Legally required under the P & D Acts Cornerstone Provides a panacea for environmental protection & sustainable development
  • Deficit of Community Engagement Vested Interests have in effect been able to hijack the system to meet their own ends
  • Cinderella Syndrome For Evil to Triumph all it Takes is for Good Men to do Nothing Immaturity Break this cycle/Shock All Development is Good Development
  • Human Civilisation has outpaced our evolution
  • All Development is Good Development The Celtic Tiger Years Over Zoning
  • Put in cupboard picture Gazelles Village costs
  • Planning Act 2000 Smart Development Quarry Pic Pre-Analytic Vision
  • Economic Renewal/Fit For Purpose
  • Laois presentation1

    1. 1. This Place Matters An Taisce – The National Trust for Ireland Tailor’s Hall, Back Lane, Dublin 8 Promoting Community Participation in the Development Plan Process Laois
    2. 2. <ul><li>To highlight the importance of community, ENGO and stakeholder participation in the planning process ; </li></ul><ul><li>To provide an overview of the role of the Planning System with respect to achieving sustainable development & Environmental Protection; </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the key lessons of the past and the key challenges of the future and the role of the land use planning system in addressing these challenges; </li></ul><ul><li>To provide an overview of the Irish planning system and the process of making a development plan. </li></ul><ul><li>To provide an overview of how to undertake a review of a development plan, to make a submission and to follow up to ensure your view is taken into consideration. </li></ul><ul><li>Q & A </li></ul>Objective - Participation
    3. 3. 01: INTRODUCTION
    4. 4. What is the Development Plan <ul><ul><li>The primary statement on land-use planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides the policy context for planning applications . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The function is to support the sustainable development of land in the interests of the common good . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ The plan is a statement of objectives; it informs the community, in its draft form, of the intended objectives and affords the community the opportunity of inspection, criticism, and, if thought proper, objection. When adopted it forms an environmental contract between the planning authority, the council, and the community, embodying a promise by the council that it will regulate private development in a manner consistent with the objectives stated in the plan . . .’ The Attorney General (McGarry) v. Sligo County Council [1991] 1 I.R. 99 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The legal status of a development plan SHOULD create a strong incentive for all stakeholder partners to engage in a process which can create certainty about our collective future . </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. The Importance of Participation Development Led Retrospective Confrontational Community Led
    6. 6. Why is the Planning System Undervalued? Our History Pop. Density Rural Society Private Property Power Structures Education Apathy Vested Interest No Resources Short Termism
    7. 7. <ul><li>‘ We Shape our Buildings. Thereafter they Shape Us’ </li></ul><ul><li>Winston Churchill </li></ul>Why Does the Development Plan Matter? Live Work Learn Recreate Shop Travel Relax Landscape Community Environment Heritage Quality of Life
    8. 8. Why Does the Development Plan Matter? The Human Health Map
    9. 9. Benefits of a Positive Plan Led System <ul><li>The Development Plan is the arena where the collective future of local communities can be worked out . </li></ul>Short Term Long Term Private Interests Common Good Institutions Local Authority/Development Plan
    10. 10. <ul><li>RIO Earth Summit (1992) </li></ul><ul><li>- LA 21 Plans </li></ul><ul><li>- Aalborg Charter (1994) – 8 Steps (Vision, Participation, Implementation..) </li></ul><ul><li>Aarhus Convention (1998) </li></ul><ul><li>- Links environmental rights and human rights. </li></ul><ul><li>- Establishes that sustainable development can be achieved only through the involvement of all stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>- Links government accountability and environmental protection. </li></ul><ul><li>- Focuses on interactions between the public and public authorities in a democratic context. </li></ul>Achieving Sustainability
    11. 11. 03: LOOKING BACK
    12. 12. The Costs of Development Led Planning Over - Zoning Price Inflation Suburban Sprawl Ex-urban Sprawl Car Dependency Health Costs Social Problems Flooding Conflict Ghost Estates Greenhouse Gas Urban Decay
    13. 13. The Irish Spatial Structure Today
    14. 14. 04: LOOKING FORWARD
    15. 15. <ul><li>‘ That which seems to be wealth may in reality be the gold plated index of far-reaching ruin’ </li></ul><ul><li>John Rushkin c. 1840 </li></ul>Changing Our Ways
    16. 16. The Key Challenges Market Failure Peak Oil & Energy Security Resource Scarcity Climate Change
    17. 17. The Energy Challenge <ul><li>International Energy Agency (IEA) – World Energy Outlook (10 th of November 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The scale and breadth of the energy challenge is enormous – far greater than many people realise . </li></ul><ul><li>An unprecedented, yet relatively narrow, window of opportunity to take action to concentrate investment on low-carbon technology.’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Current trends have profound implications for environmental protection, energy security and economic development ’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Households and businesses are largely responsible for making the required investments, but governments hold the key to changing the mix of energy investment </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing on today’s energy path, without any change in government policy, would mean rapidly increasing dependence on fossil fuels, with alarming consequences for climate change and energy security ’ </li></ul><ul><li>[crude oil] prices approach $102 per bbl by 2015, $131 per bbl by 2020 and almost $190 bbl by 2030. </li></ul>
    18. 18. 06: THE IRISH PLANNING SYSTEM
    19. 19. <ul><li>National Spatial Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Planning Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>County Development Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Local Area Plans </li></ul>The Planning System in Ireland Other EU and National Level Plans & Guidelines Policies & Programmes of Govt. Depts Capital Programmes Planning Guidelines Serviced Land Initiative Urban & Village Renewal Programmes Other Regional/Local Level Plans CDB Strategies Capital Programmes Housing Strategy Retail Strategy Waste Strategy Water Quality Management Biodiversity Plan
    20. 20. The Planning System in Ireland The National Spatial Strategy Regional Planning Guidelines
    21. 21. <ul><li>Zoning – Need, Policy, Capacity, Infrastructure, Physical Suitability, Sequential, Environmental Constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure – Transport, Water Services, Energy & Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Environment – Natural (including SACs, SPAs, NHAs) & Built Heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Social, Community & Cultural – Link with CDB </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape Character – SAAOs, LCAs </li></ul><ul><li>RPS & Architectural Conservation Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Regeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Amenities – including Public Rights of Way </li></ul><ul><li>Community Services – Schools, Creches etc </li></ul>What Must a Plan Include?
    22. 22. Development Plan Structure <ul><li>Development Plan Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Core aims </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement and transport strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Development opportunities pursued in the plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability – the Plan and Effects on the Environment </li></ul>Strategic Context <ul><li>Current Trends and Issues </li></ul><ul><li>National and regional spatial context </li></ul><ul><li>Key demographic and socio-economic trends </li></ul><ul><li>Physical development trends </li></ul><ul><li>Key issues to address in this plan </li></ul>Policies & Objectives Location and Pattern of Development Housing Strategy Economic Development Environment, Heritage & Amenities Infrastructure Development Management Objectives Implementation
    23. 23. <ul><li>Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). </li></ul><ul><li>Must be an Iterative & Integrated Process Where Plan Alternatives are Assessed Against Environmental Constraints. </li></ul><ul><li>SEA Statement </li></ul><ul><li>Article 6 ‘Appropriate Assessment’ (SACs/SPAs) </li></ul>Integrating the Environment
    24. 24. Environmental Report Mitigation Measures Monitoring SEA STATEMENT Alternatives Human Population Biodiversity Landscapes & Soil Agriculture/ Forestry Waste Management Water Quality Air Quality Noise Pollution Cultural Assets Material Assets Climate Change Sustainability
    25. 25. 05: THE PLAN MAKING PROCESS
    26. 26. The Plan Making Process Background Work, Data Gathering, Informal Consultations with Elected Members Notice of Intention of Planning Authority to Prepare A New Development Plan (Must be made not later that 4 years after the making of the existing Plan) Pre-Draft Public Consultation At Least 8 Weeks Week 1
    27. 27. The Plan Making Process Manager’s Report & Recommendations Preparation by the Manager of the Draft Plan & Environmental Report Consideration by the Members of the Draft Submitted by the Manager and Finalisation for Initial Public Display Publish Notice & Invite Submissions Directions from Elected Members (Within 10 Weeks of Managers Report) Week 16 Week 38 Week 46 Week 48
    28. 28. The Plan Making Process Public Consultation @ Least 10 Weeks Manager’s Report Making of Development Plan by Planning Authority Members Unless Material Alterations are Proposed Any Material Alterations Week 58 Week 70 Week 82 We Are Here
    29. 29. The Plan Making Process Notice of Material Alterations (amend Environmental Report if Necessary) Public Consultation @ Least 4 Weeks Manager’s Report Making the Plan Week 85 Week 89 Week 93 Week 99
    30. 30. 06: REVIEWING A DEVELOPMENT PLAN
    31. 31. <ul><li>A good development plan should be: </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent with the planning hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent with national guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Compliant with EU and National Policy & Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Take views of local people into account </li></ul><ul><li>A catalyst for positive change & sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate future needs on an objective basis </li></ul><ul><li>Have a strong role in protecting environment and heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Be capable of implementation and monitoring </li></ul>What Should A Good Plan Include?
    32. 32. 07: MAKING A SUBMISISON
    33. 33. Tips on Making a Submission <ul><li>Introduce your group briefly explaining the aims of the group, who your target group are and why you are making this submission. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain briefly how the submission was prepared including the consultation process carried out such as dates, numbers that attended etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure that the points made are clear, relevant and focused. </li></ul><ul><li>For clarity purposes, try to link your points directly to a section, chapter or page of the plan or policy. </li></ul><ul><li>If handwriting the submission, ensure that the writing is legible. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclude your submission by summarising your main points and give a brief outline of past experiences based on all the information you have gathered about the plan or policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Watch timeframes. Make sure you know the exact deadline date (month, day, hour). Deadline dates are strictly adhered to. </li></ul>
    34. 34. <ul><li>Always make sure the agency acknowledges receipt of your group’s submission. This receipt proves that the submission is in ‘the system’. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a recommendation or an idea that can be used in the future to make the plan or policy work better. </li></ul><ul><li>Address issues for which the Development Plan has competence </li></ul><ul><li>Location of the site your submission relates to (if applicable) </li></ul><ul><li>Use precedents or best practice examples </li></ul><ul><li>Be succinct and include a short executive summary </li></ul><ul><li>Send a copy to your Elected Members </li></ul><ul><li>www.laoiscoco.ie </li></ul><ul><li>www.thisplacematters.ie </li></ul><ul><li>www.planbetter.ie </li></ul>Tips on Making a Submission
    35. 35. Making a Submission – Being Effective  
    36. 36. 08: FOLLOWING UP
    37. 37. <ul><li>The most important reserved function of the Elected Members; </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the statutory preparation process and Council Meeting Minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for the Publication of the Draft Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Remind Councillors and Management of their statutory obligations </li></ul>Its Your Development Plan “ The greatest mistake a man can ever make is to do nothing for fear of not being able to do enough’ Edmund Burke
    38. 38. www.thisplacematters.ie
    39. 39. Key Development Plan Issues
    40. 50. THANK YOU! Closing Date Friday 11 th of Feb @ 1700 hrs

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