• Save
Irish policy framework for Biodiversity Protection
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Irish policy framework for Biodiversity Protection

on

  • 510 views

session 2 plans strategies and legal instruments

session 2 plans strategies and legal instruments
Irish policy for biodiversity protection
by Anja Murray
An Taisce

Statistics

Views

Total Views
510
Views on SlideShare
510
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • These are the most significant steps to conserve biodiversity Advantage that are legally enforceable at European level, in contrast to other voluntary agreements (CBD)

Irish policy framework for Biodiversity Protection Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Anja Murray Natural Environment Officer
  • 2. Irish Policy Framework for Biodiversity Protection Legislation & Policy
  • 3. Biological diversity the variability among living organisms from all sources, incl. terrestrial , marine , and other aquatic ecosystems & the ecological complexes of which they are part Bio diversity
  • 4. Halting Biodiversity Loss
    • Cornerstones of realizing our commitments:
    • The Habitats Directive
    • The Birds Directive
    • EC Environmental Impact Assessment ( EIA ) Regulations & Strategic Environmental Assessment ( SEA )
    • Water Framework Directive ( WFD )
    • Full and timely implementation
  • 5. Legislation
  • 6. 1976 Wildlife Act
    • Nature reserves & ‘Refuges for Fauna’
    • Protection of unspecified wild birds, wild animals, wild flora
    • Licences to hunt otters or deer, hare hunting and coursing
  • 7. The Wildlife (Amendment) Act, 2000
    • Protection for Natural Heritage Areas (NHAs)
    • Improved protection for wildlife
    • Implements CITES (convention on international trade in endangered species)
    • Hedgerow protection – extended nesting season – no cutting - exemptions
  • 8. Hedgerows Section 46: no cutting 1 st March – 31 st August Exemptions: public safety, agriculture, forestry, construction
  • 9. Natural Heritage Areas
    • Important National sites
    • Damage ongoing
    • Need strong protection by National & Local Authorities
  • 10. NHAs
    • NHAs: The Case for Conservation
    • A Review of NHA Protection in Ireland
    • An Taisce review, 2009
    • www.antaisce.org
    • 617 proposed NHAs (pNHAs), proposed in 1995, which still do not have the full legal protection they require
  • 11. Draft European Communities (Birds and Natural Habitats) Regulations 2010
    • Address ECJ judgements against Ireland for failures to fully transpose Birds Directive and Habitats Directives
    • Selection of sites and site notifications;
    • site protection & appeals;
    • duty of public authorities;
    • threat response plans;
    • Article 6(3) and 6(4) of the Habitats Directive
  • 12. Draft European Communities (Birds and Natural Habitats) Regulations 2010
    • Draft does not address:
    • habitats and species outside Natura 2000 sites
    • Public participation and information aspects lacking
    • Cumulative impacts
    • NHAs
  • 13.  
  • 14. Planning and Development Acts
    • Planning and Development (Amendment) Bill 2009
    • Planning and Development (Amendment) Act 2010
    • 4 different SIs in August - October2010
  • 15. 1946 Forestry Act
  • 16. Forestry: Planting in the wrong places
    • Bog drainage
    • Loss of marginal habitats
    • Impact on rare & protected species
  • 17. S.I. 538 of 2001: Afforestation
    • If proposed afforestation may have significant effects on:
    • water quality (acidification)
    • nature conservation
    • archaeology
    • amenity
    • Forest Service (Department of Agriculture & Food)
    • must publish notice of the application in at least one newspaper circulating in the district
  • 18. Forest Policy
    • ‘ Growing for the Future’, Ireland’s strategic Plan to develop forestry (DAFF, 1996) aims to increase forest cover to 17% by 2030
    • GGuidelines for water quality, archaeology, biodiversity, harvesting, aerial fertilisation
    • Forestry exempted under Planning and Development Acts
  • 19. Forestry & Water Quality
      • Acidification
      • Eutrophication
      • Siltation from soil erosion
      • Pesticides
  • 20. Forestry: International context
    • Ireland responsible for the import of tens of thousands of m 3 of illegally felled tropical timber each year
    • Curbing deforestation essential for mitigating (and adapting to) Climate Change
  • 21. Water
    • European Communities (Water Policy) Regulations 2003 implement the Water Framework Directive (WFD)
    • WFD River Basin Management Plans 2010 for
    • 7 separate ‘River Basin Districts’
  • 22. Aquaculture licensing
    • Fisheries Amendment Acts 1997, 2001
    • Finfish aquaculture needs licence and EIA
  • 23. Current Aquaculture licensing
    • Licensing halted for the moment
    • – European Intervention
    • Requirement to assess impacts of aquaculture on protected species and habitats nature conservation sites
    • Lost of data needed - Article 6 Assessment
    • Full compliance with Nature Laws
  • 24. NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY PLAN  2010-2015 Draft September 2010
    • 89 Actions implementing Convention on Biological Diversity
    education and awareness Agriculture decision making Forestry Alien invasive species Flood risk management Wetlands Research legislation fisheries International Trade Financing Genetic Diverstiy
  • 25. Flora Protection Orders
    • 1999 Flora Protection Order (S.I. No. 94 of 1999)
    69 Flowering Plants 14 mosses liverworts, lichens and stoneworts Killarney Fern Galeopsis angustifolia
  • 26. Flora Protection Orders
    • Marsh Saxifrage,
    • Saxifraga hirculus ,
    • 8 known populations, all in Co Mayo
    • decline due to the drainage and exploitation of its peatland habitat
    • Also listed in Annex II and Annexe IV Habitats Directive & listed as endangered in the Red Data Book
  • 27. Irish Red Data Books
    • IUCN
    • list rare and threatened vascular plants &vertebrates
    • (non-marine molluscs, mammals, birds, amphibians and fish)
    • assess and prioritise species for conservation purposes
  • 28. Birds of Conservation Concern in Ireland (BoCCI)
    • BirdWatch Ireland and RSPB Northern Ireland
    • Red list= declining breeders, historically declining (since 1900), global conservation concern
    • Amber list = medium conservation concern
    • Green list = all other regularly-occurring birds in Ireland
  • 29.
    • Red List
    • 18 species
  • 30. Other Legal and Policy Instruments
    • Waste: IPPC licencing (EPA)
    • Species Action Plans
    • Tree Preservation Orders (Local Authorities)
    • Climate Change Adaptation Plan (DOEHLG, due)
    • Voluntary Codes & sectoral Biodiversity Guidelines
    • Dumping at Sea Regulations
    • GMO Regulation: largely reverts to EU positions
    • National Plant Conservation Strategy for Ireland
  • 31. Responsibility
    • NPWS - part of the DOEHLG
    • manages the Irish State’s nature conservation responsibilities under National, European and international law
    • DoEHLG also for Climate Change Bill (???), WFD, Planning and Development
  • 32. Responsibilities
    • Responsibilities also for licencing agencies
    • Local Authorities (planning)
    • OPW
    • Forest Service (DAFF)
    • EPA – aspects of WFD, IPCC, SEA
    • All licencing agencies (clarified under draft Birds and Habitats regulations 2010)
  • 33.