Industrial visit


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Industrial visit

  1. 1. Nandini Milk Products of Karnataka Co- Operative MilkCompany ProfileKarnataka Cooperative Milk Producers Federation Limited (KMF) is the ApexBody in Karnataka representing Dairy Farmers Co-operatives. It is the secondlargest dairy co-operative amongst the dairy cooperatives in the country. In SouthIndia it stands first in terms of procurement as well as sales. One of the corefunctions of the Federation is marketing of Milk and Milk Products. TheBrand "nandini" is the household name for Pure and Fresh milk and milkproducts.KMF has 13 Milk Unions throughout the State which procure milk from PrimaryDairy Cooperative Societies (DCS) and distribute milk to the consumers in variousTowns/Cities/Rural markets in Karnataka.The first ever World Bank funded Dairy Development Program in the countrystarted in Karnataka with the organisation of Village Level Dairy Co-operatives in1974. The AMUL pattern of dairy co-operatives started functioning in Karnataka 1
  2. 2. from 1974-75 with the financial assistance from World Bank, Operation Flood II &III. The dairy co-operatives were established under the ANAND pattern in a threetier structure with the Village Level Dairy Co-operatives forming the base level,the District Level Milk Unions at the middle level to take care of the procurement,processing and marketing of milk and the Karnataka Milk Federation as the ApexBody to co-ordinate the growth of the sector at the State level.Coordination of activities among the Unions and developing market for Milk andMilk products is the responsibility of KMF. Marketing Milk in the respectivejurisdiction is organized by the respective Milk Unions. Surplus/deficit of liquidmilk among the member Milk Unions is monitored by the Federation. While themarketing of all the Milk Products is organized by KMF, both within and outsidethe State, all the Milk and Milk products are sold under a common brand nameNANDINI.Vision and MissionVision To march forward with a missionary zeal which will make KMF a trailblazer of exemplary performance and achievements beckoning other Milk Federations in the country in pursuit of total emulation of its good deeds. To ensure prosperity of the rural Milk producers who are ultimate owners of the Federation. 2
  3. 3. To promote producer oriented viable cooperative society to impart an impetus to the rural income, dairy productivity and rural employment. To a bridge the gap between price of milk procurement and sale price. To develop business acumen in marketing and trading disciplines so as to serve consumers with quality milk, give a fillip to the income of milk producers. To compete with MNCs and Private Dairies with better quality of milk and milk products and in the process sustain invincibility of cooperatives.MISSION Heralding economic, social and cultural prosperity in the lives of our milk producer members by promoting vibrant, self-sustaining and holistic cooperative dairy development in Karnataka State. 3
  4. 4. PRODUCTS 4
  5. 5. Growth Process –The growth over the years and activities undertaken by KMF is summarized briefly–Particulars Measure 1976-77 2010-11Dairy Co-operatives Nos. 416 11542Membership Nos. 37000 2018788Milk Procurement Kgs/day 50000 3668314Milk Sales Lts/day 95050 2377364Cattle Feed Consumed Kgs/DCS 220 3046Daily Payments to Farmers Rs. In Lakhs 0.90 449Turnover Rs, in Crores ----------- 3135Future Plans –After the closure of 3 projects, the Government of Karnataka and NDDB signed anMOU during February 2000, for further strengthening the dairy developmentactivities in Karnataka with an outlay of Rs. 250 Crores. Consequent to theannouncement of new terms and conditions by NDDB through an evolution ofaction plan – perspective 2010 to enable the dairy to face the challenges of theincreased demand for milk and milk products by focusing efforts in the four majorthrust areas of strengthening the Co-operatives in enhancing productivity,managing quality and building a national information network. 5
  6. 6. Personal Observations:-We observed the various process of preparation of milk and packaging there inhuge and hi tech plants and machinery. Besides milk the unit is producing Gheeand different sweet products like peda, dharwad peda, Mysore pak, paneer etc.We had a visit to different processing departments of milk and other nandiniproducts of various ranges of milk origin.This unit, Nandini milk products is one of the 13 milk unions of Karnataka co-operative milk producers federation ltd (KMF) which is no 1 in south India and 3rdin all India in milk production.It started its activities in 1974-1975 with the aid of word bank (operation flood II& III)when its overall members unions were 416 and t present the number of itsembers unions is 11063, it procures about 30,25,940 liters milk per day and sellsabout 21,29,790 liters milk and about 1,80,000 its curd every day. 6
  7. 7. Rail Wheel FactoryCorporate Profile Rail Wheel Factory (earlier known as Wheel and Axle Plant) is situated in Bangalore, India. It is a state-of-the-art plant, meeting bulk of the requirement of wheels, axles and wheel sets for the Indian Railways. The spare capacityavailable is profitably utilised to meet the domestic demands for non-railwaycustomers and exports.RWF strives to build successful and lasting relationships with its customers byconsistently exceeding their expectations. Customer focus and quality remain ourwatchwords.The plant is certified to ISO-9001: 2000 and ISO-14001: 1994 standards by M/s.BVQI. It is also certified to confirm to the Quality Assurance Program of 7
  8. 8. Association of American Railroads (AAR) in respect of manufacture of newwheels and axles.All products are subjected to stage and final inspection, starting from the chemicalcomposition of the molten metal till the final inspection. This includesmicro/macro properties of the material, Magnetic Particle Testing, UltrasonicTesting, Hardness, warpage, dimensional parameters, surface finish etc.All our products are accompanied with a Quality Assurance Certificate and carry awarranty of one year from shipment. RWF has the full capability to design andmanufacture any size of wheels, axles and wheel sets to suit individual customer’sspecial requirements.Vision, Mission & Quality Policy Vision To become a renowned global leader in the Business of developing and manufacturing Cast Steel Rail Road Wheels, precision Forged Axles and immaculately assembled Wheel sets.Mission To emerge as a unique global centre for design, development and manufacturing excellence of our products through continuous improvement 8
  9. 9. by upgrading our quality, reliability, dependability and value addition in a deliberate and proactive manner. To perennially endeavor to sustain excellence in customer satisfaction by consistently exceeding their expectations. To develop our human capital by constant enhancement of their technical, managerial & innovative capabilities. To promote ethical business practices and values in the true spirit of corporate governance.Quality PolicyWe, the employees of Rail Wheel Factory will strive:  To sustain our excellence in Quality in the manufacturing of Wheels, Axles and Wheel Sets  To delight our customers and  To continually improve. 9
  10. 10. Departments – The Various departments of RWF are mentioned below –  Mechanical.  Stores.  Accounts.  Personnel.  Civil Engineering.  Electrical.  MIS.  Vigilance.  Medical.  General Administration.History –Till early 1980s Indian Railways were importing about 55% of requirements ofwheels and axles. Indigenous capacity was available only at Tata Iron and SteelCompany (TISCO) and Durgapur Steel Plant (DSP). The TISCO plant was nottechnically capable of meeting the changing requirements of wheels and axles forthe new designs of rolling back and production was discontinued. DSP was onlyable to partially meet Indian Railways needs.The cost of imports was high with price rising in the world market. Financing ofimports delays in supplies and limited availability of foreign exchange adverselyaffected wagon production and rolling stock maintenance. It was in the context thatin the early 1970s the Railway Ministry felt that the necessity of setting up a new 10
  11. 11. specialized production unit for manufacturing of rolling stock wheels and axles asimport substitute. The ultimate objective was the DSP and the Rail Wheel Factory(RWF) should be able to meet totally Indian Railways’ requirement for standardwheels and axles so that their import could be stopped.An intensive study was made of the latest technology and equipment availableglobally possibility of collaboration and foreign exchange requirement. Based onthis study, the RWF project was conceived in the mid 70s with IR deciding to – 1. Adopt cast wheel technology developed by M/s Griffin Wheel Co. USA for wheel manufacture. Adoption of Cast Wheel Technology was more suitable as the productivity of the plant is higher and cost of production is lower as compared to forged wheels. The net savings in foreign exchange on wheel imports was estimated at Rs, 8 Crores per annum. 2. Undertake axle forging on special purpose. Long forging machine followed by heat treatment furnaces with automated conveyors for the movement of axles. 3. Provide axle machining facilities incorporating profile copying lathes, special purpose end machine equipment and a wheel set assembly complex with integrated engineering for handling and movement of axles. 11
  12. 12. Personal Observations –The personal observations I had during the Industrial visit to the Rail WheelFactory is discussed briefly – Handing of axles. Handling of axles where very interesting, the technological and mechanical efforts put in that direction and the additional physical efforts all really where amazing. Finding out the whole procedure. It took some time to grasp the complete procedures as it was really a bit complicate. All the steps involved where unique and significant. Conversion of scrap. Conversion of scraps back to the useful item was one of the most interesting things overall. It was really amazing and inspiring, how the useless bits of scraps where turned into very useful item. Assembling of wheels and axles. Assembling where really laborious task, it demanded high physical input. The hard work and efforts of the workmen were really commendable. 12
  13. 13. Silk worm seed production centreFunctions: 1. Seed production 2. Marketing. 3. Administration. 4. Quality Check. 13
  14. 14. National Silkworm Seed Organization 1. Production. 2. Marketing.’ 3. Administration. 4. Management.Quality policy 1. Quality of procured seed cocoons. 2. Processes. 3. Awareness of Staff. 4. Technology for Adapting, developing latest developed and available one. 5. Infrastructure. 14
  15. 15. SilkwormThe Silkworm (Bombyx mori) is the larva or caterpillar of a moth that is importantbecause it makes silk. It is entirely dependent on humans and no longer lives in thewild; silk has been made for at least 5000 years in China. Silkworms eat mulberryleaves. They are native to northern China.GrowthSilkworms are very hungry. They eat mulberry leaves day and night. Silkwormeggs take about ten days to hatch. When the colour of their heads turns darker, itmeans that it is time for them to shed their skins. After they shed four times, theirbodies turn slightly yellow and their skin becomes tighter, which means they aregoing to become a pupa. While they are a pupa, they turn into moths. Beforebecoming a pupa, the silkworm wraps itself in a cocoon, to help protect itself. Thesilkworm is called a silkworm because it spins its cocoon from raw silk that itmakes in its mouth. Many other larva produce cocoons, but only a few silkwormsare used to make silk.SilkThe cocoon is made of one thread of raw silk from 300 to 900 meters (1000 to3000 feet) long. The fibers are very thin. About 2,000 to 3,000 cocoons are neededto make a pound of silk.If the animal is allowed to survive after spinning its cocoon, it will make a hole inthe cocoon when it exits as a moth. This would cut the threads and ruin the silk. 15
  16. 16. Instead, silkworm cocoons are thrown into boiling water, which kills the silkwormsand also makes the cocoons easier to unravel. Often, the silkworm itself is eaten. The adult silkworms (moths) cannot fly. The silkworm-moths have wingsabout 2 inches wide and a white hairy body. Females are about two to three timesbigger than the males, but similarly colored. Adult silkworms have small mouthsand do not eat.Silkworm legendsIn China, there is a legend that the discovery of the silkworms silk was by anancient queen called Leizu. She was drinking tea under a tree when a cocoon fellinto her tea. She picked it out and as it started to wrap around her finger, sheslowly felt something warm. When the silk ran out, she saw a small cocoon. In aninstant, she realized that this cocoon was the source of the silk. She taught this tothe people and it became common. There are many more legends about thesilkworm. The Chinese guarded their knowledge of silk. It is said that a Chineseprincess smuggled eggs to Japan, hidden in her hair. The Japanese also love silk. Ittakes 2100 silkworms to make a single kimono.FoodIn Korea, silkworm pupae, boiled and seasoned, are a popular snack food known asbeondegi. 16
  17. 17. In China, street vendors sell roasted silkworm pupae. The pupae are a delicacy inthe Northern Area of China. They are baked with Satay sauces and rice to addextra flavour. In Japan, Silkworm Pupae is used in many dishes, including sometypes of sushi and even salads.References 1. Scoble, MJ, 1995. The Lepidoptera: Form, function and diversity. Princeton Univ. Press. 2. Goldsmith, M, Toru Shimada, and Hiroaki Abe. 2004. The genetics and genomics of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Annual Review of Entomology 50:71-100. 3. Grimaldi and Engel, 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press.ProductionThe cultivation of silk is called sericulture. Over 30 countries produce silk, themajor ones are China (54%) and India (14%)."In order to produce 1 kg of silk, 104 kg of mulberry leaves need to be eaten by3000 silkworms. It takes about 5000 silkworms to make a pure silk kimono." 17
  18. 18. Personal Observations: – 1. Identification of male and female silk worms. It can only be identified once they go through metamorphsis, and it has to do with the size. "The larger caterpillars have more energy, so they become females. The small caterpillars, in order to maximize their contribution to the gene pool, become males so they can (hopefully) impregnate lots of females. Even stripes help to identify the gender. 2. Observation silk, people and world. Silk has always been a sign of pride and luxury. It’s the sign of the rich and power in many countries especially in the Indian subcontinent. Silk has also great role in history. The route from china to India was named the silk route. 3. Egg of the Silk worm in cold storage. Eggs of the silk worm is preserved in very low temperature so as it can be used for the next season. Eggs kept in this condition are hibernated and doesn’t get ruined. Depending on the type of egg temperature and humidity maintained is different. 18