Classifying Cheese

“Cheese Making Is More
an Art Than a Science”
Anshuman Kelsy
Terms
• Coagulation- Change from a fluid to a thickened
mass; curdle; congeal.
•
• Whey- The watery part of milk that sepa...
Introduction to Cheese
• Can anyone give me a definition of cheese?
• Did you know cheese was traditionally made as a
way ...
Common Cheese Making Steps
S ta r te r a n d R e n n e t A d d itio n
C u ttin g a n d C o o k in g
M illin g a n d S a lt...
What are curds and whey?
Curds- the solid lumps you
find in milk when milk
sours. You can treat
milk with enzymes to
get t...
You can add a starter culture with rennet to
milk to get curds and whey
Why would anybody WANT to make curds and whey?
Cur...
Cheese
Add salt to curds- you get cheese!
The cheese needs to be pressed
Crumbly cheeses (e.g. Wensleydale) are
only press...
In groups, arrange the cards in the correct
order to product a step by step guide to
making cheese

Anshuman Kelsy
1. Take milk; add rennet and a starter culture to it
2. The milk curdles
3. You now have curds and whey.
4. Drain the whey...
??

Cheddar

??

How many different
cheeses can you think of?

??

??

??
??

Anshuman Kelsy

Wensleydale
Cheeses of the World

Anshuman Kelsy
14 Types of Cheese
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Blue
Brick
Brie
Mild Cheddar
Sharp Cheddar
Colby
Cream

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Anshuman Kelsy...
Blue Cheese
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Blue-vein mold ripened variety.
Made from Cow’s Milk.
Ages 2-6 months.
Tangy, peppery flavo...
Brick Cheese
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Semisoft ripened variety.
Made from Cow’s Milk.
Ages 2-4 months.
Mild to moderately sharp ...
Brie Cheese
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Soft ripened variety.
Usually made from Cow’s milk.
Ages 4-8 weeks
Mild to pungent flavor.
...
Mild Cheddar Cheese
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Firm ripened variety.
Made from Cow’s Milk.
Ages 2-3 months.
Mild to slightly nut-like ...
Sharp Cheddar Cheese
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Firm ripened variety.
Made form Cow’s Milk.
Ages 8-12 months.
Sharp typically nut-...
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Colby Cheese

Firm ripened variety.

Made from Cow’s Milk.
Ages 1-3 months.
Mild to mellow flavor.
Text...
Cream Cheese
• Soft unripened variety.
•
• Made from cream from Cow’s
Milk.
•
• Is not aged.
•
• Mild, acid flavor.
•
• Te...
Gouda Cheese
• Firm ripened variety.
•
• Made from whole or partly skimmed Cow’s
Milk.
•
• Ages 2-6 months.
•
• Mellow, nu...
Monterey (Jack) Cheese
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Firm ripened variety.
Made from Cow’s Milk.
Ages 1-3 months.
Mild to mellow flav...
Mozzarella Cheese
• Firm unripened variety.
•
• Made from whole or partly skimmed
Cow’s Milk.
•
• Is not aged.
•
• Mild de...
Munster Cheese
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Semisoft, ripened variety.
Made form Cow’s Milk.
Aged 1-8 weeks.
Mild to mellow flavor.
...
Provolone Cheese
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Firm ripened variety.
Made from Cow’s Milk.
Ages 2-12 months or longer
Mellow to sharp fla...
Ricotta Cheese
• Soft, unripened variety
•
• Made from whole or partly skimmed
milk, or whey from cow’s milk with
whole or...
Swiss Cheese

• Firm ripened variety.
•
• Made from Cow’s Milk.
•
• Aged 3-9 months (bacteria during
ripening produces gas...
Classes of Cheese
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Soft
Whey Cheeses
Semisoft
Hard
Anshuman Kelsy
Soft Cheese
• Unripened:

– High Fat: Cream Cheese

•
• Ripened:

– Brie
–

•
• Ricotta

Anshuman Kelsy
Semisoft
• Ripened principally by bacteria:
– Brick
– Munster
• Brick and Munster cheeses are the two most
often confused....
Hard
• Ripened by bacteria, without eyes:
–
–
–
–
–
–

Mild and Sharp Cheddar
Colby
Gouda
Monterey(Jack)
Mozzarella
Provol...
Conclusion
• Cheese is a delightful food which contributes variety
and interest to our diet.
•
• Various kinds have always...
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Classification of cheese

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The presentation is about various terms that are used in making cheese, basic cheese making steps and various International Cheeses.

Soon I'll be coming up with matching Cheese & Wine and also accompaniments for cheese.

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  • 3
    Cheese is the fresh or ripened product obtained after coagulation and whey separation of milk cream, or partly skimmed milk, buttermilk, or a mixture of these products
  • 17
    Breaks very smooth
  • 18
    Very crumbly
  • 20
    Look for wax imprints and wax leftovers
  • 22
    Stringy
  • 23
    Stinky Feet
  • 24
    Stinky Feet
  • 26
    Look for holes
  • Classification of cheese

    1. 1. Classifying Cheese “Cheese Making Is More an Art Than a Science” Anshuman Kelsy
    2. 2. Terms • Coagulation- Change from a fluid to a thickened mass; curdle; congeal. • • Whey- The watery part of milk that separates after the milk sours and thickens. • • Brine- Water strongly saturated with salt. • • Rennin- A stomach enzyme that coagulates casein and is used to commercially curdle milk in the making of cheese. Anshuman Kelsy
    3. 3. Introduction to Cheese • Can anyone give me a definition of cheese? • Did you know cheese was traditionally made as a way of preserving the nutrients of milk. • • Thousands of varieties of cheeses have evolved that are characteristic of various regions of the world. Anshuman Kelsy
    4. 4. Common Cheese Making Steps S ta r te r a n d R e n n e t A d d itio n C u ttin g a n d C o o k in g M illin g a n d S a ltin g D r a in in g , M a ttin g a n d W a s h in g F o r m in g a n d P r e s s in g Anshuman Kelsy C u r in g o r R ip e n in g
    5. 5. What are curds and whey? Curds- the solid lumps you find in milk when milk sours. You can treat milk with enzymes to get the same effect Whey- The watery liquid that you find in milk when the milk sours / is treated with enzymes Anshuman Kelsy
    6. 6. You can add a starter culture with rennet to milk to get curds and whey Why would anybody WANT to make curds and whey? Curds can be used to make cheese Whey can be used as animal feed Anshuman Kelsy
    7. 7. Cheese Add salt to curds- you get cheese! The cheese needs to be pressed Crumbly cheeses (e.g. Wensleydale) are only pressed lightly Hard cheeses (e.g. Cheddar) are pressed firmly The cheese is then left to mature (to develop flavour and texture) Anshuman Kelsy
    8. 8. In groups, arrange the cards in the correct order to product a step by step guide to making cheese Anshuman Kelsy
    9. 9. 1. Take milk; add rennet and a starter culture to it 2. The milk curdles 3. You now have curds and whey. 4. Drain the whey to leave only the curds 5. Add salt to the curds 6. Press the curds into moulds 7. Leave to mature 8. Package Anshuman Kelsy
    10. 10. ?? Cheddar ?? How many different cheeses can you think of? ?? ?? ?? ?? Anshuman Kelsy Wensleydale
    11. 11. Cheeses of the World Anshuman Kelsy
    12. 12. 14 Types of Cheese • • • • • • • • Blue Brick Brie Mild Cheddar Sharp Cheddar Colby Cream • • • • • • • • Anshuman Kelsy Gouda Monterey (Jack) Mozzarella Munster Provolone Ricotta Swiss
    13. 13. Blue Cheese • • • • • • • • • Blue-vein mold ripened variety. Made from Cow’s Milk. Ages 2-6 months. Tangy, peppery flavor. Texture is semisoft, pasty, and sometimes crumbly. • • White interior and marbled/streaked with blue veins of mold. Anshuman Kelsy
    14. 14. Brick Cheese • • • • • • • • • Semisoft ripened variety. Made from Cow’s Milk. Ages 2-4 months. Mild to moderately sharp flavor. Texture is semisoft to medium firm, elastic, and numerous small mechanical openings. • •Anshuman Kelsy yellow color. Creamy
    15. 15. Brie Cheese • • • • • • • • • Soft ripened variety. Usually made from Cow’s milk. Ages 4-8 weeks Mild to pungent flavor. Texture is soft & smooth when ripened. • • Creamy yellow interior with an edible thin brown & white crust. Anshuman Kelsy
    16. 16. Mild Cheddar Cheese • • • • • • • Firm ripened variety. Made from Cow’s Milk. Ages 2-3 months. Mild to slightly nut-like cheddar flavor. • • Texture is firm & smooth with some mechanical openings. • • White to medium-yellow orange Anshuman Kelsy color.
    17. 17. Sharp Cheddar Cheese • • • • • • • • • Firm ripened variety. Made form Cow’s Milk. Ages 8-12 months. Sharp typically nut-like flavor. Texture is smooth and waxy with some mechanical openings. • • White to medium-yellow orange. Anshuman Kelsy
    18. 18. • • • • • • • • • Colby Cheese Firm ripened variety. Made from Cow’s Milk. Ages 1-3 months. Mild to mellow flavor. Texture is softer & more open than cheddar cheese. Has numerous irregularly shaped openings. • • White to medium-yellow orange color. Anshuman Kelsy
    19. 19. Cream Cheese • Soft unripened variety. • • Made from cream from Cow’s Milk. • • Is not aged. • • Mild, acid flavor. • • Texture is soft & smooth. • • White to light cream color. Anshuman Kelsy
    20. 20. Gouda Cheese • Firm ripened variety. • • Made from whole or partly skimmed Cow’s Milk. • • Ages 2-6 months. • • Mellow, nut-like flavor. • • Texture is semisoft to firm, smooth, and has small irregularly shaped or round holes. • • Creamy yellow or medium-yellow orange interior and may have a red wax coating. It has a cannonball or oval shape. Anshuman Kelsy
    21. 21. Monterey (Jack) Cheese • • • • • • • • • Firm ripened variety. Made from Cow’s Milk. Ages 1-3 months. Mild to mellow flavor. Texture is soft to semisoft and has small openings evenly dispersed throughout. • •Anshuman Kelsy to light cream color. White
    22. 22. Mozzarella Cheese • Firm unripened variety. • • Made from whole or partly skimmed Cow’s Milk. • • Is not aged. • • Mild delicate flavor. • Texture is slightly firm and plastic. • • Creamy white color. Anshuman Kelsy
    23. 23. Munster Cheese • • • • • • • • • Semisoft, ripened variety. Made form Cow’s Milk. Aged 1-8 weeks. Mild to mellow flavor. Texture is semisoft and has small openings throughout. • • Creamy white interior with a Anshuman Kelsy yellow tan surface.
    24. 24. Provolone Cheese • • • • • • • Firm ripened variety. Made from Cow’s Milk. Ages 2-12 months or longer Mellow to sharp flavor with smoky and salty overtones. • • Texture is firm & smooth. • • Light creamy interior with a light brown or golden yellow surface. Anshuman Kelsy
    25. 25. Ricotta Cheese • Soft, unripened variety • • Made from whole or partly skimmed milk, or whey from cow’s milk with whole or skim milk added. • • Is not aged. • • Sweet, nut-like flavor. • • Texture is soft and may have a grainy consistency. • Anshuman Kelsy • White color.
    26. 26. Swiss Cheese • Firm ripened variety. • • Made from Cow’s Milk. • • Aged 3-9 months (bacteria during ripening produces gas which forms the eyes). • • Sweet, nut-like flavor. • • Texture is firm and smooth with medium to large round eyes throughout. • • Light yellow. Anshuman Kelsy
    27. 27. Classes of Cheese • • • • • • • Soft Whey Cheeses Semisoft Hard Anshuman Kelsy
    28. 28. Soft Cheese • Unripened: – High Fat: Cream Cheese • • Ripened: – Brie – • • Ricotta Anshuman Kelsy
    29. 29. Semisoft • Ripened principally by bacteria: – Brick – Munster • Brick and Munster cheeses are the two most often confused. • • Ripened Principally by blue mold in interior: – Blue – Anshuman Kelsy
    30. 30. Hard • Ripened by bacteria, without eyes: – – – – – – Mild and Sharp Cheddar Colby Gouda Monterey(Jack) Mozzarella Provolone • • Ripened by bacteria, with eyes: – Swiss Anshuman Kelsy
    31. 31. Conclusion • Cheese is a delightful food which contributes variety and interest to our diet. • • Various kinds have always been important sources of nutrients. • • Gourmet cooks might pay several hundreds dollars per pound for imported cheese. • • However, less developing countries, cheese is a staple in the diet. Anshuman Kelsy

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