Pharmacognosy presentation 2-Punarnava,Chitrak

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Punarnava & Chitrak

Punarnava & Chitrak

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  • 1. PHARMACOGNOSYPunarnava,ChitrakAnsh Dev
  • 2. Punarnava• Found throughoutIndia, especiallyduring the rainyseason
  • 3. • Synonyms-Spreading/redhogweed, BoerhaviaBiological source-obtained from wholeherb/roots ofBoerhavia diffusa Linn(family-Nyctaginaceae)
  • 4. punarnava• Descriptionstaste- varied(sweet,bitter andastringent)colour- goldenyellow(oil)
  • 5. Punarnava• Chemical constituents:b-Sitosterol, a-2-sitosterol, palmitic acidester of b-Ecdysone, triacontanol etc
  • 6. Punarnava• The root of this plant is a powerful Rasayana(longevity enhancer). It is good for thekidneys, especially the nephron cells whichare damaged by long-term hyperglycemia(diabetes). And it pacifies two of the mainlaws of physiology (Vata and Kapha).
  • 7. Uses• As diuretic for adema, painful micturition, renalstones• Blood impurities; heart disease especiallycongestive heart failure• Anemia,spleen enlargment,ascites, liver failure,kidney failure• In skin Diseases: It is very useful in skin diseaseslike scabies. It is considered as an excellentnatural remedy for guinea worms
  • 8. CHITRAK• Name: White Leadwort• Biological Name:Plumbago zeylanica( family-Plumbaginaceae)• synonyms: WhiteLeadwort, Chitrak, ChitraAgnimatha, Agnisikha,Bilay-chitramula,Ceylonische
  • 9. • Parts Used: Root, root bark, seeds
  • 10. Chitrak• Description-This herb is found throughoutIndia. It grows wild as a garden plant in East,North and Southern India and Ceylon.Plumbago zeylanica is an allied species and isconsidered to be a cultivated variety ofPlumbago rosea.
  • 11. chitrakChemical constituents• Root contains an acrid crystalline principlecalled Plumbagin.• Plumbagin is present in all the varieties ofplumbago to a maximum of about 0.91%
  • 12. uses• The root of this herb is a powerful acro-narcoticpoison. It causes abortion. It will expel fetus, dead oralive.• The root of the herb is used in cases of enlargedspleen.• This herb is used as part of many ayurvedic compoundremedies for rubifacient applications.• Root reduced to a paste is applied to abscesses to openthem. A paste made of milk, vinegar, or salt and watermay be applied in leprosy and other obstinate skindiseases, unhealthy ulcers, scabies etc
  • 13. Vote of Thanks….•••••••
  • 14. THANK YOU