Cerebral Palsy : is a term used to describe a group ofdisorders affecting body movement and muscle co-ordination.
HISTORY: CP, formerly known as "Cerebral Paralysis," was first identified by English surgeon William Little in 1860.It was not until 1897 that Sigmund Freud, then a neurologist, suggested that a difficult birth was not the cause but rather only a symptom of other effects on fetal development. Research conducted during the 1980s suggested that only a small number of cases of CP are caused by lack of oxygen during birth.
Spastic cerebral palsy is by far the most common type, occurring in 70% to 80% of all cases. Moreover, spastic CP accompanies one of the other types in 30% of all cases. People with this type are hypertonic and have a neuromuscular condition .
ATHETOID Athetoid or dyskinetic is mixed muscle tone— People with athetoid CP have trouble holding themselves in an upright, steady position for sitting or walking, and often show involuntary motions. About one quarter of all people with CP have athetoid CP. The damage occurs to the extrapyramidal motor system and pyramidal tract and to the basal ganglia. It occurs in 10% to 20% percent of all cases. In newborn infants, high bilirubin levels in the blood, if left untreated, can lead to brain damage.
ATAXIC Itcan be caused by damage to the cerebellum. The forms of ataxia are less common types of cerebral palsy, occurring in at most 10% of all cases. Some of these individuals have tremors. Motor skills such as writing& typing might be affected, as well as balance, especially while walking. It is common for individuals to have difficulty with visual and auditory processing.
People with hypotonic CP appear limp and can move only a little or cant move at all.
(1) multiple births (e.g. twins, triplets) (2) sexually transmitted infectious diseases, e.g. AIDS (3) poor nutrition (4) exposure to toxic substances, including nicotine, alcohol and drugs (5) chromosome abnormalities (6) biochemical genetic disorders (7) Poor oxygen supply may destroy brain tissue. (8) premature delivery (9) caesarian or breech delivery
Causes during childhood:(1) infections such as meningitis(2) brain haemorrhages(3) head injury following falls, caraccidents or abuse(4) drowning accidents(5) poisoning
Symptoms:(1) muscle tightness or spasms(2) involuntary movement(3) difficulty with "gross motorskills such as walking orrunning(4) difficulty with "fine motorskills" such as writing or doingup buttons(5) difficulty in perception andsensation
IS THERE ANY TREATMENT?Cerebral palsy can’t be cured, but treatment will often improve a childs capabilities. OH.. NO!
CAT scans (Computerized Axial Tomography) and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), can help identify lesions in the brain.
•Doctors check for other diseases to try to fix things up •Doctors mainly wait for the babyto develop to be sure
FAMOUS PEOPLE WITH CEREBRAL PALSYChristy Brown Jerry Jhamak Geri Jewell Traylor GhimireChristopher Nolan Chris Fonseca Steady Anne Eddie McDonald