1. Communication Spaces
2. Stimulation of Space
3. Experiential Spaces
Although this article was based on research
from only fifteen other articles there was a
variety of disciplines involved which helped
strengthen the argument
The virtual worlds seem very useful because
a student can interact in ways that they
would not be able to in a formal classroom
setting. For example having virtual fieldtrips.
The obstacles that I foresaw were addressed
within the article, although no solutions
were stated. These hindrances were:
inability to access applications on older
computers, lack of threaded discussion
(which may cause confusion), and the
necessity to type rapidly so that discussion
can run smoothly.
In this article there were no statistically
significant differences between online and
Virtual schooling used for
High Potential For Abuse
Will my credits be transferable?
Some online schools are not accredited. These
schools take people’s money and then when the
person transfers to an accredited school the
credits do not transfer
How do I know whether the school is
accredited? Whether the teacher is certified?
What the quality of the course is?
How does a teacher know whether the
student is doing his/her own work?
One solution: exams must be taken in person
Before I read this article I wondered whether
there were laws being passed about online
schools. The article brought up points that I
had not considered very often such as how to
standardize the online courses with the
conventionally taught courses
It was interesting to see that the costs of
online teaching differed from state to state.
I wondered why that was, but it was not
specifically addressed in the article.
There is a difference between “teaching
online” and “putting a course online.”
Teachers still must teach in an online course,
it is just in a way that is not face to face.
The main obstacles that occurred within the
The authors said that there was more time
spent answering questions in the online class
with made it more costly, but it was the first
time they were teaching an online class so
perhaps their instructions weren’t as precise
as they thought.
I believe if the teachers had used other
means of communicating besides simply e-
mail the class would have gone better.
Perhaps if they had used podcasting,
specified times for discussions online as a
class, and other resources it would have
been more effective.
1. Verbal = typing
2. Nonverbal = avatar emotions and actions
This is an avatar.
An avatar is a
character that a
person uses to
Use illusion of space in interactive ways
Ex: To acclimate foreign students to a new
school. A person could “walk” around the
virtual campus and learn where things are
without physically going there.
“Acting”on the world
Changing, building, and observing things
classes are more
independent, it is
easy for people to
forget about the
In the article
there were tutors
to help the people
Although an online class involves more
independence, it still needs structure.
Even though students may have the
technology at their disposal it does not mean
they know how to use it effectively.
Adopt new regulations
governing the provision of
online K-12 schooling
Call for audits of
providers of virtual
Cheung,Wing Sum, & Hew, Khe Foon. (2010).
Use of Three-Dimensional (3-D)
Immersive Virtual Worlds in K-12 And
Higher Education Settings: A Review of
the Research. British Journal of
Educational Technology. Retrieved
August 8, 2010, from
Davey, Ronnie, & Ham, Vince. (2005). Our
First Time: Two Higher Education Tutors
Reflect on Becoming a “Virtual Teacher”.
Innovations in education and Teaching
International. Retrieved August 8, 2010,
Glass, Gene V., (2009). The Realities of
K-12 Virtual Education. Education Policy
Research Unit. Retrieved August 8, 2010,