Effective Public Speaking


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Effective Public Speaking

  1. 1. Effective Public Speaking
  2. 2. Don’t Be Afraid <ul><li>Sometimes an Audience May Seem Intimidating </li></ul><ul><li>But Always Remember…. </li></ul>
  3. 3. They Are People Like You.... <ul><li>Imagine that you are addressing your friend or a small group of friends </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Public Speech Can Be Like a Conversation <ul><li>A conversation has a purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>You should ask: What is my purpose? </li></ul><ul><li>There are three common purposes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inform people of something they did not know </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convince them to be of your opinion on the matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move them to take action </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. To Be Effective, It Is Best to Prepare Your Speech <ul><li>Make an outline of your case </li></ul><ul><li>Choose your evidence and arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange them in the right order </li></ul><ul><li>Give “road signs” to the audience so they know what to expect </li></ul><ul><li>Create a strong opening and closing </li></ul>
  6. 6. Prepare Yourself <ul><li>Prepare your speech or notes so you can refer to your presentation easily </li></ul><ul><li>Dress the way you want people to perceive you </li></ul><ul><li>Before speaking, try to find a private place to stand before a mirror, look at yourself, make sure all is ok, and say to yourself: “I can do this.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Practice Your Speech <ul><li>Ask a small group of friends – or even one friend – to let you practice and to give you useful tips about how to improve </li></ul><ul><li>Learn your speech so you can refer to it without reading it </li></ul><ul><li>Practice speaking very clearly </li></ul><ul><li>Practice speaking – NOT reading </li></ul>
  8. 8. Practice (continued) <ul><li>Practice your hand gestures so they are natural to you </li></ul><ul><li>Use a timer (for example, a watch) so that you will know how long you have spoken. (You may be surprised!) </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to your friends and try to use their comments to improve your speech </li></ul><ul><li>Decide whether you will use a podium </li></ul>
  9. 9. Making Your Speech <ul><li>Try to look in the mirror and reassure yourself first </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure that you are introduced or that you introduce yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure that there is a glass of water for you </li></ul>
  10. 10. Making Your Speech <ul><li>Choose to use the podium or to speak without a podium </li></ul><ul><li>If you have not been introduced, introduce yourself and thank the audience for coming </li></ul><ul><li>Make your speech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be sure to make some eye contact with the audience </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Making Your Speech <ul><li>Draw on both reason and emotion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be reasonable and calm so that you can appeal to the reason of those whom you wish to persuade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be emotional so that you can move to action those whom you wish to move to action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Try not to read your speech, but to speak with the audience as you would speak with friends </li></ul>
  12. 12. Concluding Your Speech <ul><li>Conclude with words that tell the audience that you have finished: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You may summarize: For example, “In conclusion, I have given you three reasons why this measure should be adopted.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thank them for their attention </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Dealing With Questions or Audience Response <ul><li>If there is time and opportunity, invite them to a conversation </li></ul><ul><li>If you receive questions, be polite and listen and then thank the questioner for the question, even if it is hostile </li></ul><ul><li>When time for questions and responses is finished, thank them again for their attention </li></ul>
  14. 14. Congratulations! <ul><li>You have made an effective speech. </li></ul><ul><li>You have: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informed some fellow citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persuaded some fellow citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moved some fellow citizens to action </li></ul></ul>