HAND WASHING A large part of infection control is learning to wash your hands properly. It is impossible to avoid using your hands when caring for people or preparing food, so to be sure wash your hands before and after. To prevented the transfer of germs from the first client to the second client, wash your hands after each procedure. Always wash your hands before and after handling food trays and food, eating, handling client’s personal items, using your own personal items, and using the toilet.
Check hands for cuts, scratches or dryness. Any break in the skin is a possible source of infection. Never use a tea towel or bath towel to wipe your hands, these can harbour germs which can be transferred to your hands and then onto a client. Alcohol based hand rubs are suitable for hand hygiene before and after touching a patient and after removing sterile and non sterile gloves, however are not suitable for heavily soiled hands. For general hand cleansing between patients with no touching of bodily fluids alcohol based sanitisers are definitely suitable for use.
HOW TO WASH YOUR HANDS PROPERLYThe following procedure teaches you how to wash your hands properly. The procedure should be between 40 and 60 seconds. Turn the water on. The water should be allowed to run the entire time you wash your hands. Wet your hands and wrists under the running water. Always position your hands down into the sink, so that the water runs off your fingertips, not down your arm towards your elbow. Use soap to lather your hands and wrists. Lather well between your fingers by interlacing them. Rub around each fingernail firmly at the skin edges. Rub the fingertips into palms to loosen any dirt/germs trapped under the fingernails. Wash 2-3 inches up your wrist area. Rinse your wrists and hands. Pat dry your hands using paper towel. Clean paper towels help you avoid picking up germs that live on cloth towels. If you do not have access to paper towel the best thing is to let your hands air dry. Turn off the water using the same paper towel you used to dry your hands.
GLOVES • Always wear gloves when bathing a client and when you are handling body waste or secretions, such as urine, faeces, salvia blood. • Clean gloves should be readily available in the clients bathroom or clients bedside. • Clean gloves provide a barrier against infection while you provide direct care to clients.
HOW TO PUT ON GLOVES ANDREMOVE WITH OUT CONTAMINATIONThe following teaches you how to put on and remove gloves:1. Before putting on gloves, wash your hands using the hand washing procedure. Dry your hands well as wet hands can make putting gloves on difficult.2. Once your hands are clean and dry select the appropriate sized glove to fit your hand. Gloves that are too large or to small are difficult to use.3. Pick one glove at a time out of the box and place on each hand. Check the glove for tears. If the glove is torn replace it.4. To remove the gloves start by pinching the left hand glove at the wrist. Turn down towards the palm and pull off slowly. (You will be holding the glove in your right hand with the glove still on.)5. Get your left hand and place two fingers underneath the right hand glove at the wrist.6. Pull the glove down slowly to the palm.7. When you reach the other glove fold the right hand glove over the top of the glove and pull off. ( PLACE DIRECTLY IN THE BIN )8. Wash your hands using the hand washing procedure.
THE 4 UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS TO PREVENT INFECTION Wash Hands Cover when you cough or sneeze Do not comeWear full to work ifPPE you are ill
That is the end of the Hand Hygiene Tutorial. Please complete the Hand Hygiene Knowledge Assessment.Results will be forwarded to your Manager/Supervisor.