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  • 1. ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
    CYSTOSCOPY &TURP
    1
    RN.ANAS I AL DERBASHI
  • 2. 1.DEFINITION
    A cystoscopy is a procedure that looks at the bladder and other parts of the
    urinary system. The urinary system is made up of the kidneys; ureter (tube
    that links the kidney and bladder); bladder and urethra (tube that urine passes
    through from the bladder before exiting the body). It involves inserting a
    special tube, called a cystoscope, into the urethra and then passing it through
    to the bladder.
    Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a surgical procedure by which portions of the prostate gland are removed through the urethra
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
    2
  • 3. ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
    3
  • 4. INDICATION
    A doctor may perform a cystoscopy to find the cause of many urinary conditions, including
    frequent urinary tract infections
    blood in the urine, which is called hematuria
    a frequent and urgent need to urinate
    unusual cells found in a urine sample
    painful urination, chronic pelvic pain, or interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome
    urinary blockage caused by prostate enlargement or some other abnormal narrowing of the urinary tract
    a stone in the urinary tract, such as a kidney stone
    an unusual growth, polyp, tumor, or cancer in the urinary tract
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 5. SHORT DESCRIPTION
    1.Does not involve an external incision. The surgeon reaches the prostate by inserting an instrument through the urethra
    2.The actual TURP procedure is simple. It is performed under general or local anesthesia. After an IV is inserted, the surgeon first examines the patient with a cystoscope, an instrument that allows him or her to see inside the bladder. The surgeon then inserts a device up the urethra via the penis opening, and removes the excess capsule material that has been restricting the flow of urine.
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 6. GOAL:
    The goal of prostate surgery for benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is to remove the obstruction, minimize the damage to surrounding structures, and cause the patient as little discomfort as possible
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 7. PROCEDURE
    1.The urethra may be dilated, as necessary. The irrigation tubing, fiberoptic light cord, and electrosurgical cord are connected and the bladder is continuously irrigated during the procedure. Cystoscopy is performed to assess the hypertrophy and to inspect the bladder.
    2.A resectoscope is passed into the bladder using a water-soluble lubricant. The urethra and bladder trigone are reexamined. Electrodissection (monopolar or bipolar) is employed to excise pieces of hypertrophied prostatic tissue
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 8. PROCEDURE
    At intervals, the fragments of tissue and blood clots are washed out of the bladder using an Elik evacuator or Toomey syringe. Total removal of all tissue fragments is desired. When resection is complete, the bladder and prostatic fossa are examined for residual unattached fragments of tissue.
    When adequate hemostasis is assured, the resectoscope and sheath are removed. A Foley catheter (30-ml balloon) is inserted into the bladder, filled with 5 to 10 ml of fluid, and then drawn into the prostatic fossa, where an additional 12 to 25 ml of fluid is introduced to provide pressure for hemostasis.
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 9. PREPARATION OF THE PATIENT
    The room of choice is the “cysto” room with the “cysto” table.
    A forced air warming blanket may be placed. Anti-embolitic hose are applied, when ordered.
    Following the administration of regional (preferred) or general anesthesia, the patient is positioned in lithotomy using padded knee crutches on the “cysto” table.
    Arms may be extended on padded arm boards. All bony prominences and areas vulnerable to skin and neurovascular pressure or trauma are padded. Electrosurgical dispersive pad is placed.
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 10. SKIN PREPARATION
    • Cleanse entire pubic area (including scrotum and perineum), extending from the umbilicus to the mid-thighs .The anus is prepped last; discard each sponge after wiping the anus.
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 11. Draping
    • Impervious drape sheet under the buttocks, leggings, and trans-uerthral-sheet or “TUR” drape
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 12. Fluid for Irrigation
    • Usually Normal Saline
    glycin
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 13. COMPLICATIONS
    Hemorrhage Stricture
    Rupture urethra
    Incontinence
    Infection.
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 14. CYSTOSCOPY & TURP
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 15. ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 16. ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 17. ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 19. ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 21. ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 22. ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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  • 23. THANKYOU!!!
    FuN!!!
    Though no one can go back and make a brand new start, anyone can start from now and make a brand new ending.
    ANAS I AL DERBASHI .RN ,KHCC
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