Elements of Culture. & Q#4 Ivan Santos Johanna Lopez
Social Norms Social Norms is manners and laws. It can also be what society expect from you and what you should do as an everyday behavior. Basic things that keep the human race from devolving into something uncivilized. It can also be what makes a difference human from behaving as animals.
Gift giving during Christmas
is considered a social norm.
Leaving a tip for the waiter.
Men pay for dinner most of the time.
Only having sex with consenting adults.
Saying please and thank you.
Wearing Clothing in public.
Examples cont. Showering. Picking someone up if they fall down Opening the door for old ladies. Going to the back of the line. Not talking with your mouth full. Working for a living. Stopping at red light.
Institution Social institutions are beliefs and behavior centered on basic social needs. All societies rely on a minimum of five social institutions.
Examples Politic -Every society must have some political structure to maintain internal order and to protect against external threats. - In modern society, we have a formal system of law which we follow - Armed forces for protection against external threat. Socialization - school is created to pass on information that may not be known to family members & to pass on more knowledge to our young members.
Examples Family( reproduction) No society can exist for more than one generation unless it replaces itself. Religious Institutions To keep people motivated, they must have a belief in something that transcends the self. Economy Societies must provide for the production and distribution of goods and services. As today, we rely on corporations, and high technology.
Question #4 What are some examples of conventions, mores and laws found in US society?
Norms is the agreement upon expectations and rules by which a culture guides the behavior of its members. All norms vary depending on their cultural groups.
Ex: Americans, for instance, maintain fairly direct eye contact when conversing with others; Asians, on the other hand, may avert their eyes as a sign of politeness and respect.
Values Values in society are what it holds to be “good” or desirable. Both of these are values. How do they differ?
Why do we hold these values to such high regard? We condition ourselves to believe that if we follow these Values we will be rewarded with a “good life” And general welfare. 35th President of the United States J.F.K. was a model citizen Who followed these values consistently until his death.
Honesty Courage Justice Chivalry Examples of Values
Values can be determined from you set of morals for example: Chivalry | Selfless-ness Values can also be determined from a sense not related to morality for instance self preservation or pride. For example: Economic Success | Health | Education. Morally and Non-Morally based values.
Globally the united states is viewed as very materialistic This means we value the accumulation and use of money Very highly. Social values are what make institutions function Correctly. Churches, mosques, temples have power Only as long as people believe in and follow their values Local Example of Values.
Material Products|Cultural Artifacts “Man-made objects of human skill and effort that are essential To the functioning of a society” Products created by a society that the society then becomes dependent on to keep its status quo.
Very closely related to material products Technology. Definition: Deals with the creation and use of technical means and Their interrelation with life, society, and the environment. Technology has always been a corner stone of a society. Be it The advancement of its technology the gives it strength or its Primitive technology that contributes to its weakness.