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     how-to-pack how-to-pack Document Transcript

    • How to PackWhether you’re looking for general guidelines forpacking day-to-day shipments or specific guidelinesfor shipping specialty items, you’ll find it all here inour series of comprehensive packaging guides. Clickthe one you want. Print just what you need.
    • ContentsClick the guide you want. General Packaging Guidelines 3 Packaging Perishable Shipments 9 Packaging Computer Shipments 16 Packaging Guidelines for Clinical Samples, Environmental Test Samples and Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) Shipments 22 Automotive and Mechanical Parts Packaging Guidelines and Designs 28 Preparing Freight Shipments 36
    • General Packaging Guidelines At FedEx, we know proper packaging can help ensure that your shipments arrive safely. So we offer general packaging guidelines — from measuring and weighing your package, to packing methods, sealing and labeling instructions, and guidelines for restricted shipments.ContentsShipment Size and Weight Restrictions 4General Packaging Guidelines 4General Packing Methods 5Sealing Your Package 7Addressing and Labeling Your Package 7Packaging Specialty Shipments 7Back to How to Pack contents
    • Shipment Size and Weight Restrictions Calculating Dimensional Weight • With FedEx Express® U.S. services, you can ship Dimensional weight applies when your package is packages up to 150 lbs.; up to 119" in length and 165" relatively light compared with its volume. If the in length and girth. dimensional weight exceeds the actual weight, charges based on the dimensional weight will be • With FedEx Express international services, you can assessed. To calculate it: ship packages up to 150 lbs.; up to 108" in length and 130" in length and girth. • Multiply length by width by height in inches. • With FedEx Express® Freight Services, you can ship • Divide by 194 (for U.S. and Puerto Rico shipments) individual skids of 150 lbs. or more. Skids exceeding or 166 (for international shipments). 2,200 lbs. in weight or exceeding 70" in height, 119" • Compare the dimensional weight and actual weight. in length or 80" in width require prior approval. • With FedEx Ground® services, you can ship packages up to 150 lbs.; up to 108" in length and 165" in length General Packaging Guidelines plus girth. • Use FedEx Express packaging for FedEx Express ® • With FedEx Home Delivery services, you can ship package shipments only; any other use is prohibited. packages up to 70 lbs.; up to 108" in length and 165" • You may use your own packaging if boxes are sturdy in length plus girth. and undamaged with all flaps intact. • Use double-wall boxes for heavier items. Place yellow and black safety heavyweight labels over • Place small packages inside a larger outer container. the diagonal corners of your package if it weighs more For express shipments smaller than 7" x 4" x 2", use than 75 lbs. To get the labels, contact your FedEx Express a FedEx Express packaging option. courier or FedEx account executive, or go to a FedEx • Put 3" of cushioning, such as air-cellular cushioning, Kinko’s Office and Print Center® or FedEx World Service loosefill peanuts, corrugated fiberboard, foam pads or Center®. molded plastic, on all sides of the container. Length and Girth Formula • Double-box fragile items with 3" of cushioning in and Girth is around the smaller box. (2 x width) + (2 x height) • Wrap items individually with cushioning material and center them in cartons away from other items and away from the sides, corners, top and bottom of the container. Height • Position bottles that contain liquids upright. Use an inner seal and perforated breakaway cap. The inner packaging must be able to contain leaks. Width • Place items that might be damaged by normal Length handling, such as soiling, marking or application of adhesive labels, in a protective outer container. Length is the longest side of the package or object. • Band or shrinkwrap printed materials that can shift Measuring Length and Girth around, and then cushion them within a heavy-duty corrugated cardboard carton. The length and girth formula is simple. Here’s what you do: • Wrap rolled goods such as fabric and wallpaper • Measure the length, height and width of the package. in air-cellular cushioning, reinforced plastic or • Length and girth equals length plus twice the width heavy brown paper before placing them in an and twice the height. outer container.Back to contents Page 4
    • • Enclose an extra label, business card or letterhead • Use fillers like crumpled newspaper, loosefill peanuts with the shipper’s address and phone number and or air-cellular cushioning material to fill void spaces the recipient’s address and phone number inside the and prevent movement of goods inside the box package before sealing it. during shipping. • Remove all old address labels from recycled boxes • Place goods that might be affected by dirt, water or before shipping, and make sure there are no holes, wet conditions inside a plastic bag. tears or corner dents in the outer container. • Consolidate small parts or spillable granular products in a strong sealed container, such as a burlap or Recommended Box-Strength Guidelines siftproof plastic bag, before shipping inside a sturdy outer container. Use this box-selection chart to determine the maximum content weight allowed in a sturdy outer container. The • Use the H taping method for sealing your package. printed weight on the box stamp may differ from the FedEx maximum recommended limits for the express and Recommended Packing Method For: ground shipping environment. Machinery parts Recommended Box-Strength Guidelines Footwear and apparel Maximum Size Limit of Bursting Test Edge Crush Weight Box (inches) (lbs. per Test (ECT) Printed matter of Contents L+W+H sq. in.) (lbs. per (lbs.) in. width) Canned products Single-Wall Corrugated Containers Granular products 30 75 200 32 Carpeting 40 75 200 40 50 85 250 44 Tools and hardware 65 95 275 55 80 105 350 NA And similar items Double-Wall Corrugated Containers Single-Box Illustration Filled With Loosefill Peanuts 60 85 200 48 Nonfragile product 80 95 275 51 with cushioning 100 105 350 61 to prevent movement 120 110 400 71 140 115 500 82 150 120 600 NA Sturdy outer container with flaps intact General Packing Methods Follow these general guidelines for the two most popular packing methods, plus recommendations for odd- or Single-Box Illustration With Wrapped Item irregular-shaped shipments. Fragile product wrapped in a minimum 4" thickness of Single-Box Packing Method cushioning material • Ship nonfragile products like soft goods inside a sturdy outer container. Sturdy outer container with • Ship fragile products individually, wrapping them in flaps intact a minimum 4" thickness of air-cellular cushioning material such as Bubble Wrap®.Back to contents Page 5
    • Box-in-Box Packing Method Box-in-Box Illustration With Air-Cellular Cushioning • Wrap product(s) individually with at least 2" thickness Smaller inner box of air-cellular cushioning or foam material to fit snugly wrapped in 4" inside a corrugated box. of air-cellular cushioning material • Restrict product movement inside the box using filler like crumpled newspaper, loosefill peanuts or other cush- ioning material. Sturdy outer • Close and tape the inner box to prevent container, measuring accidental opening. 6" larger on all sides, • Use a second, outer container that is at least 6" longer, with flaps intact wider and deeper than the inner box. • Choose the wrap or fill method to cushion the inner box inside the larger sturdy outer container. • Wrap the inner box with at least 4" thickness of air- Wrapping and Taping Method cellular cushioning material or use at least 3" of loosefill It is always preferable to ship items in sturdy outer peanuts or other cushioning material to fill the spaces cartons to protect them from the soiling, marking, between the inner box and outer container on the top, scratching and denting that may occur during normal bottom and all sides. package handling. But for odd- or irregular-shaped items, • Fill any void spaces with more cushioning material. at a minimum you should wrap and tape all sharp edges or protrusions. • Use the H taping method for sealing your package. Wrap rolled goods such as rugs in heavy-duty plastic or paper for protection. Then wrap the address label Recommended Packing Method For: completely around the object or use a tie-on tag or pouch. FedEx cannot assume liability for damage due to Clocks inadequate protection. Pottery Glassware Recommended Packing Method For: Furniture Luggage Eyeglasses Rugs Electronics Transit cases And similar items Boogie boards Reels and spools Box-in-Box Illustration With Loosefill Peanuts And similar items Packing material (e.g., loosefill peanuts) minimum of 2" thickness on each side Inner box Address label Bar-code label Packing material (e.g., loosefill Protective wrap peanuts) minimum of 3" thickness on each side Sturdy outer container with flaps intactBack to contents Page 6
    • Sealing Your Package • Avoid wrapping labels around the corner or directly on the edge or seam of the package. • Apply at least three strips of pressure-sensitive adhesive plastic tape that is at least 2" wide to both • Place shipping labels on the package’s largest surface. the top and bottom of the carton. While we cannot ensure compliance with markings such as “Up” arrows or “This End Up,” properly • Distribute the tape evenly across flaps and seams, placing the shipping label increases your chance using the H taping method. for the preferred orientation. • Use pressure-sensitive plastic tape, water-activated • Do not place labels over seams or sealing tape. paper tape (minimum 60-lb. grade) or water-activated reinforced tape. • Use tie-on tags on transit cases (including tradeshow display cases), golf bags, skis and luggage. • Do not use cellophane tape, duct tape, masking tape, string or rope to seal packages. Use applicable routing label, airbill or address label H taping method While we cannot ensure compliance with markings such as up arrows or “This End Up,” properly placing the shipping label increases your chance for the preferred orientation. Packaging Specialty Shipments Some shipments require detailed instructions for proper packaging to ensure intact delivery to your destination. We suggest that you download those stand-alone PDF Addressing and Labeling Your Package files in their entirety. Guidelines for packaging specialty • Place delivery information inside and outside items are all-inclusive and contain specific packing, the package. Include an address for your recipient sealing, labeling and testing instructions. You’ll find and yourself. specific guidelines for those products in the table of • Supply a physical address rather than a P.O. box contents. Recommendations for items that don’t require address for U.S. recipients. FedEx Express can ship to such specific guidelines follow. a P.O. box in certain international locations, including Puerto Rico, but you must provide a valid telephone, fax or telex number. • Remove or cross out any old address labels on the carton. • Package labels and packing slips should be applied facing the same direction on the same side of the package. • Avoid carbon-copy or stenciled labels unless you cover them with clear pressure-sensitive tape; they can smear and cause delays in delivery.Back to contents Page 7
    • General Guidelines for Unique Items To find updated dangerous-goods guidelines, information • Artwork. Apply masking tape in a criss-cross pattern on packaging guidelines and other information, on the glass surface to prevent glass from splintering; go to fedex.com/us/services/options, then select call the FedEx packaging hotline at 1.800.633.7019 for Dangerous Goods. You can also register at fedex.com/ a list of artwork-packaging manufacturers. us/services/options/dangerousgoods/seminars.html for IATA/ICAO training that meets government-mandated • Photos and Posterboard. Tape flat items onto training under 49 Code of Federal Regulations (49CFR) a rigid material like plywood, plastic or layers of 172.700. To speak with a dangerous-goods shipping fiberboard padding; as an alternative, place printed professional call, 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and material between pieces of corrugated pad and tape press “81.” both pads together at all seams. Hazardous-Materials Shipments via FedEx Ground • Undeveloped Film. Prominently mark your packages accordingly; special labels are available. If you haven’t shipped hazardous materials via FedEx Ground before, contact your FedEx account executive • Stringed Musical Instruments. Loosen the tension first. We need to confirm that you’ve met government on the strings to remove the stress on the neck of training requirements and can generate the the instrument. documentation your shipment needs. • Printed Matter. Make sure the printed matter is To find updated hazardous-materials guidelines, banded or shrinkwrapped and packed in adequate information on packaging guidelines and other outer packaging to prevent exposure during transit. information, go to fedex.com/us/services/options, Place stacks of printed matter in double-wall, then select Hazardous Materials. To register for online full-overlap or telescopic corrugated boxes. training that meets DOT certification requirements, go to See Recommended Box-Strength Guidelines www.shipsafeshipsmart.com or call 1.800.762.3744, for recommendations. ext. 6753. To speak with a hazardous-materials shipping professional, call 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and press “81.” Dangerous-Goods Shipments via FedEx Express Dangerous goods must be tendered to FedEx Express according to both current IATA regulations for air transport and the FedEx Express Terms and Conditions. Many common items are considered dangerous goods, including aerosol sprays, car batteries, fireworks, lighters, matches, paint and perfume. If you’re not sure whether your commodity meets the criteria for dangerous goods, or which identification and classification apply, contact the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) at 1.800.467.4922. If you have other questions, call the FedEx Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials hotline at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and press “81.” Bubble Wrap is a registered trademark of Sealed Air Corporation. NOTICE: This packaging brochure is provided free to FedEx customers to help reduce loss or damage due to improper packaging. It is NOT intended to be a comprehensive guide for packaging items we accept for transit. We make no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding this information. Proper packaging is the sole responsibility of the shipper. For more information and additional guidelines, go to the packaging tips page on fedex.com/us/services/packageshipment/, e-mail packagingservices@fedex.com or contact FedEx Packaging Design and Development at 1.800.633.7019. Refer to the current FedEx Service Guide for terms, conditions and limitations applicable to FedEx® delivery services. © 2007 FedExBack to contents Page 8
    • Packaging Perishables Shipments At FedEx, we know perishable shipments must be properly packaged to prevent spoilage and maintain product integrity. FedEx Express can help with specific instructions for packaging your perishable shipments.ContentsHow to Keep Products Refrigerated During Transit 10How to Keep Products Frozen During Transit 12Shipping Seafood With Wet Ice 13How to Protect Products From Freezing 14Sealing and Labeling Instructions 14The FedEx Express Transportation Environment 15Free FedEx® Package Testing and Design Services 15Contacts and Resources 15Back to How to Pack contents
    • Preparing Perishable Items for Shipment • Bag perishable products that can melt or thaw, or shipments that contain liquid, using minimum 2-mil Perishable products may be subjected to harsh watertight plastic bags. environmental conditions, such as excessive temperature or humidity, on the way to their • Place foam containers inside sturdy outer containers. destination. We do not provide temperature-controlled • Include the address and 24-hour phone number of both shipping services for express shipments. However, the shipper and the recipient on each shipping label. with careful packaging, you can protect your products by providing appropriate temperature protection *Dry ice (carbon dioxide solid, UN 1845) is considered a dangerous good/ or stability. hazardous material for air transport and requires special handling. See Dry Ice Shipping Regulations for details. During shipping, insulation and refrigerants are key to preserving products like seafood, plants, meat and fruits Express Service Recommendations as well as dairy, medical and chemical products. With • We recommend that perishables be shipped via FedEx the proper combination of insulation and refrigerants, First Overnight®, FedEx Priority Overnight®, FedEx you can maintain products within specific temperature Standard Overnight® or FedEx 1Day® Freight. ranges. You can keep products frozen, or prevent • The maximum acceptable gross weight per package for products from freezing. You can prevent melting and most FedEx Express® overnight services is 150 lbs., thawing in hot weather and minimize the effects of including packaging and refrigerant. short-term temperature variations. We’ll show you how. • For overnight shipment of packages with a gross weight of 151 to 2,200 lbs. each, use FedEx Insulation 1Day Freight. We recommend insulation to reduce the transfer of heat • We recommend that you package perishables for a through packaging container walls. The most common minimum transit time of 30 hours. insulation materials are expanded polystyrene (EPS) • FedEx does not recommend shipping perishables via foam, rigid polyurethane foam and reflective materials FedEx 2Day®, FedEx 2Day® Freight or FedEx Express (radiant barrier films). Saver®, but if you choose to you should package shipments for at least 12 hours more than the Refrigerants delivery commitment time. We recommend refrigerants such as gel coolants and dry • Avoid shipment of perishable items on days that will ice* to keep perishable products cold or frozen. However, require transit on a weekend or over a holiday period. do not use dry ice as a refrigerant for live seafood such • Perishable seafood items are acceptable for shipments as lobsters; use gel coolants instead. Wet ice has many within the U.S. only. disadvantages, including weight and special water- resistant packaging requirements, but it may be used if approved in advance by FedEx Packaging Design How to Keep Products Refrigerated and Development. During Transit Gel coolants are preferable to wet ice. General Guidelines for Packaging Perishables • Freeze the coolants according to the manufacturer’s • Package shipments to withstand handling in guidelines. different orientations. • Precool the insulated container, if possible. • Use a refrigerant that will keep products within the • If your shipment contains liquid or perishable products required temperature range. Use gel coolants for that could contain liquids, double-bag the products refrigerating products between 32 F (0 C) and 60 F using minimum 2-mil watertight plastic bags and line (16 C). Use dry ice* for frozen items. the inside of the foam container with a minimum 2-mil • Use insulated foam containers with a minimum of plastic liner and absorbent material. 1-1/2"-thick walls. • Arrange products inside the insulated container, allowing space for coolants.Back to contents Page 10
    • • Place a sufficient number of coolants on top of and Packaging Seafood Shipments With Gel Coolants around the product. Expanded • Fill all void space with dunnage such as loosefill polystyrene peanuts to prevent product movement. foam cooler top • Close the liner bag securely. • Place the insulated container inside a corrugated outer box. Coolant • Close and securely seal the corrugated box with pressure-sensitive plastic tape. Apply the tape over Proper fold-over bag closure all box flaps and seams. Seafood* Packaging Perishable Shipments With Gel Coolants 2-mil sealed plastic bag (double-bagged) Insulated container lid 2-mil sealed plastic bag Coolant Product Coolant 2-mil plastic liner Insulated container Absorbent pads Expanded polystyrene Outer corrugated box foam cooler bottom Outer corrugated Bag Closure Instructions box * When shipping live edible seafood (lobsters, oysters, crabs), use gel coolants and follow the same packaging steps except do not seal the bags. Twist end of bag tightly. Fold over. Wrap rubber band securely around fold-over to ensure closure.Back to contents Page 11
    • How to Keep Products Frozen When shipping with dry ice, you must provide correct During Transit identification, classification, markings and labeling on • Freeze products before packaging. your outer carton to comply with current requirements in the International Air Transport Association (IATA) danger- • Precool the insulated container, if possible. ous-goods regulations. • If the shipment contains liquid or perishable products that can melt or thaw, bag the products or line the The following permanent markings are required on the insulated container using a minimum 2-mil watertight outer packaging of all IATA dry ice shipments: plastic bag. • “Dry Ice” or “Carbon Dioxide Solid.” • When arranging products inside the insulated • “UN 1845.” container, allow enough space for dry ice. • Net weight of dry ice in kilograms. • Place a sufficient amount of dry ice in the insulated • Name and address of the shipper. container on top of and around the products. • Name and address of the recipient. • Fill void spaces with dunnage material such as loosefill peanuts. FedEx Dry Ice Label • Close the liner bag (if used) but do not completely seal it, as the carbon dioxide gas from the evaporating dry ice must be allowed to vent. • Place the lid on the insulated container. • Place the insulated container inside an outer corrugated box. • Close and securely tape the box with pressure- sensitive plastic tape. Apply tape to all flaps and seams. • Complete the required paperwork, dangerous-goods labeling and markings. 3 ABC Food Company Liam Riley 1234 Main Street 2020 Vision Street Dry Ice Shipping Regulations Memphis, TN 38112 Atlanta, GA 30305 Dry ice (or carbon dioxide solid, UN 1845) is considered a An IATA Class 9 Miscellaneous label must appear on all dry dangerous good/hazardous material for air transport and ice shipments. FedEx Express offers a dry ice label that, when correctly completed, satisfies the IATA marking and labeling requires special handling. Shippers are also required to requirements, available free of charge at fedex.com or by have function-specific dangerous-goods training as out- calling 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339. lined in 49CFR (Code of Federal Regulations) 172.700. When dry ice changes to carbon dioxide gas in enclosed Whether you use online shipment processing at spaces like aircraft cargo holds, it displaces oxygen. fedex.com or a FedEx airbill, select “Dry Ice” on your The design and construction of packaging used for dry documentation and complete the dry ice information. In ice shipments must prevent the buildup of pressure addition, mark “Yes, Shipper’s Declaration not required” that could cause rupturing and the release of carbon in the Special Handling section on the airbill. dioxide gas. If you have questions or need more information about dry ice shipments, call the FedEx Dangerous Goods/ Hazardous Materials Hotline at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and press 81.Back to contents Page 12
    • Packaging Perishable Shipments With Dry Ice Packaging Frozen Seafood Shipments With Dry Ice Insulated container lid Expanded polystyrene foam cooler top Dry ice blocks Dry ice Product Proper fold-over bag closure Dry ice blocks Seafood 2-mil plastic liner 2-mil sealed plastic bag (double-bagged) Insulated container Dry ice Outer corrugated box Absorbent pads Expanded Dry ice label polystyrene foam cooler bottom Additional Requirements for Shipping Frozen Seafood Outer • Double-bag seafood in minimum 2-mil plastic corrugated box bags, with each bag individually sealed using the fold-over method. Dry ice label • Place adequate absorbent material such as pads, cellulose wadding or paper towels in the bottom of the foam container to absorb any liquids. Shipping Seafood With Wet Ice FedEx does not recommend the use of wet ice (frozen water) as a refrigerant. If you believe wet ice is necessary, your packaging must be approved by FedEx Packaging Design and Development before shipping. Use of wet ice without preauthorization is prohibited. • Double-bag seafood in minimum 2-mil plastic bags, with each bag individually sealed using the fold-over method. • Double-bag the ice in minimum 2-mil plastic bags, with each bag individually sealed using the fold-over method.Back to contents Page 13
    • • Line the insulated container using a minimum 2-mil How to Protect Products From Freezing watertight plastic bag. You can help protect your products from low • Place adequate absorbent material such as pads, temperatures or freezing by using “heat sinks,” which cellulose wadding or paper towels in the bottom of help maintain desired temperatures. Gel coolants make the foam container to absorb any liquids. good heat sinks. • Follow all other packaging requirements for • Place your products inside an insulated container and seafood shipments. surround them with room-temperature (about 72 F) gel • Ship via FedEx Priority Overnight service only. coolants to reduce the risk of freezing. • Fill all void space with dunnage such as loosefill Packaging Seafood Shipments With Wet Ice peanuts to prevent product movement. • Ship the insulated container inside a corrugated box. Expanded polystyrene foam cooler top Packaging Perishables to Prevent Freezing Ice in 2-mil sealed plastic bag Insulated container lid (double-bagged) Proper fold-over Warm coolant bag closure Seafood 2-mil sealed plastic bag (double-bagged) Product Ice in 2-mil sealed plastic bag 2-mil plastic liner (double-bagged) Insulated container Absorbent pads Outer corrugated box 2-mil sealed plastic bag Expanded polystyrene foam cooler bottom Sealing and Labeling Instructions • Apply at least three strips of pressure-sensitive Outer adhesive plastic tape that is at least 2" wide to both corrugated box the top and bottom of the carton. • Tape all seams or flaps using the H taping method. • Place the shipping label on the top of the largest surface. • Mark your outer container ”Perishable.”Back to contents Page 14
    • H taping method avoid product spoilage. We encourage you to submit While we cannot a sample of your perishables packaging for testing ensure compliance with markings such and evaluation. as up arrows or “This End Up,” properly placing the shipping label increases Testing Request Guidelines your chance for the preferred orientation. Follow these steps for submitting your packaging for testing. An active FedEx account number is required. You and your FedEx account executive should expect testing Dry ice label (when required). results in approximately 5 to 7 business days from receipt Dry ice (carbon dioxide solid, UN 1845) is considered a dangerous of your packaging. good/hazardous material for air transport and requires special handling. See Dry Ice 1. Obtain a Packaging Services Application at fedex.com Shipping Regulations for details. or by contacting FedEx Packaging Design and Development at packagingservices@fedex.com or The FedEx Express 1.800.633.7019. Transportation Environment 2. Complete and sign your application, referencing the Perishable products must withstand various temperature name of your FedEx account executive on the form. conditions in the FedEx Express shipping environment. 3. Prepare a sample test package including all the The cargo areas of our vans and trucks are not packaging components and contents in the exact temperature-controlled, and temperature will vary configuration you intend to send to your customer. depending on time of year, location, exposure to 4. Place your completed application, your sample sunlight and other variables. In summer months the test package labeled “Test This Package” and any temperature in the cargo area can be as much as necessary cushioning material in a sturdy outer 30 degrees higher than the ambient temperature container marked “Overpacked/Test Pkg. Inside.” outside the vehicle. 5. Send your shipment to: On board FedEx Express aircraft, temperatures vary FedEx Packaging Design and Development depending on the type of aircraft, the location of each 2828 Business Park Drive cargo compartment and the package location within Bldg. H, Suite 500 each compartment, the length of flight and the cruising Memphis, TN 38118 altitude. For general reference, temperatures aboard most wide-body aircraft main cargo compartments vary Contacts and Resources between 65 F (18 C) and 90 F (32 C). Packages positioned • How to Pack guidelines at fedex.com/us/services/ in the bulk department, next to the aircraft’s outer packageshipment/. structure, might be exposed to temperatures as low as • FedEx Packaging Design and Development lab, 0 F (-18 C) during flight. packagingservices@fedex.com or 1.800.633.7019. Air pressures on FedEx Express aircraft vary from as • FedEx field packaging engineers, low as 8.3 psi at cruise altitude to as much as 14.7 psi pkgfield@mail.fedex.com, or contact your FedEx on the ground. account executive for a referral. • FedEx Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Hotline, Free FedEx® Package Testing 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and press 81. and Design Services Contact your FedEx account executive for information on We offer package testing, evaluation and design services packaging flower shipments. that can help you predict packaging performance and NOTICE: This packaging brochure is provided free to FedEx customers to help reduce loss or damage due to improper packaging. It is NOT intended to be a comprehensive guide for packaging items we accept for transit. We make no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding this information. Proper packaging is the sole responsibility of the shipper. For more information and additional guidelines, go to the packaging tips page on fedex.com/us/services/packageshipment/, e-mail packagingservices@fedex.com or contact FedEx Packaging Design and Development at 1.800.633.7019. Refer to the current FedEx Service Guide for terms, conditions and limitations applicable to FedEx® delivery services. © 2007 FedExBack to contents Page 15
    • Packaging Computer Shipments At FedEx, we understand that computers and peripherals, such as monitors and printers, are complex and fragile pieces of equipment. They need proper packaging designed to protect them from shock and vibration that occurs naturally in transit. We can help.ContentsShipping With Original Manufacturer’s Packaging 17Shipping Without Original Manufacturer’s Packaging 17Sealing and Labeling Instructions 19Shipping in a FedEx Laptop Box 19Shipping in a Transit Case 19Packaging Freight Shipments 20General Guidelines for Shipping Computer Parts and Peripherals 20Free FedEx® Package Testing and Design Services 21Contacts and Resources 21Back to How to Pack contents
    • Recommended Packaging Options Obtain a box that is at least 6" larger in length, width and height than the original manufacturer’s packaging. This brochure will help you pack and prepare your Fill the bottom of the box with 3" of packing material computer and peripheral shipments. Follow the (e.g., air-cellular cushioning or loosefill peanuts). Do not instructions for the packaging method of your choice. use crushed paper. Center the original manufacturer’s • Shipping with original manufacturer’s packaging. packaging inside the outer box and fill empty spaces on • Shipping without original manufacturer’s packaging. all sides and the top with packing material. The inner box should be surrounded with at least 3" of packing material • Shipping in a FedEx Laptop Box. around all six sides of the inner box. • Shipping in a transit case. Apply at least three strips of pressure-sensitive adhesive • Packaging freight shipments. plastic tape that is at least 2" wide to both the top and bottom of the carton to protect the package and its contents. Tape all seams or flaps. Shipping With Original Manufacturer’s Packaging Original packaging is usually designed to ship the Shipping Without Original product once, not multiple times. Reuse can weaken Manufacturer’s Packaging the packaging and place the inside product at risk. We recommend three methods for shipping your computers Overboxing provides extra integrity for the weakened and peripherals if you don’t have, or prefer not to use, the original manufacturer’s packaging. original manufacturer’s packaging. Using Air-Cellular Cushioning Material Using Original Packaging and an Outer Box Computer or peripheral wrapped in a minimum 3" thickness of Accessories Bubble Wrap® material Original manufacturer’s cushioning Accessories Original manufacturer’s Outer box box Packing material Wrap the computer or peripheral on all sides with at Outer box least 3" to 4" of air-cellular cushioning material such as Bubble Wrap®. Place the wrapped item inside a sturdy outer box. Accessories that are wrapped in appropriate amounts of cushioning can also be placed in any open spaces of the box. Fill all spaces with additional Inspect the original packaging to ensure that the cushioning so that the wrapped item fits tightly inside cushioning material and box are intact and unbroken. the box. If no open spaces exist, pack accessories in Make any repairs with pressure-sensitive adhesive an additional box. plastic tape that is at least 2" wide. Pack the product using all the original packaging components. Close and seal both the top and bottom of the box with three strips of pressure-sensitive plastic tape that is at least 2" wide. Tape all seams or flaps.Back to contents Page 17
    • Using Loosefill Peanuts Using Foam Corner Cushioning Enclose contents inside plastic bag Computer or Packing material peripheral (e.g., loosefill peanuts) surrounded with minimum of 2" thickness packing material on each side Inner box Inner box Foam corner cushions Packing material (e.g., loosefill peanuts) minimum of 3" thickness on each side Outer box Outer box Since this type of packing material allows the packaged item to settle to the bottom of the box, it is important to You may choose to use foam corner cushioning specifically use the overbox method of packaging. The inner box designed to properly cushion your product during shipping. should be at least 4" greater in length, width and height This packing method allows you to use one size of inner than the item you are shipping. This will allow for 2" of box, one size of outer box, and one type of foam corner space for all six sides. The outer box should be at least cushioning to ship items of various sizes and weights. 6" greater in length, width and height than the inner box. Place the computer or peripheral inside the box and This will allow 3" of space between the inner box and surround the item with at least 1-1/2" of packing material the outer box. (e.g., loosefill peanuts, air-cellular cushioning, foam-in- Wrap the computer or peripheral in a plastic bag to place) on all sides so that the item does not move inside prevent the loosefill peanuts from getting inside the unit. the box. Fill the bottom of the inner box with at least 2" of loosefill Close and seal the top and bottom of the inner box with peanuts and center the wrapped item inside the box. Fill three strips of pressure-sensitive plastic tape that is at empty spaces on all sides and top with loosefill peanuts, least 2" wide. ensuring that there is at least 2" of loosefill peanuts on all six sides of the item. Pack accessories such as power Place the box containing the item inside a larger (outer) cords, keyboards and external drives separately, away box fitted with the foam corner cushions. The outer box from the computer or peripheral. must fit tightly around the foam corner cushions. Close and seal both the top and bottom of the box with Close and seal the top and bottom of the outer box with three strips of pressure-sensitive plastic tape that is at three strips of pressure-sensitive plastic tape that is at least 2" wide. least 2" wide. Tape all seams or flaps. Fill the bottom of the outer box with at least 3" of loosefill peanuts and center the inner box inside the outer box. Fill empty spaces on all sides and top of the inner box with loosefill peanuts, ensuring that there is at least 3" of loosefill peanuts on all six sides. Close and seal both the top and bottom of the box with three strips of pressure-sensitive plastic tape that is at least 2" wide. Tape all seams or flaps.Back to contents Page 18
    • Sealing and Labeling Instructions Place the laptop in the plastic bag, then place one foam pad above and one foam pad below the wrapped laptop. • Using the H taping method, apply at least three strips Adjust the slotted foam liner by tearing off just enough of pressure-sensitive adhesive plastic tape that is at material to ensure a snug fit around the laptop. Close the least 2" wide to both the top and bottom of the carton. box by inserting the flaps into the side walls. Seal the bot- • Tape all seams or flaps. tom edge of the laptop box with a strip of pressure-sensi- • Place the shipping label on the top of the largest side. tive plastic tape that is at least 2" wide. H taping method While we cannot ensure compliance with markings Shipping in a Transit Case such as up arrows or “This End Up,” properly placing the shipping label increases your chance for the preferred orientation. ATA-compliant transit case with recessed latches and handles FedEx tie-on tag Shipping in a FedEx Laptop Box Laptop in plastic bag While transit cases can effectively protect computers and peripherals that will be shipped multiple times, care must be taken in the design of both the outer case and the One foam pad inner cushioning. above and one foam pad below When selecting a transit case, make sure the inner foam cushioning is designed to the proper fragility level to Slotted foam liner, adjusted protect the computer or peripheral during shipping. Also for a snug fit make sure the outer case is manufactured in compliance around laptop with Airline Transport Association (ATA) standards. Handles, latches, wheels and locks should be recessed into the case. Replace the foam cushioning inside the case periodically, because with use, the cushioning will break down and no longer provide proper protection for the product. Attach the shipping label using a FedEx tie-on tag, When shipping a laptop computer, we recommend available at fedex.com or by calling 1.800.GoFedEx that you use our specially designed FedEx Laptop Box 1.800.463.3339. whenever possible. The box includes cushioning material and is available for purchase at FedEx Kinko’s Office and Print Centers®, FedEx World Service Center® locations and FedEx Kinko’sSM Ship Centers.Back to contents Page 19
    • Packaging Freight Shipments Printers Remove printing cartridges before shipping, and place car- Cartons 70-gauge stacked squarely stretchwrap tridges inside a sealed plastic bag to prevent ink or powder from leaking into the box. Tape moving parts such as doors and print heads to secure them during transit. Remove any Angleboard 70" paper trays and pack them separately. Scanners Most manufacturers recommend that you secure the scanner carriage to prevent movement when shipping. 27" minimum width, 3-1/2" Refer to your owner’s manual for more information. minimum No overlap height for of base pallet jack entry Computer Housings With or Without Banding through voids Internal Components Pieces up to 2,200 lbs. Packaging designed for computer housings without internal components is usually designed for the weight Shipments that qualify as freight must be packaged of the empty housing. If you assemble and install inner accordingly. See the current FedEx Service Guide to components (such as circuit boards and disk drives), make determine if your shipment qualifies as freight. sure your packaging can accommodate the increased You must package your freight shipments to allow for weight. For security reasons, you may want to encrypt or stacking of other packages on top of your shipment. remove any confidential data stored on the computer Make sure your freight shipments are banded and before shipping. Overbox shipments of assembled units in stretchwrapped to the pallet, with the bands running original packaging. in both directions. (Pallet loads secured with only stretch- wrap are not acceptable.) Data Storage Devices Avoid corrugated or fiberboard pallets. You must secure Before shipping CDs, memory sticks, magnetic tapes or all freight shipments weighing 151 lbs. or more on a other data storage media, you should back up any data forkliftable base, compatible for pallet jack usage. The stored on the devices. For security reasons, you may minimum specifications for a typical base for forklift or also want to remove or encrypt any sensitive personal, pallet jack configuration are illustrated above. confidential or financial information. FedEx liability for loss of any electronic data is limited only to the cost of the medium on which the data is stored. See Liabilities Not General Guidelines for Shipping Assumed in the current FedEx Service Guide. Computer Parts and Peripherals Whichever packaging method you use, you’ll find the following tips helpful when packing specific items. Servers, Routers, Large Laser Printers Due to the high value and variable weights and sizes of these units, we recommend that customers contact Monitors FedEx Packaging Design and Development for Remove the base and any attachments from the monitor packaging recommendations. when possible. Ship the monitor face-down.Back to contents Page 20
    • Free FedEx® Package Testing Custom-Designed Packaging and Design Services If you ship computers and peripherals frequently, you may We offer package testing, evaluation and design services also want to have your packaging custom designed. FedEx that can help you avoid product damage. In some cases, Packaging Design and Development can provide guidance we may even help you eliminate unnecessary packaging to you and your packaging supplier. For example, you may costs. We encourage you to submit a sample of your be interested in a customized foam cushion specifically packaging for testing and evaluation. Also request a copy designed to fit and protect your fragile computer and to of our drop, vibration and compression test standards pass all FedEx packaging tests. Our packaging engineers for shipments by contacting FedEx Packaging Design can help with your custom designs. and Development. Contacts and Resources Testing Request Guidelines • How to Pack guidelines at fedex.com/us/services/ Follow these steps for submitting your packaging for packageshipment/. testing. An active FedEx account number is required. You • FedEx Packaging Design and Development lab, and your FedEx account executive should expect testing packagingservices@fedex.com or 1.800.633.7019. results in approximately 5 to 7 business days from receipt of your packaging. • FedEx field packaging engineers, pkgfield@mail.fedex.com, or contact your FedEx 1. Obtain a Packaging Services Application at fedex.com account executive for a referral. or by contacting FedEx Packaging Design and Development at packagingservices@fedex.com or 1.800.633.7019. 2. Complete and sign your application, referencing the name of your FedEx account executive on the form. 3. Prepare a sample test package including all the packaging components and contents in the exact configuration you intend to send to your customer. 4. Place your completed application, your sample test package labeled ”Test This Package” and any necessary cushioning material in a sturdy outer container marked “Overpacked/Test Pkg. Inside.” 5. Send your shipment to: FedEx Packaging Design and Development 2828 Business Park Drive Bldg. H, Suite 500 Memphis, TN 38118 Bubble Wrap is a registered trademark of Sealed Air Corporation. NOTICE: This packaging brochure is provided free to FedEx customers to help reduce loss or damage due to improper packaging. It is NOT intended to be a comprehensive guide for packaging items we accept for transit. We make no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding this information. Proper packaging is the sole responsibility of the shipper. For more information and additional guidelines, go to the packaging tips page on fedex.com/us/services/packageshipment/, e-mail packagingservices@fedex.com or contact FedEx Packaging Design and Development at 1.800.633.7019. Refer to the current FedEx Service Guide for terms, conditions and limitations applicable to FedEx® delivery services. © 2007 FedExBack to contents Page 21
    • Packaging Guidelines for Clinical Samples, Environmental Test Samples and Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) Shipments At FedEx, we understand the importance of quickly and safely processing clinical samples, environmental test sam- ples and Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) ship- ments. FedEx Express can help with specific instructions for packaging, marking and labeling.ContentsRequirements for Clinical Samples and Environmental Test Samples 23General Packaging Requirements 23Additional Packaging Requirements for Non-Infectious Clinical Samples 24Requirements for Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) Shipments 24General Packaging Requirements 24Free FedEx® Package Testing and Design Services 26Contacts and Resources 27Back to How to Pack contents
    • This guide outlines the requirements for shipping with use a FedEx® Clinical Pak as an overwrap to comply FedEx Express. In addition, all shipments must comply with the minimum acceptable size as long as the final with all applicable local, state and federal laws governing package meets the four basic packaging requirements. packing, marking and labeling. Blood, urine, fluids and other specimens containing or suspected of containing Acceptable Absorbent Materials infectious substances must be shipped according to Cellulose wadding applicable government, International Air Transport Association (IATA) and International Civil Aviation Cotton balls Organization (ICAO) regulations. Super-absorbent packets Requirements for Clinical Samples and Environmental Test Samples For the purposes of this guide, clinical samples are Paper towels generally defined as non-infectious human or animal materials including, but not limited to, excreta, secreta, tissue and tissue fluids, blood and FDA-approved pharmaceuticals that are blood products. Environmental Acceptable Primary Containers test samples are typically soil and water. Taped plastic canister General Packaging Requirements For liquid clinical samples and environmental test samples of soil and water, you must include four layers of packaging: Taped glass or plastic jar 1. Primary watertight inner receptacle. Use leakproof containers for liquid specimens and siftproof containers for dried specimens — with a positive closure such as a screw-on, snap-on or push-on lid, Taped glass or plastic vial taped for an additional seal. If you place multiple fragile primary receptacles in a single secondary receptacle, they must be individually wrapped or Acceptable Secondary Containers separated to prevent contact between them. 2. Secondary watertight inner receptacle. Use a Sealed, minimum 1"-thick foam container leakproof sealed plastic bag, plastic canister, screw- cap can or sealed foam container. 3. Absorbent material. Place absorbent material between the primary and secondary receptacles, using Sealed plastic bag enough material to absorb the entire contents of all primary receptacles. Acceptable absorbent materials include cellulose wadding, cotton balls, super- absorbent packets and paper towels. Plastic container 4. Sturdy outer packaging. Use rigid outer packaging constructed of corrugated fiberboard, wood, metal or plastic, appropriately sized for the contents. If the Screw-cap can outer packaging is smaller than 7" x 4" x 2", you mayBack to contents Page 23
    • Additional Packaging Requirements for Ship Centers and FedEx Kinko’s Office and Print Centers® Non-Infectious Clinical Samples accept FedEx Clinical Pak shipments that are not classified as Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373). To ensure safe delivery of your clinical and environmental test samples, we provide these additional guidelines. Requirements for Biological Substance, Liquid Clinical Sample Marking Requirements Category B (UN 3373) Shipments Include a marking on the package that properly identifies Customers who ship Biological Substance, Category B the shipment as “Exempt human specimen” or “Exempt (UN 3373) shipments must comply with local, state and animal specimen” as appropriate to comply with current federal laws governing identification, classification, IATA and ICAO regulations. If you prefer, package packaging and package markings (which may be in label markings may be in the form of a label. form). FedEx Express strictly adheres to the IATA, ICAO and U.S. government guidelines for materials categorized as Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373). Dried Samples While non-infectious samples of dried blood, tissue, General Packaging Requirements saliva and hair are not dangerous goods and are not required to meet dangerous-goods regulations, they do For Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) require special packaging that meets FedEx Express shipments, cushioning material is required for both guidelines. Enclose dried-blood samples on absorbent liquid and dried specimens. You must also include four pads or cards in watertight plastic bags and ship them in layers of packaging: a sturdy outer container or commercial envelope. Cushion samples on glass or plastic slides and ship them inside a 1. Primary watertight inner receptacle. Use primary sturdy outer container or flexible-envelope packaging. receptacles made of glass, metal or plastic with a Use of the FedEx Clinical Pak is optional. positive means of ensuring a leakproof seal, skirted stopper or metal crimp seal must be provided; screw Environmental Test Samples caps must be reinforced with adhesive tape. For liquid specimens, the primary receptacle must not contain Packaging of environmental test samples such as soil and more than 1 L. For dried specimens, the primary water must meet the four basic packaging requirements receptacle must not exceed the outer packaging for blood, urine or other liquid clinical samples. Provide weight limit. adequate internal filler or cushioning to protect contents. Temperature-control requirements of environmental test 2. Secondary watertight inner receptacle. Use samples are your responsibility. a secondary container that is leakproof for liquid specimens or siftproof for dried specimens. Choose only secondary containers certified by the Packaging Restrictions manufacturer for Biological Substance, Category B • Foam boxes, plastic bags and paper envelopes are (UN 3373) prior to use. Either your primary or unacceptable outer containers. secondary receptacle must be able to withstand, without leakage, an internal pressure differential of • The FedEx® Envelope, FedEx® Tube, FedEx® Pak and not less than 95 kPa in the range of -40 C to 55 C FedEx boxes are not acceptable as outer containers for (-40 F to 130 F). To prevent contact between multiple clinical samples or environmental test samples. fragile primary receptacles, individually wrap or separate them inside the secondary container. NOTE: Never place liquid clinical samples or environ- 3. Absorbent material. Place absorbent material mental test samples in a FedEx Express® Drop Box. between the primary and secondary receptacles, using FedEx World Service Center® locations, FedEx Kinko’sSM enough material to absorb the entire contents of allBack to contents Page 24
    • primary receptacles. Absorbent material is required for Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) Marking Requirements Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) shipments containing liquids. Acceptable absorbent materials 2-mm minimum include cellulose wadding, cotton balls, super- rule width 2" minimum absorbent packets and paper towels. 6-mm minimum text height 4. Sturdy outer packaging. Use rigid outer packaging constructed of corrugated fiberboard, wood, metal or plastic, appropriately sized for the contents. Limit the total volume for liquid samples to 4 L and the total weight of dried samples to 4 kg per outer container. The minimum outer container size in the smallest overall external dimension is 4". Completed packages must be able to withstand a 4 (1.2-m) impact test as outlined in IATA 6.6.1 regulations. Before sealing the outer packaging, you must make an itemized list of the contents of the package and enclose the list “Biological Substance, Category B” must appear in 6-mm-high text on the outer between the secondary packaging and outer packaging. package adjacent to a diamond-shaped mark like the one shown here. The UN 3373 marking must be in the form of a square set at an angle of 45 degrees. Each side of the UN 3373 diamond should measure a minimum of 2" (50 mm). The width of the diamond rule line must be a minimum of 2 mm, and the letters Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) and numbers must be at least 6 mm high. Marking Requirements • Clearly mark “Biological Substance, Category B” in Packaging Restrictions 6-mm-high text on the outer package adjacent to a • Foam boxes, plastic bags and paper envelopes are properly sized UN 3373 diamond-shaped marking. If unacceptable outer containers. you prefer, package markings may be in the form of • The FedEx Envelope, FedEx Tube, FedEx Pak and FedEx a label. boxes are not acceptable as outer containers for • The name and telephone number of a person Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) shipments. responsible must be marked on the package or • Shipments marked or labeled 6.2 (infectious materials) provided on the airbill. and shipments containing dry ice cannot be shipped in • The name and address of the shipper and recipient a FedEx Clinical Pak. must be marked on the package. However, when the • Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) shipments shipper or recipient is also the “person responsible,” that are shipped refrigerated, frozen or in liquid the name and address need only be marked once in nitrogen must comply with current IATA and order to satisfy the name and address provisions. ICAO regulations. • If you choose to place more than one properly prepared • If you have questions about whether your samples Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) shipment require a biohazard label, consult the Occupational in another outer package, mark “OVERPACK” on the Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for the outside packaging, and reproduce all other required applicable regulations. package markings on the outside of the overpack. NOTE: Never place a Biological Substance, Category B • If you are using a FedEx Clinical Pak with Biological (UN 3373) shipment in a FedEx Express Drop Box. Call Substance, Category B (UN 3373) shipments, check the 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 to be directed to a FedEx applicable box on the outside of the pak. location that can accept these shipments.Back to contents Page 25
    • Free FedEx® Package Testing and Design Services We offer package testing, evaluation and design services, and we encourage you to submit a sample of your FedEx Clinical Pak clinical-sample and environmental-test-sample packaging for testing and evaluation. Simply substitute water or sand for your sample material in equal weight to approximate your actual test sample. The FedEx Packaging Design and Development lab does not test packaging for Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) shipments. Testing Request Guidelines Follow these steps for submitting your packaging for FedEx provides a plastic FedEx Clinical Pak in small and large sizes for testing. An active FedEx account number is required. You clinical samples, environmental test samples, and Biological Substance, and your FedEx account executive should expect testing Category B (UN 3373) shipments. results in approximately 5 to 7 business days from receipt Small Clinical Pak interior dimensions: 14.25" x 10.13" of your packaging. Large Clinical Pak interior dimensions: 18" x 13.5" 1. Obtain a Packaging Services Application at fedex.com When using the FedEx Clinical Pak, you must also meet general packaging requirements, including primary and secondary receptacles, absorbent or by contacting FedEx Packaging Design and material and a sturdy outer container. Development at packagingservices@fedex.com or 1.800.633.7019. 2. Complete and sign your application, referencing the name of your FedEx account executive on the form. 3. Prepare a sample test package including all the components in the exact weight and configuration you intend to send to your lab, with water or sand in place of the actual sample. Indicate “Non-Hazardous Content” on the samples and on the sample outer box. If you are using a FedEx Clinical Pak for a Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) shipment, check the box on the outside of the pak. 4. Place your completed application, any pertinent product documentation and your sample clinical test packaging labeled “Test This Package” and any necessary cushioning material in a sturdy outer container marked “Overpacked/Test Pkg. Inside.” 5. Send your shipment to: FedEx Packaging Design and Development 2828 Business Park Drive Bldg. H, Suite 500 Memphis, TN 38118Back to contents Page 26
    • Contacts and Resources NOTICE: • How to Pack guidelines at fedex.com/us/services/ FedEx Express will refuse to accept packages packageshipment/. that do not meet FedEx Express, government, or IATA and ICAO requirements. This brochure is • FedEx Packaging Design and Development lab, in no way intended to replace requirements packagingservices@fedex.com or 1.800.633.7019. mandated by 49CFR and IATA. This is for • FedEx Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Hotline, informational purposes only. 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339, ext. 81. NOTICE: This packaging brochure is provided free to FedEx customers to help reduce loss or damage due to improper packaging. It is NOT intended to be a comprehensive guide for packaging items we accept for transit. We make no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding this information. Proper packaging is the sole responsibility of the shipper. For more information and comprehensive guidelines, contact the FedEx Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Hotline at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339, and press “81.” Or e-mail the FedEx Packaging Design and Development department at packagingservices@fedex.com. Refer to the current FedEx Service Guide for terms, conditions and limitations applicable to FedEx® delivery services. © 2007 FedExBack to contents Page 27
    • Automotive and Mechanical Parts Packaging Guidelines and Designs Responsible packaging of your automotive and mechanical parts can save you money and improve the safety and handling of your shipments through our system. You can count on FedEx for helpful packaging tips and optimal packaging design recommendations.ContentsAutomotive Parts Best Practices 29Shipping Methods and Minimum Packaging Requirements 29Shipping in Corrugated Boxes 29Shipping with Secure Wrapping and Padding 30Shipping with a Forkliftable Base 31Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Guidelines 31Packaging Designs for Automotive Parts 31Packaging Freight Shipments 34Sealing and Labeling Instructions 35Contacts and Resources 35Back to How to Pack contents
    • General Guidelines Shipping in Corrugated Boxes • Pad all sharp edges, corners and burrs of parts such as When packaging parts, use adequate dunnage such as sheet metal or bare metal. loosefill peanuts or other padding material to fill void • Pad or cover precision-machined areas of parts, such spaces and prevent movement inside the box. as threads and fittings. • Protect all parts that are susceptible to damage due to Wheels dents, scratches and scuffing by using an appropriate Cushion the entire surface, and box chrome, painted and amount of cushioning material and placing in a sturdy decorative wheels that are susceptible to damage as a shipping container. result of scratches or scuffing. Wrap non-decorative • Place documentation and shipping or routing labels on wheels in adequately taped clear plastic liner. flat surfaces that will allow for maximum adhesion. Avoid placing labels around curved surfaces. Flexplates, Flywheels • Place all labels on the side with the largest surface area. Pack flexplates and flywheels with adequate dunnage such as loosefill peanuts to fill void spaces in double- • Use FedEx tie-on tags, tire/crate labels or plastic airbill or triple-wall corrugated boxes, depending on the weight pouches instead of wire tags. of the part. Apply “heavy” stickers to boxes exceeding 75 lbs. Automotive Parts Best Practices • Ship engines, motors, transmissions and chassis parts via FedEx Express® services. • Drain and empty parts filled with lubricant fluids before shipping or demonstrate that the shipment is leakproof under all orientations. • Help reduce damages and ensure safe working conditions for handlers by adequately packaging all mechanical or automotive parts. Shipping Methods and Minimum Packaging Requirements You are responsible for proper packaging when shipping; these tips should be helpful when packaging specific items. If items are not fully encased in an outside shipping container, an additional handling surcharge may apply. For complete terms and conditions, see the current FedEx Service Guide. FedEx may reject any parts packaging that does not meet the minimum shipping standards for acceptance. Car Doors, Hoods, Panels Cushion and box all exposed metallic surfaces that are susceptible to damage as a result of scratches or dents.Back to contents Page 29
    • Decorative Parts Moldings Cushion and box all decorative parts such as grills that Wrap non-decorative plastic moldings in adequately may be unusable as a result of scratches, dents, bending taped plastic film or bag, or cushion and box them. or scuffing. Pad and cover protruding parts that might break or puncture the box. Flexible Plastic Moldings Cushion and box all flexible plastic moldings to prevent Sway Bars, A-Arms breakage or tearing. Wrap sway bars, A-arms and threaded rods in fiberboard or appropriate plastic film or bag and tape securely. Shocks, Coil Springs Box cylindrical parts that can be packaged in tubes with adequate dunnage such as padding at the ends and loosefill peanuts to prevent puncturing through the end closures. Tag coil springs with a FedEx non- conveyable tie-on tag and adhere the shipping label to the tie-on tag if the item cannot be packaged in a tube or corrugated box. Exhaust System Parts, Leaf Springs Pad and cover pointed and sharp edges with corrugated Bumpers boards, adequate foam or air-cellular cushioning material Box bumpers that are susceptible to scratches or such as Bubble Wrap® and tape securely. dents. Or wrap bumpers in adequately taped heavy-duty plastic bags and padding to protect any sharp or pointed corners. Shipping With Secure Wrapping and Padding When preparing irregular-shaped parts for shipment, tape cushioning material securely to help prevent removal during the handling process. We recommend placing the parts in a box in addition to the minimum requirements shown.Back to contents Page 30
    • Tires Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Place the tire/crate label on the tread of the tire Materials Guidelines and apply the FedEx shipping label on top of the Some of the most frequently shipped automotive and tire/crate label. mechanical parts and accessories may be considered dangerous goods/hazardous materials. These include airbags, aerosols (some examples include paint and lubricants), batteries, engines and engine blocks with hazardous fuel, used fuel tanks, flammable paints and touch-up paints. Check with the manufacturer for the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for detailed information on the product. The shipper is responsible for correctly identifying, classifying, packaging, marking, labeling and completing documentation for dangerous goods/ hazardous materials. The Department of Transportation (DOT)/Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) require shippers to have job-specific dangerous-goods training prior to tendering dangerous goods to FedEx or another air carrier. Reference the 49 Code of Federal Regulations Shipping With a Forkliftable Base (49 CFR) 172.700 for complete details. Shipment of transmissions and other parts weighing FedEx Express is required by law to report improperly more than 150 lbs. should be secured to a forkliftable declared or undeclared shipments of dangerous goods base compatible for pallet-jack usage. Banding to a pallet to the DOT. The shipper may be subject to fines and or bracing inside a corrugated container helps prevent penalties under applicable law. Questions may be directed damage in handling. For information on shipping freight, to the FedEx Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials see the “Packaging Freight Shipments“ section. Hotline, 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339, ext. 81. Transmissions, Engines Packaging Designs for Automotive Parts Drain the transmission of all fluids and place it in a At FedEx we know packaging, and we’re available to plastic bag with absorbent padding below to absorb help you design automotive packaging that protects any residual fluid. When using expendable packaging, your parts. We may even help you save money with securely band it to its pallet, or block or brace it inside packaging that weighs less and is easier to make than its corrugated container. If you use a reusable container, your current designs. secure the transmission to the base with strapping. Our FedEx package-design engineers develop packaging for parts every day. Most designs use cost-effective corrugated cushioning material and molded components to help prevent damage during transit. Best of all, each design passes FedEx test procedures and is available for you to use. Our team offers consultation services, specifications and computer-aided design (CAD) drawings to assist your packaging producer with development of your mechanical and automotive packaging.Back to contents Page 31
    • Here are just a few of our designs. Flat-Style Hood Design Overbox-Style Hood Design Corrugated rear roll-up pad (275# BC flute) Molded inserts Roll-up slit-cut pad (275# C flute) Corrugated outer container (275# BC flute) This design uses molded pulp inserts on all four class A sides of the inner container to help provide cushioning. Nose roll-up pad Before shipment, place the hood and cushioning inside a 275# BC flute (275# BC flute) corrugated shipping container for support and protection. With this design, you center the nose and rear roll-up pads and staple them to Trunk-Pack Design the inner flaps of the end-loaded full-overlap shipping container. Place the hood in the container followed by roll-up slit-cut pads. Close and tape. Hood and cushioning are placed inside a 275# BC flute full-overlap corrugated shipping container before shipping. Molded inserts Grill-Style Hood Design Corrugated tube (275# BC flute) Corrugated rear roll-up pad (275# BC flute) Corrugated roll-up Corrugated side rail (275# BC flute) (275# C flute) Plastic pads This design helps protect the trunk pack from external forces. Molded adhered to inserts are used to create air cells and brace the trunk lid. corrugated roll-up Once the inserts are in place, place both the trunk lid and cushioning inside a 275# BC flute full-overlap corrugated shipping container for protection. This design incorporates side rails to elevate and suspend the hood. The air space created by the elevation helps protect the grill from external forces. Before shipment, place the hood and cushioning inside a 275# BC flute full-telescope corrugated shipping container for protection and stability.Back to contents Page 32
    • Door-Pack Design Windshield-Pack Design Die-cut corrugated insert Corrugated roll-up (275# C flute) Corrugated scored pad (275# BC flute) Corrugated wrap (275# C flute) Molded insert or equivalent corrugated roll-up Scored corrugated This design helps protect windshields from shock and/or torque during transit. pad (275# BC flute) The wrap converts a non-rigid part into a rigid surface so it can be cushioned and braced off of the corrugated wrap. Before shipment, place the windshield and cushioning inside a full-overlap 275# BC flute corrugated shipping container. Die-cut full-overlap top-load corrugated outer container (275# BC flute) Rim-Pack Design Molded insert 2-mil plastic bag Molded insert Corrugated outer container (minimum 200# C flute) This design combines the use of a scored pad, a die-cut corrugated insert and a molded insert to help provide cushioning and bracing of the door inside the outer shipping container. Once roll-ups and pads are attached to the door, place both the door and cushioning inside a 275# BC flute corrugated shipping container for protection. This design protects the rim from dents, scratches and abrasions. The molded inserts are designed to fit multiple sizes.Back to contents Page 33
    • Fascia- (Bumper Cover) Pack Design Packaging Freight Shipments Corrugated insert (275# C flute) Shipments that qualify as freight must be Corrugated packaged accordingly. See the current FedEx tube or sleeve Service Guide to determine if your shipment “hold down” (275# C flute) qualifies as freight. Or access a freight size and weight restrictions chart quickly and easily at Corrugated outer container fedex.com/us/expressfreight/size_weight.html. (275# BC flute) You must package your freight shipments to allow for stacking of other packages on top of your shipment. Make sure your freight shipments are banded and This design protects the fascia from scratches and abrasions. stretchwrapped to the pallet, with the bands running Additional poly-bag surface protection is optional. in both directions. (Pallet loads secured with only Before shipping, place the fascia inside a 275# BC flute corrugated stretchwrap are not acceptable.) full-overlap shipping container. Then place inserts and the tube or sleeve into position. Avoid corrugated or fiberboard pallets. You must secure all freight shipments weighing 151 lbs. or more on a forkliftable base, compatible for pallet-jack usage. The Trim or Molding Pack Design minimum specifications for a typical base for forklift or Sonoco’s pallet-jack configuration are illustrated here. Sonopost® Technology Minimum Freight Specifications, Typical Base, Forklift or Pallet-Jack Configuration Corrugated outer tube Cartons 70-gauge (minimum of stacked squarely stretchwrap 275# C flute) Angleboard This rigid outer package design protects the pre-paint trim or moldings from scratches and bending. Trim Sonopost to fit the part length. Insert the covered trim or molding into the corrugated outer container and tape both ends with minimum 2"-wide pressure-sensitive plastic tape. Call 1.800.377.2692 for information on Sonoco’s Sonopost Technology. 27" minimum width, 3-1/2" minimum No overlap height for of base pallet jack entry Banding through voids Pieces up to 2,200 lbs.Back to contents Page 34
    • Sealing and Labeling Instructions Contacts and Resources • When sealing corrugated outer containers, apply at • How to Pack guidelines at least three strips of pressure-sensitive adhesive plastic fedex.com/us/services/packageshipment/. tape that is at least 2" wide to both the top and bot- • FedEx Express Freight Size and tom of the carton. Weight Restrictions chart at • Tape all seams or flaps using the H taping method. fedex.com/us/expressfreight/size_weight.html. • Place the shipping label on the top of the largest side. • FedEx Packaging Design and Development lab, • When shipping parts that cannot be packaged in packagingservices@fedex.com or 1.800.633.7019. corrugated outer containers, tag them appropriately. • FedEx Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Hotline, • Tag wrapped and padded parts with a FedEx non- 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339, ext. 81. conveyable tie-on tag and adhere the shipping label • FedEx Service Guide at fedex.com/us/services to the tie-on tag. for additional handling surcharge information. • Request tie-on tags, cable ties or tire/crate labels at fedex.com or call 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339. You may also contact your account executive for supplies. H taping method While we cannot ensure compliance with markings such as up arrows or “This End Up,” properly placing the shipping label increases your chance for the preferred orientation. Bubble Wrap is a registered trademark of Sealed Air Corporation. Sonopost is a registered trademark of Sonoco Products Company. NOTICE: This packaging brochure is provided free to FedEx customers to help reduce loss or damage due to improper packaging. It is NOT intended to be a comprehensive guide for packaging items we accept for transit. We make no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding this information. Proper packaging is the sole responsibility of the shipper. For more information and additional guidelines, go to the packaging tips page on fedex.com/us/services/packageshipment/, e-mail packagingservices@fedex.com or contact FedEx Packaging Design and Development at 1.800.633.7019. Refer to the current FedEx Service Guide for terms, conditions and limitations applicable to FedEx® delivery services. © 2007 FedExBack to contents Page 35
    • Preparing Freight Shipments We offer a few simple guidelines for loading, stacking and securing your freight shipments, plus a handy reference chart to make sure your shipment qualifies for FedEx Express® Freight shipping.Back to How to Pack contents
    • Freight Packaging Guidelines Cartons 70-gauge stacked squarely stretchwrap • FedEx Express Freight shipments must be on a pallet, skid or other forkliftable and pallet-jackable base with a minimum clearance of 3.5" for access, and Angleboard 70" should be stackable. • Pallet-jack entry is required on two sides of the base. • Stack boxes squarely corner-to-corner to the skid’s edge to maximize compression strength, but do not allow boxes to hang over the skid. 27" minimum width, 3-1/2" • Keep the top of the skid flat to minimize lost or minimum No overlap damaged cartons; do not pyramid-stack. height for of base pallet jack entry • Place angled fiberboard (angleboard) between cartons Banding to prevent crushing. through voids Pieces up • Cover the top of the skid to protect your freight from to 2,200 lbs. weather damage. • Wrap freight in 70-gauge stretchwrap. Pass at least For additional information and assistance when two bands (tightly secured) through the skid voids and packaging freight shipments, contact FedEx Express around all cartons. Freight Customer Service at 1.800.332.0807. For terms, conditions and limitations, refer to the current FedEx • Use steel, rayon, polypropylene, nylon or polyester Service Guide. strapping to band the freight. • Use shock-absorber connections or cushioned skids, if applicable, when bolting.Back to contents Page 37
    • FedEx Express Freight Size and Weight Limits INTERNATIONAL U.S. EXPRESS FREIGHT EXPRESS FREIGHT INTERNATIONAL AIR CARGO ® • FedEx 1Day Freight • FedEx International • FedEx International Premium® CRITERIA • FedEx 2Day® Freight Priority® Freight • FedEx International • FedEx 3Day® Freight • FedEx International Express Freight® Economy® Freight • FedEx International Airport-to-AirportSM Minimum weight per 151 lbs. (68 kg)1,3 151 lbs. (68 kg)1,4 No minimum restrictions piece (skid) or shipment Maximum weight per 2,200 lbs. (997 kg)2 2,200 lbs. (997 kg)2 2,200 lbs. (997 kg)2 piece (skid) Maximum weight Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited per shipment Maximum length 119" (302 cm)2 119" (302 cm)2 119" (302 cm)2 per piece (skid) Maximum height 70" (178 cm)2 70" (178 cm)2 70" (178 cm)2 per piece (skid) Maximum width 80" (203 cm)2 80" (203 cm)2 80" (203 cm)2 per piece (skid) 1 Minimum billable weight is 151 lbs. regardless of actual weight. 2 Pieces (skids) exceeding the maximum size and weight exceptions require prior approval from FedEx Express Freight Customer Service at 1.800.332.0807. 3 Unskidded pieces less than 151 lbs. can be accepted as FedEx 1Day Freight or FedEx 2Day Freight only if the length plus girth exceeds 165" (called Extra Large Package) and are subject to a billable weight of 151 lbs. 4 Unskidded pieces less than 151 lbs. (68 kg) can be accepted as FedEx International Priority Freight or FedEx International Economy Freight only if the length plus girth exceeds 130" (called Extra Large Package) and are subject to a billable weight of 151 lbs. NOTICE: This packaging information is provided free to FedEx customers to help reduce loss or damage due to improper packaging. It is NOT intended to be a comprehensive guide for packaging items we accept for transit. We make no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding this information. Proper packaging is the sole responsibility of the shipper. For more information and additional guidelines, e-mail packagingservices@fedex.com or contact FedEx Packaging Design and Development at 1.800.633.7019. Refer to the current FedEx Service Guide for terms, conditions and limitations applicable to FedEx® delivery services. © 2007 FedEx 28605Back to contents Page 38