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  • Family Support Systems Presentation By Xiang Xian Zhou Chen Ouyang Rong Han Ziyue Wang
  • Native Child and Family Service of Toronto
  • Agenda • • • • • • Introduction………………..Xiangxian Zhou Circumstance………….. Xiangxian Zhou Available Support………Chen Ouyang Support Process…………Rong Han Community Outreach/flow up…Ziyue Wang Conclusion………………….Ziyue Wang
  • Overview • First Nations, Métis, Inuit and all those who with Aboriginal heritage. • Provides education program and life skills training program. • Provides housing, food, work experience and extra care for the teen-parent, lone-parent. • culture-based, respecting the value of Native people, the extended family and the right to self-determination.
  • Circumstances Q 1: What are some of the circumstances leading up to family choosing to access support through this agency?
  • Circumstances • Children are suffering abuse or neglect (or are at risk of harm). • children with special needs and need special attention. • Families are looking for a treatment services for their children . • Children need support in recruit, development, education. • Families need help in coping with the stresses of everyday life. • Families want to find out about specific services and programs.
  • Facts • There are one quarter of the Aboriginal children are abused and neglect. • One in FOUR Aboriginal children in Canada is growing up in poverty.
  • • Shelter is a significant issue among First Nations communities, as only 56.9% of homes were considered inadequate.
  • What Causes Native Family to Live in Poverty? Lack of education, Destruction of culture and traditional beliefs, Discrimination, Unemployment, Welfare, Health and living conditions.
  • WHAT KIND OF SUPPORT IS AVAILABLE IN THE AGENCY? Foundation In 1985, Ontario government officially acknowledged the need for a culturally based that providing child service to Native people. In 2004, Native Child and Family Services of Toronto finally became a full children aid society after 20 years of negotiated under The Child and Family Services Act.
  • The service and program they provide including: The largest Aboriginal head start program in the country An Ontario Early Years Centre The Toronto Aboriginal Care Team (addictions); Youth programs including the Native Learning Centre;
  •  Children’s mental health services and case management;  The Scarborough Child and Family Life Centre;  Youth outreach services including transitional housing.
  • Example <1> The agency has developed a range of clinical and supportive mental health programs since 1986.  They increase capacity in trauma assessment and treatment, provide children’s mental health services from birth - 6 years old and 6+.
  •  Dealing with the effects of trauma, including emotional, spiritual, psychological and sexual abuse with the children and youth.  They enhance of community based mental health services through the school board, social workers, youth mental health workers to the exiting teams. Provide care planning, therapeutic support for at risk individuals and their families.
  • Example <2> Child and family perspective focus in the Scarborough Child and Family Life Centre.  They offer a wide variety of programs for Aboriginal people in Scarborough.  A globe article published recently regarding their great program and service. Native Learning Centre on site is full and wait listed.
  •  A number of youth and staff associated with the centre won awards through the Unity in the community program.  In this centre, they offer leadership, educational and employment opportunities of youth and adults also.
  • SUPPORTING PROCESS What is the process through which support to families is eventually tapered off and how is that decided?
  • Eligibility and Registration Toronto Area mainly to Aboriginal people, including First Nations, Inuit and Métis Children
  • Eligibility and Registration Inquiry And Application People can apply via phone or by drop in to the office Registration This is required before you get service
  • Example: Camp Registration Who is eligible to attend camp ? All children and families of Aboriginal ancestry may attend camps. Priority will be given to applications based on the date they are received.
  • Housing Program Three main housing program … When people is sequenced to quit the program by age… Whether there is gender, class, or cultural bias in the program… Whether the exit criterion helps the beneficiaries to leave the program…
  • Three main housing program • NATIVE WOMEN’S TRANSITIONAL HOUSE a) Single women (16 to 24 years) and children (newborn to 6 years) who need a safe and supportive environment b) Residents may stay at the house for up to 18 months while making the transition into independent living and stable housing. • NATIVE MEN’S TRANSITIONAL HOUSE a) Assist Native youth aged 16 to 24 who are homeless or under-housed b) Stay in the Transitional House for up to 18 months.
  • Three main housing program o ABORIGINAL WOMEN AND CHILDREN'S APARTMENTS a. Mothers (priority is Aboriginal women ages 16 to 24 years) with children (up to 16 years) in need of a safe, stable and culturebased living environment. b. Units are self contained and families are placed according to family size. c. Residents may occupy a unit up to 18 months with their child(ren).
  • Leaving the program Ongoing support after leaving the program in order to maximize a successful transition to independent living.
  • THE COMMUNITY OUTREACH Nursing home services Children Mental Health
  • The community outreach by agency Long term care of the resident in the building (age begin at 65) Homemakers and Nurses Services (city of Toronto) Single parent children’s mental health
  • Long term care of the resident in the building The standards are organized under the following . Resident Lounge and Program/Activity Space Environmental Services
  • Long term care of the resident Including behavioral support, language/cultural services, short-stay respite beds and young children mental care.
  • Homemakers and Nurses Services You may be eligible for the program if you are ill, convalescing, elderly or disabled, have a limited income, are medically stable, and live in the City of Toronto
  • Mental Care If your single mother If your child has mental problem If your child is being bullied .
  • Psychological counseling • children and youth are at a disproportionate risk of being involved in violent. • 1. Native Childs services used wildopen mind to keep the children safe and cheerful
  • Celebration day for Native Childs  Annual National Aboriginal Day - June 21  Event : Arts and Crafts Fair Na-Me-Res Traditional Pow Wow  Drumming/dancing interactive presentation by the Smoke Trail Singers
  • Conclusion Thank you for your patients, We are very glad to choose this course, this course gave us the opportunity to learn more about our Canada's native children, and the center give us useful source of inspiration
  • Reference • • http://www.wcr.ab.ca/WCRThisWeek/Stories/tabid/61/entryid/ http://www.theguardian.com/higher-educationnetwork/blog/2012/dec/05/student-mental-health-universityresponsibility