Group presantation


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Group presantation

  1. 1. Presented by: Annie Dan Cheng; Kelly Li Yin; Wenping Liang; Xiangxian Zhou; Shiwen Lin; Rong Han; Chen Ouyang
  2. 2. 1. Introduction- Annie Cheng 2. Questions and findings- Kelly Li Yin, Wenping Liang, Xiangxian Zhou, Shiwen Lin, Rong Han, and Chen Ouyang 3. Action plan and follow up plan-Ouyang Chen 4. Presentation of face book page- Kelly Li 5. Question?
  3. 3.  According to WHO, Food Insecurity means: “When all people at all times don’t have reliable access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life”.(WHO, Food insecurity)  Our group has identified that the issue of household food insecurity among Aboriginal families caused by poverty in Toronto as our advocacy project.
  4. 4.  Statistics and Reports: Government: According to Health Canada: “Among off-reserve Aboriginal households, approximately one in five (20.9%) households was food insecure, including 8.4% with severe food insecurity. These rates are approximately three times higher than among non-Aboriginal households where 7.2% were food insecure, including 2.5% with severe food insecurity. ”(Health Canada, 2012, Aboriginal status) Organizations: A recent report published by PROOF in 2014, stating that Aboriginal families experience higher rate of food insecurity in Canada. 28.2% of aboriginal families suffer inadequate food in comparing to 12.6% in Canada overall. (PROFF, 2014) Resource of chart: Health Canada, Household food insecurity in Canada by selected socio-demographic characteristics, 2007-2008)
  5. 5.  How Aboriginal Population is Distributed  Reasons for Moving to Toronto  Satisfaction of Life  Conclusion
  6. 6.  2006 Census  1,172,785 in Canada, 3.8% of the whole  In Canada, majority is North America Indian  Ontario has largest aboriginal group, 20.7% of all Canadian  In GTA, children & youth in aboriginal > in non-aboriginal  Aboriginal women > aboriginal men  70,000 in city of Toronto
  7. 7.  Urban Aboriginal Peoples Study Toronto Report  Top Reasons for Moving to Toronto  42% aboriginals employment  38% education  37% close to families  40% city life, leave from family troubles, job promotion Reasons for Moving to Toronto
  8. 8.  Urban Aboriginal Peoples Study Toronto Report  Like Living in Toronto  67% like- services, agencies, institutions; - entertainment - social acceptance  11% not like- pollution, living space, traffic, living cost, vegetation
  9. 9. • basic statistic understanding • population of women & children>non- aboriginals • expensive living cost • donate food • facebook
  10. 10. This is what I found out from my research:  First Nations children under 6 years of age were more than three times as likely to be raised by young parents between the ages of 15 and 24 years old than other Canadians.  They were also more than three times more likely to live with a single parent as compared to other Canadian children.
  11. 11.  They were more likely to have larger families than other Canadians.  Young average age of new mothers and their increased likelihood to be single parents.  Young single parent face challenges related to education and employment
  12. 12.  One in FOUR Aboriginal children in Canada is growing up in poverty.  31% of Aboriginal children aged fourteen and under lived with a single parent.  Children with single parent most like to live in low incomes families and are more likely to be unable to purchase healthy food.
  13. 13.  More than half of First Nations children are either overweight or obese and are at risk of developing diabetes, heart disease and other conditions as they get older.  In 2004, the rate of obesity among First Nations children under 12 years of age was more than four times the Canadian rate. Communities have seen increases in type 2 diabetes in children.
  14. 14.  Hungry children are more likely to get colds and viruses, to have a compromised immune system, to have anemia, sore stomachs and headaches.  Food insecurity is linked to a number of mental health issues including low self-esteem, inability to concentrate, shame, moodiness and behavioral problems.  Suffering hunger is also linked to lack of success in school. One key informant reported that about half of hunger children have early literacy and speech delay issues as well as behavioral issues.
  15. 15. Food insecurity in Aboriginal child family is not just one community’s matter; it is our social issue because there is still a very high population rate of Aboriginal people whom lives in Canada. These people’s well-being yet will impact on our society’s development.
  16. 16.  When does the issue start  How the issue work on First Nations  Where does those happen  What policies include in it  How does agencies works on Manitoba  How does the policy and legislation affect the action plan
  17. 17.  Start at 1970s  The first formal agreement that government’s provision of child and family service  First agency in Manitoba  It ran by First Nation and Indian and funded, by Northern Affairs Canada  The lack of policy for household and well- being for safety of children
  18. 18.  In Manitoba  Four agencies provides full service: placing household, finding job, solving family issue, providing foods and security  The legislation is necessary for regulate the First Nations child and family service provider.  75% of the aboriginal child and family supported by government regulation service provider  83% in Ontario, 98% in Manitoba
  19. 19. only providing food or money are not enough for these First Nation child and family -needs for helping First Nations child and family has to be developed in the professional and official standard -using social support to gain more focus to food and security of aboriginal people
  20. 20. City of Toronto: Aboriginal Nutrition program Based on the Ontario government funds ,it provides "Aboriginal children and families living on and off reserves nutrition and healthy lifestyle education and counseling, food and menu ? Ontario Federation of Indian friendship centre Vision: Improve the quality of life for Aboriginal Sarnia-Lambton Food Coalition
  21. 21.  Location 156 Galloway Road, Toronto ON M1E 1X2 MAP  Telephone: 416.286.9449 · Fax: 416.286.9925
  22. 22. Community kitchen program  For family with infants 0-6 months.  Participants will learn traditional teachings and learn to cook cost effective nutrition meals  Create their own recipe booklet.
  23. 23. Meal and nutrition program  Nutrition meals provided daily.  On Monday Culture night come out and volunteer to help prepare the food for community
  24. 24. Get all stakeholders involved  Children  Family  Aboriginal community  Governments Our group member working on the issue and find some possible solutions to solve the issue
  25. 25.  Letter to the agency – Scarborough Child & Family Life Centre -- identify and address the issue of household food insecurity among aboriginal families -- make an appointment to visit the centre  Create a Facebook page -- define the issue, post statistics and relevant report about the issue from authorities --intended to address the issue and raise public’s awareness -- use multimedia artifact to grab public’s attention and gain their support Link to our Facebook page:
  26. 26. Agency visiting: Native Child and Family Services of Toronto
  27. 27. Make sure every child has breakfast; Everyone can make difference!
  28. 28. By 2015 the city of Toronto will make sure the right of Aboriginal children to have adequate and healthy breakfast is fulfilled every day.
  29. 29. Will participate in national Aboriginal nutrition program – Canadian Feed The children  Make a visit  Find out what we can do to better help  Support the national Aboriginal nutrition program
  30. 30. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Common menu bar links. (2012, July 25). Household Food Insecurity in Canada in 2007-2008: Key Statistics and Graphics. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from JUST RELEASED: Household Food Insecurity in Canada, 2012. (n.d.). PROOF. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from released-household-food-insecurity-in-canada-2012/ City of Toronto. (1998-2013). Toronto's Racial Diversity. From Environics Institute. (2010). Urban Aboriginal Peoples Study Toronto Report. From Social determination of health, 2009. The Nutrition Habits of Métis Children and Youth Canada: a Preliminary Examination. Retrieve from:,%20%20Youth%20% 8English%29.pdf Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centers. (2003). Child hunger and food insecurity among urban Aboriginal families Why am I poor? 2012. First Nation Children Toronto, Ontario. Retrieved from Departmental Audit and Evaluation Branch, March 2007, Evaluation of the First Nations Child and Family Services Program From Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Modified in 2013-11-14, Backgrounder: First Nation Child and Family Services Information Management System From