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  • 1. Children Witnessing Domestic Abuse
  • 2. Related child abuse myths & facts  Myth-1: Children in very young age will not be exposured to witnessing violence. vs. Fact: Young children are earlier exposured to witnessing violence, specially when the victim/bully is a family member. For example, the video which named "Children see, children do!". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5JrtpCM4yMM  Myth-2: Children will easily forget the violence which they saw in their young age. vs. Fact: Children do not forget what they have witnessed. Adults hope that if the violence is not talked about, the children’s memories of the event will disappear. However, young children demonstrate a remarkable capacity for recalling traumatic events. http://www.childwitnesstoviolence.org/facts--myths.html
  • 3. myths & facts continue... Myth-3: Violence is an urban problem and only children living in urban areas witness violence.  vs. Fact: Violence is not solely an urban problem. Violence has touched the lives of families and children across the country: in rural areas, in the suburbs and in the inner city. Domestic violence can occur anywhere. Child abuse and community violence occur with more frequency in areas where there is a high concentration of persons with inadequate housing and income, and with high rates of drug use. http://www.childwitnesstoviolence.org/facts--myths.html
  • 4. myths & facts continue...  Myth-4: Violence is a racial problem affecting primarily Black and Hispanic children. vs. Fact: Violence is not a racial problem nor does it exist primarily in minority communities. Domestic violence occurs at similar rates across all races and cultural groups studied. Research suggests that community violence is a function of poverty, not race. When people at the same income level are compared, there are few differences among races. This finding suggests that the context of poverty, not race, is a main risk factor for violence http://www.childwitnesstoviolence.org/facts--myths.html
  • 5. The prevalence of witnessing domestic abuse, both locally and globally Locally:     Each year in Canada, an estimated 362,000 children witness or experience family violence.58 Domestic violence is more common in homes with young children than homes with older children. 59 Children who witness this violence are at immediate risk of being physically injured. 60 Children who grow up in violent homes are more likely to be victims of physical abuse. According to the RCMP, a child who witnesses spousal violence is experiencing a form of child abuse, since research shows that “witnessing family violence is as harmful as experiencing it directly.”61 http://www.canadianwomen.org/facts-about-violence#LEAVE
  • 6. The prevalence of witnessing domestic abuse, both locally and globally Locally:     While not all children who witness violence suffer direct physical abuse, they frequently develop long-term behavioural and psychological problems. 62 Exposure to violence can affect children’s brain development and ability to learn, and lead to a wide range of behavioural and emotional issues such as anxiety, aggression, bullying, phobias, and insomnia. 63 Research shows that children who witness violence are more likely to grow up to become victims or abusers. 64 Children who witness violence in the home have twice the rate of psychiatric disorders as children from nonviolent homes. 65 http://www.canadianwomen.org/facts-about-violence#LEAVE
  • 7. The prevalence of witnessing domestic abuse, both locally and globally Globally: Clinical definitions are often broader than legal definitions. For example, one clinical source defines domestic violence as a pattern of assaultive and coercive behaviors, including physical, sexual, and psychological attacks, as well as economic coercion, that adults or adolescents use against their intimate partners. https://www.futureofchildren.org/futureofchildren/publications/docs/ 09_03_1.pdf
  • 8. Signs, symptoms, and impact of the domestic abuse https://www.google.ca/search? hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1440&bih=799&q=domestic +abuse&oq=domestic+&gs_l
  • 9. Signs and symptoms: There are many signs and symptoms that children witness the domestic abuse in his or her family     Parents fight, humiliate or yell to each other most of the time One parent has an unpredictable temper, jealousy, harassing phone calls, physical, sexual and emotional abuse another parent in family One parent treat another so badly, embarrassed in front of the friends, family member and children Threaten to take children away or harm them
  • 10. Fearful talk to parents, have low self-esteem. Trying to run away from home  Lost the love and respect that once had for your parents  Feel emotionally numb from parents fighting, arguing, and physical abuse  Afraid that your abuser parent may try to kill you  Feel that there is nowhere to turn for help  https://www.google.ca/search? hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=14 40&bih=799&q=domestic+abuse&oq http://www.helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violen ce_abuse_types_signs_causes_effects.htm
  • 11. What is the effect of domestic abuse on children?      Children who witness domestic abuse may develop serious emotional, behavioral, developmental, or academic problems. Children from abuse homes may become depressed and have low self-esteem. More likely to use violence at school or in the community in response to perceived threats More likely to experience difficulties in school and score lower on assessments of verbal, motor, and cognitive skills. More likely to become abusers in their own relationships later in life http://www.aaets.org/article144.htm
  • 12. Causal Factors Abusers   People who are alcohol or drug abuse Daily life is full of frustration and stress Male control of wealth and decisionmaking in the family and marital conflict   poverty and unemployment, social isolation of the woman and male participation in delinquent peer associations   Male ownership of women ideas of masculinity linked to aggression and dominance,   Rigid gender roles, acceptance of interpersonal violence and acceptance of physical chastisement.  http://houseofruthinc.org/faq https://www.google.ca/search? q=domestic+violence&source
  • 13. Casual Factors Child being abused as a child or witnessing marital violence in the home, having an absent or rejecting father    Having permissive parents Exhibiting low self-esteem Seeing or experiencing bullying by siblings.       Showing little empathy Caving power Exhibiting a low tolerance for frustration Using physical strength to intimidate. Relating to others negatively http://bullying.about.com/od/Bullies/a/What-AreThe-Risk-Factors-For-Becoming-A-Bully.htm https://www.google.ca/search? q=domestic+violence&source=lnms&tb m=isch&sa
  • 14. Prevention Strategies  To empower child witnesses to disclose domestic violence and to enhance their ability to develop safe, non-violent relationships.  To heighten the awareness among the parents of the impact of domestic violence on their children and to support them in developing non-violent, nurturing relationships with their children.  To improve the current response to the needs of child witnesses through raising the level of knowledge and skill among human service providers.  To encourage and facilitate the development of community responses to the issue of children and domestic violence http://www.aifs.gov.au/nch/pubs/issues/issues2/issues 2.html 14
  • 15.             Reference http://www.childwitnesstoviolence.org/facts--myths.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5JrtpCM4yMM http://www.canadianwomen.org/facts-about-violence#LEAVE https://www.futureofchildren.org/futureofchildren/publications/docs/09_03_1.pdf http://bullying.about.com/od/Bullies/a/What-Are-The-Risk-Factors-ForBecoming-A-Bully.htm http://www.aifs.gov.au/nch/pubs/issues/issues2/issues2.html https://www.google.com.hk/search? safe=strict&biw=2021&bih=983&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=domestic+violence&oq http://houseofruthinc.org/faq https://www.google.ca/search? hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1440&bih=799&q=domestic+abu se&oq=domestic+&gs_l https://www.google.ca/search? hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1440&bih=799&q=domestic+abu se&oq http://www.helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_types_signs_causes _effects.htm http://www.aaets.org/article144.htm