NTPC ,Bhagalpur (PPT by Anurag Arpan,Mechanical Engg.)


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NTPC ,Bhagalpur (PPT by Anurag Arpan,Mechanical Engg.)

  2. 2. About NTPC • NTPC, the largest power Company in India, was setup in 1975 to accelerate power development in the country. • NTPC has installed capacity of 29,394 MW. • It has 15 coal based power stations (23,395 MW) • 7 gas based power stations (3,955 MW). • 4 Power stations in joint ventures (1,794). • The company has power generating facilities in all major regions of the country. • It plans to be a 75,000 MW company by 2017.
  3. 3. NTPC KAHALGAON (BIHAR) It has two phase in working. First phase(PH-1) has four unit(each unit capacity 210 MW) , which was established by Russia in 1991. Second phase(PH-2) has three unit(each unit capacity 500 MW) , which was established By BHEL in 1996. Its total capacity is ( 2340 MW). Coal is bring out from different part of INDIA, but two most important part is JHARKHAND & BENGAL.
  4. 4. Thermal Power Plant  A generating station which converts heat energy of coal combustion into electrical energy is known as a steam power station.  Steam is produced in the boiler by utilizing the heat of coal combustion . The steam is then expanded in the steam turbine and is condensed in a condenser to be fed into the boiler again. The steam turbine drives the alternator which converts mechanical energy of the turbine into electrical energy.
  5. 5. WORKING OF STEAM POWER PLANT • Coal is burnt in a boiler ,which converts water into steam. • The steam is expanded in a turbine used to drive alternator. • The steam expanded is condensed in a condenser to be feed into the boiler again. • The entire arrangement of steam power plant can be divided into : a. fuel and ash plant. b. air and fuel gas plant. c. feed water and steam plant. d. cooling water plant.
  6. 6. The most important constituents of a steam power station are: a. Steam generating equipment b. Condenser c. Prime mover d. Cooling towers e. Electrical equipment Steam generating equipment includes: • Boiler • Boiler furnace • Superheater • Economiser • Air Pre-heater
  7. 7. Boiler  A boiler is closed vessel in which water is converted into steam by utilising the heat of coal combustion.  Steam boilers are broadly classified into following two types: (a) Water tube boilers (b) Fire tube boilers  In a water tube boiler, water flows through the tubes and the hot gases of combustion flow over these tubes. Water-tube boilers are used for high-pressure boilers
  8. 8.  In a fire tube boiler, the hot products of combustion pass through the tubes surrounded by water.  The heated water then rises into the steam drum. Here, saturated steam is drawn off the top of the drum. The steam will reenter the furnace in through a super heater in order to become superheated. Superheated steam is used in driving turbines.
  9. 9. Super heater • A device which removes last traces of moisture. • It helps in reduction in requirement of steam quantity. • steam being dry reduces the mechanical resistance of turbine. • No corrosion at the turbine blades.
  10. 10. Economiser and Air Pre-heater • They are such devices which recover the heat from the flue gases on their way to chimney and raise the temperature of feed water. • Economiser raises boiler efficiency. • Air Pre-heaters recover the heat from the flue gases leaving the economiser and heat the incoming air required for combustion
  11. 11. Condenser • Which condenses the steam at the exhaust of turbine. • It creates a very low pressure at the exhaust of turbine, this helps in converting heat energy of steam into mechanical energy in the prime mover. • The condensed steam can be used as feed water to the boiler.
  12. 12. Cooling Towers • Remove heat from the water discharged from the condenser so that the water can be discharged to the river or re circulated and reused. • Air can be circulated in the cooling towers through natural draft and mechanical draft.
  13. 13. Electrical Equipments Alternator An alternator is coupled to a steam turbine and converts mechanical energy of the turbine into electrical energy. It may be hydrogen or air cooled. The necessary excitation is provided by means of main and pilot exciters directly coupled to the alternator shaft. Transformers (a) main step-transformers, which steps-up generated voltage transmission of power (b) station transformers, general purpose (c) auxiliary transformers, which supply to individual unit-auxiliaries. Switchgear which locates fault on the system and isolate faulty part from healthy section. It contains circuit breakers, relays, switches and other control devices.
  14. 14. Coal Handling Plant Details • Source of coal = Piparwar Mines North Karanpur (Jharkhand) • Location = Near Ranchi • Distance = 120 Kms. • Type of coal = F-grade (Washed) • E grade (Raw) • Coal requirement = 13,000 MT/Day • ( 04 rakes )
  15. 15. Ash Handling Technique • A natural result from the burning of fossil fuels, particularly coal, is the emission of fly ash. Ash is mineral matter present in the fuel. For a pulverized coal unit, 60-80% of ash leaves with the flue gas. • Two emission control devices for fly ash are the fabric filters and electrostatic precipitators. • Electrostatic precipitators have collection efficiency of 99%, but do not work well for flyash with a high electrical resistivity (as commonly results from combustion of low- sulfur coal).
  16. 16. Coal Ash can be used in: • Construction of embankments and fills. • Construction of road in sub-base. • Manufacture of cement. • Manufacture of bricks/blocks. • Agriculture as soil source of essential plant nutrients.