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A Journey through the Histories of the Provinces of the Republic of Ireland (Holidays and Vacations) [Kindle Edition]
 

A Journey through the Histories of the Provinces of the Republic of Ireland (Holidays and Vacations) [Kindle Edition]

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Take a journey back in time with Travelling through the Emerald Isle. Learn about the histories of the cities that are prominent attractions in Ireland. This book details the histories of various ...

Take a journey back in time with Travelling through the Emerald Isle. Learn about the histories of the cities that are prominent attractions in Ireland. This book details the histories of various areas and places located through the provinces of Leinster, Connaught, Munster and Ulster, including Galway, Dublin and Roscommon. The stories are perfect for anyone who is thinking of travelling to Ireland or someone who just thirsts for the knowledge of the land.

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    A Journey through the Histories of the Provinces of the Republic of Ireland (Holidays and Vacations) [Kindle Edition] A Journey through the Histories of the Provinces of the Republic of Ireland (Holidays and Vacations) [Kindle Edition] Document Transcript

    • By Cindy Wright
    • A Journey through the Histories of theProvinces of the Republic of IrelandTravelling Through the Emerald IsleHolidays and VacationsBook 1A Journey through the Histories of the Provinces of theRepublic of IrelandTravelling Through the Emerald IsleCindy WrightCopyright © 2013 by Cindy Wright.All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmittedin any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, includingphotocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrievalsystem, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.This book was printed in the United Kingdom.To order additional copies of this book, contact:Email: cindys.great.books@gmail.comWebsite: http://www.cindysgreatestbooks.webplusshop.comAlso by Cindy Wright
    • Non-FictionTravelling Through the Emerald IsleThe Popular Seaside Places of the United KingdomWorlds of IcePart of Your WorldAddition PackageThe Dark TravellerChristmas Magic for ChildrenThe Different Ways of Celebrating EasterAerobics: A Guide to Keeping Your Heart and Body HealthyWhen Considering a Cat (Loving Your Cat 1)Candles (Holistic Therapies and Alternative Health 1)FictionThe Magic of Folly Meadow (Suzie‘s Adventures of the spiritWorld 1)Seal Island Adventure (Island Adventures 1)Counties in the Province of ConnaughtGalwayCarrick-on-ShannonCastlebarRoscommonSligoCounties in the Province of LeinsterCarlowDublinDun LaoghaireNaasKilkennyKildarePortlaoighiseLongfordDundalk
    • TrimTullamoreMullingarWexfordWicklowCounties in the Province of MunsterEnnisCorkTraleeDingleRing of KerryLimerickClonmelCahirWaterfordCounties in the Province of UsterCavanLiffordMonaghanCounties in the Province ofConnaughtGALWAYLEITRIM – CARRICK ON SHANNONMAYO – CASTLEBARROSCOMMONSLIGO
    • GalwayThe city of Galway, nestled in the county of the same name, has arelatively short history spanning only approximately 800 years. The first timethe city was mentioned in any historical document was around the year 1124when a simple fort was built to defend the area. Only fifty years later, theEnglish invaded this part of Ireland and captured it. Baron Richard de Burghdeclared it to be an official town, almost a century after it was first declared a
    • fort. Baron de Burgh built walls around the city to protect it, and those wallsstill stand today.In 1396, the town was granted a charter and became a royal borough, belonging to England. By the 1400s, it had appointed a mayor. The townboasted a population of over three thousand people, a fairly large city duringthat time period. Though it had a mayor to lead, the city was primarily run bythe original fourteen tribes of Galway, families of wealth and influence thatgenerally held the top-ranking positions in the city. This time period was oneof great prosperity for the city because of its major exports and imports.Galway was an important port city, and often they often shippedwool, skins and various leathers. The English gradually began to lose controlof the area in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, though Galwaymaintained the customs and traditions of England. However, England didcontinue to grant Galway royal charters well into the seventeenth century.However. In the 1500s and 1600s, Galway suffered from large plagues thathad massive death counts and thus began a period of economic downturnbecause of it. However, it gradually bounced back again and became aprosperous city once more.In August of 1651, the English laid siege to the city. GeneralEdmund Ludlow kept the siege going strong until the city eventuallysurrendered later that year. After that, Galway continued to grow itswealth. The population expanded to approximately five thousand peoplewithin the city limits, and small cities began to develop outside of its walls,creating a series of suburbs. In 1845 to 1849, the entire country suffered in theGreat Potato Famine when the main staple crop was in short supply. Thedeath toll was incredibly high as a result of starvation. Railroads wereconstructed throughout the city in the mid to late 1800s, even though most ofthe population was still too poor to make good use of the transportation thatwas now available.Gradually, Galway evolved into the modern city that most see andrecognize today. It is still a fairly important port city, with one of its mainexports still being wool. Its population has had a significant increase over thecenturies from five thousand people in the late 1800s to 57,000 people inrecent times. In addition, Galway is presently known as a large shopping area,offering several large malls and centres. Modern industries, such asengineering and electronics, are beginning to make their appearances on theforefront of society in Galway, just as they are in many other parts of theworld.
    • Carrick-on-ShannonCarrick-on-Shannon, found in the county of Leitrim, has been seenthroughout history as another important stronghold and fort for Ireland. Thecity itself is located at a key point for the country, right on the best crossingpoint of the River Shannon. Often needed for military success, the city hashad transfers of power relatively often in the past. Torn between famous rivalsthe O’Rourke’s and the O’Raghnaill’s, the city boasts an interesting history ofpower being passed from family to family as blood was shed and peace wasshattered. By 1607, England had granted the area its own royal charter andofficially recognised it as a major city.
    • When the English invaded the area in the early 1600s, they defeatedBrian Oge O’Rourke, the Irishman that was in charge of the city of Carrick-on-Shannon at that time. The English realised that they would need to takeadvantage of all the crossing points on the River Shannon, and they built acastle directly in this area. The construction of the castle began around 1603when the English had officially won the area. The castle was a rather large andstately affair. The remains can still be seen on the modern road that leads inand out of the city directly next to the Carrick Bridge.The castle was heavily fortified by the middle of that century, whichexplains why the English were able to hold on to the area for so long. TheO’Rourke family and others that had once held tremendous amounts of powerin Carrick-on-Shannon were desperate to regain their influence. Theyattacked again and again, hoping to overthrow English rule. It was not until1648 that anyone succeeded, the first being Roger Maguire who handed it overto his uncle, Owen Roe O’Neill. Later, the castle was given over to the morepowerful Cromwell family.Even into the nineteenth century, this area had little in terms ofmodernisation. Instead of the popular railroads that were springing up insome of the wealthier parts of the world, Carrick-on-Shannon still reliedheavily on waterway transportation to transport anything from place toplace. They became a major centre for river trade, boasting export such astimber, cement and hardware to areas nearby, like Dublin and Limerick. Bythe late 1800s, they had developed a railway system, which allowed them totrade items more easily with surrounding areas.The Great Potato Famine also greatly affected this area, leavingbehind the Famine Graveyard that is now a fairly popular touristattraction. When the hospital had no place for the thousands of people whohad died due to starvation, they were buried in unmarked graves behind themain hospital building. Today it serves as memorial to all those who lost theirlives during this time.The city continued to grow at a steady rate until modern times. Today,the city is the largest in Leitrim County and it is also recognised as thecapital. The land surrounding the city is largely undeveloped and beautiful inits raw state. Carrick-on-Shannon has a fairly small population, fittingbecause the county it is located in is the smallest in Ireland. The lastpopulation count in 2006 stated that the county had slightly above threethousand inhabitants.
    • CastlebarCastlebar is in the county town of Mayo, a city that began its historyback in the thirteenth century. A Norman adventurer, known as De Barrie,first discovered and built a castle in the area around the year 1235, naming itthe Castle Barry. Power changed hands a few times before being granted aroyal charter from King James I and officially becoming an Englishborough. They were granted permission to have a mayor, as well as membersof their city situated in the House of Parliament for Ireland.Castlebar was transformed into an English garrison, where membersof the English army would stay. The barracks that many called home wereofficially constructed in the early 1800s and are still visible and in usetoday. However, portions of the buildings were burned down during the CivilWar of 1922. The city was often fraught with violence as a result of the troopsthat were stationed in this area on a regular basis. The Irish people wereplanning to take back control of the area from the English, and in 1798, theyplotted the Irish Rebellion against the English forces. The Irish had theFrench to assist them in the battle and the English were defeated.
    • After a failed attempt at regaining power, the English decided to trya different approach to governing the area, by beginning the Republic ofConnaught. For almost a fortnight, this new form of government reigned withthe support of the French before it collapsed. It was later taken into theUnited Kingdom in 1801 where it remains today.In the late nineteenth century, Castlebar started to see its firstrailway lines put into the ground. It was an important moment as it signalledthat transportation between Castlebar and other nearby cities would nowbecome that much more efficient. It allowed the city to flourish in the area itwas best in – commercial trade. In centuries past, the city of Castlebar was animportant market centre. In 1609, the development of the city as acommercial centre first began as Sir John Bingham was granted a market andfair, and in later years as they were given a charter of incorporation. Peoplewould come from all over the surrounding areas in order to purchase thegoods that flowed from here. Even today, shopping areas are still prevalent inCastlebar, and people travel from all over simply to shop. It is a thrivingcommercial centre, just as it always has been.The recent population count for the city is over sixteen thousandpeople, a large jump from the much smaller population that it contained incenturies past. There was a recent population increase that has only justbegun to slow down and level off. The city still comfortably houses andemploys those who live within its city walls. It also contains not only the city,but also several smaller villages that surround it in the suburbs. These areascontribute to its success as a commercial centre. Castlebar is now one of thecities that at the forefront of technology in Ireland, boasting itself home to theGalway-Mayo Institute of Technology.Roscommon
    • The city of Roscommon was first named for the land and saint thatare so integral to its history. Around the fifth or sixth century, Saint Comandiscovered the woody area of Roscommon (the term ros means wooded inGaelic) and began to construct a monastery there (the second half of theword, common, is a modern interpretation of the name of SaintComan). Later, Dominican monks converted the monastery to an abbey, butthe city retained its original name from its religious roots.Historians are certain that the town had a history long before thefifth century after finding significant archaeological proof in the mid-1900sthat could be dated back all the way to 2,300 BC. However, the writtenrecords do not begin until this time, and beyond the few artefacts found in thearea, there is no other information known about the town before SaintComan’s monastery.Roscommon wanted to become an official English city, and in 1310,they petitioned the crown for a written statement and a royal charter. KingEdward I granted them the approval that they requested. The English wantedto make the city both profitable and strong, and the first step was to build astrong militarily presence. A castle was built in order to make the town astronghold for the county of Roscommon. In fact, it lasted almost fourcenturies and bits of it can still be viewed in Ireland today. Roscommondeveloped into a major stronghold in the years where it was prosperous.End of this sample Kindle book.Enjoyed the preview?
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