Elections And Politics In The Uk
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Elections And Politics In The Uk

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Elections And Politics In The Uk Presentation Transcript

  • 1. By Ann S. Michaelsen
    Source. Textbooks for use in English Social studies vg3 Norway«Societies in Focus» Skifjeld, Rdgers, Markussen, Løken , Sandor, Huseby
    «Access» Anthony, Burgess, Mikkelsen, Sørhus
    Elections and Politics in the UK
  • 2. The full name of the UK is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1927)
    One of the oldest democracies in the world
    Constitutional monarchy
    No written constitution, no day of independence
    Constitution based on different statutes, common law and practices which have evolved over time
    Background
  • 3. The legislative, executive and judicial branches are a mixture of old and new
    Two important adaptions securing the powers of Parliament:
    Magna Carta (1215) marked the formalization of a balance between nobles and the king
    Bill of Rights (1689)It enumerates certain rights to which subjects and permanent residents of a constitutional monarchy were thought to be entitled in the late 17th century, asserting subjects' right to petition the monarch, as well as to have arms in defense. It also sets out—or, in the view of its drafters, restates—certain constitutional requirements of the Crown to seek the consent of the people, as represented in parliament.
    1700 – the UK already had political groups and a parliamentary system of government
    Constitutional monarchy
  • 4. The Queen the source of power
    Acknowledges the Prime Ministers
    Calls elections
    Head of the armed forces and Anglican Church
    Opens the sessions of Parliament
    But: not real power
    Follows the advice of the Prime Minister
    Last time veto used 1707/08
    The monarch and her duties
  • 5. The British Parliament is bicameral
    The House of Commons (646) – real power
    The House of Lords (618) – can veto bills
    Parliamentary system of government
    The Prime Minister and his government must have the support of a majority in the House of Commons
    Checks and balances – bills need to pas through both chambers
    The British Parliament - legislature
  • 6. Are held at least every five years in the UK
    Two types of elections:
    One for the British Parliament in London – general election
    Local and national elections for England, Northern Ireland, Wales and Scotland
    England has not national assembly
    Supreme court is final court of Appeal
    General elections
  • 7. 646 Members of Parliament (MPs)
    Each represents one constituency (vary in size)
    The Prime Minister goes to the Queen and asks here to dissolve parliament – a new general election
    Elections to the House of Commons
  • 8. 3 weeks of campaign ( at least)
    Local party in every constituency has a candidate
    Independent candidates too
    Important debates on TV (not always)
    An MP is expected to maintain very close links with his or her constituency all through a parliament’s life
    Election day
  • 9. Only one can win in every constituency
    An unfair system?
    What is a system of proportional representation?
    Strong governments)
    First to past the post system
  • 10. Wigs and Tories (terms dates back to the 1600)
    In 1920s Labour replaced the Liberals
    Conservatives and Labour have taken turns at forming the British government
    1980s the Liberals made a comeback, joining forces with the Social Democratic Party to form the Liberal Democrats.
    Political parties
  • 11. One-man constituencies makes it difficult to get elected in the Parliament in London
    Smaller parties like:
    the Scottish national party biggest party in the Scottish Election
    The Green Party of England and Wales has seats in the Eu Parliament
    Hundreds of parties
  • 12. Their role is to:
    Pass bills
    Scrutinice the goverment policies
    Decide on taxes and public spending
    Members of Parliament