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Present simple

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  • 1. PRESENT SIMPLEPor ejemplo: cogemos el verbo infinitivo to eat = comer, y decimos algo como: Yo como una manzana - I eat an appleAFIRMATIVOI eat Como vemos son todos iguales excepto la 3º PERS. delYou eat SING, donde le añadimos una –S y deberemosShe/He/It eats acordarnos SIEMPRE, ya que es muy común que se nosWe eatYou eat olvide!!!They eatSin embargo, a esta 3ª pers. del sing., existen verbos que terminan distinto:a) Los que se añade “-es” en lugar de sólo “-s”: do does; go goes verbos que terminan en: -s pass passes -ch watch watches -sh wash washes -x mix mixes -z buzz buzzesb) Los que terminan en “–ies” cuando un verbo acaba en “consonante + y”. La “y” seconvierte en “i” y se añade “-es”: study studies carry carriesNEGACIÓNForma completa Forma contraída (Es la más usada)I do not work I don´t workYou do not work You don´t workHe / she / it does not work He / she /it doesn´t workWe do not work We don´t workYou do not work You don´t workThey do not work They don´t workINTERROGACIÓN Respuesta breve positiva Respuesta breve negativaDo I work? Yes, I do No, I don´tDo you work? Yes, you do No, you don´tDoes he / she / it work? Yes, he / she / it does. No, he / she / it doesn´tDo we work? Yes, we do No, we don´tDo you work? Yes, you do No, you don´tDo they work? Yes, they do No, they don´t
  • 2. EJERCICIO 1: Completa las frases con la forma correcta del verbo que está en brackets (paréntesis)1. Ann ....... (like) chocolate. She ....... (eat) two bars a day.2. They ....... (go) to Germany every summer. They ....... (speak) German very well.3. I always ....... (buy) popcorn when I ....... (go) to the cinema.4. We usually ....... (have) dinner at half past eight.5. The museum ....... (close) at six o´clock.6. The film ....... (finish) before ten o´clock.7. Tom ....... (study) Maths every afternoon.8. Your friend ....... (wash) his car on Sundays.9. My parents ....... (do) the shopping on Saturday morning.10. The shops ....... (open) at half past nine in the morning.EJERCICIO 2. Escribe la 3ª persona del singular de estos verbos.1. Wash ....... 5. Teach .......2. Put ....... 6. Watch .......3. Do ....... 7. Go .......4. Close ....... 8. Get .......EJERCICIO 3. Corrige las frases si es necesario (quizás son correctas!)1. She goes to the beach in summer.2. They opens the shop in the morning.3. I watch the news in the evening.4. My friend watchs TV at night.5. Bob and Peter washes their car.6. Pamela like going to the cinema.7. The show finishes at eleven o´clock.8. Paul loves playing tennis.9. He always passes the exams.10. She never studys for the tests.Answers Exercise 1: 1. Ann likes chocolate. She eats two bars a day./ 2. They go to Germany everysummer. They speak German very well. / 3. I always buy popcorn when I go to the cinema./ 4. We usuallyhave dinner at half past eight. / 5. The museum closes at six o´clock. / 6. The film finishes before teno´clock. / 7. Tom studies Maths every afternoon. / 8. Your friend washes his car on Sundays. / 9. Myparents do the shopping on Saturday morning. / 10. The shops open at half past nine in the morning.Exercise 2: 1. Washes / 5. Teaches / 2. Puts. / 6. Watches / 3. Does / 7. Goes / 4. Closes / 8. GetsExercise 3: 1. Correct / 2. They open the shop in the morning. / 3. Correct / 4. My friend watches TV atnight. / 5. Bob and Peter wash their car. / 6. Pamela likes going to the cinema. / 7. Correct / 8. correct9. correct / 10. She never studies for the tests.
  • 3. EJERCICIO 4 - Escribe estas frases en forma negativa.1. She plays the guitar very badly2. You do your homework every day.3. Her friends like pizza and pasta.4. Bill loves sweet things.5. We work very hard.6. She smokes too much.7. I understand the exercise.8. He lives in Paris.9. They know the book.10. Jack watches too much TV.EJERCICIO 5. Completa estas frases negativas con estos verbos. Utiliza “don’t” o “doesn’t” finish wash speak have watch smoke go drive live know like1. The car is very dirty. He ................... it very often.2. He lives in France but he ............................. French very well.3. She´s got a very good job but she ................................ it.4. Laura´s got a great car but she .............................. .5. Paul and Ann ........................... because it´s bad for their health.6. Mel ................................ TV because she .......................... time.7. We ................................. to Switzerland. It´s very expensive.8. I ................................. much about physics.9. They ........................... in Rome any more.10. The film ........................... until nine.EJERCICIO 6. Corrige estas frases si es que necesario1. She doesn´t speaks German. 4. We doesn´t live here.2. They don´t like fish or meat. 5. I don´t like studying French.3. Paul and Bill doesn´t work in the morning. 6. He doesn´t watchs TV.Answers Exercise 4: 1. She doesn´t play the guitar very badly / 2. You don´t do your homework everyday. / 3. Her friends don´t like pizza or pasta. / 4. Bill doesn´t love sweet things./ 5. We don´t work veryhard./ 6. She doesn´t smoke too much./ 7. I don´t understand the exercise./ 8. He doesn´t live in Paris.9. They don´t know the book./ 10. Jack doesn´t watch too much TV.Exercise 5: 1. The car is very dirty. He doesn´t wash it very often./ 2. He lives in France but he doesn´tspeak French very well./ 3. She´s got a very good job but she doesn´t like it./ 4. Laura´s got a great car butshe doesn´t drive./ 5. Paul and Ann don´t smoke because it´s bad for their health./ 6. Mel doesn´t watch TVbecause she doesn´t have time./ 7. We don´t go to Switzerland. It´s very expensive./ 8. I don´t know muchabout physics./ 9. They don´t live in Rome any more./ 10. The film doesn´t finish until nine.Exercise 6: 1. She doesn´t speak German./ 4 . We don´t live here. / 2. Correct / 5. Correct./ 3. Paul and Billdon´t work in the morning. / 6. He doesn´t watch TV
  • 4. EJERCICIO 7. Escribe las preguntas como en el ejemplo.1. You / speak English. Do you speak English?2. She / work hard.3. They / have dinner at eight4. Jill and Tom / study at university5. You / do your homework every day6. John / watch TV after dinner.7. He / wash the car at the weekend.8. Her friends / live in London.9. You / have any brothers or sisters.10. Your friends / go to the cinema very often.EJERCICIO 8. Completa las preguntas con “do” o “does”1. ...... she take her dog for a walk in the morning?2. ...... your friend Paul work in the shop over there?3. ...... they know the answers to the exam?4. ...... your parents know that you smoke?5. ...... Bill teach maths?6. Where ....... your sister live?7. What time ...... the lessons finish?8. ...... you go to the coast in summer?9. ...... it rain very often in Ireland?10. Why ...... they ask so many questions in class?EJERCICIO 9. Escribe respuestas cortas a estas preguntas (yes, I do / no, I don´t / yes, she does /no, she doesn´t, ....)1. Do you speak French? ................ 6. Does your father work? .............2. Does your mother like chocolate? ............ 7. Do you go to the cinema? ............3. Do you study a lot? .............. 8. Does your best friend study? .......4. Do you usually watch TV at night? ............ 9. Does it rain a lot in Africa? ...........5. Do you play a musical instrument? ........... 10. Do you live in a flat? ...........Answers Exercise 7: 2. Does she work hard? / 3. Do they have dinner at eight? / 4. Do Jill and Tom studyat university? / 5. Do you do your homework every day? / 6. Does John watch TV after dinner? / 7. Does hewash the car at the weekend? / 8. Do her friends live in London? / 9. Do you have any brothers or sisters? /10. Do your friends go to the cinema very often?Exercise 8: 1. Does she take her gog for a walk in the morning? / 2. Does your friend Paul work in theshop over there? / 3. Do they know the answers to the exam? / 4. Do your parents know that you smoke?5. Does Bill teach maths? / 6. Where does your sister live? / 7. What time do the lessons finish?8. Do you go to the coast in summer? / 9. Does it rain very often in Ireland? / 10. Why do they ask so manyquestions in class?Exercise 9: 1. Yes, I do / No, I don´t 6. Yes, he does / No, he doesn´t / 2. Yes, she does / no, she doesn´t7. Yes, I do / No, I don´t / 3. Yes, I do / No, I don´t 8. Yes, she/he does / No, she/he doesn´t / 4. Yes, I do /No, I don´t 9. Yes, it does / No, it doesn´t. / 5. Yes, I do / No, I don´t 10. Yes, I do / No, I don´t

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