New England! Working with New England is working for one goal – to make money off this profitable colony.
What does it consist of anyways? Massachusetts - Founded in 1620 by Puritans and Pilgrims so they could escape religious persecution and form a community with members who served each other and worked for the best of the community.
New Hampshire – Founded in 1623 by John Wheelwright. Small towns came into existence, which eventually were taken by Massachusetts. In 1679, the king separated the colonies into two different settlements. The first colonies were by grants by various companies.
Connecticut - Founded in 1635 by Thomas Hooker. He left Massachusetts Bay Colony with 100 followers and formed the Connecticut colony. There, all property owning men could vote, as apposed to previously where only admitted members of the church could.
Rhode Island – Founded in 1636 by Roger Williams. After being banished by the Massachusetts colony, Roger Williams, with the help of Native Americans, created Rhode Island which uniquely had church and state separated.
We work together in order to embody our own political thoughts! The New England form of government is much more democratic than any other political institution throughout Europe. In 1620,the pilgrims created the Mayflower Compact. This is an early example of contractual self-government. Men agreed to work together as a civil political body. Later, the idea of a social contract by Hobbes was a basis for many colonial government throughout the 17th century. The Exeter Compact ,signed in 1693 in Exeter, New Hampshire, had principles of self-government and democratic ideals. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut was adopted by several towns. The towns had representative assemblies, and chose a governor and a judge through popular election Colonial governments of local communities showed promising future democracies The male heads of the families ran the government through their town meetings In these meetings they made laws levying taxes, built town projects, administered land, and did anything else that needed attention. However, voting, and other forms of civic participation, was only limited to men of a certain status. View slide
Geography and Town Development Our small villages and towns are usually around the harbors. Our main industries are shipbuilding, limbering, fishing, and ironworks. We encourage development of village schools, churches, and town halls – so everyone can read and understand the bible! Our daily lives are regulated by strict religious beliefs. We are the Northernmost Colony! View slide
Economic Endeavors Most of our farming is subsistence. We are involved in multiple economic industries: Triangle Trade – Due to slave trade and British trade laws, triangle trade between Europe, Africa, and America was the most productive form of money. Fishing – Many close large bodies of water. Cod, mackerel, and herring fish would be dried then shipped. Whaling – During the summer, whales would pass through. Lumbering – Large forests would provide maple trees for market. Shipbuilding – Dependent on the lumber industry. Fur trade – Excessive beavers and deer provided basis. Trading – Merchants would take resources for trade and sell them for higher prices or trade for molasses, rum, or slaves. Heavy trade with Africa, Asia, and Europe. We have a wide variety of resources including: Fish, timber, rivers, furry animals, and forests. Free marketing.
Cultural Arts Colonial architecture of New England has sometimes been viewed asa newachievment. Most wildly used expansion was an addition of one story leaned tothe back of house. The early New Englanders were Puritans and did not really believe in art. Many great literature pieces were written, such as “Scarlet Letter”, but not much visual arts.
Social Indicators A comfortable farmer in the north owned ten cattle, sixteen sheep, six pigs, two horses, and a team of oxen. Horses were standard transportation. A good one cost about £20, half a year’s salary for a laboring man. A typically landless farm laborer earned a measly £30 a year. However, a farmer with his own land (about 40% of the population) lived in considerable comfort. Many owned slaves, and newspapers were full of reward offers for slaves who ran away. A majority of the residents of New England could neither read nor write.
Significant events/people Over a hundred travelers embarked on the voyage of the Mayflower in September 1620. Lost at sea, they happened upon a piece of land that would become known as Cape Cod. After surveying the land, they set up camp not too far from Plymouth Rock. They came up with the Mayflower Compact of 1620, the Pilgrims decided that they would rule themselves, based on majority rule of the townsmen. Native Americans saved the settlers from a sure death during the winter. Massasoit, the chief of the nearby Wampanoags, signed a treaty of alliance with the Pilgrims in the summer. In exchange for assistance with defense against the feared Narragansett tribe, Massasoit supplemented the food supply of the Pilgrims for the first few years. Squanto, a local Native America, served as an interpreter for both sides. After the first governor of the colony had perished during the harsh winter, William Bradford was elected governor for the next thirty years.