To Kill a Mockingbird
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To Kill a Mockingbird

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To Kill a Mockingbird To Kill a Mockingbird Presentation Transcript

  • Introduction:To Kill a Mockingbird
    By HarperLee
  • SETTING OF THE NOVEL
    Southern United States
    1930’s
    Great Depression
    Prejudice and legal segregation
    Ignorance
  • Southern Mentality
    Family values
    Hospitality
    Gossip
  • 1930’s - Great Depression began when the stock market crashed in October, 1929
    Businesses failed, factories closed
    People were out of work
    Even people with money suffered because nothing was being produced for sale.
    Poor people lost their homes, were forced to “live off the land.”
  • Social Class in the Novel
    This is probably similar to how class structure existed during the 1930’s in the South. The wealthy, although fewest in number, were most powerful. The blacks, although great in number, were lowest on the class ladder, and thus, had the least privileges.
    Examples of each social class:
    Wealthy - Finches
    Country Folk - Cunninghams
    “White Trash” – Ewells
    Black Community – Tom Robinson
  • Racial prejudice was alive & well. Although slavery had ended in 1864, old ideas were slow to change.
  • Racial separation (segregation)
  • Gender Bias (Prejudice)
    Women were considered “weak”
    Women were generally not educated for occupations outside the home
    In wealthy families, women were expected to oversee the servants and entertain guests
    Men not considered capable of nurturing children
  • Legal Issues of the 1930’s which impact the story
    Women given the vote in 1920
    Juries were MALE and WHITE
    “Fair trial” did not include acceptance of a black man’s word against a white man’s
  • Legal Segregation in Alabama, 1923-1940
    No white female nurses in hospitals that treat black men
    Separate passenger cars for whites and blacks
    Separate waiting rooms for whites and blacks
    Separation of white and black convicts
    Separate schools
    No interracial marriages
    Segregated water fountains
    Segregated theatres
  • Prejudice in the novel
    Race
    Gender
    Handicaps
    Rich/Poor
    Age
    Religion
  • Main Characters
    • Scout (Jean Louise Finch) – six years, old narrator of story
    • Jem (Jeremy Finch) – her older brother
    • Atticus Finch – Jem and Scout’s father, a prominent lawyer who defends a black man accused of raping a white woman
    • Arthur (Boo) Radley – a thirty-three-year-old recluse who lives next door
    • Charles Baker (Dill) Harris – Jem and Scout’s friend who comes to visit his aunt in Maycomb each summer
    • Tom Robinson – a respectable black man accused of raping a white woman
    • Calpurnia – the Finches’ black cook
  • Language
    Sometimes the language of Scout will be that of her as a child; other times, she will be speaking in the voice of an adult
    Atticus uses formal speech
    Calpurnia uses “white language” in the Finch house and switches to “black jargon” when amidst blacks
    The Ewells use foul words and obscenities
    Jem, Scout, and Dill will use slang words, typical of their age
    Tom Robinson uses language typical of the southern black such as “suh” for “sir” and “chillun” for “children”
    Various derogatory terms for blacks will be used such as “nigger,” “darky,” “Negroes,” and “colored folk” – Lee uses such language to keep her novel naturally in sync with common language of the times
  • Reading Notes
    While you are reading, take notes on the following five topics:
    Injustice
    Jem and Scout growing up
    Words of Wisdom
    Conflict
    Family relations
  • "Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't nest in corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That's why it's a sin to kill a mockingbird."