Background Information for  The Kite Runner   by Khaled Hosseini A. Krespil
Introduction <ul><li>First Afghan novel to be written in English </li></ul><ul><li>Over 9 million copies sold worldwide </...
About the Author <ul><li>Khaled Hosseini was born in 1965 in Kabul, Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to the US in 1980 ...
Synopsis <ul><li>The Kite Runner  opens in Kabul in the mid-1970s.  Raised in the same household but separated by class, A...
Time & Place <ul><li>The story takes place in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and America. </li></ul><ul><li>Early 1970s to early 2...
Afghanistan and the World
Afghanistan and its Surroundings
Landscape
Historical Background <ul><li>Geographically and historically, Afghanistan has been the central focus for Eurasian civiliz...
Tribal System <ul><li>Hierarchical network of several tribes </li></ul><ul><li>-Pashtun: Most numerous and most powerful (...
Tribes  <ul><li>Hazara:  - least powerful tribe </li></ul><ul><li>- descendants of the Mongols </li></ul><ul><li>- Shia Mu...
Historical Timeline <ul><li>1 st  century: Buddhist Kushans rule </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd  century: Kushans defeated by the ...
<ul><li>Afghanistan only emerged as a nation in 1747 under Ahmad Shah.  He is known as the father of Modern Afghanistan. <...
<ul><li>Peaceful rule until 1973 when Mohammad Daoud joins with Afghan communist to overthrow his brother-in-law, the king...
Deterioration begins… <ul><li>Mid 70s-: Afghanistan is pro-communist and anti-religious while its neighbors (Iran and Paki...
<ul><li>1980s: To counter the Soviet presence, an Islamic jihad was declared to overthrow the Soviets.  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Aftermath <ul><li>Russian casualties: </li></ul><ul><li>15 000 </li></ul><ul><li>Afghan Casualties: </li></ul><ul><li>Over...
Recent History <ul><li>The Mujaheddin could not agree on how to share the power </li></ul><ul><li>Civil war broke out amon...
The Taliban <ul><li>Lack of leadership left room for a group of Islamic fighters, the Taliban,  to successfully rise to po...
Taliban  <ul><li>They began by helping rebuild the Afghani people’s moral (restoring peace and security) </li></ul><ul><li...
Taliban <ul><li>Became internationally famous for their sadistic repression of women </li></ul>
Taliban Rules for Women <ul><li>Complete ban on women's work outside the home, which also applies to female teachers, engi...
Rules for all of Society <ul><li>Banned listening to music, watching of movies, television and videos  </li></ul><ul><li>O...
 
 
9/11 to Today <ul><li>Taliban admitted to harbouring Osama Bin Laden and his radical Islamist group Al-Qaeda  </li></ul><u...
 
 
 
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Background Information for The Kite Runner

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Background Information for The Kite Runner

  1. 1. Background Information for The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini A. Krespil
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>First Afghan novel to be written in English </li></ul><ul><li>Over 9 million copies sold worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Translated into over 25 languages </li></ul><ul><li>Is on the list of “Banned and Challenged Books” </li></ul><ul><li>Kite Running is a popular Afghan pastime. </li></ul>
  3. 3. About the Author <ul><li>Khaled Hosseini was born in 1965 in Kabul, Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to the US in 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>Graduated from med school in 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Practices internal medicine </li></ul><ul><li>The Kite Runner is Hosseini’s first novel. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Synopsis <ul><li>The Kite Runner opens in Kabul in the mid-1970s. Raised in the same household but separated by class, Amir and his best friend Hassan are inseparable until a tragic event changes their relationship forever. Their intertwined lives and their fates reflect the eventual tragedy of the world around them. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Time & Place <ul><li>The story takes place in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and America. </li></ul><ul><li>Early 1970s to early 2000s </li></ul>
  6. 6. Afghanistan and the World
  7. 7. Afghanistan and its Surroundings
  8. 8. Landscape
  9. 9. Historical Background <ul><li>Geographically and historically, Afghanistan has been the central focus for Eurasian civilizations’ activity. </li></ul><ul><li>- Central asia </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan has been invaded and conquered by several empires: </li></ul><ul><li>Persian </li></ul><ul><li>Greek </li></ul><ul><li>Arab </li></ul><ul><li>Turk </li></ul><ul><li>Mongol (Under Genghis Khan) </li></ul><ul><li>British </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet </li></ul><ul><li>And most recently by the Americans and their allies. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tribal System <ul><li>Hierarchical network of several tribes </li></ul><ul><li>-Pashtun: Most numerous and most powerful (Persian, Sunni Muslim) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Tribes <ul><li>Hazara: - least powerful tribe </li></ul><ul><li>- descendants of the Mongols </li></ul><ul><li>- Shia Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>- mountain dwellers </li></ul>
  12. 12. Historical Timeline <ul><li>1 st century: Buddhist Kushans rule </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd century: Kushans defeated by the Persians. Religion: Zoroastrianism (Zarathustra) </li></ul><ul><li>7 th century: Muslim Arabs defeat the Persians </li></ul><ul><li>1219: Under Genghis Khan, the Mongols overthrow the Arabs and devastate Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Safawids ruled in western Afghanistan and Moguls ruled in eastern (including Kabul) Uzbeks controlled the north </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Afghanistan only emerged as a nation in 1747 under Ahmad Shah. He is known as the father of Modern Afghanistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>Pashtun </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Peaceful rule until 1973 when Mohammad Daoud joins with Afghan communist to overthrow his brother-in-law, the king. </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan switches from being a monarchy to being a republic. </li></ul><ul><li>5 years later, Daoud and his family are murdered when the communist party decides to take over the government. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Deterioration begins… <ul><li>Mid 70s-: Afghanistan is pro-communist and anti-religious while its neighbors (Iran and Pakistan) are strongly Islamic. </li></ul><ul><li>1979: Soviet Army sets up a government in Kabul </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>1980s: To counter the Soviet presence, an Islamic jihad was declared to overthrow the Soviets. </li></ul><ul><li>Mujaheddin factions established (Afghan warriors) </li></ul><ul><li>To help defeat communism, were trained and generously funded by the CIA </li></ul><ul><li>1989: As a result of the Jihad, Russia pulls out of Afghanistan </li></ul>
  17. 17. Aftermath <ul><li>Russian casualties: </li></ul><ul><li>15 000 </li></ul><ul><li>Afghan Casualties: </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1 million dead </li></ul><ul><li>6.2 million escape Afghanistan (now over half of the world’s refugee population) </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan is once again reduced to rubble </li></ul>
  18. 18. Recent History <ul><li>The Mujaheddin could not agree on how to share the power </li></ul><ul><li>Civil war broke out among them dividing Afghanistan into several independent zones </li></ul><ul><li>This civil war resulted in over 10 000 casualties in Kabul alone </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Taliban <ul><li>Lack of leadership left room for a group of Islamic fighters, the Taliban, to successfully rise to power </li></ul><ul><li>Talib = seeker of knowledge (Taliban is the plural form) </li></ul><ul><li>Came from Pakistan (and supported by them) </li></ul><ul><li>Pashtun </li></ul><ul><li>Sunni Muslim </li></ul>
  20. 20. Taliban <ul><li>They began by helping rebuild the Afghani people’s moral (restoring peace and security) </li></ul><ul><li>Took over as Afghanistan’s government </li></ul><ul><li>Soon began enforcing laws through rigorous enforcement of what they deemed to be “Islamic Law”: </li></ul><ul><li>-public beating </li></ul><ul><li>-flogging </li></ul><ul><li>-amputation of hands </li></ul><ul><li>-stoning to death </li></ul>
  21. 21. Taliban <ul><li>Became internationally famous for their sadistic repression of women </li></ul>
  22. 22. Taliban Rules for Women <ul><li>Complete ban on women's work outside the home, which also applies to female teachers, engineers and most professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete ban on women's activity outside the home unless accompanied by a mahram (close male relative such as a father, brother or husband). </li></ul><ul><li>Ban on women being treated by male doctors. </li></ul><ul><li>Ban on women studying at schools, universities or any other educational institution. </li></ul><ul><li>Requirement that women wear a long veil (Burqa), which covers them from head to toe. </li></ul><ul><li>Whipping, beating and verbal abuse of women not clothed in accordance with Taliban rules, or of women unaccompanied by a mahram. </li></ul><ul><li>Public stoning of women accused of having sex outside marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>Ban on the use of cosmetics. (Many women with painted nails have had fingers cut off). </li></ul><ul><li>Ban on women laughing loudly. (No stranger should hear a woman's voice). </li></ul><ul><li>Ban on women wearing high heel shoes, which would produce sound while walking. (A man must not hear a woman's footsteps.) </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsory painting of all windows, so women can not be seen from outside their homes. </li></ul><ul><li>Ban on the photographing or filming of women. 29- Ban on women's pictures printed in newspapers and books, or hung on the walls of houses and shops. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Rules for all of Society <ul><li>Banned listening to music, watching of movies, television and videos </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered that all people with non-Islamic names change them to Islamic ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered that men not shave or trim their beards </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered that all people attend prayers in mosques five times daily. </li></ul><ul><li>The kite flying has also been stopped. </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered all onlookers, while encouraging the sportsmen, to chant Allah-o-Akbar (God is great) and refrain from clapping. </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone who carries objectionable literature will be executed. </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone who converts from Islam to any other religion will be executed. </li></ul><ul><li>All boy students must wear turbans. They say &quot;No turban, no education&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Muslim minorities must distinct badge or stitch a yellow cloth onto their dress to be differentiated from the majority Muslim population. Just like what did Nazis with Jews. </li></ul><ul><li>Banned the use of the internet by both ordinary Afghans and foreigners. </li></ul>
  24. 26. 9/11 to Today <ul><li>Taliban admitted to harbouring Osama Bin Laden and his radical Islamist group Al-Qaeda </li></ul><ul><li>After the 9/11 attacks, the US and its allies went into Afghanistan and quickly overthrew the Taliban </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, due to lack of successful reconstruction, the Taliban have reappeared. </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan in slowly and painfully trying to rebuild itself. </li></ul>
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