SailingConceptual Physicsannie cloutier 2012 copyrightWind Power is the ForceNweton’s Second Law F = m aNewton’s Third LawAction ~ ReactionBernoulli’s Principle
http://science.kqed.org/quest/video/the-physics-of-sailing/ Position Is defined in relation to a reference point Velocity is described by Velocity direction and speed of an object ∆ delta means change Change in velocity is due to changes in speed, direction or both
Understanding Motion Speed How fast an object is moving calculate by dividing the distance covered by time Instantaneous speed The speed at any instant Average speed is the total Average speed distance covered divided by the time Total distance Is the average speed times the travel time
NEWTON’S THIRD LAW Action - ReactionFor every action there is an equal and opposite reaction When an object is subjected to multiple forces at once, the result is the cumulative effect of all the forces When forces on an object are balanced, the object will change its velocity When forces are not balanced, no acceleration occurs When a body A exerts a force on a body B, B exerts an equal and opposite force on A
Newton’s Third LawInversely proportional cannonball F/m =a Cannon F /m=a
Velocity and Acceleration Velocity Acceleration Is speed in a given Is the rate at which the direction velocity is changing Speed is a description Acceleration can apply of how fast an object is to decreases as well as moving increases in speed Velocity is how fast Deceleration is the and in what direction it decreasing of speed moves (slam on your brakes)
Conservation of Energy An unbalances force on an object produces a change in momentum States that the energy can not be created or destroyed Energy can be transferred from one form into another, but the total amount of energy never changes.