Bulgarian Educator and PsychologistGeorgi Lozanov
Origin “Suggestion” and “Pedagogy”- a set of learning recommendations derived fromsuggestology. It was originally developed in the 1970’s Drew from Soviet psychological research and yoga.- Draws the importance of relaxation of mind formaximum retention of material- “all students can be taught a given subject matter atthe same level of skill’ Jack c. Richards
In the classroom Extended dialogues, often several pages inlength, accompanied by vocabulary lists andobservations on grammatical points. Typically thesedialogues would be read aloud to the students to theaccompaniment of music. The most formal of these readings, known as the“concert reading” . This could be a pleasurableevent, with the learners free to focus on the music, thetext or both. The rhythm and intonation of thereading would be exaggerated in order to fit with therhythm of music.
Less formal reading would employ alighter, less striking piece of music, such as apiece of Baroque music and less prominentrole. During both types of reading the learnerswould sit in a comfortable seats andstimulating environment in terms of décorand lightning. After reading the with the accompaniment ofmusic the teacher would then make use of thedialogues for more conventional languagework
The most important characteristics ofthis method are:DecorationFurnitureArrangement of theclassroomAuthoritative behavior ofthe teacherThe use of soft Baroquemusic (this makes themethod unique)
Three functions of music in therapy :(Gaston, 1968)To facilitate establishment and maintenanceof personal relationsTo bring about increased self-esteem throughincreased self-satisfaction in musicialperformanceTo use the unique potential of rhythm toenergize and bring order (the reason for theuse of music in Suggestopedia)
ApproachBancroft states that there are sixprinciple theoretical components ofSuggestopedia:AuthorityInfantilizationDouble-planednessIntonation, rhythm, and concertpseudo-passiveness
Authority give control and authority to theteacher completelyWhat makes a teacher authoritive? self-confidencePersonal distanceActing abilityPossitive attitude
Learning ActivitiesQuestion and answerRole playListening exercises
Roles of Learners Pseudo-passiveness state Acting childishly Not to figure outNot to manipulateNot to study material
Roles Of TeachersAccording to Lozanov, teachersshould give attention too Absolute confidenceo His/her manners and dresso Organizing the lesson(music choice, punctuality)o Responding tactfullyo Modest enthusiasm
Role of MaterialsDirect Supported Materials: Texts TapeIndirect Supported Materials: Classroom fixtures Music Text books Learning environment
CriticismsDisadvantages Hardness of finding colorful environment Negative effects of direct translation Concentration problemsAdvantages Through Suggestopedia we learn to trust the powerof mind. We learn the deliberately included states ofrelaxation The benefit from the use of music to get student sitback and relax.
ConclusionLearning is facilitated by environmentand music.Teacher is the authority.Psychological barriers are removed.In texts target language and its nativelanguage are given.