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Presentatie lftw - paulien bruijn - inclusion in food security


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  • 1. Food Security Programme for Ultrapoor Women Bangladesh Lessons learned from the inclusion of people with disabilities
  • 2. Disability Mainstreaming in Food Security
  • 3. Improve foodsecurity of 40.000 women headed households • • • • • • • Formation of women groups (1600) Income Generating Activities Health & Nutrition education Acces to government schemes Disaster risk response Disability specific service delivery Disability mainstreaming
  • 5. Target Group • Focus on Ultrapoor women headed households. • Many of them are widow, divorced or abanded, or have a chronically ill, or disabled husband. • Most of them landless, working as housemaids, begging, poor housing conditions, illiterate. • Special focus on women with disabilities, incl. women affected by Leprosy.
  • 6. Targets & Results for disability • 20% of the included households have a disabled family member • Service provision for an estimated 9800 people with disabilities. • Inclusion of women with disabilities in all project activities
  • 7. % of the households People with a disability 8573 People who received support from the disability/leprosy team, but do not have a disability Total nr. of people who received services from the disability/leprosy team direct beneficiaries with disabilities 4048 direct beneficiaries who received support from the disability/leprosy team, but do not have a disability Total nr. of Direct beneficiaries who received support from the disability/leprosy team , 21,4% 12657 3792 3207 6999 9,5%
  • 8. Type of disability – direct beneficiaries Speech & Hearing impairment 16% Visual impairment 16% Intellectual disability 6% Leprosy 4% Multiple 4% Physical disability 54%
  • 9. Social status • • • • • • When a woman aquires a disability she is often sent away by her husband. Difficult to marry for a disabled girl, she often is fully dependent on her family. For a disabled man it is easier, often a marriage arranged with a girl from a very poor family. Husband often leaves the family if a child gets a disability. Care for disabled family members comes down to women. Neglect/physical abuse of people with disabilities.
  • 10. Lessons Learned – Proposal writing Inclusion starts right at proposal writing! It is unlikely to expect that people with disabilities will automatically be included in a project if there are no specific strategies formulated in the proposal to enhance their equal participation. -> FSUP Gaibandha compared to similar FSUP programmes -> FSUP Gaibandha compared to Char Livelihood Programme DFID
  • 11. Lessons learned- selection criteria Make sure that your selection criteria do not exclude people (on the basis of age or disability, or anything else) -> we needed to be more flexible on our selection criteria -> example WFP Bangladesh “Exclusion criteria actively prevented the selection of women over the age of 49 years, and selection practice prevented the participation of the majority of disabled or chronically ill women.”
  • 12. Lessons learned- selection practice Make sure that the people who do the selection are well trained and do not apply their own criteria: “Such as ability to learn” “Fit to work” -> people with disabilities often not considered as participants for income generating projects by the project staff, by the community, by their family members and by themselves.
  • 13. Lesson Learned – budget Inclusion of people with disabilities isn’t very costly. But you have to reserve budget in advance. Be flexible with this budget. ->In this project 6%, this includes disability specific service delivery.
  • 14. Lessons Learned – staff training Training of staff is the most crucial part of the inclusion process, because the major barrier that prevents people with disability from participation in projects is the attitude of development practitioners -> don’t forget to train the management and proposal writers as well
  • 15. Lesson Learned – M&E Having accurate data on disability during proposal writing is essential to make a good planning for your project. All data collected should be disaggregated for people with disabilities; otherwise it will be impossible to measure equal participation.
  • 16. Lesson Learned – M&E Include (disability) inclusion indicators in the M&E framework right from the beginning. -> start with a clear definition of disability -> Do a good baseline survey on the disability specific needs
  • 17. Lessons learned - accessibility Accessibility needs to be taken into account in all aspects of the programme, right from the beginning. Undoing inaccessibility later on is more costly and less efficient. -> offices were not make accessible, some shelters were accessible, but the toilets were not…
  • 18. Lessons learned – disability specific needs Make sure people with disabilities have access to disability specific services, such as physiotherapy, medical care or assistive devices. Refer to other service providers or hire specialists who can provide these services within the programme. -> not every person with a disability in need of services. Majority can do without specific interventions -> think of sustainability right from the start
  • 19. Lesssons learned – social inclusion Don’t forget that the provision of rehabilitation services is only one aspect of the inclusion process. Social inclusion and the removal of barriers within the project and society is equally important. -> raising awareness in groups about disability and leprosy -> counselling for people with low self esteem -> inclusion in DRR activities
  • 20. Lessons learned – social inclusion There’s no need to organize special training for people with disabilities. The women with disabilities could participate in all income generating activities and reached the same results as beneficiaries without disabilities. -> family members involved in income generating activities -> also women with disabilities represented in leadership of women groups
  • 21. Lessons learned- organisational change Inclusion of people with disabilities is not a one time activity in a single project. It can only be sustainable if organisations incorporate the inclusion of people with disabilities throughout all programmes and incorporate it in the systems and structures of their organizations. -> doing one inclusive project doesn’t make you an inclusive organisation
  • 22. Overall conclusions • • • • Participation in the women groups is very empowering for the women with disabilities Earning own income also improves position of disabled person in the family Earning own income increases self-esteem Earning own income increases acceptance in the wider community
  • 23. Questions thanks!