13th UNGIWG Plenary Meeting - Introduction to OpenStreetMap
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13th UNGIWG Plenary Meeting - Introduction to OpenStreetMap

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Introduction to OpenStreetMap Seminar at United Nations Geographical Information Working Group Istanbul Meeting.

Introduction to OpenStreetMap Seminar at United Nations Geographical Information Working Group Istanbul Meeting.

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13th UNGIWG Plenary Meeting - Introduction to OpenStreetMap 13th UNGIWG Plenary Meeting - Introduction to OpenStreetMap Presentation Transcript

  • OpenStreetMap "Free the map!" H. Can Ünen, Ph.D. I.T.U., OSM-Turkey Orkut Murat Yılmaz Nemedya, OSM-Turkey
  • ● Open Data● Crowdsourcing● OpenStreetMap ○ Map ○ Introduction ○ OSM Worldwide ○ OSM in Turkey ○ Capacity● OpenDiscussion / Demo
  • Open Data
  • Open DataThe idea that certain data should be● freely available to everyone to use● and republish as they wish,● without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control.
  • Open Data● Open Data could be textual just like Wikipedia.● Or non-textual, such as maps, genomes, connectomes, chemical compounds, mathematical and scientific formulae, medical data and practice, bioscience and biodiversity.
  • Open Data● "Data belong to the human race".● Public money was used to fund the work and so it should be universally available.● Facts cannot legally be copyrighted.● In scientific research, the rate of discovery is accelerated by better access to data.
  • Open Data / The "Open" Concept● Open access● Open research/Open science/Open science data● Open knowledge● Open Source
  • Open Data / In Government
  • Open Data / In Government● data.gov● data.gov.uk (Hail to Sir Tim Berners Lee)● data.govt.nz● opengovdata.ru
  • Open Data Institute● Established by Tim Berners-Lee & Prof. Nigel Shadbolt.● Catalyses the evolution of an open data culture to create economic, environmental, and social value.
  • Crowdsourcing● Genesis of crowdsourcing can be taken as the start of open source movement.● The new media: Content is created by amateurs.● People come together to perform tasks, usually for little or no money.
  • Crowdsourcing● Not a product of an economist or management consultant or marketing guru.● Arose out of the uncoordinated actions of people, who were doing things that people like to do, in the companionship of other people.
  • Crowdsourcing
  • Crowdsourcing● Labor can be organized more efficiently in communities than corporations. "The best person to do a job is the one who wants to do it most."● "Given the right set of conditions, the crowd will always outperform any number of employees." (Jeff Howe, Crowdsourcing, 2009)
  • Crowdsourcing● Contrary to the general opinion that the internet isolates people from each other, crowdsourcing uses this medium for collaboration and sharing between people from any background in any geographical location.● Contrary to conventional wisdom, people do not always behave in self-interested patterns.
  • Crowdsourcing● Companies abandon their tech-support departments and replace them with user forums.● CNN, BBC, Gannett, Reuters, etc. have started to crowdsource local events internationally instead of assigning professionally trained journalists.● Crowdsourcing is not cheap labour nor a free ride! All successful crowdsourcing efforts share deep commitment from the user base.
  • CrowdsourcingIt is the mechanism by which such talent and knowledge is matched to those in need of it.
  • Crowdsourcing Reliability of crowdsourcing?corienb, female from dani4ever92, female from murtaza88, male from the Netherlands the Netherlands France The crowd is self-moderated!
  • OpenStreetMap OPEN DATA CROWDSOURCING
  • Map A map is the scaled, symbolizedrepresentation of a region of the Earth projected onto a planar surface. Image: Map of Piri Reis
  • OpenStreetMap● 2004, Steve Coast (University College London)● Influenced by the success of Wikipedia and the access restrictions to the British Ordnance Survey archives.● Is basically a large spatial database operating on ODBL (Open Database License)● First users and contributors were mainly bikers tracking their biking routes.
  • OpenStreetMapwww.openstreetmap.org● OpenLayers-based slippy user interface.● Maps are displayed as tiles generated by Mapnik rendering engine.
  • OpenStreetMapDATA SOURCES:● Field Surveys ○ GPS tracks, personal local knowledge● Open Public Data ○ U.S.A., Canada, Great Britain● Open Private Sector Data ○ Yahoo, Microsoft (Bing Images)
  • OpenStreetMap
  • OpenStreetMap
  • OpenStreetMapPotlatch 2
  • OpenStreetMap
  • OpenStreetMap OpenFixMap (Android) OSMapTuner GoMap!! OSM QA Editor (editor. (Android) osmsurround.org) (iOS)
  • OpenStreetMapBe careful about your data sources!!!● Copyright infringement must be avoided when contributing to OpenStreetMap. ○ Using data sources which are not provided in OSM editors (JOSM, Potlatch, etc.) should be avoided.● e.g.: Legal terms of Google does not allow data production using Google Maps and Google Earth. ○ Trap streets!!
  • OpenStreetMapWorldwide:● More than 1 million registered OSMappers since January, 13th.
  • OpenStreetMap http://opengeodata.org/some-europen-openstreetmap-growth-statistics
  • OpenStreetMap http://opengeodata.org/some-europen-openstreetmap-growth-statistics
  • OpenStreetMap http://opengeodata.org/some-europen-openstreetmap-growth-statistics
  • OpenStreetMapWorldwide Events:● Mapping Parties Mappy Hour (Toronto)● Developer Meetings Hack Weekends (London, Karlsruhe, Toronto, etc.)● Conferences, Workshops State of The Map, Geoinformatik
  • OpenStreetMap
  • OpenStreetMapHumanitarian OSM Team● Launched in 2009 ○ Aim to connect humanitarian actors and open mapping communities ○ Remote data creation during crises ○ Promote crowdsourcing and simple web standards for data sharing● Also in association with:
  • OpenStreetMap
  • OpenStreetMapOSM Turkey Community● A Newly Developing Community● lists.openstreetmap.org/listinfo/talk-tr● www.facebook.com/groups/osm.turkey/● openstreetmap.org.tr
  • OpenStreetMapOSM Turkey / EventsOne week mapping party @Karacabey
  • OpenStreetMapOSM Turkey / EventsWorkshop @Istanbul HackerSpace
  • OpenStreetMapOSM Turkey / AgendaFree Software And Linux Days (April 5/6)
  • OpenStreetMapOSM Turkey / Van Earthquake
  • OpenStreetMapOSM Turkey / Van Earthquake● After Van Earthquake, HOT and People from Van mapped the Erciş● A social media crowdsourcing work
  • OpenStreetMapWhy Weak in Turkey?● Conception of "free!"● Monopolistic behavior "I want to own and control the data."● Most people still believe in myths & conspiracy, such as "free and open source is not secure".
  • OpenStreetMap
  • OpenStreetMap by Onur Güngör (OSM-TR)
  • OpenStreetMapWhat now?● Extend the user-base● Socialize ○ Mapping Parties ○ Hack Days● Educate (Academic OSM Initiative of Turkey)● Collaborate (NGO, GO, Private Sector)
  • Not the End.