Eapw argumentative essays

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Structure of an argumentative essay

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Eapw argumentative essays

  1. 1. Writing an argumentative essay Notes on Legal English for Bachelor Students Writing Assignment 3
  2. 2. Structure of your paper • Title • Introduction • Body • Conclusion
  3. 3. Good titles • State the topic of your research • Indicate the scope of your research • Are self-evident to others in your research-area
  4. 4. Title structure • Much-used formats: • General: specific • Research topic: methodology • Problem: solution
  5. 5. Introductions: three moves • Establish a research territory Show that the research area is interesting important problematic • Indicate gaps in previous research Review previous literature Show problems in previous literature
  6. 6. Reviewing literature • Quality of literature elegant/economical or accurate or sloppy • Quantity of literature However, most studies so far have overlooked/failed to consider/concentrated on… Little information is available on… Few studies mention…
  7. 7. Citation and tense • Researcher activity as agent: past simple oJones (1987) investigated the causes of lung cancer. • Researcher activity not as agent: present perfect oThe causes of lung cancer have been widely investigated. • No reference to researcher activity: present simple oThe causes of lung cancer are complex.
  8. 8. Introductions, move 3 • Outline purpose or nature of present RP • Announce principal findings • Indicate structure of RP
  9. 9. Purpose statement and theme • Referring to the type of text: present simple The aim of this paper is to + infinitive • Referring to the type of investigation: past simple A study was conducted to + infinitive
  10. 10. Conclusions: three moves • Consolidate your research space (obligatory) • Indicate the limitations of your research (optional but common) • Identify useful areas of further research (optional)
  11. 11. The concluding paragraph of an essay should include: • A narrow statement relating the conclusion to the preceding paragraph; • A restatement of the proposition or thesis statement; • A brief summary of the main points made in the essay. • A final, broad statement on the significance of the argument, and, if appropriate, its implications. Your conclusion should not just be a list of the points you have made.
  12. 12. Consolidating your research area • Discussion of literature • General statement • Statement of original purpose • Statement of results • Statement of importance of research • Methodology • Discussion of limitations
  13. 13. To conclude: Poor conclusions only summarize

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