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Ch 6 ac wr in e Ch 6 ac wr in e Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 6 Fine-tuningDo task 21 on p. 180 first Academic Language Centre
  • Fine-tuningThis chapter concentrates on:•The consistency of your line of argument•The support for your claims•The logic behind your arguments•Improving clarity and flow•Writing more concise sentences Academic Language Centre
  • Supporting claimsEvidence that supports your claims should be:ClearAccurateRelevantCredibleSignificant Academic Language Centre
  • Critical thinking:Make sure that you clearly distinguish between•facts and opinions•certainties and uncertaintiesboth while you are reading and when you arewriting. Academic Language Centre
  • Logical fallacies:• Hasty generalisation (jumping to a conclusion, claim based on too little evidence):• Commercials in favour of unhealthy food should be forbidden, because they lead to a consumption-oriented society and subsequently to overweight .• Oversimplification (linking 2 events as if one caused the other directly, whereas the causes may be more complex):• Obesity leads to people becoming depressed.• -------------• Inappropriate appeal to the reader / inappropriate tone• Obesity costs an unnecessary amount of valuable health care time, time that could be better spent on curing other diseases. Academic Language Centre
  • Relative clauses:There are two types of relative clauses:1.Defining relative clauses, in which theinformation that you give is essential2.Non-defining relative clauses, in which theinformation that you give is extra.Compare:My sister who lives in London is a musician.My sister, who lives in London, is a musician. Academic Language Centre
  • Relative clauses:• Defining:By 4.30, there was only one painting which /that hadn’t been sold. (essential, no comma)• Non-defining:The train, which was already an hour late, broke down again. (extra, commas used)Do tasks 20, 21, and 22, on pp. 199 - 201 Academic Language Centre
  • Being concise:Concise: short and clear, expressing what needsto be said without unnecessary words(Advanced Learners’ Dictionary)Typical examples:really, quite, basically, totally, completely.Do task 26, p. 204 Academic Language Centre
  • Task 26, p. 204The list of instructions – turn phrase into onewordan item that specifically states – delete fillereach and every person – delete fillerwho is accused of a crime – reduce relativeclauseWhen he or she is listening to the proceedings –turn clause into a phrase Academic Language Centre
  • Task 26, p. 204• The instructions contain an item that states that each person accused of a crime (or: each defendant) should remain seated in the courtroom at all times when listening to the proceedings. Academic Language Centre